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Turmeric has been used as a medicine, a condiment, and a dye since at least 600 B.C., while ginger has been used extensively throughout history for its medicinal purposes. "The Agronomy and Economy of Turmeric and Ginger" brings these two important plants together in one reference book, explaining their history, production techniques, and nutritional and medicinal properties in detail.
This book is intuitively organized by plant and use, allowing quick access to information. It puts the uniquely Indian use and history of turmeric and ginger plants into a global context of production and economic aspects. It explores the plants from a botanical perspective, and goes into details of their chemical composition as well. Rounding out the book are chapters on disease and pest control issues.
The book is a valuable resource for those involved in the
production and marketing of these plants, as well as those looking
for more information on the medicinal and nutritional properties of
turmeric and ginger.
With the inclusion of research theory and examples using the
principles of cropping system design, students will gain a unique
understanding of the technical, biological, ecological, economic
and sociological aspects of farming systems science for rural
livelihoods. Editors Snapp and Pound provide a much-needed
synthetic overview of the emerging area of agroecology applications
to transforming farming systems and supporting rural innovation.
The wide range of subjects, integrated references, and companion
website, make this core reading for courses in international
agricultural systems and management, sustainable agricultural
management, and cropping systems.
This volume covers the most significant advances of the last ten years in understanding intermediary nitrogen metabolism in plants. The eight chapters comprise aspects of nitrate and nitrogen assimilation, symbiotic nitrogen fixation, glutamine and glutamate enzymology, amino acid biosynthesis, ureides, and polyamine and sulfur metabolism. The volume emphasizes molecular and genetic advances as well as biochemistry and physiology. Intermediary Nitrogen Metabolism will be of interest to all plant biochemists and molecular geneticists who study nitrogen metabolism, enzymology, and amino acids.
An understanding of the mineral nutrition of plants is of
fundamental importance in both basic and applied plant sciences.
The Second Edition of this book retains the aim of the first in
presenting the principles of mineral nutrition in the light of
Collaboratively written by top international experts and
established scientists in various fields of agricultural research,
this book focuses on the state of food production and
sustainability; the problems with degradation of valuable sources
of land, water, and air and their effects on food crops;the
increasing demand of food resources; and the challenges of food
security worldwide. The book provides cutting edge scientific tools
and methods of research as well as solid background information
that is accessible for those who have a strong interest in
agricultural research and development and want to learn more on the
challenges facing the global agricultural production systems.
Bioinformatics offers novel tools and resources to analyze plant genomes and genes. The complete genomes of two important commercial palms (dates and oil palm) have recently been sequenced. This offers scope for many computational tools to decipher the synteny, collinearity and common and unique genes of palms.
This book reviews the latest developments in this field.
This book begins with an overview of current thinking on
bioavailability, its definition, cutting edge research in
speciation and advancement in tools for assessing chemical
bioavailability in the terrestrial environment. The second section
of the book focuses on the role of chemical speciation in
bioavailability. Section three addresses bioavailability and
ecotoxicity of contaminants and leads into the next section on
bioavailability of nutrients and agrichemicals. Subsequent sections
provide an overview of tools currently being used and new cutting
edge techniques to assess contaminant bioavailability. The last
section of the book builds on previous sections in relating
bioavailability to risk assessment and how this could be used for
managing risks associated with contaminated land.
Reviving the Living: Meaning Making in Living Systems presents a novel perspective that relates to current biological knowledge and issues. Written by polymath Dr. Yair Neuman, the book challenges the dogmas that frame our understanding of living systems and presents a radical alternative approach to understanding the world around us, one that avoids the pitfalls of non-scientific perspectives such as Vitalism and Creationism. In this thought provoking and iconoclastic manuscript, Neuman follows the footsteps of Gregory Bateson, Mikhail Bakhtin, Michael Polanyi and others, to suggest that living systems are meaning making systems. The book delves into the unique processes of meaning making that characterize organisms as a unique category of nature, and offers new and fascinating insights into a variety of enigmatic biological phenomena from immune memory to hidden life (cryptobiosis). It consists of four parts divided into 18 chapters and covers topics ranging from reductionism and its pitfalls to genetics; why organisms are irreducible; immunology; meaning making in language and biology; meaning-bridging the gap between physics and semantics; context and memory; and the poetry of living. Core concepts and themes are illustrated using examples based in current science. This text would be of high interest to biologists, philosophers, cognitive scientists, psychologists, and semioticians, as well as to any reflective individual who is willing to examine the realm of the living from a novel and fascinating perspective.
The value of multi-disciplinary research lies in the exchange of
ideas and methods across the traditional boundaries between areas
of study. It could be argued that many of the advances in science
and engineering take place because the ideas, methods and the tools
of thought from one discipline become re-applied in another.
Rather than simply cataloging the various interpretations of European regulations by Member States, this international team examines the economic priorities, the legal bases, the social norms and cultural patterns which come into play, presenting an analytical approach to the study of production rights in European agriculture.
Genetically modified crops have become a topic of great interest
among scientists, regulators, consumers, farmers, and politicians.
Despite their potential benefits, public hostility toward these
crops is causing dramatic changes to import/export policies, food
safety regulations, and agricultural practices around the world.
Genetically Modified Organisms in Agriculture provides a
comprehensive overview of the subject and a balanced look at the
costs and benefits of GMO products.
Plant biotechnology offers important opportunities for agriculture,
horticulture, and the pharmaceutical and food industry by
generating transgenic varieties with altered properties. This is
likely to change farming practice and reduce the potential negative
impact of plant production on the environment. This volume shows
the worldwide advances and potential benefits of plant genetic
engineering focusing on the third millennium.
"Brassica" crop species and their allies ("Raphanus, Sinapis,
Eruca, " etc.) are important sources of edible roots, stems,
leaves, buds and inflorescences, as well as of edible or industrial
oils, condiments and forage. Many well known names of plants or
plant products, such as kale, cabbage, brocolli, cauliflower,
Brussels sprouts, kohl-rabi, Chinese cabbage, turnip, rape,
rutabaga, swede, colza or rapeseed, canola, mustard, rocket, etc.
are directly associated to this botanical group.
This work is an interdisciplinary, cross-cultural, widely-calibrated checklist for EU sustainable landscape management, which is intended to serve both as an analytical tool of reference as well as a design tool for local, regional and European policy making on sustainable developments.
The tool has been developed out of a multidisciplinary study in EU countries which was designed to find out what would be the overall requirements for a sustainable management of the landscape of rural areas. Could these stipulations be brought together in a comprehensive system with sufficient consistency to comply with the notion that the landscape is an entity, which should be managed accordingly? Cooperation of the scientific experts with those involved in the practical side, and alternating plenary reporting with subgroup visits to farms in the rural landscapes of the participants' countries, allowed for the development of some truly interdisciplinary teamwork. Organic agriculture has been included to find out how organic agriculture contributes to the rural landscape.
Methods in Plant Biochemistry is an authoritative reference on current techniques in the various fields of plant biochemical research. Under the expert guidance of guest editors, each volume provides comprehensive, practical information on the assay and analytical techniques appropriate for a particular family of plant compounds. The series emphasizes techniques and laboratory procedures. No plant biochemical laboratory can afford to be without this comprehensive and up-to-date reference.
This 33-chapter volume presents a critical examination of the
importance of stable isotopes in understanding key plant metabolic
Wood Chemistry, Fundamentals and Applications, Second Edition, examines the basic principles of wood chemistry and its potential applications to pulping and papermaking, wood and wood waste utilization, pulping by-products for production of chemicals and energy, and biomass conversion.
No other book on natural rubber covers such a broad spectrum of subjects as this unique publication. Subjects related to the biology, cultivation and technology of natural rubber are dealt with, along with such important aspects as its history, production and processing, through to its sophisticated engineering applications. Every chapter follows a monograph style of presentation, with comprehensive citations and depth of treatment. Contributions from highly experienced, and still active, renowned scientists reflect the truly international effort to the development of this commodity. In addition to the wealth of information presented, most of the chapters contain elaborate lists of earlier contributions in the respective fields; one chapter each has been included on rubber wood, ancillary products and guayule.
The benefits of agriculture's Green Revolution, characterized by high energy input, mechanization, fertilizers, pesticides and irrigation, are not available to millions in the developing world. The possible alternatives employing low energy input, smallness of scale, intensive use of labour and long term sustainability are the subject of this book.;The book includes overviews of current agricultural production systems and alternatives; demographics, mortality and population growth; soils, erosion and water availability; sustainable integrated agroforestry systems and behavioural adaptations.;It also explains why a quality environment is essential for future agricultural and economic development, proves that integrated resource management leads to sustainable and productive agriculture for development, shows that certain agroforestry techniques conserve soil, water, energy and biological resources while increasing food and fuel supplies and addresses the need for interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary research and training to implement sound resource management policies and programmes.
The series, Methods in Plant Biochemistry, provides an
authoritative reference on current techniques in the various fields
of plant biochemical research. Each volume in the series will,
under the expert guidance of a guest editor, deal with a particular
group of plant compounds. Each will describe the historical
background and current, most useful methods of analysis. The
volumes include detailed discussions of the protocols and
suitability of each technique. Case treatments, diagrams, chemical
structures, reference data, and properties will be featured along
with a full list of references to the specialist literature.
This book presents a whole-plant perspective on plant integrated
responses to multiple stresses, including an analysis of how plants
have evolved growth forms and phenological responses to cope with
changing stress patterns in natural environments.
The Biochemistry of Plants, Volume 14: Carbohydrates provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of plant biochemistry. This book deals with the function and structure of the plant cell wall by describing the physical and chemical properties of cell wall components.Organized into 11 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of hexose phosphate metabolism in nonphotosynthetic tissues. This text then examines the findings in fructan structures, conformations, and linkages, the enzymes involved in fructan synthesis and degradation, and their cellular regulation, location, and metabolic role in plants. Other chapters consider the methods employing enzymes to determine starch structure. This book discusses as well the different biosynthetic modes of plant cell walls. The final chapter deals with the various environmental factors that influence expression of the ?-amylase gene, suggesting how molecular biology may help in understanding carbohydrate biochemistry and the enzymes involved in carbohydrate synthesis and metabolism.This book is a valuable resource for plant biochemists.
Mycotoxins are toxins produced by aerobic, microscopic fungus under
special conditions of moisture and temperature. They colonize in a
variety of foods from harvest to the grocer. Mycotoxins have gained
world wide interest in recent years with the revelation of the
effect of these toxins on health. A current example is the presence
of ochratoxin A, a human carcinogen and nephrotoxin, in wines. The
increased concern about fruit safety has led to increased studies
throughout the world and enhanced awareness for stringent
regulations governing mycotoxin limits in food.
Dr. Harris has played a major role in the development of this
organism as a model system. Her previous version of the
"Chlamydomonas Sourcebook" which published in 1989, has been a
classic in the field and is considered required reading for anyone
working with this organism. This latest edition has been expanded
to include three volumes providing molecular techniques, analysis
of the recently sequenced genome, and reviews of the current status
of the diverse fields in which Chlamydomonas is used as a model
organism. Methods for Chlamydomonas research and best practices for
applications in research, including methods for culture,
preservation of cultures, preparation of media, lists of inhibitors
and other additives to culture media, are included. Additions to
this volume also include help with common laboratory problems such
as contamination, student demonstrations, and properties of
particular strains and mutants.
Volume 3 reviews virtually everything that is known about cell
motility and behavior in Chlamydomonas. World experts in each area
focus on mitosis and cytokinesis; flagellar assembly and motility;
intraflagellar transport; dynein; the structure and function of
centrioles/basal bodies and their associated structures; ciliary
signaling; mating and gamete fusion; photobehaviors; and
Chlamydomonas as a model for understanding human diseases of the
cilium. The volume is richly illustrated and is supplemented by a
website containing both classic and previously unpublished videos
of cell motility in Chlamydomonas. A unique and especially valuable
feature is the inclusion of tables listing the known proteins (with
NCBI accession numbers) for each structure discussed, and the known
mutations that affect each structure and process. Because
Chlamydomonas has been the premier model for investigating the
function and behavior of cilia and flagella, the chapters summarize
the current state of knowledge in these areas as it applies to all
ciliated organisms. Thus, this volume will be an essential source
for all students and researchers interested in cell motility.
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