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This classic text, first published in 1972, is designed for graduate physics courses in statistical mechanics. The second edition, published in 1996, incorporated three comprehensive chapters on phase transitions and critical phenomena.
This third edition includes new sections on Bose-Einstein
condensation and degenerate Fermi behavior of ultracold atomic
gases, and two new chapters on computer simulation methods and the
thermodynamics of the early universe. We have also added new
sections on chemical and phase equilibrium, and expanded our
discussions of correlations and scattering, quantized fields,
finite-size effects and the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. We
hope this new edition will continue to provide new generations of
students with a solid training in the methods of statistical
-Bose-Einstein condensation in atomic gases -Thermodynamics of the early universe -Computer simulations: Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics -Correlation functions and scattering -Fluctuation-dissipation theorem and the dynamical structure factor -Chemical equilibrium -Exact solution of the two-dimensional Ising model for finite systems -Degenerate atomic Fermi gases -Exact solutions of one-dimensional fluid models -Interactions in ultracold Bose and Fermi gases -Brownian motion of anisotropic particles and harmonic oscillators"
Covers the theory of electromagnetic fields in matter, and the
theory of macroscopic electric and magnetic properties of matter.
There is a considerable amount of new material particularly on the
theory of the magnetic properties of matter and the theory
The third edition of Van Kampen's standard work has been revised
and updated. The main difference with the second edition is that
the contrived application of the quantum master equation in section
6 of chapter XVII has been replaced with a satisfactory treatment
of quantum fluctuations. Apart from that throughout the text
corrections have been made and a number of references to later
developments have been included. From the recent textbooks the
following are the most relevant.
This is the most comprehensive introductory graduate or advanced
undergraduate text in fluid mechanics available. It builds up from
the fundamentals, often in a general way, to widespread
applications, to technology and geophysics.
A comprehensive textbook covering not only the ordinary theory of the deformation of solids, but also some topics not usually found in textbooks on the subject, such as thermal conduction and viscosity in solids.
The English-Russian and Russian-English volume each contain about 50,000 terms covering various fields and subfields of nuclear engineering and technology: nuclear physics, thermonuclear research, nuclear reactors, nuclear fuel, isotopes, radiation, reliability and safety issues, environmental protection, emergency issues, radiation hazards. Terms from the military nuclear field are also included, as well as the names of nuclear power plants and nuclear societies worldwide. The English-Russian dictionary also contains a comprehensive section of about 6,500 abbreviations; a list of about 250 abbreviations is included in the Russian-English volume.
Physics in the Arts is a concise, 328-page four-color entry in the Complementary Science Series, designed for science enthusiasts and liberal arts students requiring or desiring a well-developed discussion of physical phenomena, particularly with regard to sound and light. This book offers an alternative route to science literacy for those interested in the arts, music and photography. The material covered is at a level appropriate for self-study or as a complementary textbook. A typical course on sound and light for non-science majors covers the nature of sound and sound perception as well as important concepts and topics including light and light waves, reflection and refraction; lenses; the eye and the ear; photography; color and color vision; and additive color mixing; subtractive color mixing. There are also discussions on color generating mechanisms; periodic oscillations; simple harmonic motion; damped oscillations and resonance; vibration of strings; Fourier analysis; musical scales; and musical instruments. Problems with solutions are presented. For teaching purposes, all figures in the book as well as hints on how to build labs are provided at http://www.elsevierdirect.com/companion.jsp?ISBN=9780123918789. This book will be helpful to non-science students in courses related to the study of physics with light and sound.
"Superconductivity, 2E" is an encyclopedic treatment of all aspects of the subject, from classic materials to fullerenes. Emphasis is on balanced coverage, with a comprehensive reference list and significant graphics from all areas of the published literature. Widely used theoretical approaches are explained in detail. Topics of special interest include high temperature superconductors, spectroscopy, critical states, transport properties, and tunneling. This book covers the whole field of superconductivity from both the theoretical and the experimental point of view. This work provides comprehensive coverage of the field of superconductivity. It is very up-to date on magnetic properties, fluxons, anisotropies, etc. It covers over 2500 references to the literature and provides long lists of data on the various types of superconductors.
This book combines relativity, astrophysics, and cosmology in a single volume, providing an introduction to each subject that enables students to understand more detailed treatises as well as the current literature. The section on general relativity gives the case for a curved space-time, presents the mathematical background (tensor calculus, Riemannian geometry), discusses the Einstein equation and its solutions (including black holes, Penrose processes, and similar topics), and considers the energy-momentum tensor for various solutions. The next section on relativistic astrophysics discusses stellar contraction and collapse, neutron stars and their equations of state, black holes, and accretion onto collapsed objects. Lastly, the section on cosmology discusses various cosmological models, observational tests, and scenarios for the early universe. It includes key features such as: clearly combines relativity, astrophysics, and cosmology in a single volume so that students can understand more detailed treatises and current literature; extensive introductions to each section which are followed by relevant examples and numerous exercises; and provides an easy-to-understand approach to this advanced field of mathematics and modern physics by providing highly detailed derivations of all equations and results.
This volume emphasises studies related to
Assuming only modest knowledge of undergraduate level math,
Invitation to the Mathematics of Fermat-Wiles presents diverse
concepts required to comprehend Wiles' extraordinary proof.
Furthermore, it places these concepts in their historical context.
Recent devopments, particularly in high-energy physics, have projected group theory and symmetry consideration into a central position in theoretical physics. These developments have taken physicists increasingly deeper into the fascinating world of pure mathematics. This work presents important mathematical developments of the last fifteen years in a form that is easy to comprehend and appreciate.
This book presents an introduction to the classical theories of continuum mechanics; in particular, to the theories of ideal, compressible, and viscous fluids, and to the linear and nonlinear theories of elasticity. These theories are important, not only because they are applicable to a majority of the problems in continuum mechanics arising in practice, but because they form a solid base upon which one can readily construct more complex theories of material behavior. Further, although attention is limited to the classical theories, the treatment is modern with a major emphasis on foundations and structure
This edition has been completely revised to include some 20% of new material. Important recent developments such as the theory of Regge poles are now included. Many problems with solutions have been added to those already contained in the book.
The second part of 'Statistical Physics' deals with the quantum theory of the condensed state of matter. This volume is essentially an entirely new book, based on the large amount of new material which has become available in statistical physics since' Part 1' was published.
Modern Cosmology begins with an introduction to the smooth,
homogeneous universe described by a Friedman-Robertson-Walker
metric, including careful treatments of dark energy, big bang
nucleosynthesis, recombination, and dark matter. From this starting
point, the reader is introduced to perturbations about an FRW
universe: their evolution with the Einstein-Boltzmann equations,
their generation by primordial inflation, and their observational
consequences. These consequences include the anisotropy spectrum of
the cosmic microwave background (CMB) featuring acoustic peaks and
polarization, the matter power spectrum with baryonic wiggles, and
their detection via photometric galaxy surveys, redshift
distortions, cluster abundances, and weak lensing. The book
concludes with a long chapter on data analysis.
This special volume of "Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics
"details the current theory, experiments, and applications of
neutron and x-ray optics and microscopy for an international
readership across varying backgrounds and disciplines. Edited by
Dr. Ted Cremer, these volumes attempt to provide rapid assimilation
of the presented topics that include neutron and x-ray scatter,
refraction, diffraction, and reflection and their potential
* Contributions from leading authorities * Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field
A lucid presentation of statistical physics and thermodynamics
which develops from the general principles to give a large number
of applications of the theory.
In this volume, six review articles which cover a broad range of
topics of current interest in modern optics are included.
A revision of the leading text on experimental physics. The feature
of this book that has made it one of the most loved texts on the
subject is that it goes far beyond a mere description of key
experiments in physics. The author successfully provides the reader
with an understanding and appreciation of the 'physics' behind the
experiments. The second edition will be an extensive revision
introducing many new devices, including the use of computers and
software programs, that have come into use since the publication of
the first edition. In addition the important areas of condensed
matter physics and optical physics will be added, including two
entirely new chapters on lasers and optics.
This book discusses the fun side of the quest to develop fusion
energy-a modern equivalent of the hunt for the Holy Grail. After
more than 70 years of research, despite great progress, the goal
has not been realized. Do you have to be crazy to love quests like
this? Not really, but you do have to have an unshakeable optimism.
Through humorous anecdotes, and accessible yet detailed scientific
discussion, this book illuminates the enjoyment of scientific
research through an account of fifty years working on fusion energy
development. The anecdotes bring out the human side of research, in
which innovative and sometimes egocentric scientists create both
clever and nutty experiments. Among the many stories within are
witchcraft at Harwell, shocking experiences, entertaining talks,
and the wit of top scientists such as Marshall Rosenbluth. Above
all the book highlights the significant advances made in developing
practical fusion energy and the promise for an exciting future with
the National Ignition Facility and International Thermonuclear
Experimental Reactor. This book will be of interest to physicists
as well as other students and researchers in the scientific and
Statistical Methods for the Physical Sciencesis an informal,
relatively short, but systematic, guide to the more commonly used
ideas and techniques in statistical analysis, as used in physical
sciences, together with explanations of their origins. It steers a
path between the extremes of a recipe of methods with a collection
of useful formulas, and a full mathematical account of statistics,
while at the same time developing the subject in a logical way. The
book can be read in its entirety by anyone with a basic exposure to
mathematics at the level of a first-year undergraduate student of
physical science and should be useful for practising physical
scientists, plus undergraduate and postgraduate students in these
Covering a wide range of topics related to neutron and x-ray
optics, this book explores the aspects of neutron and x-ray optics
and their associated background and applications in a manner
accessible to both lower-level students while retaining the detail
necessary to advanced students and researchers. It is a
self-contained book with detailed mathematical derivations,
background, and physical concepts presented in a linear fashion. A
wide variety of sources were consulted and condensed to provide
detailed derivations and coverage of the topics of neutron and
x-ray optics as well as the background material needed to
understand the physical and mathematical reasoning directly related
or indirectly related to the theory and practice of neutron and
x-ray optics. The book is written in a clear and detailed manner,
making it easy to follow for a range of readers from undergraduate
and graduate science, engineering, and medicine. It will prove
beneficial as a standalone reference or as a complement to
Devoted to the foundation of mechanics, namely classical Newtonian
mechanics, the subject is based mainly on Galileo's principle of
relativity and Hamilton's principle of least action. The exposition
is simple and leads to the most complete direct means of solving
problems in mechanics.
The book presents the recent achievements on bifurcation studies of
nonlinear dynamical systems. The contributing authors of the book
are all distinguished researchers in this interesting subject area.
The first two chapters deal with the fundamental theoretical issues
of bifurcation analysis in smooth and non-smooth dynamical systems.
The cell mapping methods are presented for global bifurcations in
stochastic and deterministic, nonlinear dynamical systems in the
third chapter. The fourth chapter studies bifurcations and chaos in
time-varying, parametrically excited nonlinear dynamical systems.
The fifth chapter presents bifurcation analyses of modal
interactions in distributed, nonlinear, dynamical systems of
circular thin von Karman plates. The theories, methods and results
presented in this book are of great interest to scientists and
engineers in a wide range of disciplines. This book can be adopted
as references for mathematicians, scientists, engineers and
graduate students conducting research in nonlinear dynamical
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