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Recent advances in the scientific understanding of the human mind
and brain along with the emphases on evidence-based practice and
competency-based education are creating increasing pressures to
update some of the traditional approaches to structuring and
organizing education and practice in the field. There have also
been many calls in recent years for a unified approach to
conceptualizing professional practice in psychology. This book
examines whether there exists a unified conceptual framework for
the field that is firmly based on current scientific understanding
regarding human development and functioning, that applies across
all the clinical populations and practice areas within the field,
and that would also help integrate professional psychology more
fully into health care and the sciences generally.
Health is maintained by the coordinated operation of all the
biological systems that make up the individual. "The Introduction
to Psychoneuroimmunology, 2e, "presents an overview of what has
been discovered by scientists regarding how bodily systems respond
to environmental challenges and intercommunicate to sustain health.
The book touches on the main findings from the current literature
without being overly technical and complex. The result is a
comprehensive overview of psychoneuroimmunology, which avoids
oversimplification, but does not overwhelm the reader.
Single authored for consistency of breadth and depth, with no redundancy of coverage between chapters
Covers endocrine-immune modulation, neuro-immune modulation, and the enhancing or inhibiting processes of one or more systems on the others
Expanded use of figures, tables, and text boxes
Online test bank for professors
Psychologists have been trying to understand the factors that
underpin children's success and failure in different educational
domains for many years. One psychological function that has been
found to play an important role in educational achievement is
'working memory', the processes involved in the temporary
maintenance and manipulation of information. This book provides the
reader with an up-to-date review of the research that has
identified how working memory relates to academic attainment in:
reading, reading comprehension, arithmetic and writing, as well as
looking at how children with difficulties relating to hearing
impairment and attention deficits differ in terms of their working
memory. Other chapters focus on how working memory is called upon
in classroom settings, how working memory can be assessed, and
approaches to remediation. The opening chapter of the book provides
an account of working memory from the architect of the model that
has dominated psychological theory for over two decades. This book
is a valuable resource for psychologists, educationalists, and
anyone seeking to understand more about the cognitive basis of
educational achievement in children.
"Interventions for Addiction" examines a wide range of responses to addictive behaviors, including psychosocial treatments, pharmacological treatments, provision of health care to addicted individuals, prevention, and public policy issues. Its focus is on the practical application of information covered in the two previous volumes of the series, "Comprehensive Addictive Behaviors and Disorders."
Readers will find information on treatments beyond commonly used methods, including Internet-based and faith-based therapies, and criminal justice interventions. The volume features extensive coverage of pharmacotherapies for each of the major drugs of abuse-including disulfiram, buprenorphine, naltrexone, and others-as well as for behavioral addictions. In considering public policy, the book examines legislative efforts, price controls, and limits on advertising, as well as World Health Organization (WHO) efforts.
"Interventions for Addiction" is one of three volumes comprising
the 2,500-page series, "Comprehensive Addictive Behaviors and
Disorders." This series provides the most complete collection of
current knowledge on addictive behaviors and disorders to date. In
short, it is the definitive reference work on addictions.
"Online Counseling" gives practical insight into how
professionals can translate and extend their practice to the
electronic online medium. The volume provides an overview of
current research on the use and effectiveness of counseling online
and data on the idiosyncrasies of online behavior and
communication. The practical aspects of and skill sets required for
counseling online are discussed at length, as are technological,
ethical, legal and multicultural issues, treatment strategies, and
testing and assessment.
"Play Therapy: Treatment Planning and Interventions: The Ecosystemic Model and Workbook, 2e," provides key information on one of the most rapidly developing and growing areas of therapy. Ecosystemic play therapy is a dynamic integrated therapeutic model for addressing the mental health needs of children and their families. The book is designed to help play therapists develop specific treatment goals and focused treatment plans as now required by many regulating agencies and third-party payers. Treatment planning is based on a comprehensive case conceptualization that is developmentally organized, strength-based, and grounded in an ecosystemic context of multiple interacting systems.
The text presents guidelines for interviewing clients and
families as well as pretreatment assessments and data gathering for
ecosystemic case conceptualization. The therapist's theoretical
model, expertise, and context are considered. The book includes
descriptions of actual play therapy activities organized by
social-emotional developmental levels of the children. Any
preparation the therapist may need to complete before the session
is identified, as is the outcome the therapist may expect. Each
activity description ends with a suggestion about how the therapist
might follow up on the content and experience in future sessions.
The activity descriptions are practical and geared to the child.
Case examples and completed sections of the workbook are provided.
It provides the therapist with an easy-to-use format for recording
critical case information, specific treatment goals, and the
overall treatment plan. Workbook templates can be downloaded and
adapted for the therapist's professional practice.
Positive psychology - essentially the scientific study of the
strengths that enable individuals and communities to thrive- is a
relatively new discipline that has experienced substantial growth
in the last 5-10 years. Research suggests that the principles and
theories from this area of study are highly relevant to the
practice of counseling and psychotherapy, and positive psychology
presents clinicians and patients with a much needed balance to the
more traditional focus on pathology and the disease model of mental
health. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the
best-researched positive psychological interventions. It emphasizes
clinical application, providing a detailed view of how the research
can be applied to patients. Covering the broaden-and-build theory,
strengths-based therapy, mentoring modalities and more, the volume
will provide numerous assessment tools, exercises and worksheets
for use throughout the counseling and psychotherapy process.
Research on humor is carried out in a number of areas in
psychology, including the cognitive (What makes something funny?),
developmental (when do we develop a sense of humor?), and social
(how is humor used in social interactions?) Although there is
enough interest in the area to have spawned several societies, the
literature is dispersed in a number of primary journals, with
little in the way of integration of the material into a book.
This scholarly work is the most comprehensive existing resource on human physical appearance-how people s outer physical characteristics and their inner perceptions and attitudes about their own appearance (body image) affect their lives. The encyclopedia s 117 full-length chapters are composed and edited by the world s experts from a range of disciplines-social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. The extensive topical coverage in this valuable reference work includes: (1) Important theories, perspectives, and concepts for understanding body image and appearance; (2) Scientific measurement of body image and physical attributes (anthropometry); (3) The development and determinants of human appearance and body image over the lifespan: (4) How culture and society influences the meanings of human appearance; (5) The psychosocial effects of appearance-altering disease, damage, and visible differences; (6) Appearance self-change and self-management; (7) The prevention and treatment of body image problems, including psychosocial and medical interventions. Chapters are written in a manner that is accessible and informative to a wide audience, including the educated public, college and graduate students, and scientists and clinical practitioners. Each well-organized chapter provides a glossary of definitions of any technical terms and a Further Reading section of recommended sources for continued learning about the topic.
Available online via ScienceDirect or in a limited-release print
The Encyclopedia of Body Image and Human Appearance is a unique
reference for a growing area of scientific inquiry. It brings together in one source the research from
experts in a variety of fields examining this psychological and sociological phenomenon. The breadth of
topics covered, and the current fascination with this subject area ensure this reference will be of interest
to researchers and a lay audience alike."
The study of Quantitative EEGs and Neurofeedback offer a window
into brain physiology and function via computer and statistical
analyses, suggesting innovative approaches to the improvement of
attention, anxiety, mood and behavior. Resources for understanding
what QEEG and Neurofeedback is, how they are used, and to what
disorders and patients they can be applied are scarce, and this
volume serves as an ideal tool for clinical researchers and
practicing clinicians, providing a broad overview of the most
interesting topics relating to the techniques. The revised coverage
of advancements, new applications (e.g. Aspberger's, music therapy,
LORETA, etc.), and combinations of prior approaches make the second
edition a necessary companion to the first. The top scholars in the
field have been enlisted and contributions will offer both the
breadth needed for an introductory scholar and the depth desired by
a clinical professional.
Population aging is occurring worldwide. Reports of abuse and neglect of older men and women are also evident on a global basis. While much of the work on identification, treatment and prevention of abuse of older persons has been within the family setting, it cannot be separated from the broader experience of growing old in contemporary society. Time and time again, issues around legislation, policy and practice collide with human rights, societal attitudes and stereotypes.
Raising awareness of the linkamong aging, ageism and abuse, is
one goal of this book and a necessary first step in the battle to
eliminate abuse and neglect of older persons. But awareness is not
enough, action needs to be taken to develop, case finding
procedures and remedial and preventive policies and programs that
are elder-friendly both in intent and in the way that they are
implemented. This book offers a thought-provoking examination of
selected current policies and programs that have been developed
within the health, social services and criminal justice systems. It
highlights the special issues and vulnerabilities of older women,
older men and persons from the LGTB community. It also features a
unique approach to reaching young people through an educational
program that shapes attitudes and behavior via graphic art.
* Practical approach - readers can relate to the examples that are provided of situations in which abuse and neglect has or can occur"
This edited textbook isa fully updated and expanded version of the
highly successful first edition of "Human Factors in Aviation."
Written for the widespread aviation community - students,
engineers, scientists, pilots, managers, government personnel,
etc., HFA offers a comprehensive overview of the topic, taking
readers from the general to the specific, first covering broad
issues, then the more specific topics of pilot performance, human
factors in aircraft design, and vehicles and systems.
Published in August of 2008, WAIS IV is the most widely used intelligence test for adults in the world. Substantive changes were made to the WAIS-IV from the WAIS-III leaving clinicians with questions as to how to use and interpret the measure effectively. Written by the creators of the new test, this book serves as the ultimate insider's guide to the new test, providing users with the kind of access to norms and data that would be unavailable to any subsequent book on clinical use of this measure.
The book discusses the changes made between 3rd and 4th editions along with an FAQ and answers about use and interpretation. The reader is instructed how to interpret composite scores, and everything needed to use and interpret two entirely new composite scores: the General Ability Index (GAI), and the Cognitive Proficiency Index (CPI). This information does NOT appear in the manual accompanying the test.
The second section of the book focuses on WAIS IV use and
interpretation with special clinical applications and populations,
including with multicultural clients, in neuropsychological
settings, with individuals experiencing psychological disorders,
and with older adults. The editors and chapter authors have
exclusive access to proprietary WAIS IV data to run advanced
analyses and provide information beyond what is offered in the
The Psychology of Music serves as an introduction to an interdisciplinary field in psychology, which focuses on the interpretation of music through mental function. This interpretation leads to the characterization of music through perceiving, remembering, creating, performing, and responding to music. In particular, the book provides an overview of the perception of musical tones by discussing different sound characteristics, like loudness, pitch and timbre, together with interaction between these attributes. It also discusses the effect of computer resources on the psychological study of music through computational modeling. In this way, models of pitch perception, grouping and voice separation, and harmonic analysis were developed. The book further discusses musical development in social and emotional contexts, and it presents ways that music training can enhance the singing ability of an individual. The book can be used as a reference source for perceptual and cognitive psychologists, neuroscientists, and musicians. It can also serve as a textbook for advanced courses in the psychological study of music.
Introduction to Forensic Psychology, Third Edition, has been completely restructured to explain in greater detail how courses on forensic psychology are taught, making it more applicable as a textbook than previous editions. It also features more figures, tables and text boxes, making it a true textbook. What this book has that others do not is equal representation of criminal behavior, the court systems, and law enforcement/prisons. It also has equal representation of criminal and civil forensics. Other texts tend to be weighted towards just criminal behavior or just criminal justice and primarily criminal or civic forensics but not both. This new edition also has equal representation of issues to pertaining to adults and children. It contains new coverage of cyberbullying, tests and assessments in the courtroom, mental deficiency and competency to stand trial, and information on mothers who kill their children. Adult, juvenile and family issues are dealt with separately, making it easier to find what you need. Case illustrations dramatically highlight how the lives of individuals have been (or could be) impacted by developments in psychology and law. Chapters now include pedagogy, including outlines, main points, and relevant websites. This book is intended for professors teaching introduction to forensic psychology, as well as for students interested in adult, child, and family forensics as they apply to criminal and civic forensics law enforcement/prisons.
The new edition of "Crew Resource Management" continues to focus on CRM in the cockpit, but also emphasizes that the concepts and training applications provide generic guidance and lessons learned for a wide variety of "crews" in the aviation system as well as in the complex and high-risk operations of many non-aviation settings.
Long considered the "bible" in this field, much of the basic style and structure of the previous edition of Crew "Resource Management" is retained in the new edition. Textbooks are often heavily supplemented with or replaced entirely by course packs in advanced courses in the aviation field, as it is essential to provide students with cutting edge information from academic researchers, government agencies (FAA), pilot associations, and technology (Boeing, ALION). This edited textbook offers ideal coverage with first-hand information from each of these perspectives. Case examples, which are particularly important given the dangers inherent in real world aviation scenarios, are liberally supplied. An image collection and test bank make this the only text on the market with ancillary support.
New material includes: international and cultural aspects of CRM; design and implementation of Line-Oriented Flight Training (LOFT); airline applications beyond the cockpit; spaceflight resource management; non-aviation applications; AQP; LOSA; and special issues pertaining to low-cost airline carriers.
The second edition editors offer essential breath of experience
in aviation human factors from multiple perspectives (academia,
government, and private enterprise) and the contributors have all
been chosen as experts in their fields who represent the diversity
of the research of activities and organisational experience of
This insightful book is a synoptic presentation of Causes and
Treatment of Alcoholism and Drug Addiction. It gives an insight
into Alcoholism and Drug Addiction genetic and/or acquired
etiologies through researched studies that draw the conclusion that
Addiction is a disease/ medical condition. It features the
treatment from detox followed by psychotherapy with evidence based
practices and supported by Aftercare programs to maintain sobriety
This book includes: An insight into Alcoholism and Drug Addiction Psychotherapy with evidence based practices Aftercare programs .Classification and effects of psychoactive drugs Drug screening proceduresMotivational InterviewingCauses and Treatment of Alcoholism and Drug Addiction Life and clinical experiencesCulture and Drug AddictionLevels of Care in Structured Programs"
Therapist's Guide to Clinical Intervention, Second Edition is a
must-have reference for clinicians completing insurance forms,
participating in managed care, or practicing in treatment settings
requiring formalized goals and treatment objectives. This
practical, hands-on handbook outlines treatment goals and
objectives for each type of psychopathology as defined by the
diagnostic and statistical manual by the American Psychiatric
Association, identifies skill-building resources, and provides
samples of all major professional forms.
People experiencing disorders in regulation are highly sensitive
to stimulation from the environment, emotionally reactive, and have
difficulty maintaining an organized and calm life style. They are
impulsive, easily frustrated, and as a result make decisions that
lead to an overwrought state-or who conversely retreat entirely
from the world. This disorder is most likely to accompany diagnoses
of bipolar or mood disorder, anxiety, depression,
obsessive-compulsive disorder, Asperger s syndrome, eating or sleep
disorders, and/or attention deficit disorder. This book instructs
therapists how best to treat the dysregulated adult, providing
diagnostic checklists, and a chapter by chapter inventory in
approaching treatment of dysregulation in a variety of life
WIth the ongoing pressures for psychologists to practice
evidence-based care, and the requirement insurance carriers have
both for treatment goals, measurement of outcomes, and a focus on
brief therapy, functional analysis provides a framework for
achieving all of the above. Having proven itself in treating
behavioral problems in education, functional analysis is now being
applied more broadly to behavioral and psychologial disorders.
Individual Case Formulation presents formulation as a process that can be taught systematically to trainee therapists. The book begins by discussing assorted theories of case formulation, and critiques their ability to be applied in real world situations. The individual case formulation approach is then defined and discussed as a way to integrate the best of what different theoretical orientations have to offer in conjunction with the expertise and clinical judgment of the therapist. The book proposes a systemic/functional framework that focuses on difficulties as defined by the client and emphasizes constructive solutions to problems rather than symptom reduction. Moving from theory to application, the book then guides therapists in how to conduct assessment interviews, how to reach a provisional formulation, how to test that formulation for accuracy and reformulate if necessary, how a therapist can make explicit what their clinical reasoning was in making the case formulation, and provides case examples and transcripts so readers will better grasp the concepts in action.
Intended both for the starting or trainee therapist and the experienced clinician, "Individual Case Formulation" provides a practical guide for those looking to improve their case formulation skills.
Richard Hallam, in a significant contribution to the understanding of this topic, presents us with both a scholarly and reflective review about the nature of Individual Case Formulation (ICF) in contemporary psychotherapy, and, also with a practical guide (well illustrated with case material) about how it may be further developed.
...this thought provoking book provides a timely review of both conceptual bases of ICF and an examination of current assumptions underlying ICF in the light of modern pressures to put people s psychological problems and complexities in to over simple categories, such as medical diagnoses.
This is a book that should be a major reference text in all clinical and counselling psychology courses but, it is also a thought provoking volume to read for the established practitioner (or clinician).
-David J. de L. Horne, "Clinical Psychologist"
Reviews, critiques and compares multiple theories on formulationIdentifies benefits of utilizing the individual case approachGuides trainee therapists how to conduct assessment interviews and reach a provisional formulationPresents a conceptual framework for developing and testing a formulationHelps trainees make explicit their clinical reasoningField-tested for several decadesProvides case examples with annotated transcripts to illustrate the process of formulation"
Memories are indispensable for individuals as well as social groups. Forgetting not only means loss of functioning but also loss of identity. Memories can also be hurting and cause problems, as research on posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD) has shown. This is true for individuals as well as social groups and even societies. Memories and especially negative memories can escape the control of the individual. Many political conflicts can only be understood when taking history and memories into account.
In this volume a comprehensive scientific overview is given on
the development of "hurting memories" in individuals and societies.
Consequences are described, i.e. from mental disorders in
individuals, like PTSD or other neurotic disorders, to societal
tensions and conflicts, from South Africa to Northern Europe.
Additionally, "beneficial forgetting" is discussed, from treatments
of individuals to reconciliation between social groups. The
contrasting of "hurting memories and beneficial forgetting" can
help to understand, that memories can have positive and negative
results and that it is difficult to decide when to support memories
and when forgetting.
Bringing individual and societal memories in coincetion - the benefit is a new perspective on the interactrion between individuals and society. Pointing to possible negative consequences of memory - the benefit is a new perspective of an important but under recognized scientific and clinical problem. Presenting modes of treatment and reconciliation for individuals and social groups - an overview which can not be found elsewhere.
While the brain is ruled to a large extent by chemical
neurotransmitters, it is also a bioelectric organ. The collective
study of Quantitative ElectroEncephaloGraphs (QEEG-the conversion
of brainwaves to digital form to allow for comparison between
neurologically normative and dysfunctional individuals), Event
Related Potentials (ERPs - electrophysiological response to
stimulus) and Neurotherapy (the process of actually retraining
brain processes to) offers a window into brain physiology and
function via computer and statistical analyses of traditional EEG
patterns, suggesting innovative approaches to the improvement of
attention, anxiety, mood and behavior.
While it does not offer the breadth provided by an edited work,
this volume does provide a level of depth and detail that a single
author can deliver, as well as giving readers insight into the
personl theories of one of the preeminent leaders in the
Modeled on the author's bestselling "Therapist s Guide to
Clinical Intervention, "this new book on child clinical
interventionpresents much of the material in outline or bullet
point format, allowing easy understanding of complex material for
the busy therapist. This clinician s guide to diagnosing and
treating disorders in children includes definitions of the
disorder, diagnostic criteria, the neurobiology of the disorder,
information on functional impairment, treatment planning, and
evidence-based interventions. The book additionally offers
adjunctive skill building resources to supplement traditional
therapy choices as well as forms for use in clinical
Motor Control is a complex process that involves the brain,
muscles, limbs, and often external objects. It underlies motion,
balance, stability, coordination, and our interaction with others
and technology. This book is a comprehensive introduction to motor
control, covering a complex topic in an approachable way
encompassing the psychological, physiological, and computational
approaches to motor control.
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