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What shapes political behavior more: the situations in which individuals find themselves, or the internal psychological makeup beliefs, values, and so on of those individuals? This is perhaps the leading division within the psychological study of politics today. This text provides a concise, readable, and conceptually-organized introduction to the topic of political psychology by examining this very question.
Using this situationism-dispositionism framework which roughly parallels the concerns of social and cognitive psychology this book focuses on such key explanatory mechanisms as behaviorism, obedience, personality, groupthink, cognition, affect, emotion, and neuroscience to explore topics ranging from voting behavior and racism to terrorism and international relations.
Houghton's clear and engaging examples directly challenge students to place themselves in both real and hypothetical situations which involve intense moral and political dilemmas. This highly readable text will provide students with the conceptual foundation they need to make sense of the rapidly changing and increasingly important field of political psychology.
What is the difference between choking and panicking? Why are there
dozens of varieties of mustard-but only one variety of ketchup?
What do football players teach us about how to hire teachers? What
does hair dye tell us about the history of the 20th century?
A "PUBLISHERS WEEKLY" BEST OF 2013 STAFF PICK
Show how the ever-changing field of Social Psychology is useful in students' everyday lives. The integration of application into the main body chapters helps students see the connection between theory and real world experiences. This classic text retains the hallmark of its own past success: up-to-date coverage of the quickly evolving subject matter written in a lively manner that has been embraced by hundreds of thousands of students around the world. This book continues to balance its coverage of fundamentals with current research. Teaching & Learning Experience * Personalize Learning - The new MyPsychLab delivers proven results in helping students succeed, provides engaging experiences that personalize learning, and comes from a trusted partner with educational expertise and a deep commitment to helping students and instructors achieve their goals. * Improve Critical Thinking - APS Reader, Current Directions in Social Psychology and a new personalized study plan in MyPsychLab help students develop critical thinking skills. * Engage Students - New in-text essays reflect current research trends and show how the field relates to today's social world, helping to engage students in the material. * Explore Research - Balanced coverage of fundamentals with current research. New content on emotion and attitude formation is included. * Support Instructors - ClassPrep helps instructors keep students engaged throughout every class. Sample chapter and more available on our preview site! www.pearsonhighered.com/fall2011preview/#Psych
A groundbreaking look at why our interactions with others hold the
key to success
A provocative and eye-opening memoir, High Price will change the way we think about addiction, poverty, and race, as well as our policies on drugs.
As Columbia University's first tenured African American professor in the sciences, groundbreaking neuroscientist Carl Hart has redefined our understanding of addiction. His controversial landmark research goes beyond the hype of the antidrug movement to shed new light on common ideas about race, poverty, and drugs, and to explain why current policies are failing.
In High Price, Hart recalls his personal story--and though he escaped neighborhoods that were entrenched in systemic poverty, he has not turned his back on them. But balancing his former street life with his achievements today has not been easy--a struggle he reflects on publicly for the first time here.
The fourth edition of Symbols, Selves, and Social Reality provides
students with a succinct, engaging, and affordable introduction to
symbolic interactionism--the perspective that social reality is
created, negotiated, and changed through the process of social
A central bond, a cherished value, a unique relationship, a
profound human need, a type of love. What is the nature of
friendship, and what is its significance in our lives? How has
friendship changed since the ancient Greeks began to analyze it,
and how has modern technology altered its very definition? In this
fascinating exploration of friendship through the ages, one of the
most thought-provoking philosophers of our time tracks historical
ideas of friendship, gathers a diversity of friendship stories from
the annals of myth and literature, and provides unexpected insights
into our friends, ourselves, and the role of friendships in an
ethical life. A. C. Grayling roves the rich traditions of
friendship in literature, culture, art, and philosophy, bringing
into his discussion familiar pairs as well as unfamiliar--Achilles
and Patroclus, David and Jonathan, Coleridge and Wordsworth, Huck
Finn and Jim. Grayling lays out major philosophical interpretations
of friendship, then offers his own take, drawing on personal
experiences and an acute awareness of vast cultural shifts that
have occurred. With penetrating insight he addresses internet-based
friendship, contemporary mixed gender friendships, how friendships
may supersede family relationships, one's duty within friendship,
the idea of friendship to humanity, and many other topics of
When slighted, misunderstood, cut in front of, annoyed, taken advantage of, or treated rudely, most people avoid their bosses, ignore coworkers, change hairdressers, complain to friends, pound their fists, or rant on social media. They often miss the most positive, effective alternative of all: confronting positively. Now, for everyone who was never taught or never realized that between "bully" and "wimp" is a range of behavior that is positive, dignified, and effective for dealing with life's bothersome situations, there is "The Power of Positive Confrontation." This book teaches you the vital skills you need to confront others, communicate effectively, and live a more conflict-free life. In this updated edition, communications expert Barbara Pachter shares a practical, step-by-step guide to tackling conflicts in any situation, including a new section on navigating sticky situations online. "The Power of Positive Confrontation" reveals: The consequences of not confronting or of confronting negativelyHow to accurately assess what is bothering you and whyThree essential steps of polite and powerful confrontationVital verbal and nonverbal skills that make or break communication, including common language pitfallsStrategies for assertive communication, whether face to face, in writing, by phone, or online
From The Pain Behind the Mask: Overcoming Masculine Depression, you will discover how masculine development precludes your male clients toward the two defining characteristics of masculine depression: dissociating from feelings and acting out suppressed feelings in destructive behaviors. Depression in men is often misunderstood and misdiagnosed, which is why it often goes untreated. This unique book does not portray men as victims, but seeks to describe a man's responsibility and proposes realistic strategies for change. The Pain Behind the Mask is written in easy-to-follow question and answer format to guide you through various subtopics discussed within each general area. Through The Pain Behind the Mask, you will learn new techniques and strategies to help improve the lives of men who suffer from depression by: gaining new insight into how understanding destructive behaviors as a masculine form of depression leads to new treatments for this condition discovering effective treatments for masculine depression that account for the origins and meaning of a man's behavior in a relationship analyzing case studies to help you gain a better understanding of the various characteristics and dynamics of masculine depression finding useful ways to conceptualize and intervene with clients who display symptoms of masculine depression learning to address the underlying causes of problem behavior instead of dealing solely with the outward appearance to recognize and treat masculine depression The Pain Behind the Mask deals with the problems of masculine depression by helping you acquire workable solutions. This indispensable book will help you understand the roots of masculine depression so you can guide your clients toward positive and self-healing attitudes.
The 10th-anniversary edition of the "New York Times" business
bestseller-now updated with "Answers to Ten Questions People Ask"
Object Relations Theory emphasizes the influence of external reality and early relationships on psychological development; it provides a model of the individual's inner world and is highly compatible with the therapeutic techniques of psychodrama. On the psychodrama "stage" the individual can safely externalize complex early relationships which may now be causing problems in early life. In "The Inner World Outside" Paul Holmes presents a unified account of object relations and psychodrama, derived from his personal experience and training in both psychoanalytic and psychodramatic work. Each chapter is introduced by running account of an imaginary psychodrama group session from which the reader is led to an understanding of the theoretical concepts at work. George's problems with his boss and his wife, the reactions of other group members and of the group director himself are used to illustrate basic psychoanalytic concepts in action. This book should be of interest to professionals in training and practice in psychotherapy, psychiatry, psychodrama, dramatherapy and mental health.
Featuring humor and interesting examples that readers can understand and relate to, Brett W. Pelham and Hart Blanton's informative and comprehensive research methods book is one that users will really enjoy. This brief book includes hands-on activities that involve learning by doing, methodology exercises that encourage readers to use their intuition to understand research methods, and methodology problems that teach how to apply basic research principles to novel problems.
In an expansion and translation of his 1986 Japanese study, Iritani (social psychology, Tokai U.) draws on new information that has become available since the death of the Japanese emperor Hirohito in 1989, to examine the relationships between the government and the people from the beginning of mili"
Everyone wants to know how to be more influential. But most of us don't really think we can have the kind of magnetism or charisma that we associate with someone like Bill Clinton or Oprah Winfrey unless it comes naturally. Now, in Compelling People, which is already being taught at Harvard and Columbia Business Schools, John Neffinger and Matthew Kohut show that this isn't something we have to be born with-it's something we can learn. Expanding on the themes in their co-authored Harvard Business Review cover story "Connect, Then Lead," they trace the path to influence through a balance of strength (the root of respect) and warmth (the root of affection). Each seems simple, but only a few of us figure out the tricky task of projecting both at once. The ability to master this dynamic is so rare that we celebrate and elevate those people who have managed to do it. Drawing on cutting-edge social science research as well as their own work with Fortune 500 executives, members of Congress, TED speakers, and Nobel Prize winners, Neffinger and Kohut reveal: - The common thread connecting Machiavelli and Martin Luther King - The secret technique behind the success of Bill Clinton, Ann Richards and Denzel Washington-one that you can use today - How looks affect our career prospects - The single best strategy for getting someone to agree with you Offering practical advice for a range of common and challenging situations, Compelling People explains how we size each other up-and how we can learn to win the admiration, respect, and affection we desire.
Do people take advantage of your niceness? In this groundbreaking book, Doreen Virtue teaches Earth Angels --extremely sweet people who care more about others' happiness than their own--how to maintain their inner peace and loving nature while at the same time holding boundaries. You'll discover how to overcome fears about saying no, and how to ask for what you want from those around you and from the universe. "Assertiveness for Earth Angels" is for anyone who wants to learn the art of speaking up in relationships and in their activism about issues related to the world. Whether you need more assertiveness with your family, on the job, or in your healing work, you'll appreciate Doreen's gentle-but-firm approach to negotiating your earthly needs in heavenly ways!
For gender-focused courses in Psychology, Sociology, Women's Studies, and Gender Studies. Unlike other gender texts, Psychology of Gender focuses equally on both men and women, drawing from empirical research and conceptual discussions. The book includes research and discussions surrounding gender in the areas of psychology, sociology, anthropology, medicine, and public health. It reviews the research from multiple perspectives, but emphasizes the implications of social roles, status, and gender-related traits, particularly for relationships and health-areas that are central to students' lives and that have a great impact on their day-to-day functioning. The text is designed for upper-level undergraduate/ graduate-level gender-focused courses in a variety of departments. Learning Goals Upon completing this book, readers should be able to: *Understand the implications of gender for two broad domains of research: relationships and health*Distinguish the similarities and differences between men and women and the theories that explain any observed differences Note: MySearchLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MySearchLab, please visit: www.mysearchlab.com or you can purchase a valuepack of the text + MySearchLab (at no additional cost). VP: 0205195490 / 9780205195497
An eye-opening look at the ways we misjudge risk every day and a
guide to making better decisions with our money, health, and
With "Community Psychology, International Edition", Kloos, Hill, Thomas, Wandersman, and Dalton have addressed the challenge of transforming an abstract, theoretical topic into a lively and understandable subject for students. Through concrete examples and consistent pedagogy, this text helps students understand the concepts as well as how to apply them. After introducing community psychology and its history, the authors describe methods of community research and discuss how to understand communities from the perspectives of sense of community, coping, and social support. The focus then shifts to community programs and actions: preventing problem behavior and promoting social competence, citizen participation, organizing for community and social change, and program evaluation and development.
The book describes, from a psychoanalytic perspective, the development of the parent-infant relationship in the first years of life. It follows the development of the child's relationship to his or her parents from birth until the end of the third year. The psychoanalytic understanding of earlier patterns of experience is expertly presented to the reader. For readers looking for an introduction to the many different psychoanayltical theories about the early years, this book offers a comprehensive guide to the most important directions.Diem-Wille's experience as psychoanalyst, professor of education, and organising tutor of a university course for teachers, and as a mother and grandmother, all enrich her writing and contribute to the breadth of this remarkable book. The author combines consideration of the physical interwoven with the psycho-social development in the first, second and third years of life; she looks at the experience of the relationship at each stage from both the child's and the parent's perspective; and she discusses theory and gives hints to parents and teachers about how to observe the non-verbal communication of babies and children and respond to their needs. It is a book which will be of great value to parents, teachers, paediatricians and all those concerned with furthering the understanding of children.
As today's business world becomes ever-more global and virtual, executives and managers are expected to work harmoniously together with counterparts from a broad array dramatically different cultures and backgrounds, often without leaving their desks. But when you throw people together who come from starkly different backgrounds and cultures-- from Americans who precede anything negative with three nice comments to French, Dutch, Israelis and Germans who get straight to the point (your presentation was simply awful); from Latin Americans and Asians who are steeped in hierarchy to the Scandinavians who think the best boss is just one of the crowd-- the result can sometimes be disastrous. Even with English as a global language, it's easy to fall into cultural traps that endanger careers and sink deals. In The Culture Map, renowned expert Erin Meyer offers highly practical and timely perspective on one of today's most pressing business issues: how do different cultures influence the way to do business when working globally? And she explains how to dramatically increase business success by improving one's ability to understand the cultural drivers of colleagues, clients, and suppliers from different countries. With the rapid increase in global call centers, outsourcing, supply chains, and project teams, cultural diversity touches almost everyone. Globalization has led to the rapid connection of internationally based employees from all levels of multinational companies. The advent of information and communication technology means that work itself has globalized. Where once you might have been expected to collaborate with colleagues from one or two foreign territories, today many people are part of global networks connected with people scattered around the world. Yet most managers have little understanding of how local culture impacts global interaction. Even those who are culturally informed, travel extensively, and have lived abroad often have few strategies for dealing with the cross-cultural complexity that affects their team's day-to-day effectiveness. The Culture Map provides a new way forward, with vital insights for working effectively and sensitively with one's counterparts in the new global marketplace.
You are a member of a social world on a planet that is home to about 7 billion people. This social world is filled with paradox, mystery, suspense, and outright absurdity. Explore how social psychology can help you make sense of your own social world with this engaging and accessible book. Roy F. Baumeister and Brad J. Bushman's SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY AND HUMAN NATURE, 3rd Edition can help you understand one of the most interesting topics of all--the sometimes bizarre and baffling but always fascinating diversity of human behavior, and how and why people act the way they do.
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