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Fifty years after the sexual revolution, we are told that we live in a time of unprecedented sexual freedom; that if anything, we are too free now. But beneath the veneer of glossy hedonism, millennial journalist Rachel Hills argues that we are controlled by a new brand of sexual convention: one which influences all of us-woman or man, straight or gay, liberal or conservative. At the root of this silent code lies the Sex Myth-the defining significance we invest in sexuality that once meant we were dirty if we did have sex, and now means we are defective if we don't do it enough. Equal parts social commentary, pop culture, and powerful personal anecdotes from people across the English-speaking world, The Sex Myth exposes the invisible norms and unspoken assumptions that shape the way we think about sex today.
"The Boston Globe"
What is the difference between choking and panicking? Why are there
dozens of varieties of mustard-but only one variety of ketchup?
What do football players teach us about how to hire teachers? What
does hair dye tell us about the history of the 20th century?
Teenage cliques, jihadist cells, army units, polar expeditions, and football hooligans - on the face of it, each of these groups might seem exceptional, but the forces that bind and drive them can affect us all. In recent decades, psychologists have uncovered how and why our innate socialness holds huge sway over how we think and act, propelling us to both high achievement and unthinking cruelty. We are beholden to our peers, even when we think we're calling the shots. This is the power of others. In this captivating work, science writer Michael Bond investigates the latest breakthroughs in social psychology to reveal how to guard against groupthink, build better teamwork, identify shared objectives, become more ethical, and survive moments of isolation. A fascinating blend of evolutionary theory, behavourial science, and remarkable case studies, The Power of Others will teach you to truly harness your collective self.
Exposes destructive patterns of communication within family cultures and provides strategies for promoting more open dialogue among family members. * Equips family therapists to help clients see the barriers they place in the way of healthy communication, and adopt more constructive alternatives * Provides activities designed to spark open dialogue between therapist and clients, strengthening the therapeutic relationship and facilitating family interaction * Includes communication strategies for reversing disengagement, defusing power struggles, overcoming sibling rivalry, disentangling marital problems and more * Offers a new understanding of family dynamics, an area in which many family therapists want to improve their skills but have struggled to find a text to guide them in doing so
What is the secret to a stable marriage? How many gay people are
still in the closet? Do we truly live in a postracial society? Has
Twitter made us dumber? These are just a few of the questions
Christian Rudder answers in "Dataclysm, " a smart, funny,
irreverent look at how we act when we think no one's looking.
Work organizations are a major site of gender politics for professional women and men, and although there are more women in senior positions than ever before, these increased opportunities have not been gained without psychological consequences. Evidence-based and theoretically driven, the new edition of Gender, Power and Organization raises important questions about gender and power in the workplace, and the psychology of women's advancement. Twenty years on from the first edition, it re-examines gender relations at work and asks why, despite many years of feminist critique and action, we are able to understand the dynamics of the workplace but fail to make them more representative. The struggles women face in professional and public life remain intense, not least because many men experience an increasing sense of threat to their long-term aspirations and professional positions. Using examples from recent research and the author's own consultancy experience, this important volume offers a fresh exploration of the psychology of gender and power at work, from the development of gender identities and roles, to explanations of bullying and sexual harassment in the organization. It offers an accessible survey of the subject for professional managers and students of leadership, psychology, management, sociology, gender, and women's studies.
The revolutionary study of how the place where we grew up shapes the way we think, feel, and act-- with new dimensions and perspectives
Based on research conducted in more than seventy countries over a forty-year span, "Cultures and Organizations" examines what drives people apart--when cooperation is so clearly in everyone's interest. With major new contributions from Michael Minkov's analysis of data from the World Values Survey, as well as an account of the evolution of cultures by Gert Jan Hofstede, this revised and expanded edition: Reveals the "moral circles" from which national societies are built and the unexamined rules by which people think, feel, and act Explores how national cultures differ in the areas of inequality, assertiveness versus modesty, and tolerance for ambiguity Explains how organizational cultures differ from national cultures--and how they can be managed Analyzes stereotyping, differences in language, cultural roots of the 2008 economic crisis, and other intercultural dynamics
Traditionally, the subject of adolescent development has been explored using a stage based approach, often with an emphasis on the potential risks and problems of adolescence. Taking a different approach, in this book the authors draw upon a wealth of research to examine the period of development from adolescence to adulthood from a dynamic systems perspective; investigating multi-facetted, multi-variable explanations surrounding the transitions and consequent transformations that occur in young peoples' lives, as they change from teenagers to young adults. The book considers the social institutions, interactions, contexts and relationships that influence each other, and young people, during developmental transitions. Topics covered include: * dynamic systems theory in developmental and social psychology * adolescents in social contexts * compliments, lies and other social skills * school, university and labour market transition * adolescent health in a lifespan context * family dynamics. Development from Adolescence to Early Adulthood will be key reading for academics, researchers and postgraduate students in the field of developmental psychology, as well as clinicians and policy makers working with young people.
The two authors' combined experience of Change Leadership is extensive. Over the last 25 years they have led, been involved with, and evaluated a wide range of Global Change Programs. The context includes acquisitions, mergers, demergers, new business start-ups, technology and a wide variety of culture change interventions. This leadership, consultancy and research experience forms the basis of this book. Strategy, People, Implementation provides leaders with a theory of how people are motivated to change, together with the practical steps from designing a strategy to developing and implementing an effective change agenda.
Good conversation is at the heart of networking, meetings, interviews, negotiations and raising your profile. It can ease your way in work, enabling you to build alliances, create strong relationships with staff, bosses and clients, succeed at interviews, motivate and inspire.
But conversation is something most of us were never taught! We learn to speak as babies, but how conversation actually works is something most of us pick up only haphazardly, and many have yet to learn. Why is it some of us are stuck for words, but others blabber or can t stop? What is it that some people have naturally which enables them to converse comfortably and easily, to engage people and build better relationships?
The Art of Conversation will show you step by step how to converse skillfully and enjoyably with other people, at home, at work, on the phone and in the street- even if you re daunted now, discover the difference good conversation can make in every aspect of your life. Learn to:
-Overcome the most common block to good conversation- fear; find out how to break the silence and keep the conversation going
- Understand the different types of conversation and how they work- which topics and language are suitable for the occasion
- Learn simple methods for being heard and understood, including speaking clearly and audibly, listening well and using non-verbal communication
- Find out how to hold a conversation in tricky situations, including how to disagree, how to speak to those in authority and people you find difficult -Use conversation to form relationships, improve friendships, make the sale, chat people up, to learn, influence and persuade.
For too long, we've thought of fathers as little more than
sources of authority and economic stability in the lives of their
children. Yet cutting-edge studies drawing unexpected links between
fathers and children are forcing us to reconsider our assumptions
and ask new questions: What changes occur in men when they are
"expecting"? Do fathers affect their children's language
development? What are the risks and rewards of being an
older-than-average father at the time the child is born? What
happens to a father's hormone levels at every stage of his child's
development, and can a child influence the father's health? Just
how much do fathers "matter"?
You are a member of a social world on a planet that is home to about 7 billion people. This social world is filled with paradox, mystery, suspense, and outright absurdity. Explore how social psychology can help you make sense of your own social world with this engaging and accessible book. Roy F. Baumeister and Brad J. Bushman's Social Psychology And Human Nature, 3E, Brief International Edition can help you understand one of the most interesting topics of all-the sometimes bizarre and baffling but always fascinating diversity of human behavior, and how and why people act the way they do.
Electronic Inspection Copy available for instructors here Social psychology is an enormous discipline and it can be easy to get swamped in that enormity. But does that mean you need an enormous textbook, especially for your first course? Essential Social Psychology gives an accessible and thorough grounding in the key concepts, the fundamentals - the essentials of social psychology, while providing a lively introduction to the major theoretical debates, new approaches, and findings in the discipline. It tells the fascinating story of social psychology but also gets you through your exams. The second edition still has everything students need: short, lively chapters covering the classic and contemporary studies, plenty of illustrations, an extensive glossary and those memory maps to help you remember it all. But now, the textbook has been expanded to include even more essential elements. The authors have added two more chapters, the newest cutting edge research, and detailed the latest exciting and emerging debates and controversies. Key features of the new edition include: - brand new chapters on Attribution and Intergroup Processes - alternative perspectives integrated into each chapter to reflect the fascinating range of approaches and encourage critical thinking. - extended chapters provide more detailed coverage of each topic - new and improved companion website, now with even more lecturer and student support. Visit the companion website at www.sagepub.co.uk/crispandturner2
This revelatory tour de force by an acclaimed and internationally bestselling science writer upends our understanding of survival of the fittest and invites us all to think and act more altruisticallyThe phrase survival of the fittest conjures an image of the most cutthroat individuals rising to the top. But Stefan Klein, author of the #1 international bestseller The Science of Happiness and winner of the Georg von Holtzbrinck Prize for Scientific Journalism, makes the startling assertion that the key to achieving lasting personal and societal success lies in helping others. In fact, Klein argues, altruism is our defining characteristic: Natural selection favored those early humans who cooperated in groups, and with survival more assured, our altruistic ancestors were free to devote brainpower to developing intelligence, language, and culture our very humanity. As Klein puts it, We humans became first the friendliest and then the most intelligent apes. To build his persuasive case for how altruistic behavior made us human and why it pays to get along Klein synthesizes an extraordinary array of material: current research on genetics and the brain, economics, social psychology, behavioral and anthropological experiments, history, and modern culture. Ultimately, his groundbreaking findings lead him to a vexing question: If we re really hard-wired to act for one another s benefit, why aren t we all getting along?Klein believes we ve learned to mistrust our generous instincts because success is so often attributed to selfish ambition. In Survival of the Nicest, he invites us to rethink what it means to be the fittest as he shows how caring for others can protect us from loneliness and depression, make us happier and healthier, reward us economically, and even extend our lives."
The Handbook of Family Psychology provides a comprehensiveoverview of the theoretical underpinnings and established practicesrelating to family psychology. * Provides a thorough orientation to the field of familypsychology for clinicians * Includes summaries of the most recent research literature andclinical interventions for specific areas of interest to familypsychology clinicians * Features essays by recognized experts in a variety ofspecialized fields * Suitable as a required text for courses in family psychology,family therapy, theories of psychotherapy, couples therapy,systems theory, and systems therapy
'An outstanding new text. Written in an engaging style it provides an impressive review of both basic and applied work. Classic studies are interwoven with important recent findings to provide a scholarly overview of this exciting area of social psychology' - Professor Mark Conner, University of Leeds. 'Maio and Haddock provide an excellent up-to-date summary of the key findings in the field in their very readable new text' - Richard E. Petty, Ohio State University. People spontaneously evaluate things. We form opinions on topics such as war and climate change, on other people such as our work colleagues and celebrities, and on behaviors such as sexual activity and waste recycling. At times, these attitudes can be the focus of bitter debate, and as humans we naturally crave to understand attitudes and how to change them. In four sections and 11 chapters, Greg Maio and Geoffrey Haddock describe how scientific methods have been used to better understand attitudes and how they change. The first section looks at what attitudes are and why they are important. The second section examines the ability of attitudes to predict behavior. From there, the authors consider how attitudes are formed and changed. Finally, they present a variety of major issues for understanding internal (such as, neurological) and external (such as, culture) influences on attitude, along with unresolved questions. With the aid of a few helpful metaphors, the text provides readers with a grasp of the fundamental concepts for understanding attitudes and an appreciation of the scientific challenges that lie ahead. "The Psychology of Attitudes and Attitude Change" is for students in psychology, health psychology, communication, business and political science. It is a core text for courses in the psychology of attitudes, persuasion, and social influence and a key resource for modules in social cognition and introductory social psychology.
The concept of identity is one of the most important ideas the social sciences have investigated in recent years, yet no introductory textbooks are available to those who want to gain a sense of this burgeoning field. The first of its kind, this text provides an introduction to the scientific study of identity formation, with a focus on youth development. The analyses of the problems and prospects faced by contemporary young people in forming identities are placed in the context of societies that themselves are in transition, further complicating identity formation and the interrelated processes of self development and moral-ethical reasoning. In order to sort through what is now a vast literature on the various aspects of human identity, this book introduces the Simplified Identity Formation Theory. This theory cuts through much of the academic jargon that limits the accessibility of this promising field, and builds an understanding of human identity from first principles. Part I outlines the philosophical and theoretical roots of the "identity question," explores different historical and cultural contexts, and provides a framework for studying the multifaceted nature of contemporary identity formation. Part II examines related forms of human development, focusing on perspective-taking and moral reasoning, and how these are related to ethics and forms of agency. Part III completes the book by examining the scientific evidence concerning identity formation in various societal contexts, along with the interventions that can be undertaken to foster optimal development. A robust website also accompanies this text, containing everything from flashcards to a study guide for students, and an instructor manual to PowerPoint Presentations for instructors.
Research Methods for Social Psychology teaches students to think like an experimental social psychologist. Striking a balance between theoretical sophistication and hands-on activities and exercises, this engaging text offers a friendly approach to methodology and a successful means of motivating students to design and execute their own social psychological research. Active learning activities on social psychology in each chapter, as well as thought exercises at the end of each chapter Guidance on developing social psychology research topics, advice on ethics reviews of research projects, instructions on how to design independent and dependent variables, and assistance with performing a post-experimental interviews with participants A stand alone chapter on basic data analysis, in addition to directions for putting statistical results into words Guidance on writing APA-style summaries of social psychology experiments, as well as giving oral and poster presentations; includes a sample annotated APA-style lab report Instructor test bank with questions and answers for each chapter available at www.wiley.com/go/dunn
Are you looking to enrich a healthy relationship, revitalize a tired one, or rescue one gone awry? We all want a lifetime of love, support, and companionship. But sometimes we need a little help.
Enter Dr. Sue Johnson, developer of Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy and ?the best couple therapist in the world, ? according to bestselling relationship expert Dr. John Gottman. In "Hold Me Tight," Dr. Johnson shares her groundbreaking and remarkably successful program for creating stronger, more secure relationships.
The message of "Hold Me Tight" is simple: Forget about learning how to argue better, analyzing your early childhood, making grand romantic gestures, or experimenting with new sexual positions. Instead, get to the emotional underpinnings of your relationship by recognizing that you are emotionally attached to and dependent on your partner in much the same way that a child is on a parent for nurturing, soothing, and protection. Dr. Johnson teaches that the way to enhance or save a relationship is to be open, attuned, and responsive to each other and to reestablish emotional connection. With this in mind, she focuses on key moments in a relationship?from Recognizing the Demon Dialogues to Forgiving Injuries?and uses them as touch points for seven healing conversations. These conversations give you insight into the defining moments in your relationship and guide you in reshaping these moments to create a secure and lasting bond.
People base thousands of choices across a lifetime on the views they hold of their skill and moral character, yet a growing body of research in psychology shows that such self-views are often misguided or misinformed. Anyone who has dealt with others in the classroom, in the workplace, in the medical office, or on the therapist's couch has probably experienced people whose opinions of themselves depart from the objectively possible. This book outlines some of the common errors that people make when they evaluate themselves. It also describes the many psychological barriers - some that people build by their own hand - that prevent individuals from achieving self-insight about their ability and character. The first section of the book focuses on mistaken views of competence, and explores why people often remain blissfully unaware of their incompetence and personality flaws. The second section focuses on faulty views of character, and explores why people tend to perceive they are more unique and special than they really are, why people tend to possess inflated opinions of their moral fiber that are not matched by their deeds, and why people fail to anticipate the impact that emotions have on their choices and actions. The book will be of great interest to students and researchers in social, personality, and cognitive psychology, but, through the accessibility of its writing style, it will also appeal to those outside of academic psychology with an interest in the psychological processes that lead to our self-insight.
More than thirty-five years ago, a longitudinal study was established to research the health and well-being of older people living in an English city. Self and Meaning in the Lives of Older People provides a unique set of portraits of forty members of this group who were interviewed in depth from their later seventies onwards. Focusing on sense of self-esteem and, especially, of continued meaning in life following the loss of a spouse and onset of frailty, this book sensitively illustrates these persons' efforts to maintain independence, to continue to have a sense of belonging and to contribute to the lives of others. It examines both the psychological and the social resources needed to flourish in later life and draws attention to this generation's ability to benefit from strong family support and from belonging to a faith community. In conclusion, it questions whether future generations will be as resilient.
Our "thirty-is-the-new-twenty" culture tells us the twentysomething
years don't matter. Some say they are a second adolescence. Others
call them an emerging adulthood. Dr. Meg Jay, a clinical
psychologist, argues that twentysomethings have been caught in a
swirl of hype and misinformation, much of which has trivialized
what is actually the most defining decade of adulthood.
The Psychology of Diversity presents a captivating social-psychological study of diversity, the obstacles confronting it, and the benefits it provides. * Goes beyond prejudice and discrimination to discuss the personal and social implications of diversity for both majority and minority group members * Considers how historical, political, economic, and societal factors shape the way people think about and respond to diversity * Explains why discrimination leads to bias at all levels in society interpersonal, institutional, cultural, and social * Describes proven techniques for improving intergroup relations * Examines the brain's impact on bias in clear terms for students with little or no background in neuroscience * Includes helpful study tools throughout the text as well as an online instructor s manual
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