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CHAPTER III VARIED GARDENS FAIR " And all without were walkes and
alleys dight With divers trees enrang'd in even rankes; And here
and there were pleasant arbors pight And shadie seats, and sundry
flowering bankes To sit and rest the walkers wearie shankes." ?
Faerie $uetne, Edmund Spenser. ANY simple forms of gardens were
common besides the enclosed front yard; and as wealth poured in on
the colonies, the beautiful gardens so much thought of in England
were copied here, especially by wealthy merchants, as is noted in
the first chapter of this book, and by the provincial governors and
their little courts; the garden of Governor Hutchinson, in Milford,
Massachusetts, is stately still and little changed. English
gardens, at the time of the settlement of America, had passed
beyond the time when, as old Gervayse Markham said, " Of all the
best Ornaments used in our English gardens, Knots and Mazes are the
most ancient." A maze was a placing of low garden hedges of Privet,
Box, or Hyssop, usually set in concentric circles which en- closed
paths, that opened into each other by such artful contrivance that
it was difficult to find one's way in and out through these
bewildering paths. " When well formed, of a man's height, your
friend may perhaps wander in gathering berries as he cannot recover
himself without your help." The maze was not a thing of beauty, it
was " nothing for sweetness and health," to use Lord Bacon's words;
it was only a whimsical notion of gardening amusement, pleasing to
a generation who liked to have hidden fountains in their gardens to
sprinkle suddenly the unwary. I doubt if any mazes were ever laid
out in America, though I have heard vague references to one in
Virginia. Knots had been the choice adornment or the Tudor garden.
They were no...
|Country of origin:
Alice Morse Earle
||246 x 189 x 6mm (L x W x T)
||Paperback - Trade
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