This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text.
Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book
(without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated.
1880 edition. Excerpt: ...level. What we have now said enables us
to realize the conditions under wliich all heal engines work. The
essential point about such engines is, not the possession of a
cylinder, or piston, or fly-wheels, or valves, but the possession
of two chambers, one of high and the other of low temperature,
while it performs work in the process of carrying heat from the
chamber of high to that of low temperature. Let us take, for
example, the low-pressure engine. Here we have the boiler or
chamber of high, and the condenser or chamber of low temperature,
and the engine works while heat is being carried from the boiler to
the-udenser--never while it is being carried from the condenser to
the boiler. In like manner in the locomotive we have the steam
generated at a high temperature and pressure, and cooled by
injection into the atmosphere. 153. But, leaving formal engines,
let us take an ordinary fire, which plays in truth the part of an
engine, as far as energy is concerned. We have here the cold air
streaming in over the floor of the room and rushing into the fire,
to be there united with carbon, while the rarefied product is
carried up the chimney. Dismissing from our thoughts at present the
process of combustion, except as a means of supplying heat, we see
that there is a continual in-draught of cold air, which is heated
by the fire, and then sent to mingle with the air above. Heat is,
in fact, distributed by this means, or carried from a body of high
temperature, i.e., the fire, to a body of low temperature, i.e.,
the outer air, and in this process of distribution mechanical
effect is obtained in the up-rush of air through the chimney with
considerable velocity. 154. Our own earth is another instance oi
such an engine, having the equatorial regions as...
|Country of origin:
||246 x 189 x 3mm (L x W x T)
||Paperback - Trade
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