This book traces the history of the "Church Crisis",¬ a conflict
between the Protestant and Anglo-Catholic (Ritualist) parties
within the Church of England between 1898 and 1906. During this
period increasing numbers of Britons embraced Anglo-Catholicism and
even converted to Roman Catholicism. Consequent fears that
Catholicism was undermining the "Protestant"¬ heritage of the
established church led to a moral panic. The Crisis led to a
temporary revival of Erastianism as protestant groups sought to
stamp out Catholicism within the established church through
legislation whilst Anglo-Catholics, who valued ecclesiastical
autonomy, opposed any such attempts. The eventual victory of forces
in favor of greater ecclesiastical autonomy ended Parliamentary
attempts to control church practice, sounding the death knell of
Erastianism. Despite increased acknowledgement that religious
concerns remained deep-seated around the turn of the century,
historians have failed to recognize that this period witnessed a
high point in Protestant-Catholic antagonism and a shift in the
relationship between the established church and Parliament.
Parliament's increasing unwillingness to address ecclesiastical
concerns in this period was not an example advancing political
secularity. Rather, Parliament's increased reluctance to engage
with the Church of England illustrates the triumph of an
anti-Erastian conception of church-state relations.
|Country of origin:
||Routledge Studies in Modern British History
||Electronic book text
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