This historic book may have numerous typos, missing text or index.
Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book
(without typos) from the publisher. 1912. Not illustrated. Excerpt:
... THE DERIVATION OF THE FLORA OF HAWAII Owing to their extreme
isolation, the Hawaiian Islands are of special interest both to the
geographer and the biologist. With a combined area of 6,454 square
miles, they are further removed from any continental area than is
any other region of equal size upon the globe. They are 2,000 miles
from North America, the nearest continent, and the nearest islands
of any importance, the Marquesas, are 1,860 miles distant. There
are two very different views held as to the origin of the
archipelago. The one most commonly accepted is that the islands,
which are entirely volcanic, were thrown up by volcanic activity
from the ocean depths, and that they have always been completely
isolated. At present the archipelago is surrounded by very deep
water. Within forty miles of the shores the ocean is upward of
10,000 feet in depth, and between the islands and the American
coast is an enormous area of deep water, in places reaching more
than 20,000 feet in depth. It is believed by some students of the
subject, however, that the islands have not always been so isolated
as at present. This view has recently been taken by Pilsbry.1 The
advocates of this theory believe that there was formerly a much
larger area of land in the Pacific, including Hawaii, which was
connected more or less intimately with the great land masses of the
Southern Pacific, now represented by Australasia and Indo-Malaysia.
The multitude of islands constituting Polynesia is believed to be
merely the remains of a once extensive land mass, --either a single
continent, or several large continental islands, like Australia.
This great continental area has been undergoing subsidence since
early Tertiary times, and the islands now existing are the tips of
mountain masses, --often volc.
General Books LLC
|Country of origin:
||246 x 189 x 4mm (L x W x T)
||Paperback - Trade
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