Chapters: Punaluu Beach. Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 41. Not
illustrated. Free updates online. Purchase includes a free trial
membership in the publisher's book club where you can select from
more than a million books without charge. Excerpt: Punaluu Beach
(also called Black Sand Beach) is a beach between Phala and Nlehu
on the Big Island of the U.S. state of Hawaii. The beach has black
sand made of basalt and created by lava flowing into the ocean
which explodes as it reaches the ocean and cools. This volcanic
activity is in the Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. Punaluu is
frequented by endangered Hawksbill and Green turtles, which can
often be seen basking on the black sand. The swimming area is very
rocky, and it can be dangerous to swim. The beach also has a large
amount of underground fresh water that flows in it. This fresh
water is very cold and looks almost like gasoline mixing with the
water. Legend has it that in the time of drought, the early
Hawaiians living in the area would dive underwater with a jug to
get their fresh water. Taking black sand and volcanic rocks from
the area is prohibited. Local tradition says that if any volcanic
rock or black sand from Punaluu Beach is taken away from Hawaii,
that the person that took it will be cursed by the Hawaiian volcano
goddess Pele until it is returned. While purportedly an ancient
Hawaiian belief, historians can trace this legend only to the mid
twentieth century, and it is widely believed to have been invented
by park rangers to keep visitors from taking rocks. Nevertheless,
the lobby of Klauea Military Camp (now a vacation area for military
personnel) has a cabinet displaying rocks returned by people
attempting to atone for the bad luck that has befallen them, and
letters describing their predicaments. Russ Apple may have been the
originator of Pele myth; as National Park Service Pacific historian
and 30 year veteran of the National Park Service, Apple was
instrumental...More: http: //booksllc.net/?id=86383
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