The Kalanga state Butua, which had dominated the Zimbabwe plateau
(south central Africa) for four centuries, collapsed in the 1830s
due to repeated difaqane invasions, and its population became
subject to Ndebele invaders. This work is a study of how the
farming population coped with the stresses brought by these events
and how this is manifest in the archaeological remains. A model of
group behaviour under stress suggests that, with increasing stress,
group solidarity at first increases, but later decreases: a series
of hypotheses based on this model guides this study. The first
section of the research presents a reconstruction of the Butua
state based on oral and documentary evidence as well as
archaeological research in Botswana. The second part combines
information from historical sources with archaeological evidence
from two villages at Domboshaba to reconstruct events and
conditions in northeastern Botswana during the turbulent 19th
British Archaeological Reports
|Country of origin:
||British Archaeological Reports International Series
Catharina van Waarden
||297 x 210 x 23mm (L x W x T)
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