0
Your cart

Your cart is empty

Books > Earth & environment > Earth sciences > The hydrosphere > Oceanography (seas)

Buy Now

Life and Death of Coral Reefs (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1997) Loot Price: R5,603
Discovery Miles 56 030
You Save: R344 (6%)
Life and Death of Coral Reefs (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1997): Charles Birkeland
Life and Death of Coral Reefs (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1997): Charles Birkeland

Share your images

Life and Death of Coral Reefs (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1997)

Charles Birkeland

 (sign in to rate)
List price R5,947 Loot Price R5,603 Discovery Miles 56 030 | Repayment Terms: R521 pm x 12* You Save R344 (6%)

Bookmark and Share

Usually dispatched within 8 - 13 working days.

Charles Birkeland Living coral is a thin veneer, measured in millimeters. Yet this thin film of living tissue has shaped the face of the Earth by creating limestone structures sometimes over 1,300 m thick from the surface down to its base on volcanic rock (Enewetak Atoll), or over 2,000 km long (Great Barrier Reef). About half the world's coastlines are in the tropics and about a third of the tropical coastlines are made of coral reef. Archipelagoes of hundreds of atolls such as the Marshalls, the Maldives, the Tuamotus, and most of the Carolines and Kiribati have been fonned by coral. In addition to enlarging high islands (such as the entire northern end of Guam) and extending and protecting coastlines, ancient biogenic reefs have fonned even larger areas on the present continents. Shallow living coral 2 reefs are estimated to presently cover over 600,000 km (Smith, 1978). Coral reefs are dynamic systems, producing limestone at the rate of 400-2,000 tons per hectare per year (Chave et aI. , 1972). The Great Barrier Reef dominates 2 230,000 km and has grown to this size in a geologically brief period of a few million years. Coral reefs influence the chemical balance of the world's oceans. Roughly half the calcium that enters the sea each year around the world, from the north to south poles, is taken up and temporarily bound into coral reefs (Smith, 1978).

General

Imprint: Springer-Verlag New York
Country of origin: United States
Release date: October 2012
First published: 1997
Authors: Charles Birkeland
Dimensions: 235 x 155 x 33mm (L x W x T)
Format: Paperback
Pages: 536
Edition: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1997
ISBN-13: 978-1-4613-7746-7
Barcode: 9781461377467
Categories: Books > Science & Mathematics > Biology, life sciences > Life sciences: general issues > Ecological science, the Biosphere
Promotions
Books > Earth & environment > Earth sciences > The hydrosphere > Oceanography (seas)
LSN: 1-4613-7746-3

Is the information for this product incomplete, wrong or inappropriate? Let us know about it.

Does this product have an incorrect or missing image? Send us a new image.

Is this product missing categories? Add more categories.

Review This Product

No reviews yet - be the first to create one!

Loyalty partners