ITALY MEDIAEVAL AND MODERN BY E. M. JAMISON, C. M. ADY, K. D.
VERNON AND C. SANFORD TERRY OXFORD AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 1919
PRINTED IN ENGLAND AT THE OXFORD UNIVERSIIY PRESS PREFACE IT Is no
wonder that Italian history should be invested, In the eyes of
Englishmen, with a perennial fascination, considering how
profoundly we have been influenced at critical stages of our
national development by the Italian genius. The catalogue of our
obligations is too lengthy to be recited in a preface. A few
examples must suffice. It is to an Italian, Gregory the Great, that
we owe our Christian faith to Benedict of Nursia and to Francis o
Assisi we are indebted for interpretations of that faith which have
survived the Middle Ages and our own Reformation. It was on Italian
soil that English humanists made their first acquaintance with the
wisdom of antiquity and the spirit of free thought. Machiavelli
first Inspired us to reason about the nature and the purpose of the
modern State Mazzini taught us to respect the Idea of nationality.
Dante and Petrarch, Ariosto and Tasso, have been accepted models in
more than one great age of English poetry. Nowhere have the great
Italian artists, from Giotto to Raphael, been better loved or more
closely studied than in England. Our sense of these obligations is
reflected in our histori cal literature, which Is full of admirable
monographs on particular epochs of Italian history, and on the
leaders of Italian religious and political movements. Yet it Is
strangely difficult to find any general sketch of Italian vi
Preface history, from the barbarian invasions to the present day,
which can be recommended as an introduction to more detailed
studies. It was to supplythis need that the present volume was
planned and written. The authors have taken a broad view of their
subject. They have devoted considerable space to political and
ecclesias tical history because Italy, long befoie she attained to
national unity, was the scene of many fruitful expcii ments in
political and ecclesiastical organization. But they have also
called attention to the more remarkable achievements o the Italian
spiiit in the fields of art and philosophy and science, and the
historical conditions which made these achievements possible.
Finally, they have traced, so far as it is possible to do so in a
text book, the working of those instincts, deeply rooted in the
national history and national character, which from age to age
promoted or retarded the cause of national unity. It is the hope of
the writers and the editor that this book may do something to
encourage and direct its readers in studying the life-history of
the Italian people, with whom our ancestors have been linked for
centuries by ties of intellectual and spiritual sympathy, and with
whom we are to-day united in defending the liberties of Europe, H.
W. C. DAVIS. BALLIQL COLLEGE, OXFORD, Match 12, 1917. CONTENTS
PREFACE ITALY BEFORE 1250 i Political Development .... I 2. The
Papacy ........ 5 s 3. The Normans in the South . . . - 95 4.
Religion and the Civil Tradition . . n 6 ITALY, 1250-1527 1. The
Years of Transition, 1250-1313 . . . .141 2. Despots and Republics,
1313-1420 . . . 165 3. The Age of the Renaissance, 1420-1494 . .
.189 4. Italy and her Invaders, 1494-1527 . . .218 ITALY, 1528-1789
i. External Politics . . . . - - 2,36 2. Internal Politics and
Administration 274 3. Social and Intellectual History..... 312 THE
EVOLUTION OF UNITY 1. France and Italy, 1789-1815 ..... 353 2. The
Carbonari and the Revolutions of 1820-1 . .363 3. Italy and the
French Revolution of 1830, . . 372 4. La Giovine Italia . . . . . .
.378 5. The Moderates of 1843-6 ..... 389 6. Pius IX ........ 395
7. The Reaction, 1849-59 .... 414 8. Cavour ........ 4 l8 9.
Napoleon III and Cavour . 43 2 10. The Union of Central Italy, 1860
.... 448 11. Garibaldi and The Thousand, 1860 ...
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