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the view that the conception of a Paradise, in which a prominent
position is held not only by the Euphrates but also by the Tigris,
that generally speaking lies beyond the Hebrew range of vision (to
say nothing of the two other 42 rivers or canals that are
mentioned); in which reference is made to a precious stone (DiJB)
with a specific Babylonian name; and in which the specific
Babylonian system of canals seems in some way to be
presupposed;?that such a conception of Paradise can only have been
formed ultimately in Babylonia . On the other hand I am compelled
to regard every attempt as altogether hopeless which seeks to
determine the Hebrew conception of Paradise with greater
geographical precision and to fix it on the map. The Hebrew
Paradise, as described by the narrator, is a Garden of God still
existing somewhere or other upon the Earth (compare Ezek. XXXI. 9),
which is watched by the Cherubim, and to which there is no access.
There flows through it, now as ever, a nameless river which does
not coincide with the Euphrates, and only on its exit from the
garden becomes divided into four streams, among them into the
Euphrates and the Tigris. The author thus thinks of the Euphrates
and the Tigris as coming from a common 43 source. Accordingly, from
the Hebrew-Palestinian standpoint, he can only have sought for this
common origin in the mountain region of Armenia which must always
have remained very obscure to him both as to its precise this
writer the Biblical (? see below) narrator draws the following
sketch of the garden: ?"From Eden there went forth a stream to
water the garden?that is the Euphrates. The abounding fulness of
the Euphrates, which waters the garden of Eden in undiminished
stream, is divided below Babylon to be conducted over the entire
country in four ...
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