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obiier est observandum, syrones istos non in ipsis pustnlis,
sedprope habitare." But although, as I have shown, there were
published between the fourteenth and seventeenth centuries numerous
works which prove beyond dispute that the acarus scabiei had in
those days been discovered, the animal was nevertheless entirely
unknown to the majority of physicians. Even by those who were
acquainted with the fact of its existence it was generally regarded
as a kind of louse, and as being only accidentally present in
scabies. In looking for the cause of this disease, the writers of
that period (among whom I may mention Arnoldus de Villanova,
Theodore de Saussure, Riolanus, Campanella, Kratzmann, Louis Guyon,
Dolois, Burnet, Fernelius and Dimerbrock) simply followed the
authors of antiquity, and attributed it to an acrimonia sanguinis.
As a specimen of the views which prevailed at this time, and which
were entertained pretty uniformly by all contemporary physicians, I
may quote the following passage from a work of Kiolanus, who in
1586 was Dean of the Faculty at Paris: " Pruritus" he says, "est
scabendi desiderium ob conclusum flatum aut mordax serum; verum
nocet, empta dolore, wluptas; quam cepit ager voluptatem icalpendo,
eam amittit unguibus cutem excoriando; inde scabies." The discovery
of the microscope early in the seventeenth century (in the year
1619) by Zacharias Jansen, of Middleburg, led to many
investigations, some of which had reference to the itch-mite. It
was imagined that diseases of all kinds were caused by minute
animals, which were therefore sought for in the discharges from
ulcers, the pus of abscesses, the blood, and other fluids of the
body. Among the founders of the theory in question were Hauptmann,
Borellus, Kircher, and Bonani. In a pamphlet by the first o...
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