This historic book may have numerous typos, missing text or index.
Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book
(without typos) from the publisher. 1910. Not illustrated. Excerpt:
... Part VIII.--Abdominal Splanchnoptosis. CHAPTER I. Definition:
--A prolapse of the abdominal organs as a result of relaxation of
their ligaments and of the abdominal walls. Etiology: --As a
predisposing cause may be mentioned a poorly developed osseous
system. In some skeletons, the depressions in which organs rest,
and the prominences to which ligaments are attached are imperfectly
formed. Or the bones comprising the trunk of the body may be so
arranged that a shallow abdomen is produced, with possibly an
unduly downward slanting of the anterior surface of the posterior
abdominal wall. Such imperfect development and construction may be
congenital or it may be due to rachitis in early life. Because of
the abnormal conditions mentioned, the organs in the abdomen are
more than normally dependent upon their ligamentous attachments.
This increased dependence and accompanying strain is inclined to
cause a prolapse, and then if some exciting cause arises to weaken
the vitality and strength of the body tissues, or to decrease the
adipose tissue which may have been so located as to form some
support to the organs, the tendency to prolapse is increased. A
lessening of the adipose tissue seems to have considerable
influence, especially if there is a marked decrease within a short
period of time. It evidently acts not only in removing a part of
the support to the organs, but also in causing a loss in the amount
of intra-abdominal tension. 329 As examples of the exciting causes
which produce a loss of vitality and of fat, may be mentioned the
acute fevers. Chronic diseases of a wasting or prostrating nature
act in the same, manner. A history of chlorosis occurring about the
period of puberty may often be obtained from women, who in later
life suffer from splanchnoptosis. Ricke.
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