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CHAPTER IX THE VILLAGE IN THE MARKET The food supply is the main
problem, but of course it is not the only one. Many other things
are requisite besides food, and the man who is entirely dependent
on the land, finds that over and above the produce he requires for
home consumption, he must raise a surplus that may be exchanged for
other things. It may be simple exchange, or?what is exactly the
same thing in a more convenient form?he may sell his surplus for
money which he may pay away for what he requires. It is just at
this point that the question of markets naturally and necessarily
arises, and it is here that the small cultivator's failure
generally comes in. It is here that all the man's real difficulties
begin. He has no trouble in raising his own food; he can grow even
alarge surplus beyond his own requirements, but when he has grown
it he has to go out into the market with it, and there he finds
himself in quite another world. A man may be a first- rate
agricultural or horticultural worker; may be a good, competent,
all-round farm hand, may even have in him the making of a shrewd,
intelligent farm manager and director of productive work, and yet
may be no good at all in buying, and selling, and making money. In
his work on the land the man may be in his element, strong,
energetic, clever, and resourceful. In the business world he may be
totally out of his element, a mere incompetent. It is in the
marketing that most small cultivators fail. If they are near a
populous centre, rent is high, and if they are a good way off,
though rent may be lower, they will be hampered by carriage
expenses and the profits of middlemen. Very commonly, their trouble
is to get at a market at all. A villager sometime ago showed me a
bill he had just received from a commission agent to whom...
General Books LLC
|Country of origin:
George F Millin
||246 x 189 x 2mm (L x W x T)
||Paperback - Trade
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