The transport of sediment greatly influences the sustainability
of an irrigation system. Erosion and deposition not only increase
maintenance costs, but may result in an inequitable and inadequate
distribution of irrigation water. Understanding the behaviour and
transport of sediment allows efficient planning and reliable water
delivery schedules, and ensures the controlled deposition of
sediments, making maintenance activities more manageable. These
lecture notes present a detailed analysis of sediment transport in
irrigation canals, together with physical and mathematical
descriptions of the behaviour. A mathematical model predicts the
sediment transport, deposition and entrainment rate for various
flow conditions and sediment inputs. The model is particularly
suitable for the simulation of sediment transport in irrigation
canals where flow and sediment transport are largely determined by
the operation of flow control structures.
|Country of origin:
||UNESCO-IHE Lecture Note Series
• Nestor Mendez V.
||Electronic book text
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