A new species of Streptomycetes isolated from the rhizosphere soil
of medicinal plants in Kolli hills of Tamil Nadu, India. The newly
isolated strain Streptomyces designated as SCBT, is capable of
inhibiting the growth of a wide range of Gram negative bacteria. An
almost complete 16S rRNA gene sequence of the isolate was generated
and compared with sequences of representative Streptomyces. The 16S
rRNA data not only supported the classification of the strain in
the genus Streptomyces, but also showed that strain SCBT was most
closely related to S. albogriseolus ATCC AJ494865 with a sequence
similarity of 99%. Despite the high sequence similarity, strain
SCBT was phenotypically different from S.albogrieseolus ATCC
AJ494865 and sequence was submitted to NCBI and Accession number
EU143270 was obtained. Phenetic and genetic results support the
classification of strain SCBT as a new species. The purified
compound from the new species exhibited a wide spectrum against
various Gram negative and Gram positive organisms
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