"Tuberculosis is still a significant health and economic problem in
Central Asia, despite some recent progress that may be due to
improvements of the overall economic situation in these countries,
and partial adoption of the DOTS Strategy recommended by WHO. Over
50,000 new cases have been detected in 2003 and over 7,000 people
died due to TB in the four countries studied. This study has
confirmed that it is highly unlikely that these Central Asian
republics will succeed in achieving the global targets for
tuberculosis control in the short term, particularly with regard to
case detection. In the meantime, the epidemic continues to have a
serious epidemiological impact and affects the economies of these
countries, which incur productivity losses and indirect costs that
are estimated to range from 0.5 to 0.8 percent of GDP annually.
Stopping Tuberculosis in Central Asia reviews the epidemiological
situation, control efforts, and financing of tuberculosis programs
in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. It was
based on a review of existing statistics and reports, and on
consultation with key stakeholders-Governments, NGOs, and donors in
Central Asia. This work contributes an agenda for action to address
the impending epidemiological crisis that has been posed by the
sudden increase in cases of HIV/AIDS infection combined with a
prevalent epidemic of TB."
World Bank Publications
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