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CHAPTER I. GEOGRAPHY OF ROCKINGHAM COUNTY. Rockingham County,
Virginia, extends from the Blue Ridge on the southeast entirely
across the great valley to the first Alleghany ranges on the
northwest, and has an area of 870 square miles. Only two counties
in the State, Augusta and Pittsylvania, are larger. Excepting a
great notch, cut out of the east corner in 1831 in the formation of
Page County, Rockingham is nearly a square, and lies on the map as
if its corners were approaching the cardinal points of the compass
in a right-hand turn. The corner farthest north extends nearly up
to the 39th parallel of latitude, the south corner being almost as
near to the !38th. As to longitude, the 79th meridian cuts it
almost in half. A line drawn due east from the north corner of
Rockingham, and measured in that course 107 miles, would end in
sight of the Washington Monument, on the south side towards
Alexandria. One drawn southeastward from the south corner, and
measured 87 miles, would end at a point near enough to Manchester
and Richmond to be in sound of the chiming bells in those cities
beside the James. The northeastern half of the great valley of
Virginia, comprising now the ten counties of Augusta, Rockingham,
Page, Shenandoah, Warren, Frederick, Clark, Jefferson, Berkeley,
and Morgan (the last three being in West Virginia), may properly be
termed the Shenandoah Valley, since it is drained into the Potomac
by the Shenandoah River through its several branches. Prior to the
year 1738 the entire Shenandoah Valley, with much more territory
west and southwest, was a part of Orange County. In 1738 it was cut
off from Orange, and divided into two counties, Frederick and
Augusta. In 1777 a large part of Augusta was cut off and erected
intothe county of Rockingham. These success...
|Country of origin:
John Walter Wayland
||246 x 189 x 9mm (L x W x T)
||Paperback - Trade
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