The papaya (Carica papaya L.) is native to tropical America from
where it spread to most of the Caribbean and Asian countries during
the 16th Century. Today, it is a widely distributed fruit crop
throughout the tropical as well as the warmer subtropical regions
of the world. The importance of papaya to agriculture and the
world's economy is well understood by its wide distribution and
substantial production in the tropical countries. As papaya fruit
is low in calories and sodium but high in dietary fiber, calcium,
potassium and vitamins A and C, it is one of the preferred fruits
by many consumers. Papaya is also cultivated for the proteolytic
enzyme 'papain', which is used in meat tenderizers and in face and
hair care products. It is also increasingly being used in
pharmaceutical preparations and in such diverse manufacturing
applications as leather, wool, rayon and beer. Breeding efforts for
improvement of favourable traits in any crop is a continuous
process. Breeding of papaya to improve yield of fresh fruits and
papain in dioecious crosses and to improve quality of the
gynodioecious crosses is of paramount important.
Lap Lambert Academic Publishing
|Country of origin:
• Soorianathasundaram K.
||229 x 152 x 8mm (L x W x T)
||Paperback - Trade
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