Operation Iraqi Freedom overthrew Saddam Hussein's regime, but much
of Iraq became violent because of Sunni Arab resentment and a
related insurgency, resulting Sunni-Shiite sectarian violence,
competition among Shiite groups, and the failure of Iraq's
government to equitably administer justice or deliver services.
U.S. casualties and financial costs -- without clear movement
toward national political reconciliation among Iraq's major
communities -- stimulated debate within the United States over
whether the initial goals of the intervention - a stable,
democratic Iraq that is a partner in the global war on terrorism i
1/2 could be achieved, and at what cost. The Administration is
claiming relative success in reversing the deterioration in
security in 2006, attributing the gains to the "troop surge"
strategy announced by President Bush on January 10, 2007 ("New Way
Forward"). Some commanders say that violence has now dropped to
levels not seen since 2004. The centerpiece of the strategy was the
deployment of an additional 28,500 U.S. forces ("troop surge") to
help stabilize Baghdad and to take advantage of growing tribal
support for U.S. policy in Anbar Province. However, critics say
that the strategy was primarily intended to promote Iraqi
government action on a series of key reconciliation initiatives .
|Country of origin:
Congressional Research Service the Libr
||246 x 189 x 4mm (L x W x T)
||Paperback - Trade
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Politics & government
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