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Orontes II was the son of Orontes I. After Codomannus ascended the
throne of Persia as Darius III in 336 BC Orontes was given the
Satrapy of Armenia to rule. At the Battle of Gaugamela he fought on
the right flank for king Darius III, with 40,000 infantry and 7,000
cavalry under his command. He died there. Ironically his son,
Mithrenes, Satrap of Lydia, had joined king Alexander III after
being defeated at Sardis in 334 BC. He then fought at the Battle of
Gaugamela on the side of Alexander. After the battle he was made
Satrap of Armenia by Alexander. The Satrapy of Armenia, also known
as Orontid Armenia after the ruling Orontid Dynasty, was one of the
satrapies of the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BC, which
later became an independent kingdom. Its capitals were Armavir and
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