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Proctalgia fugax (or levator syndrome) is a severe, episodic,
rectal and sacrococcygeal pain. It can be caused by cramp of the
pubococcygeus or levator ani muscles. It most often occurs in the
middle of the night and lasts less than 20 minutes, an indicator
for the differential diagnosis of levator ani syndrome, which
presents as pain and aching lasting twenty minutes or longer. In a
study published in 2007 involving 1809 patients, the attacks
occurred in the daytime, (33 percent) as well as at night (33
percent) and the average number of attacks was 13. Onset can be in
childhood, however, in multiple studies the average age of onset
was 45. Many studies showed that women are affected more commonly
than men. The pain is sometimes described as an "anal charlie
horse," an anal cramp, an anal spasm, a Dani spasm, or repeated
spasms of the anus.
|Country of origin:
Lambert M. Surhone
• Mariam T. Tennoe
• Susan F. Henssonow
||229 x 152 x 8mm (L x W x T)
||Paperback - Trade
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