REPRESENTATIVE MODERN PREACHERS . MODERN PREA f ttERS BY LEWIS O.
BRASTOW, D. D. PROFESSOR OF PRACTICAL THEOLOGY IN YALE UNIVERSITY
HODDER STOUGHTON NEW YORK GEORGE H. DORAN COMPANY PREFACE THE
chapters of this volume were originally lectures to divinity
students. I have ventured to present them in revised and expanded
form to the general public, because I think that the preachers of
whose personali ties and products I have here attempted a critical
esti mate have, by their skill and force in presenting the truth,
won the right to a special hearing. I have been a careful student
of them for many years, and confess a special personal interest in
most of them. Some of them are well known. A good deal has been
said about them and they have been widely read. It may seem,
therefore, to be bringing coals to Newcastle to discuss them anew.
But some of them are not well known. A volume of Schleiermachers
selected and translated sermons was presented a few years ago to
the American public. But I venture the surmise that but few, even
among preachers, know this great repre sentative of the German
pulpit, either as preacher or as theologian. Newman and Mozley have
still a lim ited circle of readers and admirers, but it might well
be enlarged. The up-to-date man is not interested in Guthrie or
Spurgeon. They have contributed little or nothing to the thought of
the church. But each according to his type was a great preacher,
and it would be a mistake to minimize their significance for viii
PREFACE the practical life of the church. It is doubtless some
thing of a venture to ask fresh attention to the more widely known
and read preachers of our group, who bear most distinctively the
modern mark. But Ihave cherished the hope that by directing
attention to the influences that wrought upon all of these
preachers, by analyzing their characteristics of personality and
their homiletic methods and products, by indicating what they
represent as preachers, and by setting them somewhat in comparison
or contrast, I may have suc ceeded in a measure in getting them
into fresh light, and may have made some additional contribution,
how ever slight, to the knowledge of them. Contemporary with the
preachers we are considering there were, of course, others of great
skill and effectiveness who might well have been grouped with them.
But per sonal preference is a factor in the selection the plan of
discussion would not admit of enlargement of the group, and it may
at least be claimed that none of their contemporaries surpassed
them in their own lines. There are living preachers who are their
worthy suc cessors, but the author does not wish to engage in
vivisection. The preachers before us differ widely from each other
as representatives of the preaching of the last century. Each in
his own way represents some im portant interest, meets some real
want, and is the product of some movement of thought or life, or
some combination of movements, measurably manifest in the last
century. Some of them are theologically and ecclesiastically
reactionary, but not one of them is a complete anachronism, and
there is none that fails to PREFACE ix bring an important message
for his age and for ours as well. No effort has been made to
differentiate them formally by groups, or to classify them
according to the schools they may be supposed to represent. But
they represent different tendencies and they belong to different
types. Ecclesiastically the first five may be called Broad
churchmen, the two following High churchmen, and the last two Low
churchmen, using these terms comprehensively. Theologically the
first group repre sent measurably modern catholicity and
liberality, the second church confessionalism, and the third an
ardent evangelicalism. With respect to points of view or pre
vailing tendencies of homiletic thought and method, they may be
called respectively humanistic, dogmatic, and Biblical...
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