This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text.
Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book
(without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated.
1817. Excerpt: ... CHASTER VI. Of Verbs. Section I. Of the nature
of Verbs in generals' A Verb is a word which signifies to Be, to
Do, or to Suffer; as, " I am, I rule, I am ruled." Verbs are of
three kinds; Active, Passive, and Neuter. They 'are also divided
into ReguLar, Irregular, and DEFECTIVE. A Verb Active expresses an
action, and necessarily implies an agent, and an object acted upon:
as, to love; "I love Penelope." A Verb Passive expresses a passion
or a suffering, or the receiving of an action; and necessarily
implies an object acted upon, and an agent' by which it is acted
upon: as, to be loved; "Penelope is loved by me.." A Verb Neuter
expresses neither action nor passion, but being, or a state of
being: as, "I am, 1 sleep, I sit ." The verb active is also called
transitive, because the action passes over to the object, or has an
effect upon some 1 '--1 1 '-1 1 1.. Verbs have been distinguished
by some writers, into the following kinds. 1st. Active-transitive,
Or those which denote an action that passed from the agent to some
object: as, Cxsar conquered Pompey. 2d. Active-intransitive, or
those which express that kinrl of action, which has no effect upon
any thins beyond the agent himself: as, Caesar walked. 3d. Passive,
or those which express, not action, but passion, whether pleasing
or painful: as, Portia was loved; Pompey was conquered. 4th.
tfeuter, or those which express an attribute that consists neither
in action nor passion: as, CxsJr stood. This appears to be an
orderly arrangement, But if the class of active-intramiiive verbs
were admitted, it would rather perplex than assist the learner: for
the difference between verbs active and neuter, as transitive and
intransitive, is easy and obvious; but the difference between verbs
absolutely neuter and intr...
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