___ -"S, . . C"'O, . . . P""E This non-critical compilation of
literature data on organic drivatives of arsenic, antimony, and
bismuth, reported after 1936, was prepared to provide an easy
reference to the methods of their synthesis and to their physical
and chemical properties. Biological properties of the organic
derivatives of these three elements were not considered. The
presence volume is based upon Chemical Abstracts (CA), Volume 31
(1937) through Volume 53(1959), and upon "Current Chemical Papers,"
published by the Chemical Society (London), issues for January
through June 1960. For references published prior to 1937 the
reader is referred to "Die Chemie der metall-organischen
Verbindugen/' by E. Krause and A. vor. Grosse, Verlag von Gebrlider
Borntraeger, Berlin, 1937. It should be pointed out that only
compounds containing at least one carbon arsenic, carbon-antimony,
and carbon-bismuth bond, respectively, are included in the survey.
HIGHLIGHTS The discovery of the chemotherapeutic efficacy of
monosodium- arsanilate, 3,3'-diamino-4,4' -dihydroxyarsenobenzene,
and 3-amino-4,4'-dihydroxy-3' (sulfinomethylamino)arsenobenzene
sodium salt (Atoxyl, Salvarsan, and Neosalvarson, respectively)
provided inpetus to extensive research of organoarsenicals, which
slakened only after the discovery of antibiotics. After 1936, a
great variety of substituted arenearsonic and diarylarsinic acids
was prepared and reduced to various types of trivalent arsenic
derivatives, Further modifications of the Bart method were made,
and aryldiazonium fluoroborates, chlorozincates, and
chloroferrates, which are more stable than aryldiazonium chlorides,
were introduced as the arylat ing agents in the preparation of
aromatic derivatives of arsenic."
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