In this book, Miriam Butt and Tracy Holloway King present seven
essays that survey fundamental argument realization issues within a
typologically broad range of languages. In these papers, Butt,
King, and other prominent linguists examine within the architecture
of Lexical-Functional Grammar (LFG) the variety of ways in which
arguments of a predicate may be realized in the syntax. Well-suited
for this kind of examination, LFG allows for the complex
interaction of arguments, syntactic positions, and grammatical
Case marking alternations and the overt realization of case
marking within single clauses, including case stacking, have
continued to engage the attention of linguists working with
different syntactic theories. The phenomenon of clause union or
complex predication has led linguists to look at case marking and
argument realization that goes beyond the domain of the single
clause. Regardless of the complexity or simplicity of the
predicational structure of a clause, the papers included in this
volume show how the relationship between arguments and their overt
realization can be dealt with.
These papers also treat multiple case marking in Australian
languages, possessor alternation in Welsh, directional complex
predicates in American Indian languages, and causatives in
Japanese. Furthermore, they discuss representational issues that
encompass underspecification and the encoding of semantic
information needed to determine the correspondence of thematic
arguments to their overt syntactic realization.
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