This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text.
Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book
(without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated.
1843 Excerpt: ...for myself. Passive verbs in particular are thus
used impersonally with the subject in the dat., when they contain
the idea of chance; mer heyrist / hear, come to hear, iner skilst /
understand, mer skjatlast or skyzt / make a mistake, mer leiSist I
am weary, it is wearisome to me, etc. Some of these are also used
with the indef. subject it pat, or both with it and the dat. though
in different constructions, e. g. bat tekst varla. It will scarce
be lucky, ber tekst varla at, it will scarcely be lucky for thee--,
bat tokst honum bd it turned out lucky, for him at last. 284. Those
are called reciprocals, the subject of which is also the object of
the action, they take the object in all cases like other verbs, e.
g. ek fyrirverS mik / am ashamed of myself ek forSa mer 1 take
myself off hann skammast sm he is ashamed of misself, etc. Those
which require this object in the dat. are often expressed by the
simple pass., and can then take another actual object near them in
the acc., e. g. ek forSast fjendr nrina / get me away from my foes.
285. Deponents, or such as have only the pass. form, are not
numerous in Feel. most of them go along with the first Division, e.
g. ek andast / breathe my last, ek dirfirst / am daring; all these
kinds of verbs are for the rest inflected in the common way, after
the Division and class to which they belong, so far as the nature
of each will permit. 286. Whether verbs are transitive (active) or
intransitive (neuter) has not the least influence on their
inflection, the only remark to be made is, that when a trans. is
formed from an intrans. the latter commonly belongs to the more
artificial, the former to the simpler Division, e. g. rjuka to
reek, reikja to smoke, risa to rise up, reisa to raise up. CHAPTER
IX. Of the Particles. 287...
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