Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of
articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.
Pages: 32. Chapters: Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore, Basilica of
San Francesco d'Assisi, Basilica of St. John Lateran, Basilica of
Saint Paul Outside the Walls, Pontifical Gregorian University,
Lateran Palace, Basilica della Santa Casa, Palazzo della
Cancelleria, Collegio Teutonico, Paul VI Audience Hall, Pontifical
Oriental Institute, Salesian Pontifical University, Pontifical
Biblical Institute, Bambino Gesu Hospital, Palazzo di Propaganda
Fide, Protectorate of the Holy See, Palazzo San Callisto, Palace of
the Holy Office. Excerpt: The Papal Basilica of Saint Mary Major
(Italian: , Latin: ), is an ancient Roman Catholic Marian basilica
in Rome, Italy. It is one of the four major or four papal
basilicas, which, together with St. Lawrence outside the Walls,
were formerly referred to as the five "patriarchal basilicas" of
Rome, associated with the five ancient patriarchal sees of
Christendom (see Pentarchy). The other three papal or major
basilicas are St. John Lateran, St. Peter and St. Paul outside the
Walls. The Liberian Basilica (another title for the church) is one
of the tituli, presided over by a patron-in this case Pope
Liberius-that housed the major congregations of early Christians in
Rome. Santa Maria Maggiore is the only Roman basilica that retained
the core of its original structure, left intact despite several
additional construction projects and damage from the earthquake of
1348. According to tradition, the location of this basilica was
chosen by the Blessed Virgin Mary through a miracle of snow falling
on the original hill where the basilica is now erected. This feast,
Our Lady of Snows is currently celebrated annually as reflected in
the official Latin title of the Basilica. The name of the church
reflects two ideas of greatness ("major"), that of a major (or
papal) basilica and that of the largest (major) church in R...
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