The goal of title XII, the Famine Prevention and Freedom from
Hunger amendment of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 is to
improve and strengthen the involvement of U.S. land-grant and other
eligible universities in solving developing countries' food
problems. To assist and advise the Agency for International
Development (AID) in achieving this goal, a presidentially
appointed board, the Board for International Food and Agricultural
Development (BIFAD), was established. GAO conducted a review to
evaluate AID efforts to implement the provisions of title XII and
to identify ways to improve AID/university ability to provide
agricultural assistance to developing countries. In the nearly 6
years since the passage of title XII of the Foreign Assistance Act
progress in expanding and improving U.S. university involvement in
AID agricultural development activities has been slow. AID and the
title XII community have yet to forge a partnership to fight world
food problems. AID, BIFAD, and the U.S. university community
efforts to improve university involvement in AID
technical-assistance projects through such programs as
strengthening grants, collaborative research, baseline studies, and
other mechanisms, have yet to manifest better project performance
abroad. University projects continue to experience costly and
time-consuming delays which limit project results and detract from
the quality of assistance provided.
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