This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text.
Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book
(without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated.
1895 Excerpt: ...of the bouchot system of mussel cultivation has
already been published, but may be retold in a few words. In 1035 1
(Quatrefages, Souvenirs cFun Natural iste; Paris, 1854) an Irish
barque was wrecked in the Bay of Aiguillon, near the village of
Esnandes. One man, named Walton, survived. He was kindly received
by the French fishermen, and lived amongst them for many years. In
addition to introducing an excellent variety of cross-bred sheep to
the district, by means of the surviving live stock of his ill-fated
ship, this man erected traps for the capture of sea-birds and duck,
which frequented the mud-flats of the bay at night. Noticing that
the piles supporting his nets became coated with mussels, and that
these 1 Stated as 1135 by Bertram, 'Harvest of the Sea, p. 410;
London, 1865. shell-fish grew to a larger size than those on the
shore, this enterprising person set up a hurdle, on which he
received spat and reared the mussels for food. From this beginning,
the apparatus gradually developed into what is now known as the
bouchot, as seen at the villages of Esnandes, Charron, and
Marsilly, and at places of less importance in the neighbourhood.
Miles of mudflats are now covered by long fences of piles and
wattling. The piles consist of stems of trees cut to about 12 feet
in length, and averaging about 6 inches in diameter. These are sunk
about half their length in the mud at a distance of 2 feet from
each other. Until recently, it was customary to arrange these rows
of piles in a series of V-shaped structures, the pointed end of the
V being directed towards the open sea, so as to minimise the force
of the waves, each arm being 200 to 250 metres in length. Professor
Herdman,1 reporting on the condition at present existing, states
that the V-shaped arrangement ...
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