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In 1707 is die Nederlander Hermanus Bosman as sieketrooster van die gemeente Drakenstein aangestel. Hy is getroud met die dogter van 'n Franse Hugenoot, en oor die volgende honderd jaar het hy en sy afstammelinge prominente inwoners van die distrikte Paarl en Stellenbosch geword.
Die Bosmans van Drakenstein bevat transkripsies van ongeveer 'n honderd briewe, ander persoonlike geskrifte, gedigte en dokumente uit die tydperk 1705–1842 wat met hierdie familie in verband staan, en toon veral hul belangstelling in godsdienstige en kerklike aangeleenthede en hul aktiewe betrokkenheid by die Theronsaak wat die gemeente Drakenstein jare lank verdeel het.
Die transkripsies is geannoteer, en voorsien van uitvoerige inleidings waarin hulle in hul sosiale en historiese konteks geplaas en verdere inligting oor die familie gegee word.
Die grootskaalse verhuising van boere aan die Kaapkolonie se oosgrens, ’n gebeurtenis wat later as die Groot Trek bekend sou word, was teen 1835 reeds in volle swang. Uiteindelik het bykans 10 000 siele huis en haard met ossewaens en veetroppe verlaat met die ideaal: om in die ongetemde Suid-Afrikaanse binneland ’n eie staat en samelewing tot stand te bring. Wie was hierdie Trekkers waarvan die geskiedenis vertel? Hulle was tog mense van vlees en bloed, wat gelag en gehuil, geeet, geslaap en gedroom het. Hoe het hulle die talle struikelblokke op die trekpad oorkom? Was daar tyd vir pret en plesier of was elke dag ’n stryd om oorlewing? Op trek, die resultaat van omvattende kultuurhistoriese navorsing wat met die oog op die 150ste herdenking van die Groot Trek gedoen is, het die eerste keer in 1988 verskyn. Buiten teks, bevat dit foto’s en illustrasies wat ’n nabyblik gee op die daaglikse lewe tydens die Groot Trek – aan die hand van wat beeldende kunstenaars verewig het en persoonlike besittings van die Trekkers wat behoue gebly het, soos dagboeke godsdienstige en ander boeke, wapens, kledingstukke, gebruiksartikels en foto’s.
The first slave reached the Cape in 1653, a year after the first white settler party under Jan van Riebeeck. Slavery was to remain an institution here until the end of the Dutch period in 1795, and well beyond, for it was not until 1834, under British administration, that Cape slaves were finally emancipated. In Early slavery at the Cape of Good Hope Karel Schoeman describes the transplanting of slavery from the Dutch colonies in the East and the first sixty years of its development under local conditions, basing his account mainly on contemporary sources and providing as much information on individual slaves and their lives as these allow. Attention is likewise given to the gradual manumission of slaves and the slow development of a 'free black' community at the Cape towards the close of the seventeenth century.
The texts, both written and aural, provide valuable perspectives on the second half of the 19th century in particular.
This study looks into the making of historical knowledge through written texts and publications. The focus is on the colonial subjugation of a South African community, the Hananwa of Kgalusi Mmaleboho, in a war against the Boers in 1894. During the course of the twentieth century, two diaries, one by an Anglican priest (Colin Rae) and one by a German missionary (Christoph Sonntag), came to play an extraordinary role in the way 'Malaboch' and his people would be represented in what Roland Barthes referred to as the "civilisation of the written word." Attention is paid to the diary as a source for historical research, and the extent to which, especially in published form, its aspirations also as a literary genre affect its possible meanings for successive generations of readers.
A particularly vicious and bloody civil war has racked Algeria for a decade. Amnesty International notes that since 1992, in a population of 28 million, 80,000 people have been reported killed, and the actual total is almost certainly higher. This terrible war overshadows Algeria's long and complex history and its prominence on the world economic stage -- second in size among African nations, Algeria has the longest Mediterranean coastline and contains the world's fifth-largest natural gas reserves.
Algeria, 1830-2000 is a comprehensive narrative history of the country. Benjamin Stora, widely recognized as the leading expert on Algeria, presents the story of this turbulent area from the start of formal French colonialism in the early nineteenth century, through the prolonged war for independence in the latter 1950s, to the internal strife of the present day.
This book adapts and updates three short volumes published originally in French by La Decouverte. For this English edition, Stora has written a new introductory chapter on Algeria's colonial period (1830-1954) and has revised the final section to bring the volume up to date.
This is the first complete English translation of Ludewig Ferdinand Romer's sensitive account of the Gold Coast (present-day Ghana) in the mid-eighteenth century. A vital resource on the history of West Africa, Romer's work offers rich descriptions of African societies, trading practices with Europe, and religion. Ludewig Ferdinand Romer was employed in West Africa from 1739 to 1749 by the Danish West India and Guinea Company. He published two books about the Gold Coast, a short one in 1756, and then his more substantial A Reliable Account of the Coast of Guinea in 1760. Romer deals with the operation of the various European trading companies, and discusses the African-European relations that he had witnessed. But the real value of his work lies in his descriptions of the local context-the African traders and customers, their societies, practices and religion. And he was much interested in African history, particularly from oral traditions. This edition (principally of Romer's 1760 text, but drawing on his 1756 volume too) makes available an uncommon source for the history of West Africa. This edition of Romer's volume was runner-up for the African Studies Association's Texts Prize, 2001.
The Boer Wars that occurred at the end of the nineteenth century involved nearly 450,000 British troops and over 60,000 Boers. They were the largest wars Britain had ever waged before the two World Wars. They have been extensively covered by writers in Britain and South Africa. Almost all of the writers addressed the conflict from the viewpoint of either the Boers or the British. Two Generals tells how the commanders of the two armies confronted each other on the battlefield. It seeks to describe the action from both viewpoints. In this way it is unique. Recent developments in South Africa have put the events at the turn of the last century in a new perspective. The imperial attitude of the British rulers in South Africa and the stubbornness and conservative attitudes of the Boers can be seen to have contributed to the problems that persisted there throughout the twentieth century. The author has taken a fresh approach to the conflict, presenting it in an even-handed way and setting the outcome in the context of developments during the last hundred years in South Africa.
Making Algeria French relates the history of the pieds noirs and Algerians in colonial Bone, renamed Annaba in 1962. Located in eastern Algeria, this Mediterranean port city staked an early claim to world historical fame as the site of St. Augustine's Hippo. Long after the Romans, as well as the Arabs and Turks, the French tried their hand at settling Algeria. Not content with mere occupation, they constructed colonial cities along the Mediterranean littoral -Algiers, Oran, Bone - and populated them with twice as many European settlers - French, Spanish, Italians, and Maltese - as native Algerians. Using the history of Bone as a lens, David Prochaska looks at the nature of French colonialism in Algeria. His study is based on research in the former Bone municipal archives, generally barred to researchers since 1962. Prochaska concentrates on the formative decades of settler society and culture between 1870 and 1920. After an overview of Bone in 1830, and a survey of French rule from 1830 to 1870, he describes in turn the economic, social, political, and cultural history of Bone through the First World War. He argues that, in making Bone a European city in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the settlers effectively blocked social evolution, attempted to contain history, and thereby precluded any genuine rapprochement with the Algerians in the twentieth century.
The South African War was a catalyst in the creation of modern
South Africa and was a major international event which had profound
implications for British rule in other parts of their colonial
empire. This volume includes a historiographical review of a
century of writing on the origins of the war. It examines South
Africa's place in the imperial structure and reappraises its impact
on imperial defense and the political identities of Africans,
Asians, Boer commandos and Cape Afrikaners.
Diana Cammack provides a rich and readable account of events in the
city of Johannesburg that led to the Anglo-Boer War, and she
enhances our understanding of both the effects of British
imperialism at the turn of the century and the development of the
unique racial order of contemporary South Africa. Incorporating
social, political, and military history, this work covers events on
the Rand during the final year before the war including the flight
of well over a hundred thousand black and white refugees in a few
weeks of panic; refugee life at the coast; and work, politics, and
life on the Rand and in the city between October 1899 and May
The description of South Africa as a 'rainbow nation' has always been taken to embrace the black, brown and white peoples who constitute its population. But each of these groups can be sub-divided and in the white case, the Scots have made one of the most distinctive contributions to the country's history. The Scots, as in North America and Australasia, constituted an important element in the patterns of White settlement. They were already present in the area of Dutch East India Company rule and, after the first British occupation of the Cape in 1795, their numbers rose dramatically. They were exceptionally active in such areas as exploration, botanical and scientific endeavour, military campaigns, the emergence of Christian missions, Western education, intellectual institutions, the professions as well as enterprise and technical developments, business, commerce and journalism. This book is the first full-length study of their role from the eighteenth to twentieth centuries. It highlights the interaction of Scots with African peoples, the manner in which missions and schools were credited with producing 'Black Scotsmen' and the ways in which they pursued many distinctive policies. It also deals with the inter-weaving of issues of gender, class and race as well as with the means by which Scots clung to their ethnicity through founding various social and cultural societies. This book offers a major contribution to both Scottish and South African history and in the process illuminates a significant field of the Scottish Diaspora that has so far received little attention.
Dealing with the Ottoman conquest of Egypt, this text considers its effect on Egypt's political, religious and social institutions, their transition from the Mamluk to the Ottoman regime and further development up to the 17th century. The first part of the volume discusses the relationship between the Ottoman ruling establishment, the local religious groups and the military aristocracy. Waqf documents are a major source for this study. The second part analyzes and compares the endowments of the Ottoman governers and those of the military aristocracy and their respective impact on the urban development and architecture of Cairo in this period. The architecture is documented with photographs and figures. By integrating architecture and urbanism in the historical analysis of the period under study, this book should be useful for historians and art historians of Egypt.
English summary: Dirk Vandewalle offers a history of Libya from the beginning of the twentieth century to the recent events that led to the fall of Muammar Gaddafi. Tracing the countrys development from the Italian occupation to the Sanusi monarchy and the revolution that brought Gaddafi to power, the present volume offers much needed context for understanding the breakdown in national unity that followed Gaddafis efforts at normalizing relations with the West, especially in the context of tribal rivalries and regional fragmentation. French description: Fonde sur des recherches personnelles et sur des interviews, l'ouvrage retrace tout d'abord l'histoire de la Libye depuis le debut du XXe siecle et dresse le portrait de sa geographie desertique, de sa population et des personnages cles qui ont permis son developpement. L'auteur examine ensuite la periode noire de l'occupation italienne au tout debut du siecle precedent, celle de la monarchie des Sanusi et, enfin, la revolution de 1969 qui voit l'accession au pouvoir de Mouammar Kadhafi. Les chapitres suivants detaillent les aspects economiques et politiques de la revolution et sont consacres a la personnalite de Kadhafi et a son ideologie exprimee dans le Livre vert.A l'occasion de la recente guerre civile et de la chute du regime, le livre a fait l'objet d'une importante mise a jour pour couvrir les annees 2005 a aujourd'hui. Cette periode est celle du rechauffement dans les relations internationales apres des annees d'isolement aussi bien politique qu'economique. L'accord, signe en 2004, par lequel la Libye s'est engagee a detruire toutes les armes de destruction massive en sa possession, a ouvert la voie a une normalisation de ses relations avec l'Occident. Mais, au meme moment, Kadhafi a perdu le soutien de la population et, malgre les tentatives de liberalisation de l'economie, une reforme structurelle d'envergure s'est revelee impossible. Cette impasse, comme le rappelle Vandewalle dans son introduction, ajoutee aux rivalites tribales, a la fracture regionale et a un manque total d'unite, a favorise le mouvement insurrectionnel et mene le pays a la guerre civile.Dans son epilogue, l'auteur revient sur le role de Kadhafi a la tete du pays, sur la notion de societe sans Etat et sur l'heritage qu'il a laisse.
This work investigates the social, economic and political impact of the European colonial wars in Africa on both the victors and the vanquished. It examines the role of both the imperial powers and the African people who joined with or resisted them. Examining the experiences of Britain, France, Belgium, Germany, Portugal and Italy, it offers a comprehensive study of the military processes of conquest.;Adopting both indigenous and imperial perspectives, the author, explores how the historical memory of conquest and resistance has shaped the evolution of a modern African identity. It is aimed at students of imperial, commonwealth and military history, as well as African history.
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