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An understanding of the mineral nutrition of plants is of
fundamental importance in both basic and applied plant sciences.
The Second Edition of this book retains the aim of the first in
presenting the principles of mineral nutrition in the light of
Collaboratively written by top international experts and
established scientists in various fields of agricultural research,
this book focuses on the state of food production and
sustainability; the problems with degradation of valuable sources
of land, water, and air and their effects on food crops;the
increasing demand of food resources; and the challenges of food
security worldwide. The book provides cutting edge scientific tools
and methods of research as well as solid background information
that is accessible for those who have a strong interest in
agricultural research and development and want to learn more on the
challenges facing the global agricultural production systems.
Bioinformatics offers novel tools and resources to analyze plant genomes and genes. The complete genomes of two important commercial palms (dates and oil palm) have recently been sequenced. This offers scope for many computational tools to decipher the synteny, collinearity and common and unique genes of palms.
This book reviews the latest developments in this field.
Reviving the Living: Meaning Making in Living Systems presents a novel perspective that relates to current biological knowledge and issues. Written by polymath Dr. Yair Neuman, the book challenges the dogmas that frame our understanding of living systems and presents a radical alternative approach to understanding the world around us, one that avoids the pitfalls of non-scientific perspectives such as Vitalism and Creationism. In this thought provoking and iconoclastic manuscript, Neuman follows the footsteps of Gregory Bateson, Mikhail Bakhtin, Michael Polanyi and others, to suggest that living systems are meaning making systems. The book delves into the unique processes of meaning making that characterize organisms as a unique category of nature, and offers new and fascinating insights into a variety of enigmatic biological phenomena from immune memory to hidden life (cryptobiosis). It consists of four parts divided into 18 chapters and covers topics ranging from reductionism and its pitfalls to genetics; why organisms are irreducible; immunology; meaning making in language and biology; meaning-bridging the gap between physics and semantics; context and memory; and the poetry of living. Core concepts and themes are illustrated using examples based in current science. This text would be of high interest to biologists, philosophers, cognitive scientists, psychologists, and semioticians, as well as to any reflective individual who is willing to examine the realm of the living from a novel and fascinating perspective.
This book begins with an overview of current thinking on
bioavailability, its definition, cutting edge research in
speciation and advancement in tools for assessing chemical
bioavailability in the terrestrial environment. The second section
of the book focuses on the role of chemical speciation in
bioavailability. Section three addresses bioavailability and
ecotoxicity of contaminants and leads into the next section on
bioavailability of nutrients and agrichemicals. Subsequent sections
provide an overview of tools currently being used and new cutting
edge techniques to assess contaminant bioavailability. The last
section of the book builds on previous sections in relating
bioavailability to risk assessment and how this could be used for
managing risks associated with contaminated land.
The theory of Memory Evolutive Systems represents a mathematical
model for natural open self-organizing systems, such as biological,
sociological or neural systems. In these systems, the dynamics are
modulated by the cooperative and/or competitive interactions
between the global system and a net of internal Centers of
Regulation (CR) wich a differential access to a central
The value of multi-disciplinary research lies in the exchange of
ideas and methods across the traditional boundaries between areas
of study. It could be argued that many of the advances in science
and engineering take place because the ideas, methods and the tools
of thought from one discipline become re-applied in another.
Lead Molecules from Natural Products: Discovery and New Trends
provides the reader with a thorough overview of current discoveries
and trends in Natural Products research.
This book provides a clear picture of the use of applied mathematics as a tool for improving the accuracy of agricultural research. For decades, statistics has been regarded as the fundamental tool of the scientific method. With new breakthroughs in computers and computer software, it has become feasible and necessary to improve the traditional approach in agricultural research by including additional mathematical modeling procedures.
Rather than simply cataloging the various interpretations of European regulations by Member States, this international team examines the economic priorities, the legal bases, the social norms and cultural patterns which come into play, presenting an analytical approach to the study of production rights in European agriculture.
Genetically modified crops have become a topic of great interest
among scientists, regulators, consumers, farmers, and politicians.
Despite their potential benefits, public hostility toward these
crops is causing dramatic changes to import/export policies, food
safety regulations, and agricultural practices around the world.
Genetically Modified Organisms in Agriculture provides a
comprehensive overview of the subject and a balanced look at the
costs and benefits of GMO products.
Methods in Plant Biochemistry is an authoritative reference on current techniques in the various fields of plant biochemical research. Under the expert guidance of guest editors, each volume provides comprehensive, practical information on the assay and analytical techniques appropriate for a particular family of plant compounds. The series emphasizes techniques and laboratory procedures. No plant biochemical laboratory can afford to be without this comprehensive and up-to-date reference.
This 33-chapter volume presents a critical examination of the
importance of stable isotopes in understanding key plant metabolic
Wood Chemistry, Fundamentals and Applications, Second Edition, examines the basic principles of wood chemistry and its potential applications to pulping and papermaking, wood and wood waste utilization, pulping by-products for production of chemicals and energy, and biomass conversion.
The benefits of agriculture's Green Revolution, characterized by high energy input, mechanization, fertilizers, pesticides and irrigation, are not available to millions in the developing world. The possible alternatives employing low energy input, smallness of scale, intensive use of labour and long term sustainability are the subject of this book.;The book includes overviews of current agricultural production systems and alternatives; demographics, mortality and population growth; soils, erosion and water availability; sustainable integrated agroforestry systems and behavioural adaptations.;It also explains why a quality environment is essential for future agricultural and economic development, proves that integrated resource management leads to sustainable and productive agriculture for development, shows that certain agroforestry techniques conserve soil, water, energy and biological resources while increasing food and fuel supplies and addresses the need for interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary research and training to implement sound resource management policies and programmes.
The series, Methods in Plant Biochemistry, provides an
authoritative reference on current techniques in the various fields
of plant biochemical research. Each volume in the series will,
under the expert guidance of a guest editor, deal with a particular
group of plant compounds. Each will describe the historical
background and current, most useful methods of analysis. The
volumes include detailed discussions of the protocols and
suitability of each technique. Case treatments, diagrams, chemical
structures, reference data, and properties will be featured along
with a full list of references to the specialist literature.
This book presents a whole-plant perspective on plant integrated
responses to multiple stresses, including an analysis of how plants
have evolved growth forms and phenological responses to cope with
changing stress patterns in natural environments.
The Biochemistry of Plants, Volume 14: Carbohydrates provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of plant biochemistry. This book deals with the function and structure of the plant cell wall by describing the physical and chemical properties of cell wall components. Organized into 11 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of hexose phosphate metabolism in nonphotosynthetic tissues. This text then examines the findings in fructan structures, conformations, and linkages, the enzymes involved in fructan synthesis and degradation, and their cellular regulation, location, and metabolic role in plants. Other chapters consider the methods employing enzymes to determine starch structure. This book discusses as well the different biosynthetic modes of plant cell walls. The final chapter deals with the various environmental factors that influence expression of the ?-amylase gene, suggesting how molecular biology may help in understanding carbohydrate biochemistry and the enzymes involved in carbohydrate synthesis and metabolism. This book is a valuable resource for plant biochemists.
This volume covers the most significant advances of the last ten years in understanding intermediary nitrogen metabolism in plants. The eight chapters comprise aspects of nitrate and nitrogen assimilation, symbiotic nitrogen fixation, glutamine and glutamate enzymology, amino acid biosynthesis, ureides, and polyamine and sulfur metabolism. The volume emphasizes molecular and genetic advances as well as biochemistry and physiology. Intermediary Nitrogen Metabolism will be of interest to all plant biochemists and molecular geneticists who study nitrogen metabolism, enzymology, and amino acids.
No other book on natural rubber covers such a broad spectrum of subjects as this unique publication. Subjects related to the biology, cultivation and technology of natural rubber are dealt with, along with such important aspects as its history, production and processing, through to its sophisticated engineering applications. Every chapter follows a monograph style of presentation, with comprehensive citations and depth of treatment. Contributions from highly experienced, and still active, renowned scientists reflect the truly international effort to the development of this commodity. In addition to the wealth of information presented, most of the chapters contain elaborate lists of earlier contributions in the respective fields; one chapter each has been included on rubber wood, ancillary products and guayule.
Vascular Transport in Plants provides an up-to-date synthesis of
new research on the biology of long distance transport processes in
plants. It will be a valuable resource and reference for
researchers and graduate level students in physiology, molecular
biology, physiology, ecology, ecological physiology, development,
and all applied disciplines related to agriculture, horticulture,
forestry and biotechnology. The book considers long-distance
transport from the perspective of molecular level processes to
whole plant function, allowing readers to integrate information
relating to vascular transport across multiple scales. The book is
unique in presenting xylem and phloem transport processes in plants
together in a comparative style that emphasizes the important
interactions between these two parallel transport systems.
This book provides an introduction to the analysis of chaos and chaos theory as it relates to agricultural science. With clear explanations of chaos theory and principles, the first part of the book offers some basic facts, the fundamental terminology, and the concepts of deterministic chaos.
More than two billion people worldwide have currently no access to
grid electricity or other efficient energy supply. This is one
third of humanity and the majority live in rural areas. The
productivity and health of these people are diminished by reliance
on traditional fuels and technologies, with women and children
suffering most. Energy is the key element to empower people and
ensure water, food and fodder supply as well as rural development.
Therefore access to energy should be treated as the fundamental
right to everybody. Renewable energy has the potential to bring
power, not only in the literal sense, to communities by
transforming their prospects.
This two-volume work surveys the entire range of general aspects of chromosome research on plants. This first volume is divided into two sections. Section A consists of 11 chapters covering the entire range of general aspects of chromosome research in plants (including a chapter on genetic engineering in crop improvement). Section B is devoted to cytogenetics of cereals and millets (wheat, rye, barley, triticale, oats, maize, rice, pearl millet, and minor millets). More than one chapter is devoted to the same crop to give a detailed treatment of chromosome research (including molecular biology) in these crops.
The second volume deals with cytogenetics of plant materials including legumes, vegetable and oil crops, sugar crops, forage crops, fibre crops, medicinal crops and ornamentals. This work will be useful both as a reference work and a teaching aid to satisfy a wide range of workers. Every chapter has been written by an expert who has been involved in chromosome research on a particular plant material for many years.
This comprehensive book describes cork as a natural product, as an
industrial raw-materials, and as a wine bottle closure. From its
formation in the outer bark of the cork oak tree to the properties
that are of relevance to its use, cork is presented and explained
including its physical and mechanical properties.
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