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Books > Humanities > Philosophy > Western philosophy > Ancient Western philosophy to c 500

Lettres Grecques Du Rh�teur Alciphron (French, Paperback): Alciphron Lettres Grecques Du Rh�teur Alciphron (French, Paperback)
Alciphron
R330 Discovery Miles 3 300 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days
Philon Le Juif (French, Paperback): Louis Philon Le Juif (French, Paperback)
Louis
R256 Discovery Miles 2 560 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days
La Science Des Chinois, Ou Le Livre de Cum-Fu-Gu (French, Paperback): Sans Auteur La Science Des Chinois, Ou Le Livre de Cum-Fu-Gu (French, Paperback)
Sans Auteur
R256 Discovery Miles 2 560 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days
Dialogue Sur l'Amiti  ( d.1893) (French, Paperback, 1893 ed.): Ciceron Dialogue Sur l'Amiti ( d.1893) (French, Paperback, 1893 ed.)
Ciceron
R311 Discovery Miles 3 110 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days
L'Id�e de Dieu Dans La Philosophie Religieuse de la Chine - Conf�rence 40 Faite Le 23 Mars 1899 (French, Paperback):... L'Id�e de Dieu Dans La Philosophie Religieuse de la Chine - Conf�rence 40 Faite Le 23 Mars 1899 (French, Paperback)
Leon De Rosny
R237 Discovery Miles 2 370 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days
Manuel d' pict te - Texte Grec Et Traduction Fran aise En Regard (8e  dition) (French, Paperback): Epictete Manuel d' pict te - Texte Grec Et Traduction Fran aise En Regard (8e dition) (French, Paperback)
Epictete
R275 Discovery Miles 2 750 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days
The Discourses of Epictetus (Paperback, 2nd Revised edition): Epictetus The Discourses of Epictetus (Paperback, 2nd Revised edition)
Epictetus; Edited by Christopher Gill, Robin Hard; Translated by Robin Hard
R198 R163 Discovery Miles 1 630 Save R35 (18%) Shipped within 7 - 11 working days

For centuries, Stoicism was virtually the unofficial religion of the Roman world Yet the stress on endurance, self-restraint and the power of the will to withstand calamity can often seem coldhearted. It is Epictetus, a lame former slave exiled by the Emperor Domitian, who offers by far the most positive and humane version of Stoic ideals. "The Discourses, " assembled by his pupil Arrian, catch him in action, publicly setting out his views on ethical dilemmas. Committed to communicating with the widest possible audience, Epictetus uses humor, imaginary conversations and homely comparisons to put his message across. The result is a perfect summary of 'the Roman virtues' --the brotherhood of man, universal justice, calm indifference in the face pain--which have proved so influential throughout Western history.

Emulating Alexander - How Alexander the Great's Legacy Fuelled Rome's Wars with Persia (Hardcover): Glenn Barnett Emulating Alexander - How Alexander the Great's Legacy Fuelled Rome's Wars with Persia (Hardcover)
Glenn Barnett
R468 R364 Discovery Miles 3 640 Save R104 (22%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

This book gives an account of the Roman relationship with Persia and how it was shaped by the actions of Alexander the Great long before the events. Numerous Roman emperors led armies eastward against the Persians, seeking to emulate or exceed the glorious conquests of Alexander. Some achieved successes but more often the result was ignominious defeat or death. Even as the empire declined, court propagandists and courtiers looked for flattering ways to compare their now-throne-bound emperors with Alexander. All the while there was a small segment of the Roman intelligentsia who disparaged Alexander and his misdeeds. While the Romans dreamed of conquering the Persian realm, the Persians of the Parthian and Sasanian dynasties dreamed of regaining the lands of the eastern Mediterranean snatched from their Achaemenid ancestors by Alexander. Echoes of this revanchist policy can be seen in Irans support of Shiites in Iraq, Syria, Yemen and Lebanon. Glenn Barnett draws comparisons between the era-long struggle of Rome and Persia with the current wars in the Middle-East where they once fought.

The Possibility of Inquiry - Meno's Paradox from Socrates to Sextus (Paperback): Gail Fine The Possibility of Inquiry - Meno's Paradox from Socrates to Sextus (Paperback)
Gail Fine
R518 Discovery Miles 5 180 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Gail Fine presents an original interpretation of a compelling puzzle in ancient philosophy. Meno's Paradox, which is first formulated in Plato's Meno, challenges the very possibility of inquiry. Plato replies with the theory of recollection, according to which we all had prenatal knowledge of some range of things, and what we call inquiry involves recollecting what we previously knew; he also illustrates this with his famous cross-examination of an untutored slave about a geometry problem, whose solution the slave is able to discover through inquiry. Hence, contrary to the paradox, inquiry is possible after all. Plato is not the only philosopher to grapple with Meno's Paradox: so too do Aristotle, the Epicureans, the Stoics, and Sextus. How do their various replies compare with one another, and with Plato's? How good are any of their replies? In a fascinating fragment preserved in Damascius' Commentary on the Phaedo, Plutarch briefly considers these questions (though for obvious chronological reasons he doesn't discuss Sextus). But Fine's book is the first full-length systematic treatment of the paradox and responses to it. Among the topics discussed are the nature of knowledge; how knowledge differs from mere true belief; the nature of inquiry; varieties of innatism; concepts and meaning; the scope and limits of experience. The Possibility of Inquiry will be of interest to anyone interested in ancient epistemology, in ancient philosophy, or in epistemology.

Becoming Socrates - Political Philosophy in Plato's "Parmenides" (Hardcover): Alex Priou Becoming Socrates - Political Philosophy in Plato's "Parmenides" (Hardcover)
Alex Priou
R1,663 R1,271 Discovery Miles 12 710 Save R392 (24%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Plato's Parmenides is regarded as a canonical work in ontology. Depicting a conversation between Parmenides of Elea and a young Socrates, the dialogue presents a rigorous examination of Socrates' theory of the forms, the most influential account of being in the philosophic tradition. In this commentary on the Parmenides, Alex Priou argues that the dialogue is, in actuality, a reflection on politics. Priou begins from the accepted view that the conversation consists of two discrete parts -- a critique of the forms, followed by Socrates' philosophical training -- but finds a unity to the dialogue yet to be acknowledged. By paying careful attention to what Parmenides calls the "greatest impasse" facing Socrates' ontology, Priou reveals a political context to the conversation. The need in society for order and good rule includes the need, at a more fundamental level, for an adequate and efficacious explanation of being. Recounting here how a young Socrates first learned of the primacy of political philosophy, which would become the hallmark of his life, Becoming Socrates shows that political philosophy, and not ontology, is "first philosophy." Alex Priou is a lecturer in philosophy and the humanities at Long Island University.

Lettres a Lucilius (Les 16 Premieres) (Ed.1887) (French, Paperback, 1887 ed.): Seneque Lettres a Lucilius (Les 16 Premieres) (Ed.1887) (French, Paperback, 1887 ed.)
Seneque
R274 Discovery Miles 2 740 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days
de Vita Beata (�d.1882) (French, Paperback, 1882 ed.): Beuverand De La Loyere P. de Vita Beata (�d.1882) (French, Paperback, 1882 ed.)
Beuverand De La Loyere P.
R293 Discovery Miles 2 930 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days
Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 46 (Paperback): Brad Inwood Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 46 (Paperback)
Brad Inwood
R665 Discovery Miles 6 650 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is a volume of original articles on all aspects of ancient philosophy. The articles may be of substantial length, and include critical notices of major books. OSAP is now published twice yearly, in both hardback and paperback. 'The serial Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy (OSAP) is fairly regarded as the leading venue for publication in ancient philosophy. It is where one looks to find the state-of-the-art. That the serial, which presents itself more as an anthology than as a journal, has traditionally allowed space for lengthier studies, has tended only to add to its prestige; it is as if OSAP thus declares that, since it allows as much space as the merits of the subject require, it can be more entirely devoted to the best and most serious scholarship.' Michael Pakaluk, Bryn Mawr Classical Review

Classical Philosophy - A history of philosophy without any gaps, Volume 1 (Hardcover): Peter Adamson Classical Philosophy - A history of philosophy without any gaps, Volume 1 (Hardcover)
Peter Adamson
R541 R362 Discovery Miles 3 620 Save R179 (33%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Classical Philosophy is the first of a series of books in which Peter Adamson aims ultimately to present a complete history of philosophy, more thoroughly but also more enjoyably than ever before. In short, lively chapters, based on the popular History of Philosophy podcast, he offers an accessible, humorous, and detailed look at the emergence of philosophy with the Presocratics, the probing questions of Socrates, and the first full flowering of philosophy with the dialogues of Plato and the treatises of Aristotle. The story is told "without any gaps," discussing not only such major figures but also less commonly discussed topics like the Hippocratic Corpus, the Platonic Academy, and the role of women in ancient philosophy. Within the thought of Plato and Aristotle, the reader will find in-depth introductions to major works, such as the Republic and the Nicomachean Ethics, which are treated in detail that is unusual in an introduction to ancient philosophy. Adamson looks at fascinating but less frequently read Platonic dialogues like the Charmides and Cratylus, and Aristotle's ideas in zoology and poetics. This full coverage allows him to tackle ancient discussions in all areas of philosophy, including epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of language, philosophy of science, ethics and politics. Attention is also given to the historical and literary context of classical philosophy, with exploration of how early Greek cosmology responded to the poets Homer and Hesiod, how Socrates was presented by the comic playwright Aristophanes and the historian Xenophon, and how events in Greek history may have influenced Plato's thought. This is a new kind of history which will bring philosophy to life for all readers, including those coming to the subject for the first time.

On the Shortness of Life - Life Is Long If You Know How to Use It (Paperback): Seneca On the Shortness of Life - Life Is Long If You Know How to Use It (Paperback)
Seneca; Translated by C.D.N. Costa
R240 R192 Discovery Miles 1 920 Save R48 (20%) Shipped within 7 - 11 working days

Throughout history, some books have changed the world. They have transformed the way we see ourselves--and each other. They have inspired debate, dissent, war and revolution. They have enlightened, outraged, provoked and comforted. They have enriched lives--and destroyed them.

Now, Penguin brings you the works of the great thinkers, pioneers, radicals and visionaries whose ideas shook civilization, and helped make us who we are. Penguin's Great Ideas series features twelve groundbreaking works by some of history's most prodigious thinkers, and each volume is beautifully packaged with a unique type-drive design that highlights the bookmaker's art. Offering great literature in great packages at great prices, this series is ideal for those readers who want to explore and savor the Great Ideas that have shaped the world.

The Stoic writings of the philosopher Seneca offer powerful insights into the art of living, the importance of reason and morality, and continue to provide profound guidance to many through their eloquence, lucidity and timeless wisdom.

Bibliotheca Chaldaica / Band 7 - Hierarchie Und Ritual (English, French, German, Hardcover): Helmut Seng, Luciana Gabriela... Bibliotheca Chaldaica / Band 7 - Hierarchie Und Ritual (English, French, German, Hardcover)
Helmut Seng, Luciana Gabriela Soares Santoprete, Chiara O Tommasi
R1,079 R927 Discovery Miles 9 270 Save R152 (14%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days
Ethics After Aristotle (Hardcover): Brad Inwood Ethics After Aristotle (Hardcover)
Brad Inwood
R785 R619 Discovery Miles 6 190 Save R166 (21%) Shipped within 7 - 11 working days

From the earliest times, philosophers and others have thought deeply about ethical questions. But it was Aristotle who founded ethics as a discipline with clear principles and well-defined boundaries. Ethics After Aristotle focuses on the reception of Aristotelian ethical thought in the Hellenistic and Roman worlds, underscoring the thinker's enduring influence on the philosophers who followed in his footsteps from 300 BCE to 200 CE. Beginning with Aristotle's student and collaborator Theophrastus, Brad Inwood traces the development of Aristotelian ethics up to the third-century Athenian philosopher Alexander of Aphrodisias. He shows that there was no monolithic tradition in the school, but a rich variety of moral theory. The philosophers of the Peripatetic school produced surprisingly varied theories in dialogue with other philosophical traditions, generating rich insight into human virtue and happiness. What unifies the different strands of thought--what makes them distinctively Aristotelian--is a form of ethical naturalism: that our knowledge of the good and virtuous life depends first on understanding our place in the natural world, and second on the exercise of our natural dispositions in distinctively human activities. What is now referred to as "virtue ethics," Inwood argues, is a less important part of Aristotle's legacy than the naturalistic approach Aristotle articulated and his philosophical descendants developed further. Offering a wide range of ways of thinking about ethics from an ancient perspective, Ethics After Aristotle is a penetrating study of how philosophy evolves in the wake of an unusually powerful and original thinker.

Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Aristotle and the Metaphysics (Paperback): Vasilis Politis Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Aristotle and the Metaphysics (Paperback)
Vasilis Politis
R475 Discovery Miles 4 750 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days


Aristotles' 'Metaphysics' is one of the most important texts in Ancient Philosophy. This GuideBook looks at the Metaphysics thematically and takes the student through the main arguments found in the text. The book introduces and assesses Aristotle's life and the background to the Metaphysics, the ideas and text of the Metaphysics and Aristotle's philosophical legacy.

Synaesthesia and the Ancient Senses (Paperback, New): Shane Butler, Alex Purves Synaesthesia and the Ancient Senses (Paperback, New)
Shane Butler, Alex Purves
R589 Discovery Miles 5 890 Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Like us, the ancient Greeks and Romans came to know and understand the world through their senses. Yet sensory experience has rarely been considered in the study of antiquity and, when the senses are examined, sight is regularly privileged. 'Synaesthesia and the Ancient Senses' presents a radical reappraisal of antiquity's textures, flavours, and aromas, sounds and sights. It offers both a fresh look at society in the ancient world and an opportunity to deepen the reading of classical literature. The book will appeal to readers in classical society and literature, philosophy and cultural history. All Greek and Latin is translated and technical matters are explained for the non-specialist. The introduction sets the ancient senses within the history of aesthetics and the subsequent essays explores the senses throughout the classical period and on to the modern reception of classical literature.

Eco-Republic - Ancient Thinking for a Green Age (Hardcover, New edition): Melissa Lane Eco-Republic - Ancient Thinking for a Green Age (Hardcover, New edition)
Melissa Lane
R603 R561 Discovery Miles 5 610 Save R42 (7%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Climate change and sustainability are the issues du jour, and they are not likely to go off the agenda any time soon. In this age of competing politics and policies, with limited resources and often limited will to make change, what can we learn from ancient wisdom and philosophy to humankind's benefit? Climate change and sustainability are not just technical problems or problems in applied ethics: they require a new political imagination, which this book illuminates. Professor Melissa Lane identifies key messages - on the role of the individual, the household, the nature of citizenship, and the significance of the imagination - which bring the wisdom of the past to bear on the challenges of the present. Using these resources, and building on these insights this book is a call to action from the past, to a present understanding of political thought and ethical wellbeing. Drawing on Plato's Republic as a model while also challenging aspects of Platonic politics, the book sets out the political and psychological challenges that we face in moving beyond the psycho-political settlement of modern commercial society.

Aristotle's Practical Philosophy - On the Relationship between His Ethics and Politics (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017): Emma... Aristotle's Practical Philosophy - On the Relationship between His Ethics and Politics (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2017)
Emma Cohen De Lara, Rene Brouwer
R1,994 R1,785 Discovery Miles 17 850 Save R209 (10%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

This book is the first collection of essays in English devoted solely to the relationship between Aristotle's ethics and politics. Are ethics and politics two separate spheres of action or are they unified? Those who support the unity-thesis emphasize the centrality for Aristotle of questions about the good life and the common good as the purpose of politics. Those who defend the separation-thesis stress Aristotle's sense of realism in understanding the need for political solutions to human shortcomings. But is this all there is to it? The contributors to this volume explore and develop different arguments and interpretative frameworks that help to make sense of the relationship between Aristotle's Ethics and Politics. The chapters loosely follow the order of the Nicomachean Ethics in examining topics such as political science, statesmanship and magnanimity, justice, practical wisdom, friendship, and the relationship between the active and the contemplative life. They have in common an appreciation of the relevance of Aristotle's writings, which offer the modern reader distinct philosophical perspectives on the relationship between ethics and politics.

Commentary on Aristotle's Politics (Paperback): Thomas Aquinas Commentary on Aristotle's Politics (Paperback)
Thomas Aquinas; Translated by Richard J Regan
R498 R449 Discovery Miles 4 490 Save R49 (10%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days

Offering the first complete translation into modern English of Aquinas' unfinished commentary on Aristotle's Politics, this translation follows the definitive Leonine text of Aquinas and reproduces in English those passages of William of Moerbeke's exacting yet elliptical translation of the Politics from which Aquinas worked. Bekker numbers have been added to passages from the Politics for easy reference. Students of the history of political thought will welcome this study of a great classic, a commentary by a student of Aristotle who is also a great political theorist in his own right.

The Harmony of Conflict - The Aristotelian Foundation of Politics (English, Italian, Paperback): Academia Verlag The Harmony of Conflict - The Aristotelian Foundation of Politics (English, Italian, Paperback)
Academia Verlag
R717 R635 Discovery Miles 6 350 Save R82 (11%) Shipped within 7 - 12 working days
Moralia, v. 11 (Hardcover): Plutarch Moralia, v. 11 (Hardcover)
Plutarch; Translated by L. Pearson, F.H. Sandbach
R462 Discovery Miles 4 620 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days

Plutarch (Plutarchus), ca. 45-120 CE, was born at Chaeronea in Boeotia in central Greece, studied philosophy at Athens, and, after coming to Rome as a teacher in philosophy, was given consular rank by the emperor Trajan and a procuratorship in Greece by Hadrian. He was married and the father of one daughter and four sons. He appears as a man of kindly character and independent thought, studious and learned.

Plutarch wrote on many subjects. Most popular have always been the 46 "Parallel Lives," biographies planned to be ethical examples in pairs (in each pair, one Greek figure and one similar Roman), though the last four lives are single. All are invaluable sources of our knowledge of the lives and characters of Greek and Roman statesmen, soldiers and orators. Plutarch's many other varied extant works, about 60 in number, are known as "Moralia" or Moral Essays. They are of high literary value, besides being of great use to people interested in philosophy, ethics and religion.

The Loeb Classical Library edition of the "Moralia" is in fifteen volumes, volume XIII having two parts.

Plato - Euthyphro, Apology, Crito (Paperback, 2nd ed.): Plato Plato - Euthyphro, Apology, Crito (Paperback, 2nd ed.)
Plato
R575 Discovery Miles 5 750 Shipped within 7 - 11 working days

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