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West African history is inseparable from the history of the Atlantic slave trade and colonialism. According to historical archaeologist Fran ois Richard, however, the dominance of this narrative not only colors the range of political discourse about Africa but also occludes many lesser-known--but equally important--experiences of those living in the region. Reluctant Landscapes is an exploration of the making and remaking of political experience and physical landscapes among rural communities in the Siin province of Senegal between the late 1500s and the onset of World War II. By recovering the histories of farmers and commoners who made up African states' demographic core in this period, Richard shows their crucial--but often overlooked--role in the making of Siin history. The book also delves into the fraught relation between the Seereer, a minority ethnic and religious group, and the Senegalese nation-state, with Siin's perceived "primitive" conservatism standing at odds with the country's Islamic modernity. Through a deep engagement with oral, documentary, archaeological, and ethnographic archives, Richard's groundbreaking study revisits the four-hundred-year history of a rural community shunted to the margins of Senegal's national imagination.
The modern landscape of Suffolk is still essentially a medieval one, though much of it is even earlier: the five hundred medieval churches and ten thousand 'listed' houses 'of historic or architectural interest', and the 'Hundred' lanes going back at least to the tenth century, are often found to be set in a landscape created before the Roman conquest. Suffolk in the Middle Ages opens with a discussion of the earliest written records, the place-names, as a guide to settlement-patterns, including the setting of Sutton Hoo. Among the grave-goods found in that celebrated ship and discussed here was the whetstone-sceptre; asked to carry it from its showcase in the British Museum to the laboratory, the author acknowledges a closer feeling of involvement even than helping to re-open the ship in its mound in 1966. His explanation of the presence of the whetstone-sceptre, printed here, has never been challenged. The identification of a carved Anglo-Saxon cross at Iken in 1977 prompted the essay here on St Botolph and the coming of East Anglian Christianity. This leads to a consideration of the Danish invasion of East Anglia, and a reexamination of the posthumous victory of King Edmund and Christianity as portrayed in an imaginary Breckland warren on the front of this book. Scarfe's carefully reasoned argument that the Metropolitan Museum's famous walrus ivory cross was made for the monks' choir at Bury has never been refuted. Life in Bury abbey is vividly reconstructed: it was the most richly documented flowering of the work of East Anglia's apostles, Felix and Fursa, which also led to the phenomenal establishment in Suffolk by 1086 of four hundred of the five hundred medieval churches. In four East Suffolk essays, Southwold, Dunwich, Yoxford and Wingfield are exposed to Norman Scarfe's interpretative skills. He reveals a past few could have guessed at, often quite as curious as the 'Two Strange Tales' unravelled in his concluding pages.
The Asia Literary Review is a new quarterly literary journal offering a window to the world on the best of Asian writing with short fiction, reportage, memoir, poetry, essays and photography. In this edition: Has the Yellow River run its course? Rob Gifford travels the length of China's troubled Mother River and lays bare its plight; Duncan Hewitt mourns the death of old Shanghai under the wrecker's hammer; Korea's former "comfort women" in poetry and photography; Nepal at the polls: Inside Asia's newest republic; Salman Rushdie on history, storytelling and his new novel "The Enchantress of Florence"; Booker Prize winner Anne Enright reflects on the writer's life; New fiction by Fan Wu, Yu Hua, Nam Le, Xu Xi, Kumkum Amin, Justin Hill, Nicholas Jose and Justin Hill; New poetry by Anuradha Vijayakrishnan, Zheng Danyi, Jeongshik Min, Shirley Lee, Viki Holmes, Jerome Kugan and Jerome Kugan.
Intra-Asian trade is a major theme of recent writing on Asian
economic history. From the second half of the nineteenth century,
intra-Asian trade flows linked Asia into an integrated economic
system, with reciprocal benefits for all participants. But although
this was a network from which all gained, there was also
considerable inter-Asian competition between Asian producers for
these Asian markets, and those of the wider world.
This aim of this book is to look at the dominant representation that at present underpin the issues of territorial organisation and planning in Europe. Cities and networks are often envisaged as inevitably driving territorial development. However, the conceptualisation of European territorial integration has often been reduced to two conventional models: the centre-periphery model and the hierarchical model of urban networks. Limiting territorial integration to these two schema means that integration is limited. Today, reference to polycentric territorial development has to some extent changed the picture. Rather than being viewed in a polarised, pyramidal manner, spatial dynamics are being read in terms of interconnection and reticulation. In addition, reflection on the subject of polycentric territorial strategies has encouraged politicians and spatial planners to include the principle of "territorial cohesion" in the priorities of European public policies. From considerations which associate conceptual approaches and analytical studies, this book makes it possible to understand in what manner polycentrism, viewed as an alternative to metropolisation, could sow the seeds for new readings, at various scales, of the organisation of European territory. The main challenge of this book is to explain why it is worthwhile revisiting some rather too static representations of territorial systems in Europe. The aim is to promote the emergence and the consolidation of new, critical ways of looking at the issues of territorial dynamics.
The biggest hurdle for junior scholars looking to embark on an academic career is to make the transition from PhD candidate to that first (ideally tenured) job. An imperative part of this process is getting published and yet - increasingly - this is becoming something harder and harder to achieve. This book aims to guide would-be authors through some of the pitfalls and complexities of getting published. The key concerns are to increase the author's knowledge and control over events while reducing uncertainty. The topics include Starting out; Getting that first article published; Converting your thesis into a monograph; Finding the 'right' publisher; Approaching a publisher; The evaluation process; Negotiating a contract; Working towards publication; After publication; and Where do we go from here?
Understand gay men's unique health issues beyond the incomplete focus of HIV to include the concerns of those living with a broad range of chronic illnesses and disabilities Gay Men Living with Chronic Illnesses and Disabilities: From Crisis to Crossroads is the groundbreaking book that comprehensively examines and forms strategies to respond to the needs of gay men living with non-HIV chronic illnesses and disabilities such as diabetes, cancer, obesity, and muscular sclerosis. Bringing together the interdisciplinary expertise and unique perspectives of leaders in the fields of social work, psychology, and rehabilitation counseling, this groundbreaking book helps you understand the key issues from theoretical, clinical, practical, and personal perspectives. Gay Men Living with Chronic Illnesses and Disabilities: From Crisis to Crossroads conceptualizes and addresses the integration of psychosocial and medical issues faced by the gay men living with both HIV-related and non-HIV chronic illnesses and disabilities. Each chapter delves deeply into the psychosocial impact of their marginalization in daily living while offering strategies for partnership and integration between gay and mainstream health and social service organizations. With extensive, up-to-date bibliographies at the end of each chapter and case studies that illuminate theoretical discussions, this book is essential reading for those involved in health policy and practice with gay men living with chronic illnesses and disabilities. Gay Men Living with Chronic Illnesses and Disabilities: From Crisis to Crossroads explores: the "invisibility" of gay men living with non-HIV illnesses and disabilities and the need to provide adequate services to them the impact of sexual orientation on living with a broad range of life-threatening illnesses the multiple layers of stigma of being gay while living with a chronic illness or disability how chronic illness can lead to increased body dissatisfaction in gay men the multidimensional challenge of psychotherapy with HIV positive gay men the connection between aging, chronic illness, and sexual orientation living with a non-HIV chronic illness as a gay social service professional Gay Men Living with Chronic Illnesses and Disabilities: From Crisis to Crossroads is vital reading for social workers, psychologists, psychiatrists, physicians, sociologists, public health advocates and experts, community organizers, and everyone engaged in providing medical, social, or psychological services.
Covering the entire continent from Morocco, Libya, and Egypt in
the north to the Cape of Good Hope in the south, and the
surrounding islands from Cape Verde in the west to Madagascar,
Mauritius, and Seychelles in the east, the "Encyclopedia of African
History" is a new A-Z reference resource on the history of the
entire African continent. With entries ranging from the earliest
evolution of human beings in Africa to the beginning of the
twenty-first century, this comprehensive three volume Encyclopedia
is the first reference of this scale and scope.
Quality research uniquely enhanced by the author's personal experience! In one of the first books to examine machismo from the perspective of Latin American and Latino men, Chris Girman relies on a compelling combination of ethnographic research and personal experience to explain how macho men men like the author himself regulate and sustain same-sex erotic encounters. Girman incorporates his own sexual experiences with a variety of Latin men into the book, infusing his writing with the unique perspective and vivid description that can only be related by someone who has lived the research he writes about. While most of the literature on Latin American male same-sex desire ignores the significance of the male body in its investigation, this book shows why it is essential to focus on the macho male body and re-evaluates so-called "machismo" to forge a more nuanced description of Latin American masculinity. Girman incorporates his own sexual experiences with a variety of Latin American men into the book, infusing his writing with the unique perspective and vivid descriptions that can only be related by someone who has lived the research he writes about. With this book, you'll become familiar with various kinds of Latin-American homosexual behavior. Here's a glimpse at what you'll find inside: "Machismo, Practice Theorists, and Macho Performance" summarizes previous research on Latin American male [homo]sexuality and defines the author's concept of machismo and Latin American masculinity. "Head, Hands, Balls, and Ass" shows why focusing on the body as living matter, rather than metaphor (as is done in so many other books on sexuality), is the ideal point of entry into the study of Latin American male [homo]sexuality and masculinity. This chapter focuses on specific regions of the macho body head, hands, balls, and ass to explain how machismo actually promotes, rather than denies, sexual encounters between men. It also shows the importance of the Latin American family as a variable that structures the manner and frequency in which [homo]sexual encounters occur. "The Dominican Tiguere and Hegemonic Masculinities" takes a specific look at a very peculiar form of hegemonic masculinity relying on cunning more than strength to "come out on top" that is indigenous to the Dominican Republic. This chapter also tells the stories of five of the author's sexual encounters in that nation and discusses the tiguere style of masculine performance. "Desire in a Costa Rican Prison" analyzes the ways in which desire, power, and pleasure are constituted in the Latin American prison environment. "Historical Representations of Same-Sex Desire" examines two short stories El Matadero (Esteban Echeverria) and Comienza el Desfile (Reinaldo Arenas), which highlight male eroticism as important concepts within discourses on national identity. Both stories conceptualize same-sex desire within specific historical moments and demonstrate how male [homo]sexuality emerges and represents itself not in contrast to the dominant discourse, but within that discourse itself. "Familiar, Familial Voices: Latino Men Speak Out" documents the voices of "gay-identified" Latino men living in Central Texas men who have come to love other Latin, Black, and Anglo men in the context of very full lives. These men reveal their conceptions of identity, race, performance, resistance, family, pleasure, desire, masculinity, silence, and place. "Performing Matter[s]-Masculinity, the Male Body, and the Evocation of the [non]real" defies the notion that written representations can capture the lived realities of
The Conservatives are back, and back with a bang two election wins in a row and, providing they can hold things together, in a pretty good position to win another. But many questions about their recent past, present, and future still remain. Just why did the world's oldest and most successful political party dump Margaret Thatcher only to commit electoral suicide under John Major? And what stopped the Tories getting their act together until David Cameron came along? Did Cameron change his party as much as he sometimes liked to claim, or did his leadership, both in opposition and in government, involve more compromise - and more Conservatism than we realize? Finally, what does the result of the EU referendum mean for the Party in years to come? The answers, as this accessible and gripping book shows, are as intriguing and provocative as the questions. Based on in-depth research and interviews with the key players, Tim Bale explains how and why the Tories lost power in 1997 and how and why they have eventually been able to rediscover their winning ways, even if internal tensions and external challenges mean they still can't take anything for granted. Crucial, he suggests, are the people, the power structures, the ideas, and the very different interests of those involved. This second edition of The Conservative Party: From Thatcher to Cameronis a must-read for anyone wanting to understand what makes the Tories tick.
This book explores the limits of the idea of 'neo-colonialism' - the idea that in the period immediately after independence Malaya/Malaysia enjoyed only a 'pseudo-independence', largely because of the entrenched and dominant position of British business interests allied to indigenous elites. The author argues that, although British business did indeed have a strong position in Malaysia in this period, Malaysian politicians and administrators were able to utilise British business, which was relatively weak vis-a-vis the Malaysian state, for their own ends, at the same time as indigenous businesses and foreign, non-British competitors were gathering strength. In addition, despite the commitment of both Conservative and Labour governments in the UK to preserving British influence worldwide through the Commonwealth relationship, British firms in Malaysia received only limited support from the British post-imperial state.
The media's presentation suggests that American teenage culture
today is the most violent, sexual, and amoral youth culture in
history. In this book, Nichols and Good deconstruct the negative
images held by large numbers of adults. Recognizing that many
teenagers are left by adults to socialize themselves and the
consequences of this "careless indifference," the authors' goal is
to influence a more positive view leading to stronger social
policies and better services, resources, and programs to meet the
needs of America's youth.
This book provides an important, original analysis of the Polish community in the United Kingdom, adding up to a provocative interpretation of the Pole's position in British society. The chapters add to our understanding of the significant Polish military effort alongside the Allies in defeating Nazi Germany, while the appalling price the Poles paid at the end of the war at the Yalta Conference is accentuated. This crass and wholly unjustified betrayal of the cause of a Free Poland by the Allies resulted directly in the formation of a large Polish community in Britain.
In the years after 1868, when Japan's long period of self-imposed isolation ended, in nursing, as in every other aspect of life, the Japanese looked to the West. This book tells the story of "Florence Nightingale-ism" in Japan, showing how Japanese nursing developed from 1868 to the beginning of the 21st century. It discusses how Japanese nursing adopted Western models, implementing "Nightingale-ism" in a conscious, caricature way and implemented it more fully, at least on the surface, than in Britain. At the same time Japanese nurses had to cope, with great difficulty, with traditional Japanese attitudes, which were strongly opposed to women being involved in professions of any kind and, as the book shows, Western models did not in fact penetrate very deeply.
The aim of this book is not to make prescriptions, or to provide the reader with recipes for achieving stability in the Mediterranean, but rather to offer, through an interdisciplinary approach, a pluralistic vision of democracy, civil society, human rights and dialogue among civilizations, the aspects of the third volet of the EuroMediterranean Partnership (EMP). Instead of reviewing the content of the EMP, this volume focuses more upon actors and values than upon procedures and specific projects. What are the contradictions of democratization? How can the EMP strengthen and support civil society if it is so difficult to define what civil society is? Is there a unique scale of values when dealing with human rights? To what extent does a dialogue among civilizations lead to compatibility and coexistence? Some reflections are devoted to the identification of crucial issues uniting or separating the actors involved in and addressed by the EMP. These debated issues are tackled to indirectly highlight the achievements of and impediments to the Barcelona Process.
As Cold War battle lines are seemingly re-drawn, Russia's various `frozen' war zones (ongoing separatist conflicts) are often cited as particularly volatile and assumed by some Western commentators and policymakers to be `next' on Putin's `wish list'. But, as Helena Rytoevuori-Apunen demonstrates here, this is a gross (and dangerous) oversimplification that will only serve to fuel the vicious circle of reciprocal military escalation. Drawing on a range of empirical research and across separatist conflicts in Georgia (South Ossetia and Abkhazia), Moldova (Transnistria and Gagauzia) and Azerbaijan (Nagorno-Karabakh) and the 2014 annexation of Crimea from Ukraine, her timely book provides a balanced assessment and critique of the assumptions and misunderstandings that inform mainstream discussions, as well as placing the conflicts in their proper and complex historical contexts. At a time when there is an increasing tendency to view Russia as the source of all instability in Eastern Europe, Power and Conflict in Russia's Borderlands is essential reading for anyone interested in the geopolitics of post-Soviet Russia, as well as policymakers and practitioners of peace/conflict resolution studies.
After an introductory chapter treating generally Britain's war-time Middle Eastern policies and the activities of the Sherifians, the individual cases of Faisal, Abdullah and Husain are considered in separate chapters. With regard to Faisal and Abdullah, the analysis concludes at that point at which Britain made a definitive commitment to Sherifian rule in Iraq and Transjordan. In the final chapter, Britain's policy of supporting Husain is considered and the reasons for the failure of the policy of supporting the family as a whole are assessed in light of the collapse of Sherifian rule in the Hijaz. Despite that failure, the author concludes that, viewed in the context of the post-war Middle Eastern settlement, British sponsorship of Hashemite rule represented sound policy.
Rethinking the Middle East runs counter to the received wisdom in modern Middle East studies. This discipline has been dominated by what may be termed a culture of victimization; it views the local populations of the Middle East Arabs in particular as the hapless victims of alien encroachment, and blames the region's endemic malaise on Western political and cultural imperialism. The author contends that the influence of the Great Powers has not been the primary force behind the region's political development, nor the main cause of its famous volatility. He argues that the main impetus has been provided by regional factors; and that even at their weakest point in modern history - during the final stages of the Ottoman Empire - the peoples in the Middle East have played an active role in the restructuring of their region. Historical writing and popular beliefs concerning the Arab-Israeli conflict are re-examined in the light of this thesis.
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