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Books > Science & Mathematics > Physics > Applied physics & special topics > Atmospheric physics

The Changing Flow of Energy Through the Climate System (Paperback, New edition): Kevin E. Trenberth The Changing Flow of Energy Through the Climate System (Paperback, New edition)
Kevin E. Trenberth
R994 R937 Discovery Miles 9 370 Save R57 (6%) Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Kevin E. Trenberth emphasizes the fundamental role of energy flows in the climate system and anthropogenic climate change. The distribution of heat, or more generally, energy, is the main determinant of weather patterns in the atmosphere and their impacts. The topics addressed cover many facets of climate and the climate crisis. These include the diurnal cycle; the seasons; energy differences between the continents and the oceans, the poles and the tropics; interannual variability such as Nino; natural decadal variability; and ice ages. Human-induced climate change rides on and interacts with all of these natural phenomena, and the result is an unevenly warming planet and changing weather extremes. The book emphasizes the need to not only slow or stop climate change, but also to better prepare for it and build resilience. Students, researchers, and professionals from a wide range of backgrounds will benefit from this deeper understanding of climate change.

Firmament - The Hidden Science of Weather, Climate Change and the Air That Surrounds Us (Paperback): Simon Clark Firmament - The Hidden Science of Weather, Climate Change and the Air That Surrounds Us (Paperback)
Simon Clark
R381 R313 Discovery Miles 3 130 Save R68 (18%) Ships in 10 - 20 work days

A thin, invisible layer of air surrounds the Earth, sustaining all known life on the planet and creating the unique climates and weather patterns that make each part of the world different. In Firmament, atmospheric scientist and science communicator Simon Clark offers a rare and accessible tour of the ins and outs of the atmosphere and how we know what we know about it. From the workings of its different layers to why carbon dioxide is special, from pioneers like Pascal to the unsung heroes working in the field to help us understand climate change, Firmament introduces us to an oft-overlooked area of science and not only lays the ground work for us to better understand the debates surrounding the climate today, but also provides a glimpse of the future that is possible with this knowledge in hand.

Sidney Coleman's Lectures on Relativity (Hardcover): David Griffiths, David Derbes, Richard Sohn Sidney Coleman's Lectures on Relativity (Hardcover)
David Griffiths, David Derbes, Richard Sohn
R684 Discovery Miles 6 840 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Sidney Coleman (1937-2007) earned his doctorate at Caltech under Murray Gell-Mann. Before completing his thesis, he was hired by Harvard and remained there his entire career. A celebrated particle theorist, he is perhaps best known for his brilliant lectures, given at Harvard and in a series of summer school courses at Erice, Sicily. Three times in the 1960s he taught a graduate course on Special and General Relativity; this book is based on lecture notes taken by three of his students and compiled by the Editors.

A Primer on Fourier Analysis for the Geosciences (Paperback): Robin Crockett A Primer on Fourier Analysis for the Geosciences (Paperback)
Robin Crockett
R730 Discovery Miles 7 300 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Time-series analysis is used to identify and quantify periodic features in datasets and has many applications across the geosciences, from analysing weather data, to solid-Earth geophysical modelling. This intuitive introduction provides a practical 'how-to' guide to basic Fourier theory, with a particular focus on Earth system applications. The book starts with a discussion of statistical correlation, before introducing Fourier series and building to the fast Fourier transform (FFT) and related periodogram techniques. The theory is illustrated with numerous worked examples using R datasets, from Milankovitch orbital-forcing cycles to tidal harmonics and exoplanet orbital periods. These examples highlight the key concepts and encourage readers to investigate more advanced time-series techniques. The book concludes with a consideration of statistical effect size and significance. This useful book is ideal for graduate students and researchers in the Earth system sciences who are looking for an accessible introduction to time-series analysis.

Downscaling Techniques for High-Resolution Climate Projections - From Global Change to Local Impacts (Hardcover): Rao... Downscaling Techniques for High-Resolution Climate Projections - From Global Change to Local Impacts (Hardcover)
Rao Kotamarthi, Katharine Hayhoe, Linda O. Mearns, Donald Wuebbles, Jennifer Jacobs, …
R1,393 R1,311 Discovery Miles 13 110 Save R82 (6%) Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Downscaling is a widely used technique for translating information from large-scale climate models to the spatial and temporal scales needed to assess local and regional climate impacts, vulnerability, risk and resilience. This book is a comprehensive guide to the downscaling techniques used for climate data. A general introduction of the science of climate modeling is followed by a discussion of techniques, models and methodologies used for producing downscaled projections, and the advantages, disadvantages and uncertainties of each. The book provides detailed information on dynamic and statistical downscaling techniques in non-technical language, as well as recommendations for selecting suitable downscaled datasets for different applications. The use of downscaled climate data in national and international assessments is also discussed using global examples. This is a practical guide for graduate students and researchers working on climate impacts and adaptation, as well as for policy makers and practitioners interested in climate risk and resilience.

Ocean Mixing (Hardcover): Michael C. Gregg Ocean Mixing (Hardcover)
Michael C. Gregg
R1,812 R1,706 Discovery Miles 17 060 Save R106 (6%) Ships in 12 - 17 work days

The stratified ocean mixes episodically in small patches where energy is dissipated and density smoothed over scales of centimeters. The net effect of these countless events effects the shape of the ocean's thermocline, how heat is transported from the sea surface to the interior, and how dense bottom water is lifted into the global overturning circulation. This book explores the primary factors affecting mixing, beginning with the thermodynamics of seawater, how they vary in the ocean and how they depend on the physical properties of seawater. Turbulence and double diffusion are then discussed, which determines how mixing evolves and the different impacts it has on velocity, temperature, and salinity. It reviews insights from both laboratory studies and numerical modelling, emphasising the assumptions and limitations of these methods. This is an excellent reference for researchers and graduate students working to advance our understanding of mixing, including oceanographers, atmospheric scientists and limnologists.

Firmament - The Hidden Science of Weather, Climate Change and the Air That Surrounds Us (Hardcover): Simon Clark Firmament - The Hidden Science of Weather, Climate Change and the Air That Surrounds Us (Hardcover)
Simon Clark
R506 R413 Discovery Miles 4 130 Save R93 (18%) Ships in 10 - 20 work days

A thin, invisible layer of air surrounds the Earth, sustaining all known life on the planet and creating the unique climates and weather patterns that make each part of the world different. In Firmament, atmospheric scientist and science communicator Simon Clark offers a rare and accessible tour of the ins and outs of the atmosphere and how we know what we know about it. From the workings of its different layers to why carbon dioxide is special, from pioneers like Pascal to the unsung heroes working in the field to help us understand climate change, Firmament introduces us to an oft-overlooked area of science and not only lays the ground work for us to better understand the debates surrounding the climate today, but also provides a glimpse of the future that is possible with this knowledge in hand.

Environmental Contamination from the Fukushima Nuclear Disaster - Dispersion, Monitoring, Mitigation and Lessons Learned... Environmental Contamination from the Fukushima Nuclear Disaster - Dispersion, Monitoring, Mitigation and Lessons Learned (Hardcover)
Teruyuki Nakajima, Toshimasa Ohara, Mitsuo Uematsu, Yuichi Onda
R2,775 Discovery Miles 27 750 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

The 2011 disaster at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station led to serious radioactive contamination of the environment. Due to transportation by seasonal wind and ocean currents, these radioactive materials have now been observed in many places in the Northern Hemisphere. This book provides a unique summary of the environmental impact of the unprecedented accident. It covers how radioactive materials were transported through the atmosphere, oceans and land. The techniques used to investigate the deposition and migration processes are also discussed including atmospheric observation, soil mapping, forest and ecosystem investigations, and numerical simulations. With chapters written by international experts, this is a crucial resource for researchers working on the dispersion and impact of radionuclides in the environment. It also provides essential knowledge for nuclear engineers, social scientists and policymakers to help develop suitable mitigation measures to prepare for similar large-scale natural hazards in the future.

Small Gases, Big Effect - This Is Climate Change (Hardcover): David Nelles, Christian Serrer Small Gases, Big Effect - This Is Climate Change (Hardcover)
David Nelles, Christian Serrer
R217 R182 Discovery Miles 1 820 Save R35 (16%) Ships in 10 - 20 work days

The international bestseller that gives you the facts about climate change When students David Nelles and Christian Serrer struggled to find a book that explained the nuts and bolts of climate change in a way that was comprehensive, concise and enjoyable to read, they decided to write it themselves. With meticulous research corroborated by over 100 scientists, Small Gases, Big Effect summarizes all the latest findings on the causes and effects of climate change. Combining clear, thoughtful writing with illuminating graphics, it is a little book that presents complex scientific evidence in a way that everyone will find easy to understand.

Spectroscopy and Photochemistry of Planetary Atmospheres and Ionospheres - Mars, Venus, Titan, Triton and Pluto (Hardcover):... Spectroscopy and Photochemistry of Planetary Atmospheres and Ionospheres - Mars, Venus, Titan, Triton and Pluto (Hardcover)
Vladimir A Krasnopolsky
R1,732 Discovery Miles 17 320 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

The chemical composition of any planetary atmosphere is of fundamental importance in determining its photochemistry and dynamics in addition to its thermal balance, climate, origin and evolution. Divided into two parts, this book begins with a set of introductory chapters, starting with a concise review of the Solar System and fundamental atmospheric physics. Chapters then describe the basic principles and methods of spectroscopy, the main tool for studying the chemical composition of planetary atmospheres, and of photochemical modeling and its use in the theoretical interpretation of observational data on chemical composition. The second part of the book provides a detailed review of the carbon dioxide atmospheres and ionospheres of Mars and Venus, and the nitrogen-methane atmospheres of Titan, Triton and Pluto. Written by an expert author, this comprehensive text will make a valuable reference for graduate students, researchers and professional scientists specializing in planetary atmospheres.

The Changing Flow of Energy Through the Climate System (Hardcover): Kevin E. Trenberth The Changing Flow of Energy Through the Climate System (Hardcover)
Kevin E. Trenberth
R1,799 Discovery Miles 17 990 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Kevin E. Trenberth emphasizes the fundamental role of energy flows in the climate system and anthropogenic climate change. The distribution of heat, or more generally, energy, is the main determinant of weather patterns in the atmosphere and their impacts. The topics addressed cover many facets of climate and the climate crisis. These include the diurnal cycle; the seasons; energy differences between the continents and the oceans, the poles and the tropics; interannual variability such as Nino; natural decadal variability; and ice ages. Human-induced climate change rides on and interacts with all of these natural phenomena, and the result is an unevenly warming planet and changing weather extremes. The book emphasizes the need to not only slow or stop climate change, but also to better prepare for it and build resilience. Students, researchers, and professionals from a wide range of backgrounds will benefit from this deeper understanding of climate change.

Climate Mathematics - Theory and Applications (Hardcover): Samuel S. P. Shen, Richard C.J. Somerville Climate Mathematics - Theory and Applications (Hardcover)
Samuel S. P. Shen, Richard C.J. Somerville
R1,497 Discovery Miles 14 970 Ships in 10 - 20 work days

This unique text provides a thorough, yet accessible, grounding in the mathematics, statistics, and programming that students need to master for coursework and research in climate science, meteorology, and oceanography. Assuming only high school mathematics, it presents carefully selected concepts and techniques in linear algebra, statistics, computing, calculus and differential equations within the context of real climate science examples. Computational techniques are integrated to demonstrate how to visualize, analyze, and apply climate data, with R code featured in the book and both R and Python code available online. Exercises are provided at the end of each chapter with selected solutions available to students to aid self-study and further solutions provided online for instructors only. Additional online supplements to aid classroom teaching include datasets, images, and animations. Guidance is provided on how the book can support a variety of courses at different levels, making it a highly flexible text for undergraduate and graduate students, as well as researchers and professional climate scientists who need to refresh or modernize their quantitative skills.

Clouds and Climate - Climate Science's Greatest Challenge (Hardcover): A. Pier Siebesma, Sandrine Bony, Christian Jakob,... Clouds and Climate - Climate Science's Greatest Challenge (Hardcover)
A. Pier Siebesma, Sandrine Bony, Christian Jakob, Bjorn Stevens
R1,820 R1,714 Discovery Miles 17 140 Save R106 (6%) Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Cloud research is a rapidly developing branch of climate science that's vital to climate modelling. With new observational and simulation technologies our knowledge of clouds and their role in the warming climate is accelerating. This book provides a comprehensive overview of research on clouds and their role in our present and future climate, covering theoretical, observational, and modelling perspectives. Part I discusses clouds from three different perspectives: as particles, light and fluid. Part II describes our capability to model clouds, ranging from theoretical conceptual models to applied parameterised representations. Part III describes the interaction of clouds with the large-scale circulation in the tropics, mid-latitudes, and polar regions. Part IV describes how clouds are perturbed by aerosols, the land-surface, and global warming. Each chapter contains end-of-chapter exercises and further reading sections, making this an ideal resource for advanced students and researchers in climatology, atmospheric science, meteorology, and climate change.

A Student's Manual for A First Course in General Relativity (Paperback): Robert B Scott A Student's Manual for A First Course in General Relativity (Paperback)
Robert B Scott
R592 Discovery Miles 5 920 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

This comprehensive student manual has been designed to accompany the leading textbook by Bernard Schutz, A First Course in General Relativity, and uses detailed solutions, cross-referenced to several introductory and more advanced textbooks, to enable self-learners, undergraduates and postgraduates to master general relativity through problem solving. The perfect accompaniment to Schutz's textbook, this manual guides the reader step-by-step through over 200 exercises, with clear easy-to-follow derivations. It provides detailed solutions to almost half of Schutz's exercises, and includes 125 brand new supplementary problems that address the subtle points of each chapter. It includes a comprehensive index and collects useful mathematical results, such as transformation matrices and Christoffel symbols for commonly studied spacetimes, in an appendix. Supported by an online table categorising exercises, a Maple worksheet and an instructors' manual, this text provides an invaluable resource for all students and instructors using Schutz's textbook.

Interacting Climates of Ocean Basins - Observations, Mechanisms, Predictability, and Impacts (Hardcover): Carlos R. Mechoso Interacting Climates of Ocean Basins - Observations, Mechanisms, Predictability, and Impacts (Hardcover)
Carlos R. Mechoso
R1,811 R1,705 Discovery Miles 17 050 Save R106 (6%) Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Climate variability in different ocean basins can impact one another, for instance the El Nino/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the Pacific Ocean has remote effects on other tropical oceans around the world, which in turn modulate ENSO. With chapters by eminent researchers, this book provides a comprehensive review on how interactions among the climates in different ocean basins are key contributors to global climate variability. It discusses how interbasin interactions are mediated by oceanic and atmospheric bridges and explains exciting new possibilities for enhancing climate prediction globally. The first part of the book covers essential theory and introduces the basic mechanisms for remote connection and local amplification. The second presents outstanding examples. The latter part discusses applications to cases of societal interest such as impacts on monsoon systems and expectations after climate change. This comprehensive reference is a useful resource for graduate students and researchers in the atmospheric and ocean sciences.

Plasma Dynamics for Aerospace Engineering (Hardcover): Joseph J. S. Shang, Sergey T Surzhikov Plasma Dynamics for Aerospace Engineering (Hardcover)
Joseph J. S. Shang, Sergey T Surzhikov
R2,328 Discovery Miles 23 280 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

This valuable resource summarizes the past fifty years' basic research accomplishments in plasma dynamics for aerospace engineering, presenting these results in a comprehensive volume that will be an asset to any professional in the field. It offers a comprehensive review of the foundation of plasma dynamics while integrating the most recently developed modeling and simulation techniques with the theoretic physics, including the state-of-the-art numerical algorithms. Several first-ever demonstrations for innovations and incisive explanations for previously unexplained observations are included. All the necessary formulations for technical evaluation to engineering applications are derived from the first principle by statistic and quantum mechanics, and led to physics-based computational simulations for practical applications. The computer-aided procedures directly engage the reader to duplicate findings that are nearly impossible by using ground-based experimental facilities. Plasma Dynamics for Aerospace Engineering will allow readers to reach an incisive understanding of plasma physics.

Energy Transfers in Atmosphere and Ocean (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2019): Carsten Eden, Armin Iske Energy Transfers in Atmosphere and Ocean (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2019)
Carsten Eden, Armin Iske
R3,287 Discovery Miles 32 870 Ships in 7 - 11 work days

This book describes a recent effort combining interdisciplinary expertise within the Collaborative Research Centre "Energy transfers in atmosphere and ocean" (TRR-181), which was funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG). Energy transfers between the three dynamical regimes - small-scale turbulence, internal gravity waves and geostrophically balanced motion - are fundamental to the energy cycle of both the atmosphere and the ocean. Nonetheless, they remain poorly understood and quantified, and have yet to be adequately represented in today's climate models. Since interactions between the dynamical regimes ultimately link the smallest scales to the largest ones through a range of complex processes, understanding these interactions is essential to constructing atmosphere and ocean models and to predicting the future climate. To this end, TRR 181 combines expertise in applied mathematics, meteorology, and physical oceanography. This book provides an overview of representative specific topics addressed by TRR 181, ranging from - a review of a coherent hierarchy of models using consistent scaling and approximations, and revealing the underlying Hamiltonian structure - a systematic derivation and implementation of stochastic and backscatter parameterisations - an exploration of the dissipation of large-scale mean or eddying balanced flow and ocean eddy parameterisations; and - a study on gravity wave breaking and mixing, the interaction of waves with the mean flow and stratification, wave-wave interactions and gravity wave parameterisations to topics of a more numerical nature such as the spurious mixing and dissipation of advection schemes, and direct numerical simulations of surface waves at the air-sea interface. In TRR 181, the process-oriented topics presented here are complemented by an operationally oriented synthesis focusing on two climate models currently being developed in Germany. In this way, the goal of TRR 181 is to help reduce the biases in and increase the accuracy of atmosphere and ocean models, and ultimately to improve climate models and climate predictions.

Physical Oceanography and Climate (Hardcover): Kris Karnauskas Physical Oceanography and Climate (Hardcover)
Kris Karnauskas
R1,288 Discovery Miles 12 880 Ships in 10 - 20 work days

Climate research over recent decades has shown that the interaction between the ocean and atmosphere drives the global climate system. This engaging and accessible textbook focuses on climate dynamics from the perspective of the upper ocean, and specifically on the interaction between the atmosphere and ocean. It describes the fundamental physics and dynamics governing the behavior of the ocean, and how it interacts with the atmosphere, giving rise to natural climate variability and influencing climate change. Including end-of-chapter questions and turn-key access to online, research-quality data sets, the book allows readers the chance to apply their knowledge and work with real data. Comprehensive information is also provided on the data sets used to produce the numerous illustrations, allowing students to dive deeper into the data themselves. Providing an accessible treatment of physical oceanography, it is perfect for intermediate-advanced students wishing to gain an interdisciplinary introduction to climate science and oceanography.

Long-term Datasets for the Understanding of Solar and Stellar Magnetic Cycles (IAU S340) (Hardcover): Dipankar Banerjee, Jie... Long-term Datasets for the Understanding of Solar and Stellar Magnetic Cycles (IAU S340) (Hardcover)
Dipankar Banerjee, Jie Jiang, Kanya Kusano, Sami Solanki
R2,470 Discovery Miles 24 700 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

The Sun is our nearest star; it is a dynamic star, which changes with time. Solar variations have significant influence on Earth's space environment and climate through the Sun's magnetic field, irradiation and energetic particles. Long-term and reliable historical datasets of solar and stellar activity indices are crucial for understanding the variations and predicting the future solar cycle. IAU Symposium 340 brings together scientists from diverse, interdisciplinary areas to address the latest discoveries from these long-term datasets for the understanding of solar and stellar magnetic cycles. They make comparisons between different datasets and discuss how to make uniform databases. The proceedings of IAU S340 contain a selection of presentations and reviews from internationally renowned experts. They provide an up-to-date account of this field of importance to researchers and advanced students in solar, stellar, space and heliospheric physics.

Physical Processes in Clouds and Cloud Modeling (Hardcover): Alexander P. Khain, Mark Pinsky Physical Processes in Clouds and Cloud Modeling (Hardcover)
Alexander P. Khain, Mark Pinsky
R3,697 Discovery Miles 36 970 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

This book presents the most comprehensive and systematic description currently available of both classical and novel theories of cloud processes, providing a much-needed link between cloud theory, observation, experimental results, and cloud modeling. This volume shows why and how modern models serve as a major tool of investigation of cloud processes responsible for atmospheric phenomena, including climate change. It systematically describes classical as well as recent advancements in cloud physics, including cloud-aerosol interaction; collisions of particles in turbulent clouds; and the formation of multiphase cloud particles. As the first of its kind to serve as a practical guide for using state-of-the-art numerical cloud models, major emphasis is placed on explaining how microphysical processes are treated in modern numerical cloud resolving models. The book will be a valuable resource for advanced students, researchers and numerical model designers in cloud physics, atmospheric science, meteorology, and environmental science.

Climate Change and Terrestrial Ecosystem Modeling (Paperback): Gordon Bonan Climate Change and Terrestrial Ecosystem Modeling (Paperback)
Gordon Bonan
R1,227 Discovery Miles 12 270 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Climate models have evolved into Earth system models with representation of the physics, chemistry, and biology of terrestrial ecosystems. This companion book to Gordon Bonan's Ecological Climatology: Concepts and Applications, Third Edition, builds on the concepts introduced there, and provides the mathematical foundation upon which to develop and understand ecosystem models and their relevance for these Earth system models. The book bridges the disciplinary gap among land surface models developed by atmospheric scientists; biogeochemical models, dynamic global vegetation models, and ecosystem demography models developed by ecologists; and ecohydrology models developed by hydrologists. Review questions, supplemental code, and modeling projects are provided, to aid with understanding how the equations are used. The book is an invaluable guide to climate change and terrestrial ecosystem modeling for graduate students and researchers in climate change, climatology, ecology, hydrology, biogeochemistry, meteorology, environmental science, mathematical modeling, and environmental biophysics.

Mesoscale-Convective Processes in the Atmosphere (Hardcover, New): Robert J. Trapp Mesoscale-Convective Processes in the Atmosphere (Hardcover, New)
Robert J. Trapp
R1,637 Discovery Miles 16 370 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

This new textbook seeks to promote a deep yet accessible understanding of mesoscale-convective processes in the atmosphere. Mesoscale-convective processes are commonly manifested in the form of thunderstorms, which are fast evolving, inherently hazardous, and can assume a broad range of sizes and severity. Modern explanations of the convective-storm dynamics, and of the related development of tornadoes, damaging 'straight-line' winds and heavy rainfall, are provided. Students and weather professionals will benefit especially from unique chapters devoted to observations and measurements of mesoscale phenomena, mesoscale prediction and predictability, and dynamical feedbacks between mesoscale-convective processes and larger-scale motions.

Alien Skies - Planetary Atmospheres from Earth to Exoplanets (Paperback, 2014 ed.): Frederic J. Pont Alien Skies - Planetary Atmospheres from Earth to Exoplanets (Paperback, 2014 ed.)
Frederic J. Pont
R1,298 Discovery Miles 12 980 Ships in 7 - 11 work days

Planetary atmospheres are complex and evolving entities, as mankind is rapidly coming to realise whilst attempting to understand, forecast and mitigate human-induced climate change. In the Solar System, our neighbours Venus and Mars provide striking examples of two endpoints of planetary evolution, runaway greenhouse and loss of atmosphere to space. The variety of extra-solar planets brings a wider angle to the issue: from scorching "hot jupiters'' to ocean worlds, exo-atmospheres explore many configurations unknown in the Solar System, such as iron clouds, silicate rains, extreme plate tectonics, and steam volcanoes. Exoplanetary atmospheres have recently become accessible to observations. This book puts our own climate in the wider context of the trials and tribulations of planetary atmospheres. Based on cutting-edge research, it uses a grand tour of the atmospheres of other planets to shine a new light on our own atmosphere, and its relation with life.

Networks in Climate (Hardcover): Henk A. Dijkstra, Emilio Hernandez-Garcia, Cristina Masoller, Marcelo Barreiro Networks in Climate (Hardcover)
Henk A. Dijkstra, Emilio Hernandez-Garcia, Cristina Masoller, Marcelo Barreiro
R2,400 Discovery Miles 24 000 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Over the last two decades the complex network paradigm has proven to be a fruitful tool for the investigation of complex systems in many areas of science; for example, the Internet, neural networks and social networks. This book provides an overview of applications of network theory to climate variability, such as the El Nino/Southern Oscillation and the Indian Monsoon, presenting recent important results obtained with these techniques and showing their potential for further development and research. The book is aimed at researchers and graduate students in climate science. A basic background in physics and mathematics is required. Several of the methodologies presented here will also be valuable to a broader audience of those interested in network science, for example, from biomedicine, ecology and economics.

Statistical Downscaling and Bias Correction for Climate Research (Hardcover): Douglas Maraun, Martin Widmann Statistical Downscaling and Bias Correction for Climate Research (Hardcover)
Douglas Maraun, Martin Widmann
R1,335 Discovery Miles 13 350 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Statistical downscaling and bias correction are becoming standard tools in climate impact studies. This book provides a comprehensive reference to widely-used approaches, and additionally covers the relevant user context and technical background, as well as a synthesis and guidelines for practitioners. It presents the main approaches including statistical downscaling, bias correction and weather generators, along with their underlying assumptions, skill and limitations. Relevant background information on user needs and observational and climate model uncertainties is complemented by concise introductions to the most important concepts in statistical and dynamical modelling. A substantial part is dedicated to the evaluation of regional climate projections and their value in different user contexts. Detailed guidelines for the application of downscaling and the use of downscaled information in practice complete the volume. Its modular approach makes the book accessible for developers and practitioners, graduate students and experienced researchers, as well as impact modellers and decision makers.

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