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Books > Science & Mathematics > Physics > Atomic & molecular physics

Thermodynamics and Control of Open Quantum Systems (Hardcover): Gershon Kurizki, Abraham G. Kofman Thermodynamics and Control of Open Quantum Systems (Hardcover)
Gershon Kurizki, Abraham G. Kofman
R1,564 Discovery Miles 15 640 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

The control of open quantum systems and their associated quantum thermodynamic properties is a topic of growing importance in modern quantum physics and quantum chemistry research. This unique and self-contained book presents a unifying perspective of such open quantum systems, first describing the fundamental theory behind these formidably complex systems, before introducing the models and techniques that are employed to control their quantum thermodynamics processes. A detailed discussion of real quantum devices is also covered, including quantum heat engines and quantum refrigerators. The theory of open quantum systems is developed pedagogically, from first principles, and the book is accessible to graduate students and researchers working in atomic physics, quantum information, condensed matter physics, and quantum chemistry.

Ultracold Atomic Physics (Hardcover): Hui Zhai Ultracold Atomic Physics (Hardcover)
Hui Zhai
R1,537 R1,447 Discovery Miles 14 470 Save R90 (6%) Ships in 12 - 17 work days

The field of ultracold atomic physics has developed rapidly during the last two decades, and currently encompasses a broad range of topics in physics, with a variety of important applications in topics ranging from quantum computing and simulation to quantum metrology, and can be used to probe fundamental many-body effects such as superconductivity and superfluidity. Beginning with the underlying and including the most cutting-edge experimental developments, this textbook covers essential topics such as Bose-Einstein condensation of alkali atoms, studies of BEC-BCS crossover in degenerate Fermi gas, synthetic gauge fields and Hubbard models, and many-body localization and dynamical gauge fields. Key physical concepts, such as symmetry and universality highlight the connections between different systems, and theory is developed with plain derivations supported by experimental results. This self-contained and modern text will be invaluable for researchers, graduate students and advanced undergraduates studying cold atom physics, from both a theoretical and experimental perspective.

Higgs Discovery: The Power of Empty Space (Paperback): Lisa Randall Higgs Discovery: The Power of Empty Space (Paperback)
Lisa Randall
R196 Discovery Miles 1 960 Ships in 7 - 11 work days

On July 4, 2012, physicists at the Large Hadron Collider in Geneva madehistory when they discovered an entirely new type of subatomic particle that many scientists believe is the Higgs boson. For forty years, physicists searched for this capstone to the Standard Model of particle physics--the theory that describes both the most elementary components that are known in matter and the forces through which they interact. This particle points to the Higgs field, which provides the key to understanding why elementary particles have mass. In Higgs Discovery, Lisa Randall explains the science behind this monumental discovery, its exhilarating implications, and the power of empty space.

Atomic-Molecular Ionization by Electron Scattering - Theory and Applications (Hardcover): K. N. Joshipura, Nigel Mason Atomic-Molecular Ionization by Electron Scattering - Theory and Applications (Hardcover)
K. N. Joshipura, Nigel Mason
R2,754 Discovery Miles 27 540 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

A comprehensive and up-to-date text in the field of electron scattering and ionization, covering fundamentals, experimental background, quantum scattering theories and applications. Electron impact ionization of atoms and molecules in ground/metastable states is discussed comprehensively. The text covers electron scattering phenomena for diatomic and common molecules, polyatomic molecules and radicals including hydro-carbons, fluoro-carbons and other larger molecules together with relevant radical species in detail. Applications of electron impact ionization and excitation in gaseous or plasma and condensed matter is discussed in a separate chapter. Recent advances in the field of electron molecule scattering and ionization for polyatomic molecules is covered extensively.

Atoms, Mechanics, and Probability - Ludwig Boltzmann's Statistico-Mechanical Writings - An Exegesis (Paperback): Olivier... Atoms, Mechanics, and Probability - Ludwig Boltzmann's Statistico-Mechanical Writings - An Exegesis (Paperback)
Olivier Darrigol
R909 R855 Discovery Miles 8 550 Save R54 (6%) Ships in 12 - 17 work days

One of the pillars of modern science, statistical mechanics, owes much to one man, the Austrian physicist Ludwig Boltzmann (1844-1906). As a result of his unusual working and writing styles, his enormous contribution remains little read and poorly understood. The purpose of this book is to make the Boltzmann corpus more accessible to physicists, philosophers, and historians, and so give it new life. The means are introductory biographical and historical materials, detailed and lucid summaries of every relevant publication, and a final chapter of critical synthesis. Special attention is given to Boltzmann's theoretical tool-box and to his patient construction of lofty formal systems even before their full conceptual import could be known. This constructive tendency largely accounts for his lengthy style, for the abundance of new constructions, for the relative vagueness of their object-and for the puzzlement of commentators. This book will help the reader cross the stylistic barrier and see how ingeniously Boltzmann combined atoms, mechanics, and probability to invent new bridges between the micro- and macro-worlds.

From Data to Quanta - Niels Bohr's Vision of Physics (Hardcover): Slobodan Perovic From Data to Quanta - Niels Bohr's Vision of Physics (Hardcover)
Slobodan Perovic
R917 Discovery Miles 9 170 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Niels Bohr was a central figure in quantum physics, well known for his work on atomic structure and his contributions to the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics. In this book, philosopher of science Slobodan Perovic explores the way Bohr practiced and understood physics and analyzes its implications for our understanding of modern science. Perovic develops a novel approach to Bohr's understanding of physics and his method of inquiry, presenting an exploratory symbiosis of historical and philosophical analysis that uncovers the key aspects of Bohr's philosophical vision of physics within a given historical context. To better understand the methods that produced Bohr's breakthrough results in quantum phenomena, Perovic clarifies the nature of Bohr's engagement with the experimental side of physics and lays out the basic distinctions and concepts that characterize his approach. Rich and insightful, Perovic's take on the early history of quantum mechanics and its methodological ramifications sheds vital new light on one of the key figures of modern physics.

The Molecular Switch - Signaling and Allostery (Hardcover): Rob Phillips The Molecular Switch - Signaling and Allostery (Hardcover)
Rob Phillips
R1,425 Discovery Miles 14 250 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

A signature feature of living organisms is their ability to carry out purposeful actions by taking stock of the world around them. To that end, cells have an arsenal of signaling molecules linked together in signaling pathways, which switch between inactive and active conformations. The Molecular Switch articulates a biophysical perspective on signaling, showing how allostery-a powerful explanation of how molecules function across all biological domains-can be reformulated using equilibrium statistical mechanics, applied to diverse biological systems exhibiting switching behaviors, and successfully unify seemingly unrelated phenomena. Rob Phillips weaves together allostery and statistical mechanics via a series of biological vignettes, each of which showcases an important biological question and accompanying physical analysis. Beginning with the study of ligand-gated ion channels and their role in problems ranging from muscle action to vision, Phillips then undertakes increasingly sophisticated case studies, from bacterial chemotaxis and quorum sensing to hemoglobin and its role in mammalian physiology. He looks at G-protein coupled receptors as well as the role of allosteric molecules in gene regulation. Phillips concludes by surveying problems in biological fidelity and offering a speculative chapter on the relationship between allostery and biological Maxwell demons. Appropriate for graduate students and researchers in biophysics, physics, engineering, biology, and neuroscience, The Molecular Switch presents a unified, quantitative model for describing biological signaling phenomena.

Advanced Detectors for Nuclear, High Energy and Astroparticle Physics - Proceedings of ADNHEAP 2017 (Paperback, Softcover... Advanced Detectors for Nuclear, High Energy and Astroparticle Physics - Proceedings of ADNHEAP 2017 (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 2018)
Saikat Biswas, Supriya Das, Sanjay Kumar Ghosh
R3,034 Discovery Miles 30 340 Ships in 7 - 11 work days

The book presents high-quality papers presented at a national conference on 'Advanced Detectors for Nuclear, High Energy and Astroparticle Physics'. The conference was organized to commemorate 100 years of Bose Institute. The book is based on the theme of the conference and provides a clear picture of basics and advancement of detectors for nuclear physics, high-energy physics and astroparticle physics together. The topics covered in the book include detectors for accelerator-based high energy physics; detectors for non-accelerator particle physics; nuclear physics detectors; detection techniques in astroparticle physics and dark matter; and applications and simulations. The book will be a good reference for researchers and industrial personnel working in the area of nuclear and astroparticle physics.

Electroweak Baryogenesis and Its Phenomenology (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2018): Kaori Fuyuto Electroweak Baryogenesis and Its Phenomenology (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2018)
Kaori Fuyuto
R3,005 Discovery Miles 30 050 Ships in 7 - 11 work days

This thesis focuses on one of the mechanisms for solving the baryon asymmetry of the Universe (BAU) which is a long-standing open question in both particle physics and cosmophysics. Electroweak baryogenesis (EWBG) is one attractive hypothetical scenario to solve this mystery because it can be verified by collider experiments. The author aims to clarify the possibility of EWBG, and to show its verifiability using the Higgs physics and electric dipole moments (EDMs) of an electron, neutron, and proton. The thesis begins with a review of the BAU and EWBG. Subsequently, the possibility of EWBG in one effective model is discussed, which can be applied to some motivated physics beyond the Standard Model. Numerical analyses of electroweak phase transition and sphaleron solution are presented, and the closed time path formalism is also explained to estimate the BAU. After essential calculations for investigation of the possibility of EWBG, the relationship between the BAU and EDMs is described. Through the discussion of the result, it is concluded that both EDMs and the Higgs physics verify the scenario completely. The whole discussion in this thesis causes us to accept the current situation that is ripe for verification of EWBG.

Graphene Photonics (Hardcover): Jia-ming Liu, I-Tan Lin Graphene Photonics (Hardcover)
Jia-ming Liu, I-Tan Lin
R1,814 Discovery Miles 18 140 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Understand the fundamental concepts, theoretical background, major experimental observations, and device applications of graphene photonics with this self-contained text. Systematically and rigorously developing each concept and theoretical model from the ground up, it guides readers through the major topics, from basic properties and band structure to electronic, optical, optoelectronic, and nonlinear optical properties, and plasmonics and photonic devices. The connections between theory, modeling, experiment, and device concepts are demonstrated throughout, and every optical process is analyzed through formal electromagnetic analysis. Suitable for both self-study and a one-semester or one-quarter course, this is the ideal text for graduate students and researchers in photonics, optoelectronics, nanoscience and nanotechnology, and optical and solid-state physics, who are working in this rapidly developing field.

Time: From Earth Rotation to Atomic Physics (Hardcover, 2nd Revised edition): Dennis D. McCarthy, P.Kenneth Seidelmann Time: From Earth Rotation to Atomic Physics (Hardcover, 2nd Revised edition)
Dennis D. McCarthy, P.Kenneth Seidelmann
R1,755 R1,586 Discovery Miles 15 860 Save R169 (10%) Ships in 12 - 17 work days

In the twenty-first century, we take the means to measure time for granted, without contemplating the sophisticated concepts on which our time scales are based. This volume presents the evolution of concepts of time and methods of time keeping up to the present day. It outlines the progression of time based on sundials, water clocks, and the Earth's rotation, to time measurement using pendulum clocks, quartz crystal clocks, and atomic frequency standards. Time scales created as a result of these improvements in technology and the development of general and special relativity are explained. This second edition has been updated throughout to describe twentieth- and twenty-first-century advances and discusses the redefinition of SI units and the future of UTC. A new chapter on time and cosmology has been added. This broad-ranging reference benefits a diverse readership, including historians, scientists, engineers, educators, and it is accessible to general readers.

Signal Processing and Analysis Techniques for Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2022): Cristian... Signal Processing and Analysis Techniques for Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2022)
Cristian Monea, Nicu Bizon
R2,997 Discovery Miles 29 970 Ships in 7 - 11 work days

This book is about improving prohibited substances detection using the nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) technique at security checkpoints. The book proposes multiple signal processing and analysis techniques for improving detection of dangerous or contraband substances, such as explosives, narcotics, or toxic substances. Also, several hardware solutions are described and implemented in a custom-designed NQR spectrometer. A new approach to NQR signal detection is introduced using artificial intelligence/deep learning techniques. The book will be useful for for researchers and practitioners in the areas of electrical engineering, signal processing and analysis, applied spectroscopy, as well as for security or laboratory equipment manufacturers.

Electroweak Physics at the LHC (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2016): Matthias U. Mozer Electroweak Physics at the LHC (Hardcover, 1st ed. 2016)
Matthias U. Mozer
R3,066 Discovery Miles 30 660 Ships in 7 - 11 work days

The book discusses the recent experimental results obtained at the LHC that involve electroweak bosons. The results are placed into an appropriate theoretical and historical context. The work pays special attention to the rising subject of hadronically decaying bosons with high boosts, documenting the state-of-the-art identification techniques and highlighting typical results. The text is not limited to electroweak physics in the strict sense, but also discusses the use of electroweak vector-bosons as tool in the study of other subjects in particle physics, such as determinations of the proton structure or the search for new exotic particles. The book is particularly well suited for graduate students, starting their thesis work on topics that involve electroweak bosons, as the book provides a comprehensive description of phenomena observable at current accelerators as well as a summary of the most relevant experimental techniques.

Sandbows and Black Lights - Reflections on Optics (Hardcover): Stephen R. Wilk Sandbows and Black Lights - Reflections on Optics (Hardcover)
Stephen R. Wilk
R812 Discovery Miles 8 120 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Why are candle flames yellow? Why does ultraviolet light supposedly kill vampires? What about the monocle? Why was the monocle-a corrective lens that only corrects vision in a single eye-so popular among businessmen and politicians for so many years? Stephen R. Wilk answers all this and so much more in Sandbows and Black Lights. This book is a collection of original essays on weird and unusual topics surrounding optics. Wilk uses the BBC's formula of "Education by Stealth" to explain unusual facets of science and technology through the matrix of interesting and cultural paths, all the while weaving in math equations in an accessible way. The first part of the book focuses on the history, the second moves to odd scientific approaches to visual phenomena, and the third part explains the unique use of optics in fiction, movies, and comic books over time. Chapters cover everything from endless corridors to the beam of light over treasure chests in movies. Whether he is explaining a rare discovery or answering a seemingly unapproachable question, Wilk is able to lure readers in on every page. He has a unique ability to turn complex science into an engaging story, and this book is full of narratives on esoteric topics anyone will find intriguing. Sandbows and Black Lights provides an enticing and entertaining look at physical illusions in a whole new way.

Nuclear Physics - Experimental and Theoretical (Hardcover, 2nd Revised edition): H.S. Hans Nuclear Physics - Experimental and Theoretical (Hardcover, 2nd Revised edition)
H.S. Hans
R1,528 Discovery Miles 15 280 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

This comprehensive text presents not only a detailed exposition of the basic principles of nuclear physics but also provides a contemporary flavour by covering the recent developments in the field. Starting with a synoptic view of the subject, the book explains various physical phenomena in nuclear physics along with experimental methods of measurement. Nuclear forces as encountered in two body problems are detailed next followed by the problems of radioactive decay. Nuclear reactions are then comprehensively explained along with the various models of reaction mechanism. This is followed by recent developments like the pre-equilibrium model and heavy ions induced reaction.

The Nature of the Atom - An Introduction to the Structured Atom Model (Paperback): Edo Kaal, Andreas Otte, James Sorensen, Jan... The Nature of the Atom - An Introduction to the Structured Atom Model (Paperback)
Edo Kaal, Andreas Otte, James Sorensen, Jan Emming
R725 R594 Discovery Miles 5 940 Save R131 (18%) Ships in 7 - 11 work days
Extreme States of Matter in Strong Interaction Physics - An Introduction (Paperback, 2nd ed. 2018): Helmut Satz Extreme States of Matter in Strong Interaction Physics - An Introduction (Paperback, 2nd ed. 2018)
Helmut Satz
R2,775 Discovery Miles 27 750 Ships in 7 - 11 work days

This book is a course-tested primer on the thermodynamics of strongly interacting matter - a profound and challenging area of both theoretical and experimental modern physics. Analytical and numerical studies of statistical quantum chromodynamics provide the main theoretical tool, while in experiments, high-energy nuclear collisions are the key for extensive laboratory investigations. As such, the field straddles statistical, particle and nuclear physics, both conceptually and in the methods of investigation used. The book addresses, above all, the many young scientists starting their scientific research in this field, providing them with a general, self-contained introduction that highlights the basic concepts and ideas and explains why we do what we do. Much of the book focuses on equilibrium thermodynamics: first it presents simplified phenomenological pictures, leading to critical behavior in hadronic matter and to a quark-hadron phase transition. This is followed by elements of finite temperature lattice QCD and an exposition of the important results obtained through the computer simulation of the lattice formulation. It goes on to clarify the relationship between the resulting critical behavior due to symmetry breaking/restoration in QCD, before turning to the QCD phase diagram. The presentation of bulk equilibrium thermodyamics is completed by studying the properties of the quark-gluon plasma as a new state of strongly interacting matter. The final chapters of the book are devoted to more specific topics that arise when nuclear collisions are considered as a tool for the experimental study of QCD thermodynamics. This second edition includes a new chapter on the hydrodynamic evolution of the medium produced in nuclear collisions. Since the study of flow for strongly interacting fluids has gained ever-increasing importance over the years, it is dealt with it in some detail, including comments on gauge/gravity duality. Moreover, other aspects of experimental studies are brought up to date, such as the search for critical behavior in multihadron production, the calibration of quarkonium production in nuclear collisions, and the relation between strangeness suppression and deconfinement.

Handbook of Nuclear Engineering - Vol. 1: Nuclear Engineering Fundamentals; Vol. 2: Reactor Design; Vol. 3: Reactor Analysis;... Handbook of Nuclear Engineering - Vol. 1: Nuclear Engineering Fundamentals; Vol. 2: Reactor Design; Vol. 3: Reactor Analysis; Vol. 4: Reactors of Generations III and IV; Vol. 5: Fuel Cycles, Decommissioning, Waste Disposal and Safeguards (Hardcover, 2010 ed.)
Dan Gabriel Cacuci
R42,739 Discovery Miles 427 390 Ships in 7 - 11 work days

The Handbook of Nuclear Engineering is an authoritative compilation of information regarding methods and data used in all phases of nuclear engineering. Addressing nuclear engineers and scientists at all academic levels, this five volume set provides the latest findings in nuclear data and experimental techniques, reactor physics, kinetics, dynamics and control. Readers will also find a detailed description of data assimilation, model validation and calibration, sensitivity and uncertainty analysis, fuel management and cycles, nuclear reactor types and radiation shielding. A discussion of radioactive waste disposal, safeguards and non-proliferation, and fuel processing with partitioning and transmutation is also included. As nuclear technology becomes an important resource of non-polluting sustainable energy in the future, The Handbook of Nuclear Engineering is an excellent reference for practicing engineers, researchers and professionals.

Niels Bohr: A Very Short Introduction (Paperback): J. L. Heilbron Niels Bohr: A Very Short Introduction (Paperback)
J. L. Heilbron
R233 R193 Discovery Miles 1 930 Save R40 (17%) Ships in 10 - 20 work days

Niels Bohr, who pioneered the quantum theory of the atom, had a broad conception of his obligations as a physicist. They included not only a responsibility for the consequences of his work for the wider society, but also a compulsion to apply the philosophy he deduced from his physics to improving ordinary people's understanding of the moral universe they inhabit. In some of these concerns Bohr resembled Einstein, although Einstein could not accept what he called the "tranquilizing philosophy" with which Bohr tried to resolve such ancient conundrums as the nature (or possibility) of free will. In this Very Short Introduction John Heilbron draws on sources never before presented in English to cover the life and work of one of the most creative physicists of the 20th century. In addition to his role as a scientist, Heilbron considers Bohr as a statesman and Danish cultural icon, who built scientific institutions and pushed for the extension of international cooperation in science to all nation states. As a humanist he was concerned with the cultivation of all sides of the individual, and with the complementary contributions of all peoples to the sum of human culture. Throughout, Heilbron considers how all of these aspects of Bohr's personality influenced his work, as well as the science that made him, in the words of Sir Henry Dale, President of the Royal Society of London, probably the "first among all the men of all countries who are now active in any department of science." ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis - Thermonuclear History in the Early Universe (Paperback, 1st ed. 2018): Masa-aki Hashimoto, Riou... Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis - Thermonuclear History in the Early Universe (Paperback, 1st ed. 2018)
Masa-aki Hashimoto, Riou Nakamura, E. P. Berni Ann Thushari, Kenzo Arai
R1,387 R1,236 Discovery Miles 12 360 Save R151 (11%) Ships in 12 - 17 work days

The book reviews theories of nucleosynthesis in big-bang cosmology. It introduces the standard model of cosmology, astronuclear reactions, numerical techniques for nucleosynethsis, and describes in detail the theories that go beyond the standard models, enabling readers to grasp the physics of big-bang nucleosynthesis on the basis of cosmology, general relativity and nuclear physics. In addition, the authors provide insights into the theoretical constrains required by observations. As a consequence, readers find out that big-bang nucleosynthesis still has windows opened to another cosmology. Although the book focuses on highly advanced topics, it is concisely written and mathematical derivations are explained step-by-step, making it accessible to graduate readers. Thus it is a short monograph appealing to a variety of readers interested in nucleosynthesis of big-bang cosmology.

Asymptotic Diffraction Theory and Nuclear Scattering (Hardcover): Roy J. Glauber, Per Osland Asymptotic Diffraction Theory and Nuclear Scattering (Hardcover)
Roy J. Glauber, Per Osland
R2,750 Discovery Miles 27 500 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Scattering theory provides a framework for understanding the scattering of waves and particles. This book presents a simple physical picture of diffractive nuclear scattering in terms of semi-classical trajectories, illustrated throughout with examples and case studies. Trajectories in a complex impact parameter plane are discussed, and it stresses the importance of the analytical properties of the phase shift function in this complex impact plane in the asymptotic limit. Several new rainbow phenomena are also discussed and illustrated. Written by Nobel Prize winner Roy J. Glauber, and Per Osland, an expert in the field of particle physics, the book illustrates the transition from quantum to classical scattering, and provides a valuable resource for researchers using scattering theory in nuclear, particle, atomic and molecular physics.

Simply Quantum Physics (Hardcover): Dk Simply Quantum Physics (Hardcover)
Dk
R280 R238 Discovery Miles 2 380 Save R42 (15%) Ships in 10 - 20 work days

A clear, simple, graphic-led introduction to quantum physics. Are you short of time but hungry for knowledge? This beginner's quantum physics book proves that sometimes less is more. Bold graphics and easy-to-understand explanations make it the most accessible guide to quantum physics on the market. Understanding Quantum Physics Has Never Been Easier This illuminating reference book introduces you to the greatest physicists of the 20th and 21st centuries such as Albert Einstein, Neils Bohr, Erwin Schroedinger, Richard Feynman, and more! It's the perfect gift for anyone interested in physics or science in general and life-long learners. This book about quantum physics offers you: - Simple, easy-to-understand graphics that help to convey information in a visual way - Clear, authoritative text that explains 100 key concepts - Introduction to theoretical ideas and their everyday applications This smart but powerful guide cuts through the jargon and gives you the facts in a clear, visual way. Step inside the strange and fascinating world of subatomic physics that at times seems to conflict with common sense. Unlock the mysteries of more than 100 key ideas, from quantum mechanics basics to the uncertainty principle and quantum tunnelling. Each pared-back, single-page entry demystifies the groundbreaking ideas in modern science. From Schroedinger's Cat and quantum teleportation to atoms and gravity, Simply Quantum Physics is the ultimate jargon-free overview of the subject. Whether you're a physics student or just an interested layman, this indispensable guide is packed with everything you need to quickly and easily understand the basics. Complete the Series: Part of DK Book's exciting, brand-new reference series for those who are time-poor, but keen to learn more. Discover the mysteries of more key philosophical ideas in Simply Philosophy.

Hot Molecules, Cold Electrons - From the Mathematics of Heat to the Development of the Trans-Atlantic Telegraph Cable... Hot Molecules, Cold Electrons - From the Mathematics of Heat to the Development of the Trans-Atlantic Telegraph Cable (Hardcover)
Paul J. Nahin
R466 Discovery Miles 4 660 Ships in 12 - 17 work days

An entertaining mathematical exploration of the heat equation and its role in the triumphant development of the trans-Atlantic telegraph cable Heat, like gravity, shapes nearly every aspect of our world and universe, from how milk dissolves in coffee to how molten planets cool. The heat equation, a cornerstone of modern physics, demystifies such processes, painting a mathematical picture of the way heat diffuses through matter. Presenting the mathematics and history behind the heat equation, Hot Molecules, Cold Electrons tells the remarkable story of how this foundational idea brought about one of the greatest technological advancements of the modern era. Paul Nahin vividly recounts the heat equation's tremendous influence on society, showing how French mathematical physicist Joseph Fourier discovered, derived, and solved the equation in the early nineteenth century. Nahin then follows Scottish physicist William Thomson, whose further analysis of Fourier's explorations led to the pioneering trans-Atlantic telegraph cable. This feat of engineering reduced the time it took to send a message across the ocean from weeks to minutes. Readers also learn that Thomson used Fourier's solutions to calculate the age of the earth, and, in a bit of colorful lore, that writer Charles Dickens relied on the trans-Atlantic cable to save himself from a career-damaging scandal. The book's mathematical and scientific explorations can be easily understood by anyone with a basic knowledge of high school calculus and physics, and MATLAB code is included to aid readers who would like to solve the heat equation themselves. A testament to the intricate links between mathematics and physics, Hot Molecules, Cold Electrons offers a fascinating glimpse into the relationship between a formative equation and one of the most important developments in the history of human communication.

The Physics of Nuclear Reactors (Paperback, Softcover Reprint of the Original 1st 2017 ed.): Serge Marguet The Physics of Nuclear Reactors (Paperback, Softcover Reprint of the Original 1st 2017 ed.)
Serge Marguet
R4,112 Discovery Miles 41 120 Ships in 7 - 11 work days
Quantum Weirdness (Paperback): William J Mullin Quantum Weirdness (Paperback)
William J Mullin
R537 R505 Discovery Miles 5 050 Save R32 (6%) Ships in 12 - 17 work days

Quantum mechanics allows a remarkably accurate description of nature and powerful predictive capabilities. The analyses of quantum systems and their interpretation lead to many surprises, for example, the ability to detect the characteristics of an object without ever touching it in any way, via "interaction-free measurement," or the teleportation of an atomic state over large distances. The results can become downright bizarre. Quantum mechanics is a subtle subject that usually involves complicated mathematics - calculus, partial differential equations, etc., for complete understanding. Most texts for general audiences avoid all mathematics. The result is that the reader misses almost all deep understanding of the subject, much of which can be probed with just high-school level algebra and trigonometry. Thus, readers with that level of mathematics can learn so much more about this fundamental science. The book starts with a discussion of the basic physics of waves (an appendix reviews some necessary classical physics concepts) and then introduces the fundamentals of quantum mechanics, including the wave function, superposition, entanglement, Bell's theorem, etc., and applications to Bose-Einstein condensation, quantum computing, and much more. The interpretation of the mathematics of quantum mechanics into a world view has been the subject of much controversy. The result is a variety of conflicting interpretations, from the famous Copenhagen view of Bohr to the multiple universes of Everett. We discuss these interpretations in the chapter "What is a wave function?" and include some very recent advances, for example, quantum Bayesianism, and measurements of the reality of the wave function.

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