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Tower Bridge, close to the Tower of London, is one of the best-known and most recognizable bridges in the world. Opened on 30 June 1894, this combined suspension and bascule bridge was designed by architect Sir Horace Jones and engineer Sir John Wolfe Barry. This new book, published to mark the 125th anniversary of its opening, will explore the history of the bridge, set it into the context of the River Thames and its crossings, and will, above all, focus on its design and construction. Highly illustrated with old and new images, from material held in the London Metropolitan Archives to specially commissioned photographs, Tower Bridge: History * Engineering * Design is a major new illustrated study of a remarkable piece of architecture and engineering.
Tower Bridge is one of the most famous bridges in the world. Designed by Sir Horace Jones (1819-1887) and engineer Sir John Wolfe Barry (1836-1918) over a period of eight years, it was the largest and most advanced bascule bridge ever completed when it opened in 1894, requiring 11,000 tons of steel and involving more than 400 construction workers. This impressive feat of engineering helped sustain the growing commercial activity at the docks and warehouses in East London, and the sudden influx of daily commuters brought in from the newly built London Bridge station. Still in full use today, the bridge is lifted an average of 850 times a year. This Victorian masterpiece remains a highly important crossing on the River Thames, as well as being one of London's defining landmarks. This compelling album of photographs by Harry Cory Wright allows us to experience the awe-inspiring structure of Tower Bridge in exquisite detail, from the intricate machinery and original mechanisms inside the control rooms and secret corridors, to the great cavernous space within the bascule chamber. It includes an interview with Senior Technical Officer Glen Ellis, who shares his own daily experience of lifting the bridge, evoking an incredibly vivid sense of `being there'.
Tower Bridge is one of London's most recognisable landmarks. Visited by some 830,000 sightseers every year it is famous the world over as an icon of England's capital city. In 2019 the bridge celebrates its 125th anniversary. John M. Smith describes its genesis and construction, the larger-than-life characters that drove the project forward, and the novel technologies employed in the bridge's design and operation. Supported with a wealth of fascinating original drawings, historic and contemporary photographs, the Haynes Tower Bridge Manual takes readers the behind the scenes to reveal the innermost workings of this major London landmark.
From abandoned structures that have long ceased to take you anywhere to today's feats of engineering, Bridges is a pictorial celebration of 150 suspension bridges, iron bridges, stone bridges, aqueducts, viaducts, railway bridges, footbridges and rope bridges. Organised in sections such as abandoned bridges, classic bridges and superstructures, the book contains an immense range of wooden, stone, iron, steel and concrete bridges. There are tiny village bridges and vast bridges, narrow bridges and motorway-wide bridges, bridges that act as dams and bridges that support buildings, covered bridges, famous bridges and little-known gems. From San Francisco's Golden Gate bridge to the 21st century Millau Viaduct in France - the tallest bridge in the world, from the Roman aqueduct in Segovia, Spain, to farmers still building bamboo bridges, the book draws examples from all over the world. Ranging from the Rocky Mountains to Siberia and Iran, a picture emerges of not only how new technologies have made it possible for bridges to be built, but also how bridges have themselves been catalysts for social change. And when they have been abandoned, such as in former gold rush towns, these bridges tell their own stories of how the world moves on. Presented in a landscape format and with 150 outstanding colour photographs, Bridges is a stunning collection of images.
A New Statesman Book of the Year for 2017
His father conceived of the Brooklyn Bridge, but it was Washington Roebling who built this iconic feat of human engineering after his father's tragic death. It has stood for more than 130 years and is now as much a part of New York as the Statue of Liberty or the Empire State Building. Yet, as recognisable as the bridge is, its builder is too often forgotten.
The Chief Engineer is a brilliant examination of the life of one of America's most distinguished engineers. Roebling's experience as an engineer building bridges in the Union Army during the civil War has never before been documented, and played a central role in the bridge that links Brooklyn and Manhattan. The Brooklyn Bridge took fourteen dramatic years to complete, and the personal story that lay behind that construction is told here for the first time.
The Chief Engineer is an engaging portrait of a brilliant and driven man, and of the era in which he lived. Meticulously researched, and written with revealing archival material only recently uncovered, including Washington Roebling's own memoir that was previously thought to be lost to history, in The Chief Engineer Erica Wagner relates the fascinating history of the bridge and its maker.
More than 130 years after its completion, the Brooklyn Bridge remains one of the most extraordinary landmarks and symbols of Brooklyn and New York City-and the story behind this architectural marvel is just as extraordinary. The Brooklyn Bridge was originally designed by John Augustus Roebling, but it was his son, Washington, and his daughter-in-law, Emily, who oversaw the bridge's construction. As work on the bridge went on, Washington developed caisson disease, leaving him bedridden for the majority of the bridge's 14-year construction. Washington's wife, Emily Roebling, took his place running the work site, deftly assuming the role of chief engineer, supervising the project and overseeing the workers, contractors, a hostile press, and greedy city politicians-an unusual position for a woman to take on at the time. In this inspiring graphic novel, author Peter J. Tomasi and illustrator Sara Duvall show the building of the Brooklyn Bridge as it has never been seen before, and the marriage of the Roeblings-based on intellectual equality and mutual support-that made the construction of this iconic structure possible.
The Newport Transporter Bridge was built to meet the needs of industry which had grown to include the east bank of the Usk. Here, Jan Preece illustrates the history of this iconic local landmark from conception to the present day, looking at its unusual design, with only twelve others like it in the world that are still in use, and the impact it had on industry in the area. The stretch of the River Usk close to the bridge has its own rich industrial heritage, from cottage industries of tin makers to shipping and the railways. With a wealth of rare and previously unpublished images, Jan Preece tells these two interconnected stories that form crucial parts of Newport's history.
A comprehensive guide to bridge design Bridge Design - Concepts and Analysis provides a unique approach, combining the fundamentals of concept design and structural analysis of bridges in a single volume. The book discusses design solutions from the authors practical experience and provides insights into conceptual design with concrete, steel or composite bridge solutions as alternatives. Key features: Principal design concepts and analysis are dealt with in a unified approach. Execution methods and evolution of the static scheme during construction are dealt with for steel, concrete and composite bridges. Aesthetics and environmental integration of bridges are considered as an issue for concept design. Bridge analysis, including modelling and detail design aspects, is discussed for different bridge typologies and structural materials. Specific design verification aspects are discussed on the basis of present design rules in Eurocodes. The book is an invaluable guide for postgraduate students studying bridge design, bridge designers and structural engineers.
Bridge Launching comprehensively describes the design and construction of prestressed concrete, steel, composite, and prestressed composite bridges built by incremental launching. Offering explanations of both the theoretical and technological aspects of the construction process, Bridge Launching illustrates worldwide case studies with photographs, sketches and diagrams of state-of-the-art structures. Analysing beam bridges, arch bridges and cable-stayed bridges, the second edition of Bridge Launching outlines key methods for the structural analysis of launched bridges, and provides best practice advice to address time-dependent effects and the buckling of steel girders. Bridge design and construction are thoroughly explored, together with special launch bearings and systems, nose-deck interaction, the loading of temporary and final piers, field monitoring, and data acquisition techniques. Process simulation techniques for optimisation of deck casting are also covered.
Stress Ribbon and Cable-Supported Pedestrian Bridges considers how slender concrete decks are used in the design of suspension and cable stayed structures. It looks at their characteristic feature - their rigidity, which is mainly given by the tension stiffness of prestressed concrete decking, so much so that movement caused by pedestrians or wind does not register as discomfort by users. Starting with a brief history this book describes structural types, addresses general design criteria, current technology, static and dynamic analysis and discusses the results of the static and dynamic loading tests. Illustrated throughout, Stress Ribbon and Cable-Supported Pedestrian Bridges provides numerous international examples and case studies of outstanding structures. This new edition has been fully updated to bring text in to line with Eurocodes and includes new examples and case studies to showcase the advances in design techniques and testing.
Covering a wide range of structural elements and related defects, this collection of twenty concrete bridge strengthening and repair case studies showcases solutions to real problems encountered in the field and the processes by which those solutions were developed. Drawing on a lifetime of experience Atkins consultant Iain Kennedy Reid provides insight into methods of investigation and diagnosis of problems relating to beams, slabs, columns and panel walls, as well as how to apply demand-led research to these problems in a practical way.
Bridges over Water places the study of transboundary water conflicts, negotiation, and cooperation in the context of various disciplines, such as international relations, international law, international negotiations, and economics. It demonstrates their application, using various quantitative approaches, such as river basin modeling, quantitative negotiation theory, and game theory. Case-studies of particular transboundary river basins, lakes, and aquifers are also considered.This second edition updates the literature on international water and in-depth analyses on political developments and cooperation between riparian states. With an appended chapter on principles and practices of negotiation, and a new case study on the La Plata Basin, this edition is a timely update to the field of transboundary water studies.
The Forth Bridge has long been recognised as one of the finest examples of Victorian engineering on the planet and has achieved an iconic status as one of the great feats of western civilisation since its official opening in 1890. Lavishly illustrated throughout with stunning archive images, Elspeth Wills uncovers the human story behind 'the engineering marvel': the story of the Briggers. It is a story that has never been told before - of ordinary men working on an extraordinary structure in an often hostile and dangerous environment. Recognised throughout the world as an enduring icon of Scotland, the Forth Bridge is more than just a testament to the genius of Victorian engineering, it is a monument to all those who worked to realise its vision and to the scores of lives that were lost in the process. In this groundbreaking new work, Elspeth Wills gives a voice to the forgotten heroes who helped to make the ambition of the Bridge a reality.
Examining the fundamental differences between design and analysis, Robert Benaim explores the close relationship between aesthetic and technical creativity and the importance of the intuitive, more imaginative qualities of design that every designer should employ when designing a structure. Aiding designers of concrete bridges in developing an intuitive understanding of structural action, this book encourages innovation and the development of engineering architecture. Simple, relevant calculation techniques that should precede any detailed analysis are summarized. Construction methods used to build concrete bridge decks and substructures are detailed and direct guidance on the choice and the sizing of different types of concrete bridge deck is given. In addition guidance is provided on solving recurring difficult problems of detailed design and realistic examples of the design process are provided. This book enables concrete bridge designers to broaden their scope in design and provides an analysis of the necessary calculations and methods.
Focusing on the conceptual and preliminary stages in bridge design, this practical reference/text addresses the new conceptual criteria employed when evaluating project proposals-considering factors from engineering principles and architectural aspects to structural aesthetics and environmental impact on rural and urban surroundings. Ideal for practitioners preparing preliminary plans for presentation at bridge design competitions, consultants working on the development of structural construction projects, as well as engineering students desiring a lucid introduction to the subject Containing numerous sample problems, examples, and case studies of bridges from around the world, Preliminary Design of Bridges for Architects and Engineers surveys a wide range of topics, including the historical development of bridges key elements to consider at the preliminary phase of design, such as loads, soil conditions for foundations, initial construction and maintenance costs, safety, and materials commercially available computer programs bridge retrofitting, historical restoration, and upgrading basic parameters as well as new trends in conceptual design and more Complete with bibliographic citations, drawings, and photographs, Preliminary Design of Bridges for Architects and Engineers is an excellent on-the-job reference for civil and structural engineers, architects, landscape architects, environmentalists, planners, transportation specialists, and consultants working on bridge construction projects, as well as an edifying text for upper-level undergraduate, graduate, and continuing-education students in these disciplines.
State-of-the-Art Bridge and Highway Rehabilitation and Repair Methods
This authoritative volume offers up-to-date guidance on the latest design techniques, repair methods, specialized software, materials, and advanced maintenance procedures for bridges and highway structures. Focusing on both traditional and nontraditional design issues, "Bridge and Highway Structure Rehabilitation and Repair" clarifies the most recent AASHTO bridge design codes and discusses new analytical and design methodologies, such as the application of load and resistance factor design (LRFD). A wealth of concise explanations, solved examples, and in-depth case studies are included in this comprehensive resource.
COVERAGE INCLUDES: Diagnostic design and selective reconstruction Bridge failure studies and safety engineering Analytical approach to fracture and failure Load and resistance factor rating (LRFR) and redesign Application of LRFD and LRFR methods Inspection and structural health monitoring Bridge widening and replacement strategies Conventional repair methods Advanced repair methods Concrete repair methods Extreme events of flood scour and countermeasures design Guidelines for seismic design and retrofit methods
Building bridges across rivers, canyons, straits and sea represents one of man's greatest endeavours. It has stretched human ingenuity, engineering and material technology to their utmost limits. Their creation has been driven by man's desire, from the earliest times, to make lines of communication possible by foot, horse or engine. Bridges have altered history by joining communities together, extending trade and transporting water to villages and cities. Some are of breathtaking beauty and it is little wonder that they rank among the world's most admired structures. As Marcus Binney writes, `Each one is remarkable in its own way, each a response to a challenge and perhaps the realization of a dream.' This book looks at more than two hundred bridges spanning the world and the centuries. Here you will find, amongst others, an Inca suspension bridge made from grass ropes; the mile-long Roman aqueduct at Caesarea; the bridges of Venice; France's famous Millau Viaduct; the doubledecker, transporter, lift and stilt bridges produced by German precision engineering; Spain's Acueducto del Aguila (glowing in a bright livery of yellow and terracotta red); the awe-inspiring cantilever bridges built by railway engineers across major rivers in North America and India, and the world's longest suspension bridge at Kobe in Japan.
A visual feast brought to life by architectural innovators Cox Rayner - featuring hundreds of spectacular full-color photographs - capturing the sculptural marvel that is Kurilpa Bridge. The Kurilpa Bridge project was an opportunity to not only make a new pedestrian and cycle connection across Brisbane's river, it was an opportunity to form a new public space. The result is a symbol of a city which is forging an identity at the forefront of art, science, and technology. The concept was based upon Buckminster Fuller's principles of tensegrity (tensional integrity). Its priority was to simultaneously resolve unusual physical challenges, such as navigational constraints and motorway spanning, and embrace the spirit of a city which is relaxed, subtropical, and seeking to prioritise walking, cycling, and healthy lifestyle. SELLING POINTS: - Explores and celebrates a bridge made significant by its embodiment of Brisbane's emergence as a contemporary design city, featuring over 150 pages of detailed descriptions and spectacular full-colour photography 28 col., 150 b.andw.
The need for large-scale bridges is constantly growing due to the
enormous infrastructure development around the world. Since the
1970s many of them have been cable-stayed bridges. In 1975 the
largest span length was 404 m, in 1995 it increased to 856 m, and
today it is 1104 m. Thus the economically efficient range of
cable-stayed bridges is tending to move towards even larger spans,
and cable-stayed bridges are increasingly the focus of interest
Developed to comply with the fifth edition of the AASHTO LFRD Bridge Design Specifications --Simplified LRFD Bridge Design is "How To" use the Specifications book. Most engineering books utilize traditional deductive practices, beginning with in-depth theories and progressing to the application of theories. The inductive method in the book uses alternative approaches, literally teaching backwards. The book introduces topics by presenting specific design examples. Theories can be understood by students because they appear in the text only after specific design examples are presented, establishing the need to know theories. The emphasis of the book is on step-by-step design procedures of highway bridges by the LRFD method, and "How to Use" the AASHTO Specifications to solve design problems. Some of the design examples and practice problems covered include: Load combinations and load factors Strength limit states for superstructure design Design Live Load HL- 93 Un-factored and Factored Design Loads Fatigue Limit State and fatigue life; Service Limit State Number of design lanes Multiple presence factor of live load Dynamic load allowance Distribution of Live Loads per Lane Wind Loads, Earthquake Loads Plastic moment capacity of composite steel-concrete beam LRFR Load Rating Simplified LRFD Bridge Design is a study guide for engineers preparing for the PE examination as well as a classroom text for civil engineering students and a reference for practicing engineers. Eight design examples and three practice problems describe and introduce the use of articles, tables, and figures from the AASHTO LFRD Bridge Design Specifications. Whenever articles, tables, and figures in examples appear throughout the text, AASHTO LRFD specification numbers are also cited, so that users can cross-reference the material.
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