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Since the first edition of the Handbook on Drowning in 2005, many epidemiological data have confirmed the burden of drowning in several parts of the world. Studies have increased the understanding of effective drowning prevention strategies, rescue techniques, and treatment options. Much has been learned about submersion and immersion hypothermia, SCUBA-diving injuries, the life-saving preparations of water-related disasters and how to deal with forensic investigations. In this updated second edition, experts from around the world provide a complete overview of current research data, consensus statements and expert opinions. The book Drowning provides evidence-based practical information and has a unique informative value for various groups with tasks, duties and responsibilities in this domain. In addition, the book may be an inspiration for future networks and research initiatives.
As our population ages and multiple factors contribute to an increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease, more patients than ever before will be candidates for implantable devices as part of their treatment for heart rhythm abnormalities. Electrophysiologists have a widening array of sophisticated devices from which to choose, and important new data about efficacy, long-term outcomes and possible complications has emerged, impacting how devices are chosen and utilized. Overall, the management of patients with pacemakers and ICDs and other devices remains a complex topic and the need for clear-headed, expert guidance has never been greater.
Now in its 3rd edition, "Cardiac Pacing, Defibrillation and Resynchronization: A Clinical Approach" is a clinically focused guide to Pacing and ICDs that caregivers can rely on for answers to common but challenging questions on all aspects of device preparation, from selection and programming to proper implantation and long-term patient management.
This new edition of "Cardiac Pacing, Defibrillation and Resynchronization: A Clinical Approach"
- Provides answers to the most common clinical questions - Presents a logical progression from descriptions of devices and indications to hardware selection and proper implementation- Includes important updates in all covered areas, especially in chapters on CRT and ICD therapies, where significant advances have been made recently- Features over 750 illustrations, most in full color
With it's focus on essential clinical information, and sensible, matter-of-fact approach, Cardiac "Pacing, Defibrillation and Resynchronization: A Clinical Approach" is the ideal guide for busy providers. Thoroughly updated to reflect the latest knowledge and with a wealth of visual content to illustrate processes and reinforce key concepts, it is also an invaluable resource for those preparing to take the Electrophysiology boards or other certification examinations.
This extension to the popular "ECGs for the Emergency Physician
Volume 1 "continues to provide the emergency health care provider
with outstanding practical and emergency medicine-relevant teaching
of a life-saving skill: emergency electrocardiography
This volume can be used individually or paired with Volume 1 to present one of the most comprehensive and educational ECG collections ever assembled for emergency physicians and other acute health care providers.
The safe and trusted way to prevent and reverse heart disease Written in plain English and packed with tons of authoritative advice, Preventing & Reversing Heart Disease For Dummies includes the most up-to-date information on coronary heart disease and its treatment. This resource covers new ways to diagnose and treat both short- and long-term complications of heart disease, the latest medications, updated diet and exercise plans, the lowdown on recognizing the risk factors and warning signs of a heart attack, determining if you have heart disease, distinguishing between angina, heart attack, and stroke, and much more. It is projected that by the year 2020, heart disease will be the leading cause of death throughout the world. As the magnitude of cardiovascular diseases continue to accelerate globally, the pressing need for increased awareness and a stronger, more focused national and international response has become more important than ever. Preventing & Reversing Heart Disease For Dummies tackles this vital subject with compassion and authority, outlining the steps you can take to help ensure you don't become just another statistic. Helps you find the right doctor and handle a managed care plan Covers all thirteen types of heart disease and discusses the key differences that may determine their progression and treatment Illustrates how simple changes in diet may be enough to prevent heart disease Shows how you can reverse some of the effects of heart disease through exercise If you're suffering from or are at risk of heart disease-or love someone who is-Preventing & Reversing Heart Disease For Dummies empowers you to take control of heart health and get on a path to a longer, healthier life.
Surgical options for the treatment of degenerative, ischemic, inflammatory, and functional mitral valve diseases have expanded greatly in recent decades. Still, a dilemma exists with employing prosthetic mitral valves - in that mechanical valves exhibit good durability but require anticoagulation versus the unpredictable durability of biological valve prostheses. Over the past few years, it has become clear that reconstruction of the mitral valve with autologous tissues effectively addresses this dilemma, with no need for anticoagulation and excellent durability, combining the best qualities of both prosthetic options without the disadvantages. Moreover, newer repair strategies, such as autologous pericardial leaflet augmentation and artificial choral replacement have expanded reparative approaches into virtually all pathologies, with excellent long-term results as compared to prosthetic valve replacement. At present, mitral repair is becoming the dominant procedure for treatment of virtually all patients with mitral valve disease. This book is designed to illustrate contemporary and sometimes diverse surgical techniques for various types of mitral valve repair with contributions from many of the leaders in the field. Mitral Valve Repair and the recently published Aortic Root Surgery are book publications arising from the Berlin Heart Valve Symposium 2008 entitled " The Biological Solution". The Mitral Valve Repair session was postponed to June 2009 and was featured as the Berlin Mitral Valve Symposium at the joint meeting of the Society for Heart Valve Diseases and the Heart Valve Society of America in Berlin. The book contains a collection of proceedings on current techniques and outcomes of mitral valve repair by many of the experts in this field which provide an authoritative reference source for cardiac surgeons, family practitioners and clinicians.
In one compact resource, Echocardiography Review Guide, 4th Edition, provides both a concise review and an effective self-assessment for exam preparation. Easy-to-digest, bulleted text summarizes key concepts and gives precise step-by-step instructions for performing and interpreting echocardiographic studies. Study and self-assessment questions throughout help you increase your knowledge and identify areas for further study. This study guide is an ideal companion to Dr. Otto's Textbook of Clinical Echocardiography and is a must-have resource for anyone preparing for the echocardiography boards, the PTEeXAM, the diagnostic cardiac sonographer's exam, or other sonography exams. Includes updated images, content, and 30% NEW multiple-choice questions to address changes in the field and in the revised companion text, Textbook of Clinical Echocardiography. Contains concise, step-by-step instructions and questions on all aspects of echo use and interpretation, including how to record echos, avoid pitfalls, perform calculations, and understand the fundamentals for every type of cardiac problem. Teaches and tests in one convenient volume! Questions and answers are fed into an assessment and testing module on the website for convenient learning and review. Helps you prepare for exams with "The Echo Exam" section included in each chapter, which features a summary of how to perform the procedure along with all the necessary calculations, and diagnostic information you may encounter. Offers additional images and examples to help readers understand the concepts presented in the Textbook of Clinical Echocardiography. A quick reference guide and learning tool to keep "in your pocket" for integrating your clinical experience with didactic learning. Enhanced eBook version included with purchase. Your enhanced eBook allows you to access all of the text, figures, and references from the book on a variety of devices.
Since the introduction of coronary angiography, a key technique in understanding coronary artery disease, a number of paradigms regarding its study and interpretation have taken place. Following an emphasis on improved angiographic and subsequent intracoronary imaging techniques, functional assessment of coronary circulation has demonstrated to have major implications for diagnosis and treatment of coronary artery disease. Fractional flow reserve, a pressure derived index of stenosis severity, constitutes the best example of the current importance of physiological assessment in clinical practice. However, the acceptance of FFR by cardiologists contrasts with important voids in knowledge on the basic principles of coronary physiology and of other available techniques that, as an alternative to FFR, allow a more comprehensive assessment of coronary circulation. This is particularly noticeable in the assessment of microcirculation, an unavoidable compartment of coronary circulation that is frequently affected in acute coronary syndromes of in the presence of cardiovascular risk factors or non-coronary heart disease. A deeper understanding of the relationship between epicardial vessel and microcirculatory involvement has started with the advent of newer imaging techniques like invasive optical coherence tomography, and non-invasive CT and NMR techniques. This book aims to be an indispensable tool for clinicians and researches in the field of coronary artery disease. It provides a balanced, comprehensive review of anatomy, physiology and available techniques, discusses both the diagnosis of epicardial vessel and microcirculatory disease, the impact of different diseases at different levels of coronary circulation, and the best way to address a separate or combined assessment of different levels of coronary circulation.
This book is a state-of-the art reference that presents computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) cardiac imaging for the diagnosis and treatment planning of adult congenital heart disease (ACHD). It highlights the advantages of CT and MR in the management of ACHD, focusing on the complementary collaboration between these two modalities where possible. CT and MR aids in the evaluation of cardiac anatomy and function, leading to the demonstration of the full spectrum of abnormalities in complex cardiac malformations and the discovery of anomalous pathologies missed by other imaging techniques. The book includes coverage of these topics: Basic principles and techniques of CT and MR for ACHD Common congenital heart problems in adults such as intracardiac shunts, right and left ventricular outflow tract abnormalities, repaired tetraology of Fallot, cardiomyopathies, aortic arch maldevelopement, anomalous venous return, and coronary vessel anomalies Special considerations such as surgical management of adult patients with congenital heart disease, MRI in repaired congenital heart disease, virtual surgery in congenital heart disease, and cardiac MR in patients with implantable arrhythmia devices Featuring over 500 CT and MR cross-sectional and post-processed images, full color anatomic illustrations, and correlative cadaveric picture, this book is a valuable resource for radiologists, cardiologists, interventional cardiologists, and cardiothoracic surgeons.
This book is ideal for cardiovascular imagers of all backgrounds as well as proceduralists (surgeons and interventional cardiologists) performing TAVR. This text is also of value for the physicians and nurses involved in the care of these patients, and for fellows-in-training. This practical text brings together guidance on using multi-modality imaging in one book and highlights its usage with a focus on patient care. Pre-procedural, Intra-procedural and Long-term follow up), this review offers expert opinion and evidence-based guidance on how to incorporate the various imaging modalities at each step in the care of a TAVR patient. Although much has been learned in the short span of time since TAVR was introduced into the field, our book will also offer recommendations for clinically-relevant research areas that will lead to best practice strategies for incorporating multi-modality imaging into TAVR patient care.
In the past two decades a number of studies have shown that abnormalities in the function and structure of coronary microcirculation can be detected in several cardiovascular diseases. On the basis of the clinical setting in which it occurs, coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) can be classified into four types: CMD in the absence of any other cardiac disease; CMD in myocardial diseases; CMD in obstructive epicardial coronary artery disease; and iatrogenic CMD. In some instances CMD represents an epiphenomenon, whereas in others it represents an important marker of risk or may contribute to the pathogenesis of myocardial ischemia, thus becoming a possible therapeutic target. This book provides an update on coronary physiology and a systematic assessment of microvascular abnormalities in cardiovascular diseases, in the hope that it will assist clinicians in prevention, detection and management of CMD in their everyday activity.
This book presents key concepts in the structure and function of vascular smooth muscle cells in health and disease. Supplemental reading may be drawn from the extensive references listed at the end of each chapter. Vascular smooth muscle cell is the major cell type in blood vessels. Dysfunction of vascular smooth muscle cells is an important cause of vascular diseases, for example, atherosclerosis, hypertension, and circulatory shock. Vascular smooth muscle cells are phenotypically plastic, capable of switching between two major phenotypes - contractile/differentiated phenotype and invasive/proliferative phenotype in response to environmental clues. Chapter 1 introduces the major areas of research presented in this monograph. Chapters 2 to 4 address the structure and function of the contractile/differentiated phenotype of vascular smooth muscle cell. Chapters 5 and 6 address the developmental basis of vascular smooth muscle cell phenotype and structure and function of podosomes (invasive organelles) in the invasive/proliferative phenotype of vascular smooth muscle cell. Chapters 7 to 9 address the role of vascular smooth muscle cell dysfunction in vascular diseases - atherosclerosis, hypertension, and circulatory shock.
Recent research has identified the assessment of myocardial perfusion and viability as another promising CT application for the comprehensive diagnosis of coronary heart disease. In this book, the first to be devoted to this novel application of CT, leading experts from across the world present up-to-date information and consider future directions. After short sections outlining the state of the art in the traditional applications of CT to image structure and function, the full range of CT techniques that may be employed to evaluate the myocardial blood supply are discussed in detail. Similarly, diverse CT approaches for the assessment of myocardial viability are described, with careful consideration of the available experimental and clinical evidence and the role of quantitative imaging. Protocol recommendations that will be of invaluable practical assistance are also provided.
Thrombotic and bleeding disorders affect at least 10 million people in the US alone. There has also been a great deal of concern over travel-related deep vein thrombosis and therefore much more interest and research into the field of blood clotting. This new and concise practical guide will cover all the essentials one needs to know when managing thrombotic and bleeding disorders. The field of haematology is undergoing major advances in thrombosis research, including significant additions to recommended treatment protocols. The Essential Guide to Coagulation will distil the most clinically, up-to-date and relevant material from the literature for all those working in the field.Faced with a bleeding patient, it may be difficult to discern whether blood loss is due to a local factor or secondary to an underlying haemostatic defect. There are a range of simple and specialized laboratory texts which can be performed to further define the cause of bleeding in a patient. Since the first edition there have been many developments in the field including many new anticoagulant drugs. These new classes of direct thrombin inhibitors slow the coagulation cascade by directly binding to thrombin, a clotting factor essential in the clotting process. If thrombin is blocked, clot formation is delayed. A key component of this guide will be the latest treatment strategies available for patients.
The ESC Handbook on Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy, based on the most recent guidelines in cardiovascular pharmacology, and containing a comprehensive A-Z formulary of common and less commonly used cardiac drugs and drug groups, provides practical and accessible guidance on all areas of drug prescribing. Previously published as Drugs in Cardiology, this new edition has been developed by the ESC Working Group on Cardiovascular Pharmacology. Pharmacology is an integral aspect in almost all disciplines within cardiology and all cardiologists use cardiovascular drugs. Completely updated and aligned with the ESC Clinical Practice Guidelines for prescribing, this handbook is essential reading for consultants, registrars in training, general practitioners, specialist cardiac nurses and cardiovascular pharmacologists.
Pocket-sized quick reference emphasizes importance of ECG diagnostics in primary care medicine. This edition includes information on antibradycardia pacemakers, numerous 12-lead ECGs, standardized ECG evaluation sheet, and more. For students, residents, nurses and clinicians.
Prepare yourself for success with this unique cardiology primer which distils the core information you require and presents it in an easily digestible format. * Provides cardiologists with a thorough and up-to-date review of cardiology, from pathophysiology to practical, evidence-based management * Ably synthesizes pathophysiology fundamentals and evidence based approaches to prepare a physician for a subspecialty career in cardiology * Clinical chapters cover coronary artery disease, heart failure, arrhythmias, valvular disorders, pericardial disorders, and peripheral arterial disease * Practical chapters address ECG, coronary angiography, catheterization techniques, ecnocardiography, hemodynamics, and electrophysiological testing * Includes over 650 figures, key notes boxes, references for further study, and coverage of clinical trials * Review questions at the end of each chapter help clarify topics and can be used for Board preparation - over 375 questions in all!
The ECG Made Practical is a clinically-orientated book, showing how the electrocardiogram can help in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with symptoms suggesting cardiovascular disease. The underlying philosophy of this Seventh Edition remains that the ECG has to be interpreted in the light of the patient's history and physical examination, thus the book is organised in chapters according to a patient's symptoms. Clinically-orientated with a quick reference list of cardiovascular conditions Builds on the basic knowledge outlined in the classic ECG Made Easy Emphasises the individuality of every ECG and uses full 12-lead ECG recordings to provide a realistic reproduction of the clinical environment. The unique page size allows presentation of 12-lead ECGs across a single page for clarity. Each chapter begins with a brief account of the relevant history and examination and ends with a short account of what might be done once the ECG has been interpreted. The ECG is a vital part of diagnosis and prolonged ambulatory ECG recording is now commonplace. This Seventh Edition includes a greater focus on ambulatory monitoring and the newer monitoring devices, while developments in pacing systems and defibrillators are described.
This book sheds new light on the diagnosis and treatment of Heart Failure in adult patients with congenital heart disease. This is a rapidly growing clinical issue for this group of patients and the clinical teams caring for them. The book highlights the major clinical dilemmas in diagnosing heart failure in patients with a lifelong cardiac condition and describes in details the utility of biomarkers, complex imaging and functional tests, e.g. the cardiopulmonary exercise testing. A step-wise approach to treatment is described from drug therapy through to devices and transplantation. As such, the book offers an essential guide for cardiologists and cardiac surgeons looking to optimize the management of patients with delicate physiology and complex disease.
Comprehensive, yet practical and concise, the Oxford Specialist Handbook of Pacemakers and ICDs is the ideal training guide on how to implant, follow-up, and troubleshoot pacemakers and ICDs. Fully updated to include new technologies such as subcutaneous ICDs and MRI compatible devices, this new edition provides the latest guidelines and management strategies for the cardiology trainee and cardiac technician. Covering the principles, programming, potential complications, and troubleshooting for pacemakers, ICDs, and cardiac resynchronisation therapy, this title is an invaluable aid for anyone charged with providing or contributing to a pacing, ICD, or implantable loop recorder service. Written in a succinct bullet-point style, the second edition of the Oxford Specialist Handbook of Pacemakers and ICDs delivers key information in an accessible manner, with over 120 figures including x-rays and annotated ECGs to demonstrate pacing techniques and troubleshooting solutions.
Concise, fact-based and packed with images and illustrations The EACVI Echo Handbook is the perfect companion for making both every day and complex clinical decisions. Designed and written by leading experts in the field of echocardiography for use in the clinical arena, this practical handbook provides the necessary information for reviewing, or consulting while performing or reporting on an echo or making clinical decisions based on echo findings. Disease-focussed and succinct, it covers the information needed to accurately perform and interpret echocardiograms, including how to set up the echo-machine to optimize an examination and how to perform echocardiographic disease assessment; the clinical indicators, procedures and contraindications. Linked to EACVI recommendations and the EACVI Core Curriculum The EACVI Echo Handbook is an essential and easily accessible manual on using echocardiography for sonographers and trainee cardiologists that should never be left behind when performing an echocardiogram.
This book is a valuable resource on the subject of off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery, which has recently been developed as a promising technique for reducing surgical damage to patients. Because of the increasing number of older patients who are candidates for a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) operation, less-invasive surgeries are becoming a priority all over the world. Despite some challenges, such as its technical difficulties, emerging questions, and controversies involved, OPCAB surgery in CABG is now the gold standard in Japan. This book, written by OPCAB experts, examines the procedure established and its chief benefits. Its coverage ranges from a careful evaluation of the evidence for and against OPCAB surgery to preoperative and intraoperative management of patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery. It also contains a description of advanced techniques for every aspect of the procedure. The authors[share essential insights into the latest trends in cardiovascular surgery for professionals and residents, presenting detailed descriptions of the exposure of the heart, stabilization of each coronary artery target, construction of distal anastomoses, and other important factors. The book offers an invaluable reference guide for cardiac surgeons, cardiologists, anesthesiologists, and other medical staff in operating rooms around the world.
Clear and concise, The Only EKG Book You'll Ever Need has provided quick and accurate discussions on using an EKG to diagnose cardiac and non-cardiac conditions for nearly 30 years. This ninth edition is packed with full-color illustrations, real-world clinical scenarios, and step-by-step instructions-giving you the practical guidance you need to use an EKG in actual clinical settings with patients. Outlines processes for identifying and interpreting arrhythmias, myocardial infarctions, hypertrophy, atrial fibrillation, and other disorders. Features a lighthearted, lively writing style designed to be compelling and minimize confusion of principles discussed. New content added to reflect recent clinical and technological advancements. Depicts real-life clinical situations and provides important clinical context for EKG use. Advises on the dangers of over-reliance on computer interpretations and includes many other practical considerations that other books leave out. New EKG cases available in the companion eBook illustrate key concepts discussed throughout the book. Enrich Your eBook Reading Experience with Enhanced Video, Audio and Interactive Capabilities! Read directly on your preferred device(s), such as computer, tablet, or smartphone. Easily convert to audiobook, powering your content with natural language text-to-speech. Adapt for unique reading needs, supporting learning disabilities, visual/auditory impairments, second-language or literacy challenges, and more.
100 Challenges in Cardiology comprises one hundred well-illustrated clinical scenarios covering a wide spectrum of cardiology cases hypertension, stable and unstable angina, non-ST elevation and ST-elevation myocardial infarction, coronary intervention, percutaneous aortic and mitral valve treatment, ASD closure, complications of MI, valvular heart disease, pericardial disease, cardiomyopathies, HOCM ablation, haemodynamic assessment in catheterisation laboratory, aortic dissection, infective endocarditis and its complications. Cardiac pacing, arrhythmia diagnosis and management, electrophysiology, CT and MRI scans, and transthoracic and transoesophageal echocardiography images are also included for interpretation. This book will serve as an ideal study aid for medical students and junior doctors who are preparing for their clinical examinations in medicine as it presents the relevant investigations corresponding to each case in an interesting and easy-to-read Q&A format concerning diagnosis and management. This text will also be particularly useful for clinical fellows and specialist senior house officers and registrars who are training in cardiology and its subspecialties. By solving the problems posed by these challenging cases, the reader will gain additional knowledge as well as extra practice in diagnosis and treatment strategies in this exciting specialty of cardiology. Readership: Medical students and junior doctors who are preparing for clinical examinations; clinical fellows, specialist senior house officers and registrars who are training in cardiology; general physicians; general practitioners; ancillary and technical staff in cardiology.
Cardiovascular imagers are faced with the challenge of interpreting cases that include artifacts, unusual findings, or anatomic variants on an almost daily basis. These studies can result in confusion and may lead to misdiagnosis even for the most experienced imager. This book provides an approachable reference for practising cardiovascular imagers to aid with both commonly and uncommonly encountered entities that can result in inappropriate patient management. Through the focused use of case examples, this book reviews 100 conditions that can be seen in clinical practice, including pseudotumors, artifacts, anatomic variants, mimics, and unusual diagnoses. Each highly illustrated case follows a standard format, allowing readers to learn from real-life examples and provides an accessible and rapid source of reference for the improved interpretation of cardiovascular imaging and enhanced patient care. This text will be invaluable to radiologists, cardiologists, and trainees.
This book is book aims to provide the beginner with a concise, practical and systematic guide to interpreting ECGs. It will serve not only as a starter text but also as an immediate bedside reference manual. Starting to Read ECGs: The Basics begins with fundamentals such as how to perform, record and interpret a normal ECG before progressing onto more complex topics, including what effects anatomical abnormalities of the heart, cardiac and non-cardiac conditions can have on the ECG. Each chapter has been supplemented with a multitude of images and diagrams to illustrate points and ease understanding, and concludes with both a summary of key points to reinforce knowledge and a quiz for reflective learning. Starting to Read ECGs: The Basics is an updated version of that previously published by CriticAir and an essential resource for medical students, junior doctors, nurses, paramedics and other health care professionals involved in the recording and interpretation of ECGs who wish to build their knowledge and confidence.
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