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Concise overview of synthesis and characterization of single molecule magnets Molecular magnetism is explored as an alternative to conventional solid-state magnetism as the basis for ultrahigh-density memory materials with extremely fast processing speeds. In particular single-molecule magnets (SMM) are in the focus of current research, both because of their intrinsic magnetization properties, as well as because of their potential use in molecular spintronic devices. SMMs are fascinating objects on the example of which one can explain many concepts. Single-Molecule Magnets: Molecular Architectures and Building Blocks for Spintronics starts with a general introduction to single-molecule magnets (SMM), which helps readers to understand the evolution of the field and its future. The following chapters deal with the current synthetic methods leading to SMMs, their magnetic properties and their characterization by methods such as high-field electron paramagnetic resonance, paramagnetic nuclear magnetic resonance, and magnetic circular dichroism. The book closes with an overview of radical-bridged SMMs, which have shown application potential as building blocks for high-density memories. Covers a hot topic - single-molecule magnetism is one of the fastest growing research fields in inorganic chemistry and materials science Provides researchers and newcomers to the field with a solid foundation for their further work Single-Molecule Magnets: Molecular Architectures and Building Blocks for Spintronics will appeal to inorganic chemists, materials scientists, molecular physicists, and electronics engineers interested in the rapidly growing field of study.
Exam Board: Edexcel Level: AS/A-level Subject: Chemistry First Teaching: September 2015 First Exam: June 2016 Reinforce students' understanding throughout their course with clear topic summaries and sample questions and answers to help your students target higher grades. Written by experienced examiners George Facer and Rod Beavon, our Student Guides are divided into two key sections, content guidance and sample questions and answers. Content guidance will: - Develop students' understanding of key concepts and terminology; this guide covers topics 6 - 10: organic chemistry I; modern analytical techniques I; energetics I; kinetics I; Equilibrium I. - Consolidate students' knowledge with 'knowledge check questions' at the end of each topic and answers in the back of the book. Sample questions and answers will: - Build students' understanding of the different question types, so they can approach questions from topics 6 - 10 with confidence. - Enable students to target top grades with sample answers and commentary explaining exactly why marks have been awarded.
This expanded new edition is specifically designed to meet the needs of the process industry, and closes the gap between theory and practice. * Back-to-basics approach, with a focus on techniques that have an immediate practical application, and heavy maths relegated to the end of the book * Written by an experienced practitioner, highly regarded by major corporations, with 25 years of teaching industry courses * Supports the increasing expectations for Universities to teach more practical process control (supported by IChemE)
Exam Board: OCR Level: AS/A-level Subject: Chemistry First Teaching: September 2015 First Exam: Summer 2016 Written by experienced author Mike Smith, this Student Guide for Chemistry: - Helps you identify what you need to know with a concise summary of the topics examined in the AS and A-level specifications - Consolidates understanding with tips and knowledge check questions - Provides opportunities to improve exam technique with sample answers to exam-style questions - Develops independent learning and research skills - Provides the content for generating individual revision notes
Thermodynamics, Kinetics, and Microphysics of Clouds presents a unified theoretical foundation that provides the basis for incorporating cloud microphysical processes in cloud and climate models. In particular, the book provides: * A theoretical basis for understanding the processes of cloud particle formation, evolution and precipitation, with emphasis on spectral cloud microphysics based on numerical and analytical solutions of the kinetic equations for the drop and crystal size spectra along with the supersaturation equation * The latest detailed theories and parameterizations of drop and crystal nucleation suitable for cloud and climate models derived from the general principles of thermodynamics and kinetics * A platform for advanced parameterization of clouds in weather prediction and climate models * The scientific foundation for weather and climate modification by cloud seeding. This book will be invaluable for researchers and advanced students engaged in cloud and aerosol physics, and air pollution and climate research.
Renowned for its student-friendly writing style and fresh perspective, John McMurry's ORGANIC CHEMISTRY: A BIOLOGICAL APPROACH, 2e, International Edition offers full coverage of the foundations of organic chemistry-enhanced by biological examples throughout. Based on user feedback, McMurry continues to discuss the organic chemistry of biological pathways and now adds two dozen additional organic chemistry topics, as well as new problems, new illustrations, and new essays. Media integration with Organic OWL, a customizable online learning system and assessment tool, reduces faculty workload, facilitates instruction, and helps students master concepts through tutorials, simulations, and algorithmically generated homework questions.
In the International Year of Chemistry, prominent scientists
highlight the major advances in the fight against the largest
problems faced by humanity from the point of view of chemistry,
showing how their science is essential to ensuring our long-term
survival. Following the UN Millennium Development Goals, the
authors examine the ten most critical areas, including energy,
climate, food, water and health. All of them are opinion leaders in
their fields, or high-ranking decision makers in national and
Chang's newest text has been shortened, streamlined and optimized for a one-semester introductory course in physical chemistry for students of biosciences. Most students enrolled in this course have taken general chemistry, organic chemistry, and a year of physics and calculus. Only basic skills of differential and integral calculus are required for understanding the equations. For premedical students, this text will form the basis for taking courses like physiology in medical school. For those intending to pursue graduate study in biosciences, the material presented here will serve as an introduction to topics in biophysical chemistry courses, where more advanced texts such as those by Gennis, van Holde, and Cantor & Schimmel are used. The author's aim is to emphasize understanding physical concepts rather than focusing on precise mathematical development or on actual experimental details. The end-of-chapter problems have both physiochemical and biological applications.
A comprehensive resource to the development and recent progress of zwitterion-oriented cycloadditions promoted by organoamines, organophosphines, N-heterocyclic carbenes Organocatalytic Cycloadditions for Synthesis of Carbo- and Heterocycles offers a clear explanationto thedevelopment of and the information on the latest research pertaining to zwitterion-oriented cycloadditions promoted by organoamines, organophosphines, N-heterocyclic carbenes. The authors--noted experts in the field--include a comprehensive review to the investigations of the reaction mechanisms and explore the synthesis of different products from the same starting materials. Filled with illustrative examples and designed to be accessible, the text shows how to control the chemo-, regio- and stereoselectivity and explains the further design of novel cycloaddition reactions catalyzed by organoamines and organophosphines based on zwitterion-oriented synthetic strategy. This important text: Explains why the formation of carbo- and heterocycles is a key transformation in organic synthesis. Offers a clear description to the development of zwitterion-oriented cycloadditions promoted by organoamines, organophosphines, N-heterocyclic carbenes, and explores the latest research Contains the most current examples involving synthetic transformations of organocatalytic cycloadducts Includes contributions from noted experts in the field of organic synthesis Written for organic chemists, pharmaceutical chemists, chemists in industry, graduates, and librarians, Organocatalytic Cycloadditions for Synthesis of Carbo- and Heterocyclesis is the essential guide to the topic.
The third edition of the bestselling two-volume reference covers
everything you need to know about microwave technology for
This brilliant CGP book covers all the maths skills needed in AS and A-Level Chemistry (the use of maths is required for 20% of the marks in the final exams and assessments). It explains Calculations, Units, Handling Data, Graph Skills and Geometry, with clear study notes and step-by-step examples in the context of Chemistry. And to make sure you've really got to grips with it all, there are practice questions for each topic - with answers included at the back of the book.
Second edition of the guide to the modern techniques that demonstrate the potential of Raman spectroscopy Completely revised and updated, the second edition of Modern Raman Spectroscopy presents the information needed for clear understanding and application of the technique of Raman Spectroscopy in a range of areas such as pharmaceuticals, forensics, and biology. The authors--noted experts on the topic--reveal how to make full use of the critical information presented and include a wealth of examples of the pitfalls that can be encountered. The text opens with a description of the basic theory to assist readers in making a practical interpretation of Raman Spectra. Chapters include the main equations that are used in order to highlight the theory's meaning and relevance while avoiding a full mathematical treatment. Modern Raman Spectroscopy provides a firm grounding, combined with a variety of references, from which to approach a more comprehensive study of specific aspects of Raman Spectroscopy. This new edition: Includes instrumentation sections that now contain Spatially Offset Raman scattering and transmission Raman scattering Offers an updated SERS chapter that presents recent examples and Tip enhanced Raman scattering Contains updated information with an emphasis on pharmaceutical, forensic, and biological applications Introduces modern techniques in the imaging and mapping of biological samples and more advanced methods which are becoming easier to use Written for users of Raman Spectroscopy in industry, including non-analysts, researchers, and academics, the second edition of Modern Raman Spectroscopy clearly demonstrates the potential of using Raman Spectroscopy for a wide range of applications.
First published in 1995, 'The Allure of Turquoise' has never lost its allure. A symbol of New Mexico's beauty and ancient history, turquoise is highly valued. The gem enthralls modern man just as it charmed the Ancestral Puebloans who lived in the great stone structures of Chaco Canyon. In 1967, the New Mexico legislature adopted turquoise as the state gem, acknowledging its importance in the culture and history of the Southwest. From early trade, to Native American ceremonial use, to trendy contemporary jewelry, turquoise inspires its collectors to trace the distinctive varieties of the mineral back to their individual mines. This book includes articles on many aspects of the crown jewel of New Mexico, from geology and mining history, to its use and significance to American Indians. Fascinating chapters discuss the 'allure' of the stone, old pawn, how to detect manufactured fakes, and even a special relationship between ants and turquoise.
A richly illustrated undergraduate textbook on the physics and biology of light Students in the physical and life sciences, and in engineering, need to know about the physics and biology of light. Recently, it has become increasingly clear that an understanding of the quantum nature of light is essential, both for the latest imaging technologies and to advance our knowledge of fundamental life processes, such as photosynthesis and human vision. From Photon to Neuron provides undergraduates with an accessible introduction to the physics of light and offers a unified view of a broad range of optical and biological phenomena. Along the way, this richly illustrated textbook builds the necessary background in neuroscience, photochemistry, and other disciplines, with applications to optogenetics, superresolution microscopy, the single-photon response of individual photoreceptor cells, and more. With its integrated approach, From Photon to Neuron can be used as the basis for interdisciplinary courses in physics, biophysics, sensory neuroscience, biophotonics, bioengineering, or nanotechnology. The goal is always for students to gain the fluency needed to derive every result for themselves, so the book includes a wealth of exercises, including many that guide students to create computer-based solutions. Supplementary online materials include real experimental data to use with the exercises. * Assumes familiarity with first-year undergraduate physics and the corresponding math * Overlaps the goals of the MCAT, which now includes data-based and statistical reasoning * Advanced chapters and sections also make the book suitable for graduate courses * An Instructor's Guide and illustration package is available to professors
This second edition of the successful ready reference is updated and revised with approximately 30% new content to reflect the numerous instrumental developments and improvements, as well as the significant expansion of this rapidly developing field. For example, the combination of IR imaging with AFM has enhanced the achievable lateral resolution by an order of magnitude down to a few hundred nanometers, thus launching a multiplicity of new applications in material science. Furthermore, Raman and IR spectroscopic imaging have become key technologies for the life sciences and today contribute tremendously to a better and more detailed understanding of numerous biological and medical research topics. The topical structure of this new edition is now subdivided into four parts. The first treats the fundamentals of the instrumentation for infrared and Raman imaging and mapping and an overview on the chemometric tools for image analysis. The second part describes a wide varie-ty of applications ranging from biomedical via food, agriculture and plants to polymers and pharmaceuticals. This is followed by a description of imaging techniques operating beyond the diffraction limit, while the final part covers special methodical developments and their utility in specific fields. With its many valuable practical tips, this is a must-have overview for researchers in academic and industrial laboratories wishing to obtain reliable results with this method.
Explains the basics of inorganic chemistry with a primary emphasis on facts; then uses the student's growing factual knowledge as a foundation for discussing the important principles of periodicity in structure, bonding and reactivity. New to this updated edition: improved treatment of atomic orbitals and properties such as electronegativity, novel approaches to the depiction of ionic structures, nomenclature for transition metal compounds, quantitative approaches to acid-base chemistry, Wade's rules for boranes and carboranes, the chemistry of major new classes of substances including fullerenes and silenes plus a chapter on the inorganic solid state.
Are you afraid of unfamiliar questions? Do you struggle to know how even to begin answering them? Problem solved! Use the Workbooks in Chemistry series to: - Know the facts: review the concepts you need to draw on to answer the question - Understand the strategy: learn how to approach each question in a systematic way - Master the solution: get to the right answer first time The Workbooks in Chemistry series takes a worked example led approach to help you develop the problem-solving skills you need to understand how to approach unfamiliar questions and to answer them successfully. Written to build the confidence of every reader, its extensive worked examples, enriched with guidance and advice, are matched with relevant problems to help you maximise your performance and achieve success during the formative early years of your degree programme, and beyond.
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is one of the most
powerful and widely used techniques in chemical research for
investigating structures and dynamics of molecules. Advanced
methods can even be utilized for structure determinations of
biopolymers, for example proteins or nucleic acids. NMR is also
used in medicine for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The method
is based on spectral lines of different atomic nuclei that are
excited when a strong magnetic field and a radiofrequency
transmitter are applied. The method is very sensitive to the
features of molecular structure because also the neighboring atoms
influence the signals from individual nuclei and this is
Time is an important factor in physical and natural sciences. It characterizes the progress of chemical and biochemical processes. Mass spectrometry provides the means to study molecular structures by detecting gas-phase ions with the unique mass-to-charge ratios. Time-resolved mass spectrometry (TRMS) allows one to differentiate between chemical states that can be observed sequentially at different time points. Real-time mass spectrometric monitoring enables recording data continuously with a specified temporal resolution. The TRMS approaches introduced during the past few decades have shown temporal resolutions ranging from hours down to microseconds and beyond. This text covers the key aspects of TRMS. It introduces ion sources, mass analyzers, and interfaces utilized in time-resolved measurements; discusses the influence of data acquisition and treatment; finally, it reviews most prominent applications of TRMS in the studies of reaction kinetics and mechanism, physicochemical phenomena, protein structure dynamics, biocatalysis, and metabolic profiling. It will assist science and engineering students to gain a basic understanding of the TRMS concept, and to recognize its usefulness. In addition, it may benefit scientists who conduct molecular studies in the areas of chemistry, physics and biology.
The ideal present for science lovers of all ages: A century after
the death of Dimitrij Mendelejew, the Russian scientist who devised
the first periodic table for the chemical elements, comes the
history of element discovery in the form of this instructive and
visually appealing wall chart.
This fully updated and expanded edition of the bestselling Student s Companion to Social Policy charts the latest developments, research, challenges, and controversies in the field in a concise, authoritative format. * Provides students with the analytical base from which to investigate and evaluate key concepts, perspectives, policies, and outcomes at national and international levels * Features a new section on devolution and social policy in the UK; enhanced discussion of international and comparative issues; and new coverage of nudge -based policies, austerity politics, sustainable welfare, working age conditionality, social movements, policy learning and transfer, and social policy in the BRIC countries * Offers essential information for anyone studying social policy, from undergraduates on introductory courses to those pursuing postgraduate or professional programmes * Accompanied by updated online resources to support independent learning and skill development with chapter overviews, study questions, guides to key sources and career opportunities, a key term glossary, and more * Written by a team of experts working at the forefront of social policy
Exam Board: Edexcel Level: AS/A-level Subject: Chemistry First Teaching: September 2015 First Exam: June 2016 Endorsed by Edexcel Develop and assess your students' knowledge and mathematical skills throughout A Level with worked examples, practical assessment guidance and differentiated end of topic questions with this Edexcel Year 1 student book - Identifies the level of your students' understanding with diagnostic questions and a summary of prior knowledge at the start of the Year 1 Student Book - Provides support for all 16 required practicals with various activities and questions, along with a 'Practical' chapter covering procedural understanding and key ideas related to measurement - Mathematical skills are integrated throughout with plenty of worked examples, including notes on methods to help explain the strategies for solving each type of problem - Offers plenty of practice with Test Yourself Questions to help students assess their understanding and measure progress - Encourages further reading and study with short passages of extension material - Develops understanding with free online access to Test yourself Answers and an Extended Glossary. Edexcel A level Chemistry Year 1 Student Book includes AS level.
A celebration of beer-its science, its history, and its impact on human culture What can beer teach us about biology, history, and the natural world? From ancient Mesopotamian fermentation practices to the resurgent American craft brewery, Rob DeSalle and Ian Tattersall peruse the historical record and traverse the globe for engaging and often surprising stories about beer. They explain how we came to drink beer, what ingredients combine to give beers their distinctive flavors, how beer's chemistry works at the molecular level, and how various societies have regulated the production and consumption of beer. Drawing from such diverse subject areas as animal behavior, ecology, history, archaeology, chemistry, sociology, law, genetics, physiology, neurobiology, and more, DeSalle and Tattersall entertain and inform with their engaging stories of beer throughout human history and the science behind it all. Readers are invited to grab a beer and explore the fascinating history of its creation.
For many people, taking some form of medication is part of everyday life, whether for mild or severe illness, acute or chronic disease, to target infection or to relieve pain. However for most it remains a mystery as to what happens once the drug has been taken into the body: how do the drugs actually work? Furthermore, by what processes are new drugs discovered and brought to market? An Introduction to Medicinal Chemistry, sixth edition, provides an accessible and comprehensive account of this fascinating multidisciplinary field. Assuming little prior knowledge, the text is ideal for those studying the subject for the first time. Part one of the book introduces the principles of drug action via targets such as receptors and enzymes. The book goes on to explore how drugs work at the molecular level (pharmacodynamics), and the processes involved in ensuring a drug meets its target (pharmacokinetics). Further sections cover the processes by which drugs are discovered and designed, and what has to happen before a drug can be made available to the public. The book concludes with a selection of current topics in medicinal chemistry, and a discussion of various key drug groups. The subject is brought to life throughout by engaging case studies highlighting particular drugs and the stories behind their discovery and development. The Online Resource Centre features: For students: * Multiple Choice Questions to support self-directed learning * Web articles describing recent developments in the field and further information on topics covered in the book * Journal Club to encourage students to critically analyse the research literature * Molecular Modelling Exercises, with new exercises in Chem3D * New assignments to help students develop data analysis and problem solving skills For registered adopters of the book: * A test bank of additional multiple-choice questions, with links to relevant sections in the book * Answers to end-of-chapter questions. * Figures from the book, ready to download. * Power Point slides to accompany every chapter in the book.
This student-friendly CGP textbook comprehensively covers OCR A AS-Level Chemistry and Year 1 of OCR A A-Level Chemistry - and it's fully up-to-date for the new specifications for 2015 and beyond! It contains in-depth, accessible notes explaining every topic, supported by clear diagrams, photographs, tips and worked examples. To test students' knowledge and understanding, there are practice questions and exam-style questions throughout the book - with complete answers included. There's also detailed guidance on Maths Skills, Practical Investigations and indispensable advice for success in the final exams. An access-code for a free Online Edition is also included, allowing you to read the entire book on a PC, Mac or tablet.
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