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Filling the need for a solid textbook, this short primer in cluster science is ideal for a one-semester lecture for advanced undergraduate students. It is based on a series of lectures given by the well-established and recognized authors for the past ten years. The book covers both the basics of the domain as well as up-to-date developments. It can be divided roughly into two parts. The first three chapters introduce basic concepts of cluster science. Chapter 1 provides a general introduction, complemented by chapter 2 on experimental and chapter 3 on theoretical aspects. The second half of the book is devoted to a systematic presentation of free cluster properties, and to a thorough discussion of the impact of clusters in other domains of science. These explicitly worked-out links between cluster physics and other research areas are unique both in terms of fundamental aspects and of applications, and cannot be found elsewhere in the literature. Also suitable for researchers outside of the field looking for an introduction to cluster science.
The chemical composition of any planetary atmosphere is of fundamental importance in determining its photochemistry and dynamics in addition to its thermal balance, climate, origin and evolution. Divided into two parts, this book begins with a set of introductory chapters, starting with a concise review of the Solar System and fundamental atmospheric physics. Chapters then describe the basic principles and methods of spectroscopy, the main tool for studying the chemical composition of planetary atmospheres, and of photochemical modeling and its use in the theoretical interpretation of observational data on chemical composition. The second part of the book provides a detailed review of the carbon dioxide atmospheres and ionospheres of Mars and Venus, and the nitrogen-methane atmospheres of Titan, Triton and Pluto. Written by an expert author, this comprehensive text will make a valuable reference for graduate students, researchers and professional scientists specializing in planetary atmospheres.
Written by two expert teachers, the Fifth Edition of Organic Chemistry is written to support all kinds of learners-whether students read the book, or use it as a reference. New "Visualize, Understand, Draw" sections help students draw molecules well, visualize how they are formed, and understand why reactions occur. The Fifth Edition has been revised to be more accessible, with a focus on the basics and more opportunities for problem-solving practice, while the robust media package helps students visualize organic chemistry.
This first systematic treatment of the concept and practice of scaffold hopping shows the tricks of the trade and provides invaluable guidance for the reader's own projects. The first section serves as an introduction to the topic by describing the concept of scaffolds, their discovery, diversity and representation, and their importance for finding new chemical entities. The following part describes the most common tools and methods for scaffold hopping, whether topological, shape-based or structure-based. Methods such as CATS, Feature Trees, Feature Point Pharmacophores (FEPOPS), and SkelGen are discussed among many others. The final part contains three fully documented real-world examples of successful drug development projects by scaffold hopping that illustrate the benefits of the approach for medicinal chemistry. While most of the case studies are taken from medicinal chemistry, chemical and structural biologists will also benefit greatly from the insights presented here.
The book provides the reader with the knowledge, tools, and methods to understand the phenomenon of hysteresis in porous materials.
As many challenges have been met only recently, the book summarizes the research results usually found only scattered in the literature, connecting knowledge from traditionally separated research fields to provide a better understanding of the physical phenomena of coupled elastic-fluid systems. The result is an invaluable self-contained reference book for materials scientists, civil, mechanical and construction engineers concerned with development and maintenance of structures made of porous materials.
There are two main disciplines in catalysis research -- homogeneous
and heterogeneous catalysis. This is due to the fact that the
catalyst is either in the same phase (homogeneous catalysis) as the
reaction being catalyzed or in a different phase (heterogeneous
catalysis). Over the past decade, various approaches have been
implemented to combine the advantages of homogeneous catalysis
(efficiency, selectivity) with those of heterogeneous catalysis
(stability, recovery) by the heterogenization of homogeneous
catalysts or by carrying out homogeneous reactions under
Dmitrii Mendeleev (1834-1907) is a name we recognize, but perhaps only as the creator of the periodic table of elements. Generally, little else has been known about him. A Well-Ordered Thing is an authoritative biography of Mendeleev that draws a multifaceted portrait of his life for the first time. As Michael Gordin reveals, Mendeleev was not only a luminary in the history of science, he was also an astonishingly wide-ranging political and cultural figure. From his attack on Spiritualism to his failed voyage to the Arctic and his near-mythical hot-air balloon trip, this is the story of an extraordinary maverick. The ideals that shaped his work outside science also led Mendeleev to order the elements and, eventually, to engineer one of the most fascinating scientific developments of the nineteenth century. A Well-Ordered Thing is a classic work that tells the story of one of the world's most important minds.
Exam Board: AQA Level: AS/A-level Subject: Chemistry First Teaching: September 2015 First Exam: June 2016 AQA Approved Help students to apply and develop their knowledge, progressing from basic concepts to more complicated Chemistry, with worked examples, practical activities and mathematical support throughout - Provides support for all 12 required practicals with activities that introduce practical work and other experimental investigations in Chemistry - Offers detailed examples to help students get to grips with difficult concepts such as Physical Chemistry calculations - Mathematical skills are integrated throughout the book and all summarised in one chapter for easy reference - Allows you to easily measure progression with Differentiated End of Topic questions and Test Yourself Questions -Develops understanding with free online access to 'Test yourself' answers and an extended glossary. AQA A-level Chemistry Year 1 includes AS-level.
Quantum Monte Carlo is a large class of computer algorithms that
simulate quantum systems to solve many body systems in order to
investigate the electronic structure of many-body systems. This
book presents a numeric approach to determine the electronic
structure of atoms, molecules and solids.
Exam Board: OCR Level: A-level Subject: Chemistry First Teaching: September 2015 First Exam: June 2017 Written by experienced author Mike Smith, this Student Guide for Chemistry: - Helps students identify what they need to know with a concise summary of the topics examined in the AS and A-level specifications - Consolidates understanding with tips and knowledge check questions - Provides opportunities to improve exam technique with sample answers to exam-style questions - Develops independent learning and research skills - Provides the content for generating individual revision notes
This book provides a noteworthy compilation of the groundbreaking methods of stereoselective synthesis, belonging to the repertoire of every modern practitioner of synthetic organic chemistry. The general principles underlying these processes are highlighted as they form the basis for the rapid and continuing developments in the field. The work also features illustrative examples of drug and natural product syntheses, resulting in a rich source of stimulating ideas for the efficient use of asymmetric reactions in the construction of stereochemically complex structures. From the contents: "Macrocyclic stereocontrol "Carbonyl addition reactions "alpha-Functionalization of enolates "Aldol and allylation reactions "Chiral acetals "Alkene hydroboration, reduction, and oxidation "Additions to C=N bonds and synthesis of amino acids "Conjugate additions "Chiral carbanions "Metal-catalyzed allylations "Cyclopropanations and CH-insertion reactions "Sigmatropic rearrangements "Diels-Alder and hetero-Diels-Alder reactions "[3+2]- and [2+2]-cycloaddition reactions
A compilation of wonderful tributes to the late Ahmed Zewail (1946-2016), considered the 'Father of Femtochemistry', a long-standing icon in the field of physical chemistry, and the father of ultrafast electron-based methods. The book contains testimonies by friends and relatives of Zewail and by outstanding scientists from around the world who worked or have been affiliated with the Nobel prizewinning professor. Each contribution describes the author's own unique experience and personal relationship with Zewail, and includes details of his scientific achievements and the stories around them. Personal and Scientific Reminiscences collects accounts from the most important individuals in the physical and chemical sciences to give us a unique insight into the world and work of one of the great scientists of our time.
Aimed at the senior undergraduate and graduate level, this textbook
fills the gap between general introductory texts offering little
detail and very technical, advanced books written for
mathematicians and theorists rather than experimentalists in the
This book provides an overview of bioinspired metal-sulfur catalysis by covering structures, activities and model complexes of enzymes exhibiting metal sulphur moieties in their active center.
This new book on this hot topic summarizes the key achievements for the synthesis and catalytic applications of pincer and pincer-type complexes, providing readers with the latest research highlights. The editors have assembled an international team of leaders in the field, and their contributions focus on the application of various pincer complexes in modern organic synthesis and catalysis, such as C-C and C-X bond forming reactions, C-H bond functionalization, and the activation of small molecules, as well as asymmetric catalysis. A must-have for every synthetic chemist in both academia and industry intending to develop new catalysts and improved synthetic protocols.
In this most up-to-date handbook each chapter contains a general
introduction, followed by the principles of the immobilization and,
finally, applications. In this way, it covers the most important
approaches currently employed for the heterogenization of chiral
catalysts, including data tables, applications, reaction types and
Still a best-selling text after a remarkable twenty-four years in print, Don McQuarrie has updated his landmark Quantum Chemistry into a keenly anticipated second edition. Perhaps the biggest change in the years since the first edition appeared is the proliferation of computational chemistry programs that are available to calculate molecular properties. McQuarrie has presented step-by-step SCF calculations of a helium atom in Chapter 9 and a hydrogen molecule in Chapter 10, in addition to including an entire chapter on the Hartree-Fock method and post-Hartree-Fock methods for the calculation of molecular properties. Most molecular calculations nowadays use Gaussian orbitals, and they are introduced here along with the common notation such as HF / STO-6G and HF / 6-31G** to describe the types of calculations involving Gaussian orbitals. The final sections discuss configuration interaction, coupled-cluster theory and density functional theory, at least semi-quantitatively, so that the reader can be aware of the computational methods that are being used currently. Terminology such as CISD, CCSD, and BLPY / 6-31G* is introduced and hands-on molecular calculations for all these methods using computational chemistry programs such as Gaussian and WebMo for a variety of molecules is presented. The book also uses problems to encourage the use of an invaluable National Institute of Science and Technology ( NIST ) website that lists experimental data and the results of various ab initio calculations for hundreds of molecules. Other changes include the discussion of molecular spectroscopy throughout the chapters on the harmonic oscillator and the rigid-rotator. The hydrogen atom, along with its electronic spectroscopy, is discussed in a separate chapter. And in the following chapter, which is devoted entirely to multielectron atoms, a website for Hartree-Fock atomic orbitals is introduced. After learning the structure of these atomic orbitals, they are used to calculate atomic properties for multielectron atoms. The new edition also includes a series of short interchapters called MathChapters placed throughout the book to help students focus on the physical principles being explained rather than struggling with the underlying mathematics. As with the first edition, the book assumes a prerequisite of one year of calculus with no required knowledge of differential equations. Each chapter includes a broad range of problems and exercises.
Exploring and highlighting the new horizons in the studies of reaction mechanisms that open joint application of experimental studies and theoretical calculations is the goal of this book. The latest insights and developments in the mechanistic studies of organometallic reactions and catalytic processes are presented and reviewed. The book adopts a unique approach, exemplifying how to use experiments, spectroscopy measurements, and computational methods to reveal reaction pathways and molecular structures of catalysts, rather than concentrating solely on one discipline. The result is a deeper understanding of the underlying reaction mechanism and correlation between molecular structure and reactivity. The contributions represent a wealth of first-hand information from renowned experts working in these disciplines, covering such topics as activation of small molecules, C-C and C-Heteroatom bonds formation, cross-coupling reactions, carbon dioxide converison, homogeneous and heterogeneous transition metal catalysis and metal-graphene systems. With the knowledge gained, the reader will be able to improve existing reaction protocols and rationally design more efficient catalysts or selective reactions. An indispensable source of information for synthetic, analytical, and theoretical chemists in academia and industry.
Exam board: AQA, Edexcel, OCR and WJEC Eduqas Level: A-level Subject: Chemistry First teaching: September 2015 First exams: June 2017 Left your A-level Chemistry revision to the last minute? Don't panic! Revise and prepare the year 2 topics for your A-level Chemistry exam in just one week using this effective, concise and manageable revision guide. * A revision planner that breaks all the essential topics down into a manageable 7-day programme * Concise explanations ensure topics can easily be covered in no more than 60 minutes * Summary boxes provide a final recap of the key points * Quick test questions to check recall and understanding * Exam-style questions for exam preparation
International Tables for Crystallography is the definitive resource and reference work for crystallography and structural science. Volume B presents accounts of the numerous aspects of reciprocal space in crystallographic research. This volume is a vital addition to the library of scientists engaged in crystal structure determination, crystallographic computing, crystal physics and other fields of crystallographic research. Graduate students specializing in crystallography will find much material suitable for self-study and a rich source of references to the relevant literature. New to this edition: A new chapter on modern extensions of the Ewald method for Coulomb interactions in crystals. Three new sections on electron diffraction and electron microscopy in structure determination, describing point-group and space-group determination by convergent-beam electron diffraction, three-dimensional reconstruction, and single-particle reconstruction. Substantial revisions to the chapters on space-group representations in reciprocal space, direct methods, Patterson and molecular replacement techniques, and disorder diffuse scattering More information on the series can be found at: http: //it.iucr.org
Exam Board: SQA Level: Higher Subject: Chemistry First Teaching: 2014, First Exam: 2015 Prepare to excel in your CfE Higher SQA exam with this Success Guide - the first choice for Scottish students! Prepare to excel in your CfE Higher Chemistry SQA examination with this Success Guide - the first choice for successful Scottish students! Success Guides really work because: * Topics in user-friendly sections help you plan your revision in bite-sized chunks * Quick Tests provide the practice that experts say is essential for effective recall * Top tips throughout ensure you know what the examiner will be looking for * Detailed guidance on the exam and Assignment will ensure that you know exactly what you need to do in the assessments
The only book to not only discuss the technicalities of the European REACH chemicals registration process, but also to directly address the resulting business risks and business solutions.
In this text for practitioners, the author pulls together the key knowledge needed to successfully run a business under REACH, distilling thousands of pages of official documentation, and incorporating experiences from different-sized enterprises in a global context.
Starting with the basics of the REACH framework, she explains the entire process on how to register with the European ECHA office with a particular emphasis on small and medium-sized businesses. Along the way, she describes key milestones and presents sample documents from real case studies. The final part of the book addresses strategies to ensure a reach-compliant operation, including recommendations for in-house processes as well as communicating with suppliers and downstream users.
As a result, managers in the pharmaceuticals and chemicals industries will learn how to operate their companies in full compliance with REACH standards.
These popular molecular modelling sets can be used to make many different molecules. Designed for teachers, this set contains 111 colour-coded atoms and 140 links. The medium links can be used for single bonds, while the longer, flexible links can be used for double or triple bonds. Short links can be used to create compact models. Using molecular models can help students to visualise concepts such as isomerism through hands-on learning. The models can also be used to learn about balancing equations and molecular geometry. Molymod is a registered trade mark of the EU ( and other places) and is owned by Spiring Enterprises Limited who are the inventors and exclusive manufactureres of the molymod system. Made In England. NOT AVAILABLE IN NORTH AMERICA AND CANADA
The European Young Chemist Award has now been awarded four times (2006, 2008, 2010 and 2012). The authors of the previous books based on the competition have become some of the leading scientists in Europe. These books truly provide a glimpse into the future research landscape of European chemistry. Fifteen top contributions have been selected for this single volume covering areas of chemistry and materials science. The broad range of themes is presented in an approachable and readable manner equally appropriate for non-specialists on the topic. The overview of intriguing topics includes chemical synthesis and advanced methodologies as well as materials, nanoscience and nanotechnologies.
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