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Chemistry is widely considered to be the central science: it encompasses concepts from which other branches of science are developed. Yet, for many students entering university, gaining a firm grounding in chemistry is a real challenge. Chemistry(3) responds to this challenge, providing students with a full understanding of the fundamental principles of chemistry on which to build later studies. Uniquely amongst the introductory chemistry texts currently available, Chemistry(3) is written by a team of chemists to give equal coverage of organic, inorganic and physical chemistry - coverage that is uniformly authoritative. The approach to organic chemistry is mechanistic, rather than the old-fashioned 'functional group' approach, to help students achieve a fuller understanding of the underlying principles. The expertise of the author team is complemented by two specialists in chemistry education, who bring to the book a wealth of experience of teaching chemistry in a way that students enjoy and understand, and who understand the challenges of the transition from school to university. The result is a text that builds on what students know already from school and tackles their misunderstandings and misconceptions, thereby providing a seamless transition from school to undergraduate study. The authors achieve unrivalled accessibility through the provision of carefully-worded explanations and reminders of students' existing knowledge; the introduction of concepts in a logical and progressive manner; and the use of annotated diagrams and step-by-step worked examples. Students are encouraged to engage with the text and appreciate the central role that chemistry plays in our lives through the unique use of real-world context and photographs. Chemistry(3) tackles head-on two issues pervading chemistry education: students' mathematical skills, and their ability to see the subject as a single, unified discipline. Instead of avoiding the maths, Chemistry(3) provides structured support, in the form of careful explanations, reminders of key mathematical concepts, step-by-step calculations in worked examples, and a Maths Toolkit, to help students get to grips with the essential mathematical element of chemistry. Frequent cross-references highlight the connections between each strand of chemistry and explain the relationship between the topics, so students can develop an understanding of the subject as a whole.
This useful reference focuses on the currently available toolbox of bio-catalysed reductions of C=O, C=C and formal C=N bonds to show which transformations can be reliably used in manufacturing processes and which still require improvements. Following an introductory chapter, chapters 2-4 present the synthetic strategies that are currently available for the reduction of C=C and C=O bonds and for reductive amination, by means of whole-cell catalysts and isolated enzymes. Chapters 5-7 go on to describe the improvements achieved thus far, illustrating the current versatility of enzymes in organic synthesis. Chapters 8-12 present the improvements brought about by the optimization of reaction conditions, and the use of particular synthetic sequences. The final chapter describes practical applications of bio-reductions for the synthesis of active pharmaceutical ingredients. With its excellent and comprehensive overview, this book will be of great interest to those working in academia and industry. From the contents: * Development of Sustainable Biocatalyzed Reduction Processes for Organic Chemists * Reductases: From Natural Diversity to Biocatalysis and Emerging Enzymatic Activities. * Synthetic Strategies Based on C=C Bioreductions * Synthetic Strategies Based on C=O Bioreductions * Development of Novel Enzymes for the Improved Reduction of C=C Double Bonds * Development of Novel Enzymes for the Improved Reduction of C=O Double Bonds * Synthetic Applications of Aminotransferases * Strategies for Cofactor Regeneration in Biocatalyzed Reductions * Effects of Solvent System and Substrate Loading in Bioreduction * Perspectives in the Use of In-Situ Product Removal (ISPR) Techniques in Bioreductions * Multi-Enzymatic Cascade Reactions Based on Reduction Processes * Relevant Practical Applications of Bioreduction Processes in the Synthesis of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients
Here the renowned editor Evgeny Katz has chosen contributions that
cover a wide range of examples and issues in implantable
bioelectronics, resulting in an excellent overview of the topic.
The various implants covered include biosensoric and prosthetic
devices, as well as neural and brain implants, while ethical
issues, suitable materials, biocompatibility, and energy-harvesting
devices are also discussed.
From the earliest-known elements to those named in 2016, this book takes a comprehensive look at the development of the periodic table - and reveals untold stories, unsung pioneers and plenty of fascinating science along the way. In twelve illustrated chapters, the book makes sense of the patterns and groups within the periodic table, introducing each of the 118 known elements individually and exploring questions including: - Why did the history of fizzy water give early chemistry a sparkle? - How did hydrogen reveal the structure of the atom? - What was the Bunsen burner's role in discovering new elements? - Which of the alkaline earth metals accounts for a kilogramme of your weight? - Why is Marie Curie such a scientific star? - How do tungsten and vanadium explain the secret of super-sharp Syrian swords? - Who discovered the most elements in the periodic table? - What made nihonium, element 113, such a wonderful new year's gift for Japan? - Is glass a liquid or a solid? - How did nitrogen fulfill the alchemists' dream? - Would you have smeared antimony on your face if you'd lived in ancient Egypt? - Why might naked mole rats have clues for surviving a heart attack? - How did the Haya people of Tanzania make steel 1500 years ago? - What makes xenon a great anaesthetic - and why can't all patients use it? - Might there be a pattern in yet undiscovered elements beyond number 118?
A unique overview of the most important protecting group strategies in carbohydrate chemistry Protecting Groups: Strategies and Applications in Carbohydrate Chemistry provides a detailed account of key strategies and methodologies for the protection of carbohydrates. Divided into two parts, the first focuses on groups that are used best to protect a specific position on a carbohydrate. In the second part, specific carbohydrate residues or compounds are discussed in the context of a specific protecting group strategy used to reach the desired regioisomer. This important book: -Features chapters on protecting groups at the primary and secondary positions of carbohydrates -Describes protecting group strategies towards sialic acid derivatives, glycofuranoses, sulfated glycosaminoglycans, and cyclodextrins -Provides information on automated glycan assembly -Includes a chapter on the industrial scale synthesis of heparin analogs Written by a team of leaders in the field, Protecting Groups: Strategies and Applications in Carbohydrate Chemistry is an indispensable guide for academics and industrial researchers interested in carbohydrate and natural product synthesis, pharmaceutical chemistry, and biochemistry.
"Drysdale's book is by far the most comprehensive - everyone in the
office has a copy...now including me. It holds just about
everything you need to know about fire science."
After 25 years as a bestseller, Dougal Drysdale's classic introduction has been brought up-to-date and expanded to incorporate the latest research and experimental data. Homework problems are included, with solutions, and others are available on the accompanying website at www.wiley.com/go/drysdale. Essential reading for all involved in the field from undergraduate and postgraduate students to practising fire safety engineers and fire prevention officers, "An Introduction to Fire Dynamics" is unique in that it addresses the fundamentals of fire science and fire dynamics, thus providing the scientific background necessary for the development of fire safety engineering as a professional discipline.
"An Introduction to Fire Dynamics"Includes experimental data relevant to the understanding of fire behaviour of materials;Features numerical problems with answers illustrating the quantitative applications of the concepts presented;Extensively course-tested at Worcester Polytechnic Institute and the University of Edinburgh, and widely adopted throughout the world;Will appeal to all those working in fire safety engineering and related disciplines.
Master organic chemistry with this thorough, to-the-point introduction to the fascinating science of organic chemistry. In every chapter of FUNDAMENTALS OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 7e, you'll find applications that demonstrate how organic chemistry relates to your everyday life, a striking full color art program that helps you visualize chemical processes and reactions, and superior learning tools you can use to study for tests, master key concepts, and succeed in the course.
Endorsed by Cambridge Assessment International Education for full syllabus coverage Foster a deeper understanding of theoretical concepts through clear guidance and opportunities for self-assessment throughout; covers the entire Cambridge International AS & A Level Chemistry syllabus (9701). - Navigate the different routes through the course with ease with clearly divided sections for AS and A Level. - Focus learning with learning outcomes clearly defined at the beginning of each section - Test knowledge and understanding with past paper and exam-style questions - Address the Key Concepts in the syllabus, which are clearly highlighted throughout the course The Revision and Practice CD included with every Student's Book provides interactive tests, summaries of each topic and advice on examination techniques.
"The view that glycans are more complex and difficult to study than proteins and nucleic acids is no longer true. 'The Sugar Code' teaches us they are sweet and easy." - Rocco Ungaro , University of Parma, Italy "...a must-have for every library collection on carbohydrates and a great resource for chemistry and biology students curious for an entry into the rapidly growing area of glycosciences." - ChemBioChem 2010 "Because of the diverse nature of this subject, this important and topical text belongs in the library of everyone working in the interdisciplinary field of glycosciences." - Chemie in Labor und Biotechnik , 07-08/2010 (review in German) A reader friendly, strategically structured introduction to glycosciences, guiding from the basics of the sugar alphabet and pertinent aspects of chemical/natural glycosylation to functional carbohydrate recognition (sugar code), with an eye on emerging medical relevance. All chapters, intimately connected by cross-referencing, share the same interdisciplinary level to make the information readily digestible. Story-telling info boxes add an entertaining touch. Key Features: Written by a team of renowned glycoscientists from the forefront of research with the clear intention to convey their enthusiasm for teaching key lessons and edited by a leading figure of the field, this book is a perfect primer for students in life and medical sciences and for specialists looking for a concise overview. With its remarkable set of summary illustrations and its focus on landmark references, it is ideally suited as practical resource to teach classes, run courses and get prepared for contributing to the dynamic development of glycosciences. Visit the companion website at www.wiley-vch.de/home/thesugarcode to find files for lectures and tutorials. All figures (incl. legends) are presented in an easy to use, student-friendly format.
Leading the way for analytical chemists developing new techniques. This new comprehensive 5 volume set on separation science provides a much needed research-level text for both academic users and researchers who are working with and developing the most current methods, as well as serving as a valuable resource for graduate and post-graduate students. Comprising of five topical volumes it provides a comprehensive overview of the subject, highlighting aspects that will drive research in this field in the years to come. Volume 1: Liquid Chromatography Volume 2: Special Liquid Chromatography Modes and Capillary Electromigration Techniques Volume 3: Gas, Supercritical and Chiral Chromatography Volume 4: Chromatographic and Related Techniques Volume 5: Sample Treatment, Method Validation, and Applications Key Features: - Comprises over 2,100 pages in 5 volumes available in print and online - Edited by an international editorial team which has both prominent and experienced senior researchers as well as young and dynamic rising stars - Individual chapters are labeled as either introductory or advanced, in order to guide readers in finding the content at the appropriate level - Fully indexed with cross referencing within and between all 5 volumes
Exam Board: AQA Level & Subject: A-level Chemistry First teaching: September 2015 First exams: June 2017 Checked by AQA examiners, this is an essential study and revision guide for the 2015 AQA A-level Year 2 Chemistry specification concentrating on organic chemistry and related physical chemistry topics for Paper 2. * Tackle new-style written exam questions with guidance on practical and mathematical skills * Avoid common mistakes and get advice on exams with Exam Notes * Focus on just the content you need with Essential Notes * Memorise terminology for required practicals and mathematical and Working Scientifically aspects * Practise exam-style questions
Written by the University of York project team for Salters Advanced Chemistry, this Student Book supports and extends students through the new linear course while delivering the breadth, depth, and skills needed to succeed in the new A Level and beyond. It develops true subject knowledge while also developing essential exam skills. The fourth edition combines the Chemical Storyline and Chemical Ideas into a single, integrated volume for the first time, providing ideal support for the new specification.
This book introduces the recent progress that has resulted from utilizing the idea of "element-block polymers". A structural unit consisting of various groups of elements is called an "element-block." The design and synthesis of new element-blocks, polymerization of these blocks, and development of methods of forming higher-order structures and achieving hierarchical interface control in order to yield the desired functions are expected to result in manifold advantages. These benefits will encourage the creation of new polymeric materials that share, at a high level, electronic, optical, and magnetic properties not achievable with conventional organic polymeric materials as well as forming properties of molding processability and flexible designability that inorganic materials lack. By pioneering innovative synthetic processes that exploit the reactivity of elements and the preparation techniques employed for inorganic element-blocks, the aim is (1) to create a new series of innovative polymers based on the novel concept of element-block polymers, in which the characteristics of elements are extensively combined and utilized, and (2) to formulate theories related to these polymers. This book demonstrates especially the design strategies and the resulting successful examples offering highly functional materials that utilize element-block polymers as a key unit.
Polymers are huge macromolecules composed of repeating structural
units. While polymer in popular usage suggests plastic, the term
actually refers to a large class of natural and synthetic
materials. Due to the extraordinary range of properties accessible,
polymers have come to play an essential and ubiquitous role in
everyday life - from plastics and elastomers on the one hand to
natural biopolymers such as DNA and proteins on the other hand. The
study of polymer science begins with understanding the methods in
which these materials are synthesized. Polymer synthesis is a
complex procedure and can take place in a variety of ways. This
book brings together the "Who is who" of polymer science to give
the readers an overview of the large field of polymer synthesis. It
is a one-stop reference and a must-have for all Chemists, Polymer
Chemists, Chemists in Industry, and Materials Scientists.
Adopting a novel approach, this book provides a unique "molecular
perspective" on plasmonics, concisely presenting the fundamentals
and applications in a way suitable for beginners entering this hot
field as well as for experienced researchers and
This solutions manual has been written to accompany Inorganic Chemistry 6th edition. It provides detailed solutions to all the self-tests and end of chapter exercises that feature in the sixth edition of the text. This manual is available free to all instructors who adopt the main text.
This self-contained reference, written by a team of renowned international authors adopt a didactical approach to systematically cover all important aspects of designing self-healing polymers from concepts to applications - transferring lessons learnt from nature to materials science.
It is the first to discuss the chemical and physical concepts for self-healing polymers, including aspects of biomimetic processes of healing in nature and tissue regeneration.
Chapters cover the design of self-healing polymers and explain the dynamics in these systems.
Different self-healing concepts such as encapsulated systems and supramolecular systems are also included, with analysis and friction detection in self-healing polymers and on applications rounding off the whole.
For many processes and applications in science and technology a
basic knowledge of liquids and solutions is a must. Gaining a
better understanding of the behavior and properties of pure liquids
and solutions will help to improve many processes and to advance
research in many different areas. This book provides a
comprehensive, self-contained and integrated survey of this topic
and is a must-have for many chemists, chemical engineers and
material scientists, ranging from newcomers in the field to more
experienced researchers. The author
Most people remember chemistry from their schooldays as a subject
that was largely incomprehensible. For many the topic was seen as
being fact-rich but understanding-poor, smelly, and so far removed
from the real world of events and pleasures that there seemed
little point, except for the most introverted, in coming to terms
with its grubby concepts, spells, recipes, and rules.
The processes of new phase formation and growth are of fundamental importance in numerous rapidly developing scientific fields such as modern materials science, micro- and optoelectronics, and environmental science. Crystal Growth for Beginners combines the depth of information in monographs, with the thorough analysis of review papers, and presents the resulting content at a level understandable by beginners in science. The book covers, in practice, all fundamental questions and aspects of nucleation, crystal growth, and epitaxy.This book is a non-eclectic presentation of this interdisciplinary topic in materials science. The third edition brings existing chapters up to date, and includes new chapters on the growth of nanowires by the vapor-liquid-solid mechanism, as well as illustrated short biographical texts about the scientists who introduced the basic ideas and concepts into the fields of nucleation, crystal growth and epitaxy. All formulae and equations are illustrated by examples that are of technological importance. The book presents not only the fundamentals but also the state of the art in the subject.Crystal Growth for Beginners is a valuable reference for both graduate students and researchers in materials science. The reader is required to possess some basic knowledge of mathematics, physics and thermodynamics.
The efficacy of isocyanide reactions in the synthesis of natural or
naturallike products has resulted in a renaissance of isocyanide
chemistry. Now isocyanides are widely used in different branches of
organic, inorganic, coordination, combinatorial and medicinal
This authoritative book on MALDI MS, now finally available in its
second edition and edited by one of its inventors, gives an
in-depth description of the many different applications, along with
a detailed discussion of the technology itself.
After the overwhelming success of 'Asymmetric Synthesis - The
Essentials', displaying a broad range of organic asymmetric
A concise introduction to the chemistry and design principles behind important metal-organic frameworks and related porous materials Reticular chemistry has been applied to synthesize new classes of porous materials that are successfully used for myraid applications in areas such as gas separation, catalysis, energy, and electronics. Introduction to Reticular Chemistry gives an unique overview of the principles of the chemistry behind metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), covalent organic frameworks (COFs), and zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs). Written by one of the pioneers in the field, this book covers all important aspects of reticular chemistry, including design and synthesis, properties and characterization, as well as current and future applications Designed to be an accessible resource, the book is written in an easy-to-understand style. It includes an extensive bibliography, and offers figures and videos of crystal structures that are available as an electronic supplement. Introduction to Reticular Chemistry: -Describes the underlying principles and design elements for the synthesis of important metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and related materials -Discusses both real-life and future applications in various fields, such as clean energy and water adsorption -Offers all graphic material on a companion website -Provides first-hand knowledge by Omar Yaghi, one of the pioneers in the field, and his team. Aimed at graduate students in chemistry, structural chemists, inorganic chemists, organic chemists, catalytic chemists, and others, Introduction to Reticular Chemistry is a groundbreaking book that explores the chemistry principles and applications of MOFs, COFs, and ZIFs.
Written by internationally acclaimed authors, this textbook
contains everything you need to know about this versatile class of
compounds. Starting with a historical overview, definitions and
other fundamentals, it goes on to look at characterization,
analysis and properties of dendrimers. While the focus is on
synthesis and applications, it also contains chapters on analytics
and other applications.
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