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This monograph provides comprehensive coverage of technologies which integrate adsorption and biological processes in water and wastewater treatment. The authors provide both an introduction to the topic as well as a detailed discussion of theoretical and practical considerations. After a review of the basics involved in the chemistry, biology and technology of integrated adsorption and biological removal, they discuss the setup of pilot- and full-scale treatment facilities, covering powdered as well as granular activated carbon. They elucidate the factors that influence the successful operation of integrated systems. Their discussion on integrated systems expands from the effects of environmental conditions to the removal of various pollutants, to regeneration of activated carbon, and to the analysis of such systems in mathematical terms. The authors conclude with a look at future needs for research and development. A truly valuable resource for environmental engineers, environmental and water chemists, as well as professionals working in water and wastewater treatment.
Approaching sustainability from the perspectives of engineering and
multiple scientific disciplines, this book incorporates the
concepts of intergenerational equity and ecological capabilities,
while promoting scientific rigor for the analysis of sustainability
and the use of appropriate metrics to determine the comparative
merits of alternatives.
Lanthanides are of great importance for the electronic industries, this new book (from the EIBC Book Series) provides a comprehensive coverage of the basic chemistry, particularly inorganic chemistry, of the lanthanoid elements, those having a 4f shell of electrons. A chapter is describing the similarity of the Group 3 elements, Sc, Y, La, the group from which the lanthanoids originate and the group 13 elements, particularly aluminum, having similar properties. Inclusion of the group 3 and 13 elements demonstrates how the lanthanoid elements relate to other, more common, elements in the Periodic Table. Beginning chapters describe the occurrence and mineralogy of the elements, with a focus on structural features observed in compounds described in later chapters. The majority of the chapters is organized by the oxidation state of the elements, Ln(0), Ln(II), Ln(III), and Ln(IV). Within this organization the chapters are further distinguished by type of compound, inorganic (oxides and hydroxides, aqueous speciation, halides, alkoxides, amides and thiolates, and chelates) and organometallic. Concluding chapters deal with diverse and critically important applications of the lanthanoids in electronic and magnetic materials, and medical imaging.
Fully updated and revised, this new edition of a highly successful text provides students, clinicians, and academics with a thorough introduction to aging and mental health. The third edition of Aging and Mental Health is filled with new updates and features, including the impact of the DSM-5 on diagnosis and treatment of older adults. Like its predecessors, it uses case examples to introduce readers to the field of aging and mental health. It also provides both a synopsis of basic gerontology needed for clinical work with older adults and an analysis of several facets of aging well. Introductory chapters are followed by a series of chapters that describe the major theoretical models used to understand mental health and mental disorders among older adults. Following entries are devoted to the major forms of mental disorders in later life, with a focus on diagnosis, assessment, and treatment issues. Finally, the book focuses on the settings and contexts of professional mental health practice and on emerging policy issues that affect research and practice. This combination of theory and practice helps readers conceptualize mental health problems in later life and negotiate the complex decisions involved with the assessment and treatment of those problems. Features new material on important topics including positive mental health, hoarding disorder, chronic pain, housing, caregiving, and ethical and legal concerns Substantially revised and updated throughout, including reference to the DSM-5 Offers chapter-end recommendations of websites for further information Includes discussion questions and critical thinking questions at the end of each chapter Aging and Mental Health, Third Edition is an ideal text for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in psychology, for service providers in psychology, psychiatry, social work, and counseling, and for clinicians who are experienced mental health service providers but who have not had much experience working specifically with older adults and their families.
The updated fourth edition of this successful encyclopedia contains 40% more high-quality content from over 300 international experts in four volumes Comprehensive, succinct, and unrivaled, it includes all the knowledge scientists need on homogeneous, heterogeneous and biochemical catalysis in easy-to-use, compact entries for over 11,000 keywords in alphabetical order.
"Catalysis from A to Z" explains briefly the important terms for every aspect of catalysis, whether biocatalysis, homogeneous catalysis, heterogeneous catalysis, or such related topics as spectroscopy or analytical methods. These also include abbreviations, brief biographic entries of important scientists who have worked in catalysis, trade names, important catalytic processes, named reactions, and other important keywords in the general field of catalysis.
To round this work off, many of the keywords are illustrated and include German and French equivalent terms.
From reviews of previous editions:
"Everything you wanted to know about catalysis, from abzymes to zeolites, is here."-Alan Warren, "The Catalyst"
"It is a very useful starting point for information on any aspect of catalysis or biocatalysis, and is recommended for collections serving chemists or chemical engineers, or students in those fields."-Robert Michaelson, "American Ref Books Annual"
"In summary, this work offers exactly what its subtitle promises: a very precise encyclopedia of catalysis. Off all the topics in the field of catalysis that I have looked for in this book, not one has been missing."-Rainer Sturmer, BASF AG, Ludwigshafen, "Angew. Chem. Int. Ed."
"I would highly recommend "Catalysis from A to Z" for all scientists and engineers whose work is related to the field of catalysis. Specifically, if you are from an interdisciplinary related area and naturally not too familiar with all vocabulary used in the field, you will find it particulary useful to have this encyclopedia on your bookshelf."-Jorg Libuda, Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Berlin, "ChemPhysChem"
..".this book is a must for all libraries in institutes with research groups active in catalysis. Indeed this reference work will be of value to all senior academic and industrial scientists with an interest in one or more of the (converging) areas of catalysis."-Stanley M. Roberts, University of Liverpool, "ChemBioChem"
The last two decades have seen a renaissance in interest in the chemistry of the main group elements. In particular research on the metals of group 13 (aluminium, gallium, indium and thallium) has led to the synthesis and isolation of some very novel and unusual molecules, with implications for organometallic synthesis, new materials development, and with biological, medical and, environmental relevance. The Group 13 Metals Aluminium, Gallium, Indium and Thallium aims to cover new facts, developments and applications in the context of more general patterns of physical and chemical behaviour. Particular attention is paid to the main growth areas, including the chemistry of lower formal oxidation states, cluster chemistry, the investigation of solid oxides and hydroxides, advances in the formation of III-V and related compounds, the biological significance of Group 13 metal complexes, and the growing importance of the metals and their compounds in the mediation of organic reactions. Chapters cover: * general features of the group 13 elements * group 13 metals in the +3 oxidation state: simple inorganic compounds * formal oxidation state +3: organometallic chemistry * formal oxidation state +2: metal-metal bonded vs. mononuclear derivatives * group 13 metals in the +1 oxidation state * mixed or intermediate valence group 13 metal compounds * aluminium and gallium clusters: metalloid clusters and their relation to the bulk phases, to naked clusters, and to nanoscaled materials * simple and mixed metal oxides and hydroxides: solids with extended structures of different dimensionalities and porosities * coordination and solution chemistry of the metals: biological, medical and, environmental relevance * III-V and related semiconductor materials * group 13 metal-mediated organic reactions The Group 13 Metals Aluminium, Gallium, Indium and Thallium provides a detailed, wide-ranging, and up-to-date review of the chemistry of this important group of metals. It will find a place on the bookshelves of practitioners, researchers and students working in inorganic, organometallic, and materials chemistry.
Bioelectrochemistry is a fast growing field at the interface between electrochemistry and other sciences such as biochemistry, analytical chemistry and medicinal chemistry. In the recent years, the methods and the understanding of the fundamentals have seen significant progress, which has led to rapid development in the field. Here, the expert editors have carefully selected contributions to best reflect the latest developments in this hot and rapidly growing interdisciplinary topic. The resulting excellent and timely overview of this multifaceted field covers recent methodological advances, as well as a range of new applications for analytical detection, drug screening, tumor therapy, and for energy conversion in biofuel cells. This book is a must-have for all Electrochemists, Biochemists, Analytical Chemists, and Medicinal Chemists.
Covers both the fundamentals and the state-of-the-art technology used for MBE Written by expert researchers working on the frontlines of the field, this book covers fundamentals of Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) technology and science, as well as state-of-the-art MBE technology for electronic and optoelectronic device applications. MBE applications to magnetic semiconductor materials are also included for future magnetic and spintronic device applications. Molecular Beam Epitaxy: Materials and Applications for Electronics and Optoelectronics is presented in five parts: Fundamentals of MBE; MBE technology for electronic devices application; MBE for optoelectronic devices; Magnetic semiconductors and spintronics devices; and Challenge of MBE to new materials and new researches. The book offers chapters covering the history of MBE; principles of MBE and fundamental mechanism of MBE growth; migration enhanced epitaxy and its application; quantum dot formation and selective area growth by MBE; MBE of III-nitride semiconductors for electronic devices; MBE for Tunnel-FETs; applications of III-V semiconductor quantum dots in optoelectronic devices; MBE of III-V and III-nitride heterostructures for optoelectronic devices with emission wavelengths from THz to ultraviolet; MBE of III-V semiconductors for mid-infrared photodetectors and solar cells; dilute magnetic semiconductor materials and ferromagnet/semiconductor heterostructures and their application to spintronic devices; applications of bismuth-containing III-V semiconductors in devices; MBE growth and device applications of Ga2O3; Heterovalent semiconductor structures and their device applications; and more. Includes chapters on the fundamentals of MBE Covers new challenging researches in MBE and new technologies Edited by two pioneers in the field of MBE with contributions from well-known MBE authors including three Al Cho MBE Award winners Part of the Materials for Electronic and Optoelectronic Applications series Molecular Beam Epitaxy: Materials and Applications for Electronics and Optoelectronics will appeal to graduate students, researchers in academia and industry, and others interested in the area of epitaxial growth.
The book summarizes the results of the experimental studies of phase relations in the chemical systems relevant to Earth, carried out by the author in a time period of over 20 years between 1979 and 2001. It is based on 1000 piston-cylinder experiments at pressures up to 4 GPa, and close to 700 experiments carried out with a multi-anvil apparatus at pressures up to 24 GPA. This is the largest published collection of calculated phase diagrams for the chemical systems relevant to Earth. This is also the first time that the phase relations at the relatively low pressures of the lithospheric mantle, mainly applicable to the experimental thermobarometry of metamorphic rocks and mantle xenoliths, are seamlessly integrated with the phase relations of the sublithospheric upper mantle and the uppermost lower mantle, primarily applicable to inclusions in diamond and schocked meteorites. "Tibor Gasparik has devoted his career to determining the high-pressure, high-temperature phase relations of the geologically important Sodium-Calcium-Magnesium-Aluminium-Silicon (NCMAS) oxide system. This book is his opus magnum, summarizing more than 1700 experiments in over 120 figures. ... I have found Phase Diagrams for Geoscientists to be a useful first port-of-call for finding the P-T stability fields ... and I can recommend the book as a reference for geoscientists requiring an overview of the stable phase assemblages in the top 700 km of the Earth." (David Dobson, Geological Magazine, Vol. 142 (2), 2005)
The only topical HPLC book to focus on optimization, this volume
addresses the needs of HPLC users who wish to constantly improve
their methods, in particular in terms of throughput, accuracy and
Written by a well-respected and experienced author, this textbook fills the gap for a concise introduction to the key concepts of organic stereochemistry and the most important classical and modern methods in stereoselective synthesis. The concepts are extensively illustrated in color, with practical examples and question-answer sets to help consolidate the reader's knowledge. In addition, animations are available from the Wiley website. A must-have for students in chemistry, biochemistry, and life sciences, as well as researchers in pharmaceutical and agrochemical companies in need of a quick introduction to the field.
The availability of synchrotron x-ray sources and the subsequent developments described in this book have led to substantial progress in our understanding of molecular ordering at liquid interfaces. This practical guide enables graduate students and researchers working in physics, chemistry, biology and materials science to understand and carry out experimental investigations into the basic physical and chemical properties of liquid surfaces and interfaces. The book examines the surfaces of bulk liquids, thin wetting films and buried liquid-liquid interfaces. It discusses experiments on simple and complex fluids, including pure water and organic liquids, liquid crystals, liquid metals, electrified liquid-liquid interfaces and interfacial monolayers of amphiphiles, nanoparticles, polymers and biomolecules. A detailed description of the apparatus and techniques required for these experiments is provided, and theoretical approaches to data analysis are described, including approximate methods such as the Master formula, the Born approximation, Parratt's algorithm and the Distorted Wave Approximation.
Learn the skills you need to succeed in your chemistry course with CHEMISTRY, Tenth Edition. This trusted text has helped generations of students learn to "think like chemists" and develop problem-solving skills needed to master even the most challenging problems. Clear explanations and interactive examples help you build confidence for the exams, so that you can study to understand rather than simply memorize. Combined with the online resources and instant feedback in OWLv2, you'll be on your way to developing a deeper understanding of chemistry concepts and solving complex problems in all aspects of your life.
Concise, self-contained introduction to group theory and its application to chemical problems. Symmetry, symmetry operations, point groups, matrices, matrix representations, equivalent and reducible representations, irreducible representations and character tables, representations and quantum mechanics, molecular vibrations, molecular orbital theory, hybrid orbitals, and transition metal chemistry. Relevant math after each chapter. Advanced-undergraduate/graduate level. 1973 edition. Problems.
There are few fields of science that carbon-14 has not touched. A radioactive isotope of carbon, it stands out for its unusually long half-life. Best known for its application to estimating the age of artifacts--carbon dating--carbon-14 helped reveal new chronologies of human civilization and geological time. Everything containing carbon, the basis of all life, could be placed in time according to the clock of radioactive decay, with research applications ranging from archeology to oceanography to climatology. In Hot Carbon, John F. Marra tells the untold story of this scientific revolution. He weaves together the workings of the many disciplines that employ carbon-14 with gripping tales of the individuals who pioneered its possibilities. He describes the concrete applications of carbon-14 to the study of all the stuff of life on earth, from climate science's understanding of change over time to his own work on oceanic photosynthesis with microscopic phytoplankton. Marra's engaging narrative encompasses nuclear testing, the peopling of the Americas, elephant poaching, and the flax plants used for the linen in the Shroud of Turin. Combining colorful narrative prose with accessible explanations of fundamental science, Hot Carbon is a thought-provoking exploration of how the power of carbon-14 informs our relationship to the past.
The rapid development of HPLC instrumentation and technology opens numerous possibilities - and entails new questions. Which column should I choose to obtain best results, which gradient fits to my analytical problem, what are recent and promising trends in detection techniques, what is state of the art regarding LC-MS coupling? All these questions are answered by experts in ten self-contained chapters. Besides these more hardware-related and technical chapters, further related areas of interest are covered: Comparison of recent chromatographic data systems and integration strategies, smart documentation, efficient information search in internet, and tips for a successful FDA inspection. This practical approach offers in a condensed manner recent trends and hints, and will also display the advanced reader mistakes and errors he was not aware of so far.
Combining an up-to-date insight into mass-spectrometric polymer
analysis beyond MALDI with application details of the
instrumentation, this is a balanced and thorough presentation of
the most important and widely used mass-spectrometric
Exam Board: OCR Level: AS/A-level Subject: Chemistry First Teaching: September 2015 First Exam: Summer 2016 Written by experienced author Mike Smith, this Student Guide for Chemistry: - Helps identify what you need to know with a concise summary of the topics examined in the AS and A-level specifications - Consolidates understanding with tips and knowledge check questions - Provides opportunities to improve exam technique with sample answers to exam-style questions - Develops independent learning and research skills - Provides the content for generating individual revision notes
The book provides experienced as well as young researchers with a topical view of the vibrant field of soft nanotechnology. In addition to elucidating the underlying concepts and principles that drive continued innovation, major parts of each chapter are devoted to detailed discussions of potential and already realized applications of micro- and nanogel- based materials. Examples of the diverse areas impacted by these materials are biocompatible coatings for implants, films for controlled drug release, self-healing soft materials and responsive hydrogels that react to varying pH conditions, temperature or light.
Authored by a top-level team of both academic and industrial researchers in the field, this is an up-to-date review of mesoporous zeolites. The leading experts cover novel preparation methods that allow for a purpose-oriented fine-tuning of zeolite properties, as well as the related materials, discussing the specific characterization methods and the applications in close relation to each individual preparation approach. The result is a self-contained treatment of the different classes of mesoporous zeolites. With its academic insights and practical relevance this is a comprehensive handbook for researchers in the field and related areas, as well as for developers from the chemical industry.
Closing a gap in the literature, this is the first comprehensive
handbook on this modern and important polymer topic.
"Copper-Catalyzed Asymmetric Synthesis "reflects the increasing interest among the chemical synthetic community in the area of asymmetric copper-catalyzed reactions, and introduces readers to the latest, most significant developments in the field.
The contents are organized according to reaction type and cover mechanistic and spectroscopic aspects as well as applications in the synthesis of natural products. A whole chapter is devoted to understanding how primary organometallics interact with copper to provide selective catalysts for allylic substitution and conjugate addition, both of which are treated in separate chapters. Another is devoted to the variety of substrates and experimental protocols, while an entire chapter covers the use on non-carbon nucleophiles. Other chapters deal with less-known reactions, such as carbometallation or the additions to imines and related systems, while the more established reactions cyclopropanation and aziridination as well as the use of copper (II) Lewis acids are warranted their own special chapters. Two further chapters concern the processes involved, as determined by mechanistic studies. Finally, a whole chapter is devoted to the synthetic applications.
This book is essential reading for researchers at academic institutions and professionals at pharmaceutical or agrochemical companies.
Der schnelle Uberblick fur Schuler, Studenten und jeden, den es sonst noch interessiert Stehen Sie auf Kriegsfuss mit der Biochemie? Diese ganzen Formeln und Reaktionen sind uberhaupt nicht Ihr Ding, aber die nachste Prufung steht vor der Tur? Kein Problem! Biochemie kompakt fur Dummies erklart Ihnen das Wichtigste, was Sie uber Biochemie wissen mussen. Sie warden so einfach wie moglich und so komplex wie notig in die Welt der Kohlenhydrate, Lipide, Proteine, Nukleinsauren, Vitamine, Hormone und Co. eingefuhrt. So leicht und kompakt kann Biochemie sein.
La nueva edicion del texto mas confiable y de mayor venta para quimica organica esta actualizada con los ultimos avances, ampliada con mas problemas de fin de capitulo, reorganizada para cubrir estereoquimica antes y mejorada con OWL, el sistema de aprendizaje de la quimica y tareas en linea lider, Quimica organica John McMurry continua estableciendo el estandar para el curso. La octava edicion tambien conserva las cualidades McMurry una caracteristica distintiva: amplio, con formal y claro. McMurry ha desarrollado una reputacion en la elaboracion de textos precisos y accesibles que hablan a las necesidades de profesores y estudiantes. Mas de un millon de estudiantes en todo el mundo de una amplia gama de universidades han llegado a dominar la quimica organica a traves de su estilo registrado, mientras que los instructores en cientos de colegios y universidades han elogiado su planteamiento una y otra vez.
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