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The ever-popular Chemistry In Context resource has been updated by the experienced author team to provide chemistry students with a comprehensive and dependable textbook for their studies, regardless of syllabus. Mapped to the latest Cambridge AS & A Level Chemistry syllabus (9701), this text supports students with its stretching, problem-solving approach. It helps foster long-term performance in chemistry, as well as building students' confidence for their upcoming examinations. The practical approach helps to make chemistry meaningful and contextual, building foundations for further education.
Providing much-needed information on fluorescence spectroscopy and
microscopy, this ready reference covers detection techniques, data
registration, and the use of spectroscopic tools, as well as new
techniques for improving the resolution of optical microscopy below
the resolution gap.
This new textbook provides for the first time a comprehensive treatment of the basics of contemporary crystallography and crystal growth in a single volume. The reader will be familiarized with the concepts for the description of morphological and structural symmetry of crystals. The architecture of crystal structures of selected inorganic and molecular crystals is illustrated. The main crystallographic databases as data sources of crystal structures are described. Nucleation processes, their kinetics and main growth mechanism will be introduced in fundamentals of crystal growth. Some phase diagrams in the solid and liquid phases in correlation with the segregation of dopants are treated on a macro- and microscale. Fluid dynamic aspects with different types of convection in melts and solutions are discussed. Various growth techniques for semiconducting materials in connection with the use of external field (magnetic fields and microgravity) are described. Crystal characterization as the overall assessment of the grown crystal is treated in detail with respect to - crystal defects - crystal quality - field of application Introduction to Crystal Growth and Characterization is an ideal textbook written in a form readily accessible to undergraduate and graduate students of crystallography, physics, chemistry, materials science and engineering. It is also a valuable resource for all scientists concerned with crystal growth and materials engineering.
The second edition of "Analytical Methods in Supramolecular Chemistry" comes in two volumes and covers a broad range of modern methods and techniques now used for investigating supramolecular systems, e. g. NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, extraction methods, crystallography, single molecule spectroscopy, electrochemisty, and many more. In this second edition, tutorial inserts have been introduced, making the book also suitable as supplementary reading for courses on supramolecular chemistry. All chapters have been revised and updated and four new chapters have been added. A must-have handbook for Organic and Analytical Chemists, Spectroscopists, Materials Scientists, and Ph.D. Students in Chemistry. From reviews of the first edition: "This timely book should have its place in laboratories dealing with supramolecular objects. It will be a source of reference for graduate students and more experienced researchers and could induce new ideas on the use of techniques other than those usually used in the laboratory." Journal of the American Chemical Society (2008) VOL. 130, NO. 1 doi: 10.1 021/ja0769649 "The book as a whole or single chapters will stimulate the reader to widen his horizon in chemistry and will help him to have new ideas in his research." Anal Bioanal Chem (2007) 389:2039-2040 DOI: 10.1007/s00216-007-1677-1
Edited by two very well-known and respected scientists in the
field, this excellent practical guide is the first to cover the
fundamentals and a wide range of applications, as well as showing
readers how to efficiently use this increasingly important
Based on the author's lectures to graduate students of geosciences, physics, chemistry and materials science, this didactic handbook covers basic aspects of ceramics such as composition and structure as well as such advanced topics as achieving specific functionalities by choosing the right materials. The focus lies on the thermal transformation processes of natural raw materials to arrive at traditional structural ceramics and on the general physical principles of advanced functional ceramics. The book thus provides practice-oriented information to readers in research, development and engineering on how to understand, make and improve ceramics and derived products, while also serving as a rapid reference for the practitioner. The choice of topics and style of presentation make it equally useful for chemists, materials scientists, engineers and mineralogists.
Highlighting sustainable catalytic processes in synthetic organic chemistry, this useful guide places special emphasis on catalytic reactions carried out at room temperature. It describes the fundamentals, summarizes key advances, and covers applications in the field of organic synthesis, biomass conversion, and pollution control. Throughout, the latest research from various disciplines is combined, such as homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, biocatalysis, and photocatalysis. The book concludes with a chapter on future trends and energy challenges for the latter half of the 21st century and two case studies. With its multidisciplinary approach this is an essential reference for academic and industrial researchers in catalysis science aiming to design more sustainable and energy-efficient processes.
Transition metal-catalyzed coupling reactions have a rich history that led to the awarding of the 2010 Nobel Prize in Chemistry to Professors Suzuki, Heck, and Negishi for their pioneering contributions to the field. The coming of age of this active area of research is showcased in this book through case studies in which process chemists from the pharmaceutical industry share their personal experiences developing their own transition metal-catalyzed couplings for the large-scale manufacture of active pharmaceutical ingredients. Authors from Pfizer, Merck, Boehringer-Ingelheim, Novartis, Amgen, GSK, AstraZeneca, and other companies describe the evolution of robust coupling processes from inception through early and late development, including commercial routes where applicable. This book covers a wide range of coupling transformations while capturing the lessons learned from each process. Every case study details the optimization of at least one transition metal-catalyzed coupling while elaborating on issues such as design of experiments, scalability and throughput, product purification, process safety, and waste management. The important issue of metal removal and the different technologies available to accomplish this goal are also addressed. Finally, a section covers novel technologies for cross-coupling with high potential for future applications on a large scale, such as microwave and flow chemistry as well as green cross-couplings performed in water. With Forewords by Stephen L. Buchwald, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Trevor Laird, Editor of Organic Process Research and Development and Neal G. Anderson, Anderson's Process Solutions LLC.
Closing a gap in the literature, this comprehensive book presents
the utility of carbohydrate derivatives as chiral auxiliaries,
Steel is one of the most widely used construction materials with more than 1.3 billion tons produced each year. Buildings, industrial plants, machines, tools, pipelines, vessels and tanks are only a few of its applications in our daily life. Steel is an alloy made of iron and additional elements like carbon, chromium, manganese, vanadium and tungsten, and its quality, ductility, hardness and strength vary with the amount of the alloying element.As steels corrode in various atmospheres, in water and in soil its corrosion resistance against the four most common chemicals and inorganic acids- hydrochloric, nitric, sulfuric and phosphoric acid- is essential and a crucial financial factor for many industries. These acids are present in nearly every industrial production process such as metal manufacturing but also explosives, food, dyes, leather, paper and fertilizers, to name only a few.Understanding how to strengthen the corrosion resistance of steels as reaction, transport and storage devices against these omnipresent and aggressive acids is key for all industries involved. This book is therefore a must-have for all mechanical, civil and chemical engineers, material scientists and chemists working with steel or acidic media.
A plain-English guide to one of the toughest courses around
So, you survived the first semester of Organic Chemistry (maybe even by the skin of your teeth) and now it's time to get back to the classroom and lab! "Organic Chemistry II For Dummies" is an easy-to-understand reference to this often challenging subject.
Thanks to this book, you'll get friendly and comprehensible guidance on everything you can expect to encounter in your Organic Chemistry II course.An extension of the successful "Organic Chemistry I For Dummies"Covers topics in a straightforward and effective mannerExplains concepts and terms in a fast and easy-to-understand way
Whether you're confused by composites, baffled by biomolecules, or anything in between, "Organic Chemistry II For Dummies" gives you the help you need -- in plain English!
A comprehensive and systematic treatment of our current understanding of the microfluidic technique and its advantages in the controllable fabrication of advanced functional polymeric materials. Introducing and summarizing recent advances and achievements in the field, the authors cover the design and fabrication of microfluidic devices, the fundamentals and strategies for controllable microfluidic generation of multiphase liquid systems, and the use of these liquid systems with an elaborate combination of their structures and compositions for generating novel polymer materials, such as microcapsules, microfibers, valves, and membranes. Clear diagrams and illustrations throughout the text make the relevant theory and technologies more readily accessible. The result is a specialist reference for materials scientists, organic, polymer and physical chemists, and chemical engineers.
The understanding of functional groups is the key to understanding organic chemistry. In the tradition of Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups each volume treats all aspects of functional groups, touching on theoretical, analytical, synthetic, biological, and industrial aspects. Hypervalent halogen compounds, in particular iodine compounds, are very efficient and selective oxidants which tolerate a wide range of functional groups. The electrophilic properties of these reagents can also be used to introduce other functionalizations. The present volume is the first in the series to survey the properties and chemical behaviour of hypervalent iodine and bromine, their use in organic synthesis, as well as their industrial application. As with all new volumes, the chapters are first published online in Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups. Once a volume is completed online, it is then published in print format. The printed book offers the traditional quality of the Patai Book Series, complete with an extensive index.
Written by an international team of experts, this comprehensive volume investigates modern-day family relationships, partnering, and parenting set against a backdrop of rapid social, economic, cultural, and technological change. * Covers a broad range of topics, including social inequality, parenting practices, children s work, changing patterns of citizenship, multi-cultural families, and changes in welfare state protection for families * Includes many European, North American and Asian examples written by a team of experts from across five continents * Features coverage of previously neglected groups, including immigrant and transnational families as well as families of gays and lesbians * Demonstrates how studying social change in families is fundamental for understanding the transformations in individual and social life across the globe * Extensively reworked from the original Companion published over a decade ago: three-quarters of the material is completely new, and the remainder has been comprehensively updated
A new edition of the clearest, most authoritative guide to gemstones you will find From Amber to Rubellite, discover over 130 varieties of cut and uncut stones, organic gemstones and precious metals. 800 incredible photos, precise annotations and detailed descriptions, including everything from gemstone shapes to their composition, will help you to identify different stones quickly and easily.Covers everything from what a gemstone is and where they occur to the natural properties they have and how they have been fashioned and imitated through the ages. Perfect for gemstone lovers - a comprehensive guide for collectors.
Exam Board: OCR Level: A-level Subject: Chemistry First Teaching: September 2015 First Exam: Summer 2017 Written by experienced author Mike Smith, this Student Guide for Chemistry: -Identifies the key content you need to know with a concise summary of topics examined in the A-level specifications -Enables you to measure your understanding with exam tips and knowledge check questions, with answers at the end of the guide -Helps you to improve your exam technique with sample answers to exam-style questions -Develops your independent learning skills with content you can use for further study and research.
The first book of its kind to describe the art of NMR using
This first volume in the series on nanocarbons for advanced applications presents the latest achievements in the design, synthesis, characterization, and applications of these materials for electrochemical energy storage. The highly renowned series and volume editor, Xinliang Feng, has put together an internationally acclaimed expert team who covers nanocarbons such as carbon nanotubes, fullerenes, graphenes, and porous carbons. The first two parts focus on nanocarbon-based anode and cathode materials for lithium ion batteries, while the third part deals with carbon material-based supercapacitors with various applications in power electronics, automotive engineering and as energy storage elements in portable electric devices. This book will be indispensable for materials scientists, electrochemists, physical chemists, solid state physicists, and those working in the electrotechnical industry.
Hypervalent Iodine Chemistry is the first comprehensive text covering all of the main aspects of the chemistry of organic and inorganic polyvalent iodine compounds, including applications in chemical research, medicine, and industry. Providing a comprehensive overview of the preparation, properties, and synthetic applications of this important class of reagents, the text is presented in the following way: *The introductory chapter provides a historical background and describes the general classification of iodine compounds, nomenclature, hypervalent bonding, structural features, and the principles of reactivity of polyvalent iodine compounds. *Chapter 2 gives a detailed description of the preparative methods and structural features of all known classes of organic and inorganic derivatives of polyvalent iodine. *Chapter 3, the key chapter of the book, deals with the many applications of hypervalent iodine reagents in organic synthesis. *Chapter 4 describes the most recent achievements in hypervalent iodine catalysis. *Chapter 5 deals with recyclable polymer-supported and nonpolymeric hypervalent iodine reagents. *Chapter 6 covers the "green" reactions of hypervalent iodine reagents under solvent-free conditions or in aqueous solutions. *The final chapter provides an overview of the important practical applications of polyvalent iodine compounds in medicine and industry. This book is aimed at all chemists interested in iodine compounds, including academic and industrial researchers in inorganic, organic, physical, medicinal, and biological chemistry. It will be particularly useful to synthetic organic and inorganic chemists, including graduate and advanced undergraduate students. It comprehensively covers the green chemistry aspects of hypervalent iodine chemistry, making it especially useful for industrial chemists.
With nearly 400 original illustrations, this NMR primer provides an introduction to solution NMR spectroscopy at a level appropriate for advanced undergraduates, graduate students and working scientists with backgrounds in chemistry or biochemistry. It presents the underlying physics and mathematics in a way that is both accessible and sufficiently complete to allow a real understanding of modern multi-dimensional experiments, thereby giving readers the tools they need to move to more advanced textbooks and articles. One special feature of this text is a thorough, but accessible, treatment of spin quantum mechanics, including scalar-coupled spins. A novel style of vector diagram is used to represent the quantum correlations between coupled spins and the manipulation of these correlations by pulses and time evolution. This will help to clarify what is arguably the most difficult aspect of NMR for students and practitioners to master. Key Features: - Hundreds of original illustrations show both traditional and non-traditional vector diagrams, that describe the correlations between scalar-coupled spins. The non-traditional vector diagrams are a unique highlight of this text, and are used to illustrate experiments based on scalar coupling and as an aid to product-operator calculations. - Numerical simulations are used to illustrate many important ideas, including standard data processing techniques and the random processes associated with NMR relaxation. - Important mathematical concepts and techniques, such as complex numbers and the Fourier transformation, are introduced where they are required in the text. - Each chapter includes chapter-ending problems and exercises as well as a summary of major points and references for further reading.
Today, arylation methods are belonging to the most important
reaction types in organic synthesis. Lutz Ackermann, a young and
ambitious professor has gathered a number of top international
authors to present the first comprehensive book on the topic.
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