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A new, full-color, completely updated edition of the key practical guide to chemometrics This new edition of this practical guide on chemometrics, emphasizes the principles and applications behind the main ideas in the field using numerical and graphical examples, which can then be applied to a wide variety of problems in chemistry, biology, chemical engineering, and allied disciplines. Presented in full color, it features expansion of the principal component analysis, classification, multivariate evolutionary signal and statistical distributions sections, and new case studies in metabolomics, as well as extensive updates throughout. Aimed at the large number of users of chemometrics, it includes extensive worked problems and chapters explaining how to analyze datasets, in addition to updated descriptions of how to apply Excel and Matlab for chemometrics. Chemometrics: Data Driven Extraction for Science, Second Edition offers chapters covering: experimental design, signal processing, pattern recognition, calibration, and evolutionary data. The pattern recognition chapter from the first edition is divided into two separate ones: Principal Component Analysis/Cluster Analysis, and Classification. It also includes new descriptions of Alternating Least Squares (ALS) and Iterative Target Transformation Factor Analysis (ITTFA). Updated descriptions of wavelets and Bayesian methods are included. Includes updated chapters of the classic chemometric methods (e.g. experimental design, signal processing, etc.) Introduces metabolomics-type examples alongside those from analytical chemistry Features problems at the end of each chapter to illustrate the broad applicability of the methods in different fields Supplemented with data sets and solutions to the problems on a dedicated website Chemometrics: Data Driven Extraction for Science, Second Edition is recommended for post-graduate students of chemometrics as well as applied scientists (e.g. chemists, biochemists, engineers, statisticians) working in all areas of data analysis.
A plain-English guide to one of the toughest courses around
So, you survived the first semester of Organic Chemistry (maybe even by the skin of your teeth) and now it's time to get back to the classroom and lab! "Organic Chemistry II For Dummies" is an easy-to-understand reference to this often challenging subject.
Thanks to this book, you'll get friendly and comprehensible guidance on everything you can expect to encounter in your Organic Chemistry II course.An extension of the successful "Organic Chemistry I For Dummies"Covers topics in a straightforward and effective mannerExplains concepts and terms in a fast and easy-to-understand way
Whether you're confused by composites, baffled by biomolecules, or anything in between, "Organic Chemistry II For Dummies" gives you the help you need -- in plain English!
This book provides a noteworthy compilation of the groundbreaking methods of stereoselective synthesis, belonging to the repertoire of every modern practitioner of synthetic organic chemistry. The general principles underlying these processes are highlighted as they form the basis for the rapid and continuing developments in the field. The work also features illustrative examples of drug and natural product syntheses, resulting in a rich source of stimulating ideas for the efficient use of asymmetric reactions in the construction of stereochemically complex structures. From the contents: "Macrocyclic stereocontrol "Carbonyl addition reactions "alpha-Functionalization of enolates "Aldol and allylation reactions "Chiral acetals "Alkene hydroboration, reduction, and oxidation "Additions to C=N bonds and synthesis of amino acids "Conjugate additions "Chiral carbanions "Metal-catalyzed allylations "Cyclopropanations and CH-insertion reactions "Sigmatropic rearrangements "Diels-Alder and hetero-Diels-Alder reactions "[3+2]- and [2+2]-cycloaddition reactions
Edited by the academic who first discovered this important phenomenon, Aggregation-Induced Emission is the first book to cover the applications of Aggregation-Induced Emission. This groundbreaking text explores the high-tech applications of AIE materials in optoelectronic devices, chemical sensors, and biological probes. A valuable resource for scientists, physicists, and biological chemists, topics covered include: AIE materials for LEDs and lasers; mechanochromic AIE materials; new chemo- and biosensors based on AIE fluorophores; AIE dye-encapsulated nanoparticles for optical bioimaging; and chiral recognition and enantiomeric excess determination based on AIE.
A comprehensive compilation of the available experimental and theoretical vibrational data for organometallic compounds and its role in evaluating the structures, bonding, and properties of these key compounds This unique book offers a thorough review of the literature dealing with vibrational data obtained using various phases, including matrices, reported for organometallic compounds from infrared spectra, Raman spectra, and several other techniques. It is the only one that compiles the available experimental and theoretical vibrational data on these compounds, and which discusses the importance of this information and its role in evaluating structures, bonding, and other important properties. It also treats the use of DFT and other theoretical calculations to analyze the vibrational data and to predict properties associated with these compounds. The book also includes vibrational data for organic species that form on metal and other surfaces. Vibrational Spectra of Organometallics: Theoretical and Experimental Data offers complete coverage of: Carbide, Alkylidyne, Alkylidene, Alkyl, and Alkane Derivatives; Noncyclic Carbon Clusters and Unsaturated Hydrocarbon Derivatives; and Cyclic, Unsaturated Organometallic Derivatives. By summarizing work that has already been done on organometallic compounds, it serves as an important reference for those studying their vibrational spectra and will, in the end, lead to a clearer understanding of other research that needs to be done in order to help researchers determine new research directions. An important reference for those studying the vibrational spectra of organometallic compounds Gathers the existing experimental and theoretical vibrational data and discusses its significance in assessing structures, bonding, and other principle properties Includes DFT methods for the interpretation of spectra, which has been one of the major developments of the last two decades Vibrational Spectra of Organometallics: Theoretical and Experimental Data is an important reference for researchers and practitioners in the areas of inorganic, organometallic, organic, and surface chemistry who have an interest in using vibrational data to characterize the bonding, composition, reactions, and structures of organometallic compounds, and organic species that are formed on various surfaces.
Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) are crystalline compounds consisting of rigid organic molecules held together and organized by metal ions or clusters. Special interests in these materials arise from the fact that many are highly porous and can be used for storage of small molecules, for example H2 or CO2. Consequently, the materials are ideal candidates for a wide range of applications including gas storage, separation technologies and catalysis. Potential applications include the storage of hydrogen for fuel-cell cars, and the removal and storage of carbon dioxide in sustainable technical processes. MOFs offer the inorganic chemist and materials scientist a wide range of new synthetic possibilities and open the doors to new and exciting basic research. Metal-Organic Frameworks Materials provides a solid basis for the understanding of MOFs and insights into new inorganic materials structures and properties. The volume also reflects progress that has been made in recent years, presenting a wide range of new applications including state-of-the art developments in the promising technology for alternative fuels. The comprehensive volume investigates structures, symmetry, supramolecular chemistry, surface engineering, recognition, properties, and reactions. The content from this book will be added online to the Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry: http://www.wileyonlinelibrary.com/ref/eibc
This topical book addresses the need for emerging economies in Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe to find a new, sustainable growth model that fosters continued convergence with the EU without leading to the build-up of new vulnerabilities. The expert contributions frame the discussion on balanced growth in Europe, deal with the legacy of the old growth model (such as managing disrupted capital flows and deleveraging), and provide insights from the growth strategies of Russia and Turkey as well as the adjustment process of successful small CESEE countries. They focus on providing a multi-disciplinary assessment, combining the views of policy-makers and academics with those of central and commercial bankers. This book will prove a thought-provoking read for academics, researchers and students in the fields of economics - particularly international economics - and finance, money and banking. Policy-makers and economists interested in European integration and emerging European economies will also find this book to be an invaluable resource.
There are significant challenges in food analysis, problems with food contamination and authentication, and a worldwide need to ensure food safety. This book provides a description of antibody-based technologies used in food analysis. It focuses on key applications, outlining the approaches used, their advantages and limitations, and describes future areas for development. Chapters are written by experts in the field, critically examining each of the currently used methodologies and highlighting new evolving technologies, such as lab-on-chip and microfluidics-based devices and biosensors. Case studies demonstrating the utility of each of the methods described are included. Important introductory chapters cover sample preparation for analysis and statistical sampling necessary for quality control for verification of results. An overview chapter highlighting major analytical issues and areas that have specific requirements, e.g. food authentication, is provided. Researchers and scientists in the field who have to acquire, verify and use technologies for food analysis, food producers and processors, food safety and testing laboratories, and government agencies will all find this a useful addition to their library.
Take the confusion out of chemistry with hundreds of practice problems Chemistry Workbook For Dummies is your ultimate companion for introductory chemistry at the high school or college level. Packed with hundreds of practice problems, this workbook gives you the practice you need to internalize the essential concepts that form the foundations of chemistry. From matter and molecules to moles and measurements, these problems cover the full spectrum of topics you'll see in class and each section includes key concept review and full explanations for every problem to quickly get you on the right track. This new third edition includes access to an online test bank, where you'll find bonus chapter quizzes to help you test your understanding and pinpoint areas in need of review. Whether you're preparing for an exam or seeking a start-to-finish study aid, this workbook is your ticket to acing basic chemistry. Chemistry problems can look intimidating; it's a whole new language, with different rules, new symbols, and complex concepts. The good news is that practice makes perfect, and this book provides plenty of it with easy-to-understand coaching every step of the way. * Delve deep into the parts of the periodic table * Get comfortable with units, scientific notation, and chemical equations * Work with states, phases, energy, and charges * Master nomenclature, acids, bases, titrations, redox reactions, and more Understanding introductory chemistry is critical for your success in all science classes to follow; keeping up with the material now makes life much easier down the education road. Chemistry Workbook For Dummies gives you the practice you need to succeed!
An Essential Guide to Electronic Material Surfaces and Interfaces is a streamlined yet comprehensive introduction that covers the basic physical properties of electronic materials, the experimental techniques used to measure them, and the theoretical methods used to understand, predict, and design them. Starting with the fundamental electronic properties of semiconductors and electrical measurements of semiconductor interfaces, this text introduces students to the importance of characterizing and controlling macroscopic electrical properties by atomic-scale techniques. The chapters that follow present the full range of surface and interface techniques now being used to characterize electronic, optical, chemical, and structural properties of electronic materials, including semiconductors, insulators, nanostructures, and organics. The essential physics and chemistry underlying each technique is described in sufficient depth for students to master the fundamental principles, with numerous examples to illustrate the strengths and limitations for specific applications. As well as references to the most authoritative sources for broader discussions, the text includes internet links to additional examples, mathematical derivations, tables, and literature references for the advanced student, as well as professionals in these fields. This textbook fills a gap in the existing literature for an entry-level course that provides the physical properties, experimental techniques, and theoretical methods essential for students and professionals to understand and participate in solid-state electronics, physics, and materials science research. An Essential Guide to Electronic Material Surfaces and Interfaces is an introductory-to-intermediate level textbook suitable for students of physics, electrical engineering, materials science, and other disciplines. It is essential reading for any student or professional engaged in surface and interface research, semiconductor processing, or electronic device design.
Crystallization is a natural occurring process but also a process
abundantly used in the industry. Crystallization can occur from a
solution, from the melt or via deposition of material from the gas
phase (desublimation). Crystals distinguish themself from liquids,
gases and amorphous substances by the long-range order of its
building blocks that entail the crystals to be formed of
well-defined faces, and give rise to a large number of properties
of the solid.
Der "kleine" Alberts gilt als das beliebteste einfuhrende Lehrbuch
der Zellbiologie: wie die vierte, komplett uberarbeitete Auflage
zeigt, auch vollig zu Recht. Wieder ist besonders viel Wert auf
eine anschauliche Prasentation in Text und Bild gelegt worden. Ein
ausgefeiltes didaktisches Konzept vereinigt Bewahrtes mit vollig
Despite global concerns over dwindling resources, climate change and carbon dioxide emissions, fossil fuels still account for more than 80% of the world's energy demands. As resources diminish and demand increases from rapidly developing nations such as China and India, the threat to both our environment and the security of our energy supply continues to grow. There is an immediate need to move towards a clean and more sustainable energy model, and this transition will require unprecedented innovation.
"Energy & Climate: How to achieve a successful energy transition" covers all the technology options available and summarises key information from the International Energy Agency and other leading organisations, providing a detailed technological roadmap for this transition which aims to avoid both ecological and economic disaster. Topics that are analysed and discussed in this edition are: More energy efficient technologiesNew developments in fossil fuelsRenewable energy sources such as solar and wind energy and biofuelsHydrogen as an energy vectorNew energy storage systemsHybrid vehiclesCapture and long-term storage of carbon dioxide
Written and translated by the former Director for Sustainable Development at IFP, "Energy & Climate: How to achieve a successful energy transition" is an essential introductory book for scientists and researchers working in energy and climate-related topics as well as all those interested in how to manage a sustainable energy supply while still reducing harmful carbon dioxide emissions.
Comprehensive and up-to-date, this book focuses on the latest advances in the field, such as newly developed techniques, more environmentally benign processes, broadened scopes, and completely novel MCRs. In addition to carbene-promoted MCRs and frequently applied metal-catalyzed MCRs, it also covers recently developed catalytic enantioselective variants as well as MCR in drug discovery and for the synthesis of heterocyclic molecules and macrocycles. Edited by the leading experts and with a list of authors reading like a "who's who" in multicomponent reaction chemistry, this is definitely a must-have for every synthetic organic chemist as well as medicinal chemists working in academia and pharmaceutical companies.
Exam Board: AQA Level: AS/A-level Subject: Chemistry First Teaching: September 2015 First Exam: June 2016 AQA Approved Help students to apply and develop their knowledge, progressing from basic concepts to more complicated Chemistry, with worked examples, practical activities and mathematical support throughout - Provides support for all 12 required practicals with activities that introduce practical work and other experimental investigations in Chemistry - Offers detailed examples to help students get to grips with difficult concepts such as Physical Chemistry calculations - Mathematical skills are integrated throughout the book and all summarised in one chapter for easy reference - Allows you to easily measure progression with Differentiated End of Topic questions and Test Yourself Questions -Develops understanding with free online access to 'Test yourself' answers and an extended glossary. AQA A-level Chemistry Year 1 includes AS-level.
The fundamental principles of classic thermodynamics as they apply in science and engineering are illustrated here in numerous, fully worked out examples. Equally valuable at undergraduate and first-year graduate levels, this powerful study tool takes students from fundamental laws to the behavior of PVT systems, to the treatment of flow processes, the basics of chemical thermodynamics and more. Hundreds of review problems with answers speed comprehension and reinforce learning.
Material properties emerge from phenomena on scales ranging from Angstroms to millimeters, and only a multiscale treatment can provide a complete understanding. Materials researchers must therefore understand fundamental concepts and techniques from different fields, and these are presented in a comprehensive and integrated fashion for the first time in this book. Incorporating continuum mechanics, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, atomistic simulations and multiscale techniques, the book explains many of the key theoretical ideas behind multiscale modeling. Classical topics are blended with new techniques to demonstrate the connections between different fields and highlight current research trends. Example applications drawn from modern research on the thermo-mechanical properties of crystalline solids are used as a unifying focus throughout the text. Together with its companion book, Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics (Cambridge University Press, 2011), this work presents the complete fundamentals of materials modeling for graduate students and researchers in physics, materials science, chemistry and engineering.
Presents basic concepts, experimental methodology and data acquisition, and processing standards of in vivo NMR spectroscopy This book covers, in detail, the technical and biophysical aspects of in vivo NMR techniques and includes novel developments in the field such as hyperpolarized NMR, dynamic 13C NMR, automated shimming, and parallel acquisitions. Most of the techniques are described from an educational point of view, yet it still retains the practical aspects appreciated by experimental NMR spectroscopists. In addition, each chapter concludes with a number of exercises designed to review, and often extend, the presented NMR principles and techniques. The third edition of In Vivo NMR Spectroscopy: Principles and Techniques has been updated to include experimental detail on the developing area of hyperpolarization; a description of the semi-LASER sequence, which is now a method of choice; updated chemical shift data, including the addition of 31P data; a troubleshooting section on common problems related to shimming, water suppression, and quantification; recent developments in data acquisition and processing standards; and MatLab scripts on the accompanying website for helping readers calculate radiofrequency pulses. Provide an educational explanation and overview of in vivo NMR, while maintaining the practical aspects appreciated by experimental NMR spectroscopists Features more experimental methodology than the previous edition End-of-chapter exercises that help drive home the principles and techniques and offer a more in-depth exploration of quantitative MR equations Designed to be used in conjunction with a teaching course on the subject In Vivo NMR Spectroscopy: Principles and Techniques, 3rd Edition is aimed at all those involved in fundamental and/or diagnostic in vivo NMR, ranging from people working in dedicated in vivo NMR institutes, to radiologists in hospitals, researchers in high-resolution NMR and MRI, and in areas such as neurology, physiology, chemistry, and medical biology.
A valuable learning tool as well as a reference, this book provides students and researchers in surface science and nanoscience with the theoretical crystallographic foundations, which are necessary to understand local structure and symmetry of bulk crystals, including ideal and real single crystal surfaces. The author deals with the subject at an introductory level, providing numerous graphic examples to illustrate the mathematical formalism. The book brings together and logically connects many seemingly disparate structural issues and notations used frequently by surface scientists and nanoscientists. Numerous exercises of varying difficulty, ranging from simple questions to small research projects, are included to stimulate discussions about the different subjects. From the contents: Bulk Crystals, Three-Dimensional Lattices - Crystal Layers, Two-Dimensional Lattices, Symmetry - Ideal Single Crystal Surfaces - Real Crystal Surfaces - Adsorbate layers - Interference Lattices - Chiral Surfaces - Experimental Analysis of Real Crystal Surfaces - Nanoparticles and Crystallites - Quasicrystals - Nanotubes
Written by an excellent, highly experienced and motivated team of lecturers, this textbook is based on one of the most successful courses in catalysis and as such is tried-and-tested by generations of graduate and PhD students. It covers all essential aspects of this important topic, including homogeneous, heterogeneous and biocatalysis, but also kinetics, reactor design and engineering. The perfect source of information for graduate and PhD students in chemistry and chemical engineering, as well as for scientists wanting to refresh their knowledge.
Filling the gap for a reference dedicated to the characterization of polymer blends and their micro and nano morphologies, this book provides comprehensive, systematic coverage in a one-stop, two-volume resource for all those working in the field.
Leading researchers from industry and academia, as well as from government and private research institutions around the world summarize recent technical advances in chapters devoted to their individual contributions. In so doing, they examine a wide range of modern characterization techniques, from microscopy and spectroscopy to diffraction, thermal analysis, rheology, mechanical measurements and chromatography. These methods are compared with each other to assist in determining the best solution for both fundamental and applied problems, paying attention to the characterization of nanoscale miscibility and interfaces, both in blends involving copolymers and in immiscible blends. The thermodynamics, miscibility, phase separation, morphology and interfaces in polymer blends are also discussed in light of new insights involving the nanoscopic scale. Finally, the authors detail the processing-morphology-property relationships of polymer blends, as well as the influence of processing on the generation of micro and nano morphologies, and the dependence of these morphologies on the properties of blends. Hot topics such as compatibilization through nanoparticles, miscibility of new biopolymers and nanoscale investigations of interfaces in blends are also addressed.
With its application-oriented approach, handpicked selection of topics and expert contributors, this is an outstanding survey for anyone involved in the field of polymer blends for advanced technologies.
Steroid dimers are an important group of compounds produced by various marine organisms, and also synthesized in the laboratories. This group of compounds possesses various pharmacological and biological properties, and can also be used to create "molecular umbrellas" for drug delivery.
"Steroid Dimers: Chemistry and Applications in Drug Design and Delivery" provides an up-to-date overview on the chemistry and applications of steroid dimers of natural and synthetic origins. The book includes easy-to-follow synthetic protocols for various classes of important dimeric steroids, source details, valuable spectroscopic data and depiction of unique structural features of natural steroidal dimers, and the Structure-Activity-Relationships (SARs) of some pharmacologically active dimeric steroids. Topics covered include: introduction to steroid dimers synthesis and chemistry of noncyclic and cyclic steroid dimersnaturally occurring steroid dimers - cephalostatins, ritterazines and crellastatinsbiological and pharmacological functions of steroid dimers and their application in drug design and discoverysteroid dimers as "molecular umbrellas" for drug delivery"Steroid Dimers: Chemistry and Applications in Drug Design and Delivery" is an essential guide to this important class of natural and synthetic compounds for researchers and students of natural products chemistry and biochemistry, synthetic organic and medicinal chemistry, and drug design, discovery and delivery.
Highlighting recent developments as well as future challenges, this series of volumes covers such topics as emulsions, nano-emulsions, nano-dispersions and novel techniques for their investigation. It also considers the fundamental approach in areas such as controlled release, drug delivery and various applications of nanotechnology.
Unlike other handbooks in this emerging field, this guide focuses
on the challenges and critical parameters in running a metabolomics
study, including such often-neglected issues as sample preparation,
choice of separation and detection method, recording and evaluating
data as well as method validation. By systematically covering the
entire workflow, from sample preparation to data processing, the
insight and advice offered here helps to clear the hurdles in
setting up and running a successful analysis, resulting in
high-quality data from every experiment.
This Exam Preparation Guide contains up-to-date material that matches the new 2016 IB diploma syllabus and offers support for students as they prepare for their IB Diploma Chemistry exams. The book is packed full of Model Answers, Annotated Exemplar Answers, Worked Examples and Hints to help students hone their revision and exam technique and avoid common mistakes. These features have been specifically designed to help students apply their knowledge in exams. This Exam Preparation Guide has been written in an engaging and student friendly tone making it perfect for international learners.
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