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Unlike other handbooks in this emerging field, this guide focuses
on the challenges and critical parameters in running a metabolomics
study, including such often-neglected issues as sample preparation,
choice of separation and detection method, recording and evaluating
data as well as method validation. By systematically covering the
entire workflow, from sample preparation to data processing, the
insight and advice offered here helps to clear the hurdles in
setting up and running a successful analysis, resulting in
high-quality data from every experiment.
This Exam Preparation Guide contains up-to-date material that matches the new 2016 IB diploma syllabus and offers support for students as they prepare for their IB Diploma Chemistry exams. The book is packed full of Model Answers, Annotated Exemplar Answers, Worked Examples and Hints to help students hone their revision and exam technique and avoid common mistakes. These features have been specifically designed to help students apply their knowledge in exams. This Exam Preparation Guide has been written in an engaging and student friendly tone making it perfect for international learners.
Filling a gap in the catalysis and nano literature, this monograph is unique in focusing on both nanostructured heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysis. As such, it describes a selection of heterogeneous catalysts in use, showing that the dimension of the relevant portions of the catalysts are always in the 1-100 nm range, and so may be properly understood as nanomachines for the chemical manipulation of molecules to perform high precision selective synthesis. The prominent international authors then go on to show that the concept of nanoscience can be equally applied to artificial homogeneous catalysts whose active sites are generally considered as "single-sites" having a "molecular" dimension. The result is an excellent overview of such hot topics as nanoparticles, MOFs and more, making this indispensable reading for catalytic and organic chemists, as well as those working on organometallics.
The understanding of functional groups is the key to understanding organic chemistry. In the tradition of Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups each volume treats all aspects of functional groups, touching on theoretical, analytical, synthetic, biological, and industrial aspects. Hypervalent halogen compounds, in particular iodine compounds, are very efficient and selective oxidants which tolerate a wide range of functional groups. The electrophilic properties of these reagents can also be used to introduce other functionalizations. The present volume is the first in the series to survey the properties and chemical behaviour of hypervalent iodine and bromine, their use in organic synthesis, as well as their industrial application. As with all new volumes, the chapters are first published online in Patai's Chemistry of Functional Groups. Once a volume is completed online, it is then published in print format. The printed book offers the traditional quality of the Patai Book Series, complete with an extensive index.
This second edition of the well-established bestseller is completely updated and revised with approximately 30 % additional material, including two new chapters on applications, which has seen the most significant developments. The comprehensive overview written at an introductory level covers fundamental aspects, principles of instrumentation and practical applications, while providing many valuable tips. For photochemists and photophysicists, physical chemists, molecular physicists, biophysicists, biochemists and biologists, lecturers and students of chemistry, physics, and biology.
The editors of this volume have compiled an important book that is a useful vehicle for important computational research - in the development of theoretical methodologies and their practical applications. Themes include new methodologies, state-of-the-art computational algorithms and hardware as well as new applications. This volume, Practical Aspects of Computational Chemistry IV, is part of a continuous effort by the editors to document recent progress made by eminent researchers. Most of these chapters have been collected from invited speakers from the annual international meeting: "Current Trends in Computational Chemistry" organized by Jerzy Leszczynski, one of the editors of the current volume. This conference series has become an exciting platform for eminent Theoretical/Computational Chemists to discuss their recent findings and is regularly honored by the presence of Nobel laureates. Certainly, it is not possible to cover all topics related to the Computational Chemistry in a single volume but we hope that the recent contributions in the latest volume of this collection adequately highlight this important scientific area.
Presents basic concepts, experimental methodology and data acquisition, and processing standards of in vivo NMR spectroscopy This book covers, in detail, the technical and biophysical aspects of in vivo NMR techniques and includes novel developments in the field such as hyperpolarized NMR, dynamic 13C NMR, automated shimming, and parallel acquisitions. Most of the techniques are described from an educational point of view, yet it still retains the practical aspects appreciated by experimental NMR spectroscopists. In addition, each chapter concludes with a number of exercises designed to review, and often extend, the presented NMR principles and techniques. The third edition of In Vivo NMR Spectroscopy: Principles and Techniques has been updated to include experimental detail on the developing area of hyperpolarization; a description of the semi-LASER sequence, which is now a method of choice; updated chemical shift data, including the addition of 31P data; a troubleshooting section on common problems related to shimming, water suppression, and quantification; recent developments in data acquisition and processing standards; and MatLab scripts on the accompanying website for helping readers calculate radiofrequency pulses. Provide an educational explanation and overview of in vivo NMR, while maintaining the practical aspects appreciated by experimental NMR spectroscopists Features more experimental methodology than the previous edition End-of-chapter exercises that help drive home the principles and techniques and offer a more in-depth exploration of quantitative MR equations Designed to be used in conjunction with a teaching course on the subject In Vivo NMR Spectroscopy: Principles and Techniques, 3rd Edition is aimed at all those involved in fundamental and/or diagnostic in vivo NMR, ranging from people working in dedicated in vivo NMR institutes, to radiologists in hospitals, researchers in high-resolution NMR and MRI, and in areas such as neurology, physiology, chemistry, and medical biology.
Educating the next generation of chemists about green chemistry issues, such as waste minimisation and clean synthesis, is vital for environmental sustainability. This book enables green issues to be taught from the underlying principles of all chemistry courses rather than in isolation. Chapters contributed by green chemistry experts from across the globe, with experience in teaching at different academic levels, provide a coherent overview of possible approaches to incorporate green chemistry into existing curriculums. Split into three sections, the book first introduces sustainability and green chemistry education , before focussing on high school green chemistry education initiatives and green chemistry education at undergraduate and post-graduate levels. Useful laboratory experiments and in-class activities to aid teaching are included. This book is a valuable resource for chemical educators worldwide who wish to integrate green chemistry into chemical education in a systematic and holistic way. It is also of interest to anyone wanting to learn more about the different approaches adopted around the world in sustainability education.
A rich source of chemical facts, theories, and processes, this
two-volume series treats the entire subject of organic chemistry.
It has served for decades as a reference for chemists in industry
and education as well as a classroom text for students with a year
or more of experience in organic chemistry.
This course-derived undergraduate textbook provides a concise explanation of the key concepts and calculations of chemical thermodynamics. Instead of the usual classical introduction, this text adopts a straightforward postulatory approach that introduces thermodynamic potentials such as entropy and energy more directly and transparently.
Structured around several features to assist students understanding, Chemical Thermodynamics: Develops applications and methods for the ready treatment of equilibria on a sound quantitative basis.Requires minimal background in calculus to understand the text and presents formal derivations to the student in a detailed but understandable way.Offers end-of-chapter problems (and answers) for self-testing and review and reinforcement, of use for self- or group study.
This book is suitable as essential reading for courses in a bachelor and master chemistry program and is also valuable as a reference or textbook for students of physics, biochemistry and materials science.
One approach to organic synthesis is retrosynthetic analysis. With this approach chemists start with the structures of their target molecules and progressively cut bonds to create simpler molecules. Reversing this process gives a synthetic route to the target molecule from simpler starting materials. This "disconnection" approach to synthesis is now a fundamental part of every organic synthesis course.
Workbook for Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach, 2nd Edition
This workbook provides a comprehensive graded set of problems to illustrate and develop the themes of each of the chapters in the textbook "Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach, 2nd Edition." Each problem is followed by a fully explained solution and discussion. The examples extend the student's experience of the types of molecules being synthesised by organic chemists, and the strategies they employ to control their syntheses. By working through these examples students will develop their skills in analysing synthetic challenges, and build a toolkit of strategies for planning new syntheses. Examples are drawn from pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, natural products, pheromones, perfumery and flavouring compounds, dyestuffs, monomers, and intermediates used in more advanced synthetic work. Reasons for wishing to synthesise each compound are given. Together the workbook and textbook provide a complete course in retrosynthetic analysis.
Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach, 2nd Edition
There are forty chapters in "Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach, 2nd Edition" those on the synthesis of given types of molecules alternate with strategy chapters in which the methods just learnt are placed in a wider context. The synthesis chapters cover many ways of making each type of molecule starting with simple aromatic and aliphatic compounds with one functional group and progressing to molecules with many functional groups. The strategy chapters cover questions of selectivity, protection, stereochemistry, and develop more advanced thinking via reagents specifically designed for difficult problems. In its second edition updated examples and techniques are included and illustrated additional material has been added to take the student to the level required by the sequel, "Organic Synthesis: Strategy and Control." Several chapters contain extensive new material based on courses that the authors give to chemists in the pharmaceutical industry.
"Workbook for Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach, 2nd edition," combined with the main textbook, provides a full course in retrosynthetic analysis for chemistry and biochemistry students, and a refresher course for organic chemists working in industry and academia.
Collating our current knowledge and the latest developments for enabling breakthrough discoveries, this book focuses on the synthesis and applications of materials that are based on supramolecular assemblies of carbon nanostructures, with an emphasis on fullerenes and nanotubes. In so doing, it provides readers with an overview of the different types of supramolecular architectures, accentuating the outstanding geometrical, electronic and photophysical properties of the building blocks and the resulting structures. It makes use of basic concepts and real-life applications -- from simple syntheses to complex architectures, from instructive examples to working experimental procedures, and from photophysics to solar cells. A large part of each chapter is devoted to the methods and possibilities of controlling and tuning these molecular assemblies in order to obtain working devices. Fascinating reading for materials scientists, organic chemists, molecular physicists, and those in the semiconductor industry.
The Li-ion battery market is growing fast due to its ever increasing number of applications, from electric vehicles to portable devices. These devices are in demand due to safety reasons, energy efficiency, high power density and long life duration, which drive the need for more efficient electrochemical energy storage systems. The aim of this book is to provide the challenges and perspectives for Li-ion batteries (chapters 1 and 2), at the negative electrode as well as at the positive electrode, and for technologies beyond the Li-ion with the emerging Na-ion batteries and multivalent (Mg, Al, Ca, etc) systems (chapters 4 and 5). The aim is also to alert on the necessity to develop the recycling methods of the millions of produced batteries which are going to further flood our societies (chapter 3), and also to continuously increase the safety of the energy storage systems. For the latter challenge, it is interesting to seriously consider polymer electrolytes and batteries as an alternative (chapter 6).This book will take readers inside recent breakthroughs made in the electrochemical energy systems. It is a collaborative work of experts from the most known teams in the batteries field in Europe and beyond, from academics as well as from manufacturers.
A wonderful quotation advises students to listen carefully the moment they decide to take no more mathematics courses, as they might be able to "hear the sound of closing doors." This text, written by best-selling author Donald McQuarrie, is meant to keep doors open to undergraduate and even graduate chemistry students who need a quick review of the mathematical methods that are used throughout chemistry. It is the outgrowth of a collection of "MathChapters" from McQuarrie's famous texts, Physical Chemistry: A Molecular Approach and Quantum Chemistry Second Edition. These "MathChapters," now available to all, provide students with concise reviews of mathematical topics, discussing only the minimal amount that students need to know. By reading these reviews before the mathematics is applied to physical chemical problems, a student will be able to spend less time worrying about the math and more time learning the physical chemistry. This book can also be used as a supplement with any traditional textbook on physical or quantum chemistry. KEY FEATURES *Focuses on clear, mathematical descriptions, written by a chemist for chemists. *Includes 23 short chapters, with each one designed to be read in a single sitting. *Presents mathematical material at a practical level with an emphasis on applications to physical problems. *Contains examples to illustrate the techniques being discussed. *Features over 600 problems, most of which have answers at the end of the book.
Searching for green and environmentally friendly polymerization
methods by using enzymes? This first handbook on this hot and
essential topic contains the whole chain of knowledge of
biocatalysis in polymer chemistry in both a comprehensive and
compact form. International leading experts cover all important
aspects, from enzymatic monomer synthesis to polymer modification
A new edition of the clearest, most authoritative guide to gemstones you will find From Amber to Rubellite, discover over 130 varieties of cut and uncut stones, organic gemstones and precious metals. 800 incredible photos, precise annotations and detailed descriptions, including everything from gemstone shapes to their composition, will help you to identify different stones quickly and easily.Covers everything from what a gemstone is and where they occur to the natural properties they have and how they have been fashioned and imitated through the ages. Perfect for gemstone lovers - a comprehensive guide for collectors.
"Thermal Convection - Patterns, Stages of Evolution and Stability Behavior" provides the reader with an ensemble picture of the subject, illustrating the state-of-the-art and providing the researchers from universities and industry with a basis on which they are able to estimate the possible impact of a variety of parameters. Unlike earlier books on the subject, the heavy mathematical background underlying and governing the behaviors illustrated in the text are kept to a minimum.
The text clarifies some still unresolved controversies pertaining to the physical nature of the dominating driving force responsible for asymmetric/oscillatory convection in various natural phenomena and/or technologically important processes and can help researchers in elaborating and validating new, more complex models, in accelerating the current trend towards predictable and reproducible natural phenomena and in establishing an adequate scientific foundation to industrial processes.
"Thermal Convection - Patterns, Stages of Evolution and Stability Behavior" is intended as a useful reference guide for specialists in disciplines such as the metallurgy and foundry field and researchers and scientists who are now coordinating their efforts to improve the quality of semiconductor or macromolecular crystals. The text may also be of use to organic chemists and materials scientists, atmosphere and planetary physicists, as well as an advanced level text for students taking part in courses on the physics of fluids, fluid mechanics, the behavior and evolution of non-linear systems, environmental phenomena and materials engineering.
While rust is an unwanted oxidation reaction, there are also many other useful oxidation reactions that are extremely important and number among the most commonly used reactions in the chemical industry. This completely revised, updated second edition now includes additional sections on industrial oxidation and biochemical oxidation. Edited by one of the world leaders in the field, high-quality contributions cover every important aspect from classical to green chemistry methods: * Recent Developments in Metal-catalyzed Dihydroxylation of Alkenes * Transition Metal-Catalyzed Epoxidation of Alkenes * Organocatalytic Oxidation. Ketone-Catalyzed Asymmetric Epoxidation of Alkenes and Synthetic Applications * Catalytic Oxidations with Hydrogen Peroxide in Fluorinated Alcohol Solvents * Modern Oxidation of Alcohols using Environmentally Benign Oxidants * Aerobic Oxidations and Related Reactions Catalyzed by N-Hydro xyphthalimide * Ruthenium-Catalyzed Oxidation for Organic Synthesis * Selective Oxidation of Amines and Sulfides * Liquid Phase Oxidation Reactions Catalyzed by Polyoxometalates * Oxidation of Carbonyl Compounds * Manganese-Catalyzed Oxidation with Hydrogen Peroxide\ * Biooxidation with Cytochrome P450 Monooxygenases
Revise smart and save! Designed for hassle-free classroom and independent study, our Revision Guides are designed to complement the Student Books with a range of specially designed features such as: One-topic-per-page format Worked examples with exemplar answers 'Now Try This' practice questions Knowledge checks and skills checks Includes FREE online edition! With a one-to-one page correspondence between this Revision Guide and the companion OCR AS/A level Chemistry Revision Workbook, the hugely popular REVISE series offers the best value available for A level students.
This manageably sized dictionary covers theory, experiment,
industrial practice and applications for nanotechnology, colloid,
and interface science, as well as much of what is now termed
materials science. The comprehensive information is presented in
several sections and formats: dictionary of terms, classification
tables on colloid and nanomaterial types, and sub-term glossaries
for specific phenomena, properties and methods. It offers both
newly-coined as well as older terms whose meanings have changed,
providing acronyms, synonyms, famous names, selected abbreviations,
and cross-references. It also contains a historical overview, units
and symbols, and a separate literature section for further reading
and following-up on specific topics.
This text examines in detail mathematical and physical modeling, computational methods and systems for obtaining and analyzing biological structures, using pioneering research cases as examples. As such, it emphasizes programming and problem-solving skills. It provides information on structure bioinformatics at various levels, with individual chapters covering introductory to advanced aspects, from fundamental methods and guidelines on acquiring and analyzing genomics and proteomics sequences, the structures of protein, DNA and RNA, to the basics of physical simulations and methods for conformation searches. This book will be of immense value to researchers and students in the fields of bioinformatics, computational biology and chemistry. Dr. Dongqing Wei is a Professor at the Department of Bioinformatics and Biostatistics, College of Life Science and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China. His research interest is in the general area of structural bioinformatics.
Following in the footsteps of the successful "Side Reactions in
Organic Synthesis" by the same, highly experienced author, this new
textbook focuses on aromatic substitution reactions, both
electrophilic and nucleophilic.
More than 99% of all visible matter in the universe occurs as highly ionized gas plasma with high energy content. Electrical low- and atmospheric-pressure plasmas are characterized by continuous source of moderate quantities of energy or enthalpy transferred predominantly as kinetic energy of electrons. Therefore, such energetically unbalanced plasmas have low gas temperature but produce sufficient energy for inelastic collisions with atoms and molecules in the gas phase, thus producing reactive species and photons, which are able to initiate all types of polymerizations or activate any surface of low reactive polymers. However, the broadly distributed energies in the plasma exceed partially the binding energies in polymers, thus initiating very often unselective reactions and polymer degradation. The intention of this book is to present new plasma processes and new plasma reactions of high selectivity and high yield. This book aims to bridge classical and plasma chemistry, particularly focusing on polymer chemistry in the bulk and on the surface under plasma exposure. The stability of surface functionalization and the qualitative and quantitative measurement of functional groups at polymer surface are featured prominently, and chemical pathways for suppressing the undesirable side effects of plasma exposure are proposed and illustrated with numerous examples. Special attention is paid to the smooth transition from inanimate polymer surfaces to modified bioactive polymer surfaces. A wide range of techniques, plasma types and applications are demonstrated.
The volumes of this classic series, now referred to simply as "Zechmeister" after its founder, Laszlo Zechmeister, have appeared under the Springer Imprint ever since the series' inauguration in 1938. The series has featured contributions by seven Nobel laureates: D.H.R. Barton, D. Crowfoot Hodgkin, L. Pauling, K. Alder, O. Diels, P. Karrer, and H. von Euler-Chelpin. The volumes contain contributions on various topics related to the origin, distribution, chemistry, synthesis, biochemistry, function or use of various classes of naturally occurring substances ranging from small molecules to biopolymers. Each contribution is written by a recognized authority in the field and provides a comprehensive and up-to-date review of the topic in question. Addressed to biologists, technologists, and chemists alike, the series can be used by the expert as a source of information and literature citations and by the non-expert as a means of orientation in a rapidly developing discipline.
Kohlenstoff ist der Stoff um den es sich hier dreht. Die Organische Chemie befasst sich mit dem Element Kohlenstoff und dessen Verbindungen. David R. Klein erklart Ihnen in diesem Band verstandlich die Grundlagen: Skelettformeln zeichnen, Saure-Base Reaktionen, Nomenklatur, Konformationen und Konfigurationen. Er fasst sich dabei so knapp wie moglich und so konnen Sie sich schnell das fur Sie relevante Wissen aneignen. Ubungsaufgaben helfen Ihnen, schnellstmoglich Ihr Basiswissen zu festigen. So gehen Sie mit mehr Sicherheit in Ihre Prufungen. Schnell lernen: Der Einstiegstest: So uberprufen Sie Ihr Wissen und verbessern es gezielt. Der Kapiteluberblick: So finden Sie schneller die Stellen, die Sie interessieren. Die Lerntipps: So profitieren Sie von der Erfahrung des Autors. Die Ubungsaufgaben mit Losungen: So uberprufen und festigen Sie Ihr Wissen.
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