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The child has a very special place in society, and society defines and shapes childhood. Understanding childhood is essential to early years students and this book offers a great introduction. Taking a thematic approach, chapters cover: Historical and Cultural Perspectives Policy and Economic Perspectives Psychological and Biological Perspectives Contemporary Views. Each chapter prompts you to reflect on core issues and interrogate your practice and attitudes towards children in your care. This fantastic foundation will help you to begin to understand the relationship between the child and society. Visit https://uk.sagepub.com/en-gb/eur/the-child-in-society/book240119#resources for free access to a selection of SAGE Journal Articles related to key topics in the book.
Essential for any real estate professional or student performing feasibility studies for property development using Microsoft Excel and two of the most commonly used proprietary software systems, Argus Developer and Estate Master DF. This is the first book to not only review the place of financial feasibility studies in the property development process, but to examine both the theory and mechanics of feasibility studies through the construction of user friendly examples using these software systems. The development process has seen considerable changes in practice in recent years as developers and advisors have adopted modern spread sheets and software models to carry out feasibility studies and appraisals. This has greatly extended their ability to model more complex developments and more sophisticated funding arrangements, saving time and improving accuracy. Tim Havard brings over 25 years of industry and software experience to guide students and practitioners through the theory of development appraisals and feasibility studies before providing internationally applicable worked examples and potential pitfalls using Excel, Argus Developer and Estates Master DF.
This delightful book gives a glimpse into the rich and diverse play and playful activities of children across developing, recently developed and developed societies.Analysing children's play across many different cultural communities around the globe, each chapter discusses children's play as an activity important for formal and informal education, mental health and childhood well-being, and children's hobbies and past-times. Traditional, modern, and postmodern play forms are discussed and probed for their meaning within a contemporary global community. Richly illustrated throughout with vignettes, the book encourages you to critically evaluate the functions that play serves for indigenous cultures and the problems that arise due to the globalization of educational and social resources.International Perspectives on Play is compelling reading for students studying play within early years, early childhood or childhood studies or playwork courses.Jaipaul L. Roopnarine is Jack Reilly Professor of Child and Family Studies and Director Jack Reilly Institute for Early Childhood at Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, USA. Michael M. Patte is Professor of Education at Bloomsburg University, Bloomsburg, PA, USA. James E. Johnson is Professor of Early Childhood Education at The Pennsylvania State University, PA, USA. David Kuschner is Associate Professor Emeritus of Early Childhood Education at the University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA. This welcome volume brings together new scholarship on culturally situated play in 16 diverse global contexts. The child rights-based foundation of the volume and nuanced perspectives are a powerful counter-narrative to the narrowing construction of childhood to one of academic readiness and test scores. The authors' collective narratives and research will contribute to many disciplines concerned about children, childhoods, culture and policy. Dr. Elizabeth Swadener, professor of Justice and Social Inquiry and associate director of the School of Social Transformation at Arizona State UniversityIn this research-based book, four international play scholars organize, author, and edit the work of their academic peers to weave a historical, developmental, cultural account of children's play around the globe. They examine the 'culturally constituted' child and explore first-hand accounts of real children's play in real places, extracting novel perspectives about historical and socio-cultural traditions and contexts for play. Here is the evidence that adults who influence children need for deeper understanding of play and developmental approaches to child rearing and early education. Scholars, teachers, parents, policy makers- this book is for you! Joe L. Frost, Parker Centennial Professor Emeritus University of Texas and Author of A History of Children's Play and Play EnvironmentsThis timely and outstanding volume addresses the influences that shape children's play experiences in diverse cultural contexts. The inclusive chapters thematically explore how parental beliefs, socialization practices, cultural change, technology, and other factors shape children's play at home, school, and in the community. This volume makes a wonderful contribution to our understanding of play as a universal yet culture-specific activity that serves as a learning context and guides children's developmental outcomes. The selection of varied geographic regions and cultural groups that receive scant attention make this text a unique contribution to the field. Readers interested in children's experiences, cultural psychology, early childhood education, and anthropology will find this text stimulating and rewarding. Dr. Robyn Holmes, Professor of Psychology at Monmouth University
This popular and bestselling textbook provides an introduction to the field of childhood studies and offers a broad-based, comprehensive and accessible insight into the area. Reflecting the nature of childhood studies as an interdisciplinary field that crosses many traditional academic and professional boundaries, each chapter is authored by a leading figure in a specific area of childhood studies. With its range of key themes and insightful analysis this book has firmly established itself as a much loved and essential resource. This new third edition builds on the success of earlier editions retaining its classic chapters of enduring value while incorporating some fresh new content. Four new chapters - chosen to highlight and consider new developments in the field - explore anthropological approaches to childhood; integrated working with children; the sexualization of childhood; and children in armed conflict. Intellectually robust, scholarly and confident in its academic approach, this new edition also includes some new interactive activities to help you get to grips with the issues. An Introduction to Childhood Studies 3E is invaluable reading for students, lecturers and practitioners with a range of professional and academic interests and particularly for those studying courses in Childhood Studies.Mary Jane Kehily is Professor of Gender and Education at The Open University
In Getting Started in Ballet, A Parent's Guide to Dance Education, authors Anna Paskevska and Maureen Janson comprehensively present the realities that parents can anticipate during their child's training and/or career in ballet. It can be daunting and confusing when parents discover their child's desire to dance. Parental guidance and education about dance study typically comes from trial by fire. This book expertly guides the parental decision-making process by weaving practical advice together with useful information about dance history and the author's own memoir. From selecting a teacher in the early stages, to supporting a child through his or her choice to dance professionally, parents of prospective dancers are lead through a series of considerations, and encouraged to think carefully and to make wise decisions. Written primarily as a guide book for parents, it is just as useful for teachers, and this exemplary document would do well to have a place on the bookshelf in every dance studio waiting room. Not only can dance parents learn from this informative text, but dance teachers can be nudged toward a greater understanding and anticipation of parents needs and questions. Getting Started in Ballet fills a gap, conveniently under one cover, welcoming parents to regard every aspect of their child's possible future in dance. Without this book, there would be little documentation of the parenting aspect of dance. Dance is unlike any other training or field and knowing how to guide a young dancer can make or break them as a dancer or dance lover.
Drawing on extensive research with a diverse group of seventy teen girls, Zaslow offers a critical account of the girl power moment in which feminism and femininity are shrink-wrapped together in one market-friendly package. With a focus on pop music and television, she skillfully explores the negotiative processes of teen girls as they make sense of girl power's new cultural narratives of femininity as well as its failure to offer strategies for real social change. Written in highly accessible language, this book charts new territory as it offers a rich account of the ways in which teen girls understand style, sexuality, motherhood, and feminism in girl power media culture, and how their desires, social experiences, and imaginings of the future are shaped in their relationship with a neoliberal girl power discourse.
When sacred objects were rejected during the Reformation, they were not always burned and broken but were sometimes given to children as toys. Play is typically seen as free and open, while iconoclasm, even to those who deem it necessary, is violent and disenchanting. What does it say about wider attitudes toward religious violence and children at play that these two seemingly different activities were sometimes one and the same? Drawing on a range of sixteenth-century artifacts, artworks, and texts, as well as on ancient and modern theories of iconoclasm and of play, Iconoclasm As Child's Play argues that the desire to shape and interpret the playing of children is an important cultural force. Formerly holy objects may have been handed over with an intent to debase them, but play has a tendency to create new meanings and stories that take on a life of their own. Joe Moshenska shows that this form of iconoclasm is not only a fascinating phenomenon in its own right; it has the potential to alter our understandings of the threshold between the religious and the secular, the forms and functions of play, and the nature of historical transformation and continuity.
Containing over 50 activities (exercises, worksheets and games) which can be used in working with children, adolescents or families, this text aims to encourage creativity in therapy and assist in talking with children to facilitate change. These activities have been designed to be used as therapeutic tools to aid a variety of approaches, and whilst they can be used alone are also designed to supplement the approach taken by a therapist. Intended to help the therapist gain rapport with clients who have problems with verbal communication, the text is also cross-referenced by problem and activity, as well as by the features of each game/exercise (for example, "Rewards"). Details required for each activity are given, as is age range where appropriate. All the illustrations and worksheets in the book are copyright free.
'Written with clarity and thoroughly argued, Wyness confirms his place as one of the key authors within contemporary social science writing on children and childhood. Childhood, Culture and Society is a formidable exploration of the nature of contemporary childhood in globally disparate regions.' Pia Christensen, Professor of Anthropology and Childhood Studies, University of Leeds, UK Never shying away from the most pressing topics in the field, this book provides a multifaceted and extensive analysis of the study of children and childhood. Linking key concepts, themes and problems together, the text offers an interdisciplinary approach with its topical and timely case studies and illustrations which illuminate the latest research in the field. Key features include: A number of international case studies including children and military conflict, child migrants, children and networking sites, child trafficking, and children as consumers Questions which help you to make connections between topics and get you reflecting on your own childhood Engaging learning features including chapter aims, boxed sections, summaries and further reading suggestions
About 20% of children in the United States live in rural communities, with child poverty rates higher and geographic isolation from resources greater than in urban communities. Yet, there have been surprisingly few studies of children living in rural communities, especially poor rural communities. The Family Life Project helped fill this gap by using an epidemiological design to recruit and study a representative sample of every baby born to a mother who resided in one of six poor rural counties over a one year period, oversampling for poverty and African American. 1,292 children were followed from birth to 36 months of age. This study used a cumulative risk framework to examine the relation between social risk and children's executive functioning, language development, and behavioral competence at 36 months. Using both the Family Process Model of development and the Family Investment Model of development, observed parenting was examined as a mediator and/or moderator of this relationship. Results suggested that cumulative risk predicted all three major domains of child outcomes and that positive and negative parenting and maternal language complexity were mediators of these relations. Maternal positive parenting was found to be a buffer for the most risky families in predicting behavioral competence. In a final model using both family process and investment measures, there was evidence of mediation but with little evidence of the specificity of parenting for particular outcomes. Discussion focused the implications for possible intervention strategies that might be effective in maximizing the early development of these children.
How children are taught to control their feelings and how they resistthis emotional management through cultural production Today, even young kids talk to each other across social media by referencing memes,songs, and movements, constructing a common vernacular that resists parental,educational, and media imperatives to name their feelings and thus controltheir bodies. Over the past two decades, children's television programming has provideda therapeutic site for the processing of emotions such as anger, but in doingso has enforced normative structures of feeling that, Jane Juffer argues,weaken the intensity and range of children's affective experiences. Don't Use Your Words! seeksto challenge those norms, highlighting the ways that kids express theirfeelings through cultural productions including drawings, fan art, memes, YouTubevideos, dance moves, and conversations while gaming online. Focusing on kidsbetween ages five and nine, Don't Use Your Words! situates theseproductions in specific contexts, including immigration policy referenced in drawingsby Central American children just released from detention centers and electoralpolitics as contested in kids' artwork expressing their anger at Trump'svictory. Taking issue with the mainstream tendency to speak on behalf ofchildren, Juffer argues that kids have the agency to answer for themselves:what does it feel like to be a kid?
"A celebration of the tremendous strides made towards the achievement of a multiprofessional early years workforce, and a challenge to those responsible for training the next generation of professionals... Students and trainers, policy makers and practitioners have a duty to be knowledgeable, to be able to reflect on their beliefs and practice and to articulate concerns, share their views, convey their enthusiasm and act as advocates for young children. This book will help them do just that."Lesley Abbott OBE, Mancester Metropolitan UniversityEarly Childhood Studies critically engages the reader in issues that relate to young children and their lives from a multiprofessional perspective. Whilst offering a theoretically rigorous treatment of issues relating to early childhood studies, the book also provides practical discussion of strategies that could inform multiprofessional practice. It draws upon case studies to help the reader make practical sense of theoretical ideas and develop a critical and reflective attitude. Hard and pressing questions are asked so that beliefs, ideas, views and assumptions about notions of the child and childhood are constantly critiqued and reframed for the post-modern world. The first part of the book explores the early years, power and politics by looking at child rights, the politics of play, families, and working with parents and carers. The second part explores facts and fantasies about childhood experiences, such as anti-discriminatory practice, the law, child protection, and health issues. The final section encourages the reader to explore what childhood means from historical, ideological and cultural perspectives, and looks at how popular assumptions arise. This is a key critical text for early childhood students, academics and researchers, as well as practitioners who want to develop their reflective practice.
In the 1950s and 1960s, images of children appeared everywhere, from movies to milk cartons, their smiling faces used to sell everything, including war. In this provocative book, Margaret Peacock offers an original account of how Soviet and American leaders used emotionally charged images of children in an attempt to create popular support for their policies at home and abroad. Groups on either side of the Iron Curtain pushed visions of endangered, abandoned, and segregated children to indict the enemy's state and its policies. Though the Cold War is often characterized as an ideological divide between the capitalist West and the communist East, Peacock demonstrates a deep symmetry in how Soviet and American propagandists mobilized similar images to similar ends, despite their differences. Based on extensive research spanning fourteen archives and three countries, Peacock tells a new story of the Cold War, seeing the conflict not simply as a divide between East and West, but as a struggle between the producers of culture and their target audiences.
As the everyday family lives of children and young people come to be increasingly defined as matters of public policy and concern, it is important to raise the question of how we can understand the contested terrain between "normal" family troubles and troubled and troubling families. In this important, timely and thought-provoking publication, a wide range of contributors explore how "troubles" feature in "normal" families, and how the "normal" features in "troubled" families. Drawing on research on a wide range of substantive topics - including infant care, sibling conflict, divorce, disability, illness, migration and asylum-seeking, substance misuse, violence, kinship care, and forced marriage - the contributors aim to promote dialogue between researchers addressing mainstream family change and diversity in everyday lives, and those specialising in specific problems which prompt professional interventions. In tackling these contentious and difficult issues across a variety of topics, the book addresses a wide audience, including policy makers, service users and practitioners, as well as family studies scholars more generally who are interested in issues of family change.
In spite of the upset children experience after parental separation, Furstenberg and Cherlin find that most Children adapt successfully as long as their mother does reasonably well financially and psychologically, and as long as conflict between parents is low. The casualty of divorce is usually the declining relationship between fathers and their children.
The extraordinary story of the small Vermont town that has likely produced more Olympians per capita than any other place in the country, Norwich gives "parents of young athletes a great gift--a glimpse at another way to raise accomplished and joyous competitors" (The Washington Post). In Norwich, Vermont--a charming town of organic farms and clapboard colonial buildings--a culture has taken root that's the opposite of the hypercompetitive schoolyard of today's tiger moms and eagle dads. In Norwich, kids aren't cut from teams. They don't specialize in a single sport, and they even root for their rivals. What's more, their hands-off parents encourage them to simply enjoy themselves. Yet this village of roughly three thousand residents has won three Olympic medals and sent an athlete to almost every Winter Olympics for the past thirty years. Now, New York Times reporter and "gifted storyteller" (The Wall Street Journal) Karen Crouse spills Norwich's secret to raising not just better athletes than the rest of America but happier, healthier kids. And while these "counterintuitive" (Amy Chua, bestselling author of Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother) lessons were honed in the New England snow, parents across the country will find that "Crouse's message applies beyond a particular town or state" (The Wall Street Journal). If you're looking for answers about how to raise joyful, resilient kids, let Norwich take you to a place that has figured it out.
For much of human evolution, the natural world was one of the most important contexts of children's maturation. Indeed, the experience of nature was, and still may be, a critical component of human physical, emotional, intellectual, and even moral development. Yet scientific knowledge of the significance of nature during the different stages of childhood is sparse. This book provides scientific investigations and thought-provoking essays on children and nature.Children and Nature incorporates research from cognitive science, developmental psychology, ecology, education, environmental studies, evolutionary psychology, political science, primatology, psychiatry, and social psychology. The authors examine the evolutionary significance of nature during childhood; the formation of children's conceptions, values, and sympathies toward the natural world; how contact with nature affects children's physical and mental development; and the educational and political consequences of the weakened childhood experience of nature in modern society.
We all know that kids say the funniest things, but do we know why? The Secret Life of 4, 5 and 6 Year Olds has quickly become must-see television, as each week we are given access to the hidden world of children when adults aren't around. Since the first episode was broadcast, over 100 children have been featured and their tears, tantrums and laughter have provided the best drama on television. In this official companion to the award-winning Channel 4 show, we relive some of its funniest, most touching moments and explore what's going on in the heads of little people when big people aren't around. It turns out that we can learn a huge amount from them. Full of amazing moments, sharp insights and fascinating science and full of beautiful photography, this is a celebration of the extraordinary lives of children and a reminder that we are all closely connected to our four-year-old selves.
Scholars have long argued that the developmental state of the human infant at birth is unique. This volume expands that argument, pointing out that many distinctively human characteristics can be traced to the fact that we give birth to infants who are highly dependent on others and who learn how to be human while their brains are experiencing growth unlike that seen in other primates. The contributors to this volume propose that the ""helpless infant"" has played a role in human evolution equal in importance to those of ""man the hunter"" and ""woman the gatherer."" The authors take a broad look at how human infants are similar to and different from the infants of other species, at how our babies have constrained our evolution over the past six million years, and at how they continue to shape the ways we live today.
As internet use is extending to younger children, there is an increasing need for research focus on the risks young users are experiencing, as well as the opportunities, and how they should cope. With expert contributions from diverse disciplines and a uniquely cross-national breadth, this timely book examines the prospect of enhanced opportunities for learning, creativity and communication set against the fear of cyberbullying, pornography and invaded privacy by both strangers and peers. Based on an impressive in-depth survey of 25,000 children carried out by the EU Kids Online network, it offers wholly new findings that extend previous research and counter both the optimistic and the pessimistic hype. It argues that, in the main, children are gaining the digital skills, coping strategies and social support they need to navigate this fast-changing terrain. But it also identifies the struggles they encounter, pinpointing those for whom harm can follow from risky online encounters. Each chapter presents new findings and analyses to inform both researchers and students in the social sciences and policy makers in government, industry or child welfare who are working to enhance children's digital experiences.
Childhood Deployed examines the reintegration of former child soldiers in Sierra Leone. Based on eighteen months of participant-observer ethnographic fieldwork and ten years of follow-up research, the book argues that there is a fundamental disconnect between the Western idea of the child soldier and the individual lived experiences of the child soldiers of Sierra Leone. Susan Shepler contends that the reintegration of former child soldiers is a political process having to do with changing notions of childhood as one of the central structures of society.For most Westerners the tragedy of the idea of child soldier centers around perceptions of lost and violated innocence. In contrast, Shepler finds that for most Sierra Leoneans, the problem is not lost innocence but the horror of being separated from one's family and the resulting generational break in youth education. Further, Shepler argues that Sierra Leonean former child soldiers find themselves forced to strategically perform (or refuse to perform) as thechild soldier Western human rights initiatives expect in order to most effectively gain access to the resources available for their social reintegration. The strategies don't always work--in some cases, Shepler finds, Western human rights initiatives do more harm than good.While this volume focuses on the well-known case of child soldiers in Sierra Leone, it speaks to the larger concerns of childhood studies with a detailed ethnography of people struggling over the situated meaning of the categories of childhood.It offers an example of the cultural politics of childhood in action, in which the very definition of childhood is at stake and an important site of political contestation.
The fully updated edition helps early years practitioners to: understand the distinction in the 2012 revised Early Years Foundation Stage between prime and specific areas of development for two-year olds; explore how the development of young children from vulnerable families may be affected by their experience; and consider key issues in a well-rounded assessment of individual twos.The book includes a useful checklist which breaks down the twos assessment for practitioners.
The general well-being of British adolescents has been the topic of considerable debate in recent years, but too often this is based on myth rather than fact. Are today's young people more stressed, anxious, distressed or antisocial than they used to be? What does research evidence tell us about the adolescent experience today and how it has changed over time? And how do trends in adolescent well-being since the 1970s relate to changes in education, leisure, communities and family life in that time? This unique volume brings together the main findings from the Nuffield Foundation's Changing Adolescence Programme and explores how social change may affect young people's behaviour, mental health and transitions toward adulthood. As well as critiquing research evidence, which will be of interest to a wide academic audience, the book will inform the wider debate on this subject among policy makers and service providers, voluntary organisations and campaign groups.
This book brings together key authors from the Nordic countries (Sweden, Finland, Norway, Denmark and Iceland) to discuss theoretical and empirical research on families and children. Sharing the Nordic perspective from each of the five countries, the book highlights key ideas within and across the countries. The chapters provide an understanding of the history of the Nordic perspectives of family and children, present current innovative research on solutions to complex issues, and explore contemporary issues. Nordic countries continually attain high scores in lifestyle measures, quality of life and children's outcomes. Much of this has to do with the specific culture and policy of the Nordic countries. Written by academics within the region who are well regarded for contributing to academic and public debate, this book will appeal to an international audience interested in the Nordic perspective and social policy around family and children.
This book highlights the multiple ways that digital technologies are being used in everyday contexts at home and school, in communities, and across diverse activities, from play to web searching, to talking to family members who are far away. The book helps readers understand the diverse practices employed as children make connections with digital technologies in their everyday experiences. In addition, the book employs a framework that helps readers easily access major themes at a glance, and also showcases the diversity of ideas and theorisations that underpin the respective chapters. In this way, each chapter stands alone in making a specific contribution and, at the same time, makes explicit its connections to the broader themes of digital technologies in children's everyday lives. The concept of digital childhood presented here goes beyond a sociological reading of the everyday lives of children and their families, and reflects the various contexts in which children engage, such as preschools and childcare centres.
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