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Books > Social sciences > Sociology, social studies > Social issues > Consumer issues

Crass Struggle - Greed, Glitz and Gluttony in a Wanna-Have World (Hardcover): R.T. Naylor Crass Struggle - Greed, Glitz and Gluttony in a Wanna-Have World (Hardcover)
R.T. Naylor
R877 R796 Discovery Miles 7 960 Save R81 (9%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

A critique of the lifestyles of today's ultra rich bolstered by old-fashioned muckraking, Crass Struggle provides a sharp, original, and often humorous commentary on "the bad side of the good life, the underbelly of the potbelly." Taking the reader inside today's luxury trades, R.T. Naylor visits gold mines spewing arsenic and diamond fields spreading human misery, knocks on the doors of purveyors of luxury seafood as the oceans empty, samples wares of merchants offering top-vintage wines (or at least top-vintage labels), calls on companies running trophy-hunting expeditions and dealers in exotic pets high on endangered lists, and much more. What stands out is that so many high-priced items glitter on the outside, but have more than a spot of rot at the core. Through a series of outrageous but all too true stories, Crass Struggle reveals the appalling consequences of consumerism run amok and its links to repetitive financial swindles and the alarming degradation of the biophysical environment.

Economics and Social Interaction - Accounting for Interpersonal Relations (Paperback): Benedetto Gui, Robert Sugden Economics and Social Interaction - Accounting for Interpersonal Relations (Paperback)
Benedetto Gui, Robert Sugden
R1,024 Discovery Miles 10 240 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

First published in 2005, Economics and Social Interaction is a fresh attempt to overcome the traditional inability of economics to deal with interpersonal phenomena that occur within the sphere of markets and productive organizations. It makes use of traditional economic concepts for understanding interpersonal events, while venturing beyond those concepts to give a better account of personalised interactions. In contrast to other books, Economics and Social Interaction offers the reader a rigorous effort at extending economic analysis to a difficult field in a consistent manner, sensitive to insights from other behavioural and social sciences. This collection represents an important contribution to a growing research agenda in the social sciences.

Consumer Behavior (Paperback, New): Patricia Huddleston, Stella Minahan Consumer Behavior (Paperback, New)
Patricia Huddleston, Stella Minahan
R832 Discovery Miles 8 320 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Why study women and shopping? Why is it important? Women matter because of their consumer spending power; they are crucial to survival in the competitive retail industry in America. Women matter because they control over $20 trillion in consumer spending. Women are better educated, have more financial power and decision making abilities and mobility than any previous generation. Why Women Shop provides a fascinating insight into women's shopping habits and motivations. This book is of interest to business as they gain a better understanding of the most powerful economic force in the retail industry.

The Politics of Provisions - Food Riots, Moral Economy, and Market Transition in England, c. 1550-1850 (Hardcover, New Ed):... The Politics of Provisions - Food Riots, Moral Economy, and Market Transition in England, c. 1550-1850 (Hardcover, New Ed)
John Bohstedt
R3,803 Discovery Miles 38 030 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

The elemental power of food politics has not been fully appraised. Food marketing and consumption were matters of politics as much as economics as England became a market society. In times of dearth, concatenations of food riots, repression, and relief created a maturing politics of provisions. Over three centuries, some eight hundred riots crackled in waves across England. Crowds seized wagons, attacked mills and granaries, and lowered prices in marketplaces or farmyards. Sometimes rioters parleyed with magistrates. More often both acted out a well-rehearsed political minuet that evolved from Tudor risings and state policies down to a complex culmination during the Napoleonic Wars. 'Provision politics' thus comprised both customary negotiations over scarcity and hunger, and 'negotiations' of the social vessel through the turbulence of dearth. Occasionally troops killed rioters, or judges condemned them to the gallows, but increasingly riots prompted wealthy citizens to procure relief supplies. In short, food riots worked: in a sense they were a first draft of the welfare state. This pioneering analysis connects a generation of social protest studies spawned by E.P. Thompson's essay on the 'moral economy' with new work on economic history and state formation. The dynamics of provision politics that emerged during England's social, economic and political transformations should furnish fruitful models for analyses of 'total war' and famine as well as broader transitions elsewhere in world history.

Fashion and the Consumer (Hardcover): Kim K.P. Johnson, Jennifer Yurchisin Fashion and the Consumer (Hardcover)
Kim K.P. Johnson, Jennifer Yurchisin
R2,737 Discovery Miles 27 370 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This text is designed to introduce important concepts related to the consumption of fashion and clothing to beginning students. Designed to support teaching and learning, this book looks at the cultural and economic significance of the global fashion industry. Beginning with an historical overview of fashion consumption, the book then provides an analysis of both rational normative consumer decision-making as well as hedonic and alternative consumption patterns. It concludes with a look at ethical decision-making and social responsibility concerning design, production, and consumption.Each chapter contain definitions of the key concepts, overviews of the relevant theories, case studies, as well as summary sections, a listing of key terms, questions for discussion, and assignments for class use. Combining insights and perspectives from a wide range of disciplinary approaches, including fashion, cultural studies, sociology and business, this book will be of interest to students on a variety of courses studying consumer behaviour.

Recycling Indian Clothing - Global Contexts of Reuse and Value (Paperback): Lucy Norris Recycling Indian Clothing - Global Contexts of Reuse and Value (Paperback)
Lucy Norris
R546 R491 Discovery Miles 4 910 Save R55 (10%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

In today's globally connected marketplace, a wedding sari in rural north India may become a woman's blouse or cushion cover in a Western boutique. Lucy Norris s anthropological study of the recycling of clothes in Delhi follows garments as they are gifted, worn, handed on, discarded, recycled, and sold once more. Gifts of clothing are used to make and break relationships within middle-class households, but a growing surplus of unwanted clothing now contributes to a global glut of textile waste. When old clothing is, for instance, bartered for new kitchen utensils, it enters a vast waste commodity system in which it may be resold to the poor or remade into new textiles and exported. Norris traces these local and transnational flows through homes and markets as she tells the stories of the people who work in the largely hidden world of fabric recycling."

Consuming Space - Placing Consumption in Perspective (Hardcover, New Ed): Michael K Goodman, David Goodman Consuming Space - Placing Consumption in Perspective (Hardcover, New Ed)
Michael K Goodman, David Goodman
R3,795 Discovery Miles 37 950 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

An examination of the relationship between space, place and consumption offers important insights into some of the most powerful forces constructing contemporary societies. Space and place are made and remade through consumption. Yet how do cultures of consumption discover space, and how do they construct place? This book addresses these questions by exploring the implications of conceptualizing consumption as a spatial, increasingly global, yet intensely localized activity. The work develops integrative approaches that articulate the processes involved in the production and consumption of space and place. The result is a varied, engaging, and innovative study of consumption and its role in structuring contemporary capitalist political economies.

Enchanting a Disenchanted World - Continuity and Change in the Cathedrals of Consumption (Paperback, 3rd Revised edition):... Enchanting a Disenchanted World - Continuity and Change in the Cathedrals of Consumption (Paperback, 3rd Revised edition)
George Ritzer
R1,615 Discovery Miles 16 150 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Enchanting a Disenchanted World, Third Edition is about Disney, about malls, about Cruise Lines, Las Vegas, the World Wide Web, Planet Hollywood, Credit Cards, and all other ways we now consume. Its thesis is that our society has undergone fundamental change because of the way and the level at which we consume. In the process of taking capitalism to a new level, we have created new "cathedrals" of consumption (places which enchant us in order to stay longer and consume more), but these "places" of consumption (whether in our home or at the mall or in cyberspace) are in a constant state of "enchanting the disenchanted" because their rational qualities are both necessary and deadening at the same time, in a constant state of "luring" us through new "spectacle." In the process of understanding this paradox of (post) modern life, readers understand how the classic social theorists from the past (Marx and Weber) are still very relevant to understanding this social development, as are the post-modern theorist (Beaudrillard and Focault) as well. The recent economic recession will be discussed throughout the book. There are no other "trade-like" books appealing to undergraduates, which combine this ability to connect the "everyday world" of the "20-something consumer" with sociological analysis. Features & Benefits - Enchanting a Disenchanted World is a unique analysis of the world of consumption, especially the settings in which consumption takes place, of interest to students, laypeople and scholars alike. - The impact of the current global recession will be discussed throughout the text. - Offers rich detail on consuming in such places as Las Vegas, Disney World, on cruise ships, in Wal-Mart, at McDonald's, and, new to this edition, on the Web. - A wide range of theoretical perspectives- Marxian, Weberian, critical theory, postmodern theory- are employed, as well as a number of concepts such as hyperconsumption, implosion, simulation, time and space to show students how sociological theory can be applied to everyday phenomena.

McDonaldization - The Reader (Paperback, 3rd Revised edition): George Ritzer McDonaldization - The Reader (Paperback, 3rd Revised edition)
George Ritzer
R2,072 Discovery Miles 20 720 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

The Third Edition of McDonaldization: The Reader includes a wide array of sources, from journal articles, to essays from edited books, to newspaper, and magazine articles. George Ritzer, best-selling author of McDonaldization of Society, has updated this popular anthology to build upon and go beyond the thesis of McDonaldization. Classic articles from the First and Second Editions remain in this volume and are supplemented by a significant number of new pieces which bring the discussion about McDonaldization up to date. Features and Benefits - The volume includes a wide array of sources, from journal articles, to essays from edited books, to newspaper and magazine articles. - 5 of the 2nd ed. articles have been updated and 11 articles are new to the third edition with new topics such as McDonaldization and men's body shaping, Internet 2.0, junk journalism, and cruise tourism. - A greater emphasis on McDonaldization and globalization in the third edition. - Discussion questions and "Thinking Critically" sections aid students in reviewing the material presented and further extending the conversation about and surrounding McDonaldization.

Liberalization's Children - Gender, Youth, and Consumer Citizenship in Globalizing India (Paperback): Ritty A. Lukose Liberalization's Children - Gender, Youth, and Consumer Citizenship in Globalizing India (Paperback)
Ritty A. Lukose
R713 Discovery Miles 7 130 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

"Liberalization's Children" explores how youth and gender have become crucial sites for a contested cultural politics of globalization in India. Popular discourses draw a contrast between "midnight's children," who were rooted in post-independence Nehruvian developmentalism, and "liberalization's children," who are global in outlook and unapologetically consumerist. Moral panics about beauty pageants and the celebration of St. Valentine's Day reflect ambivalence about the impact of an expanding commodity culture, especially on young women. By simply highlighting the triumph of consumerism, such discourses obscure more than they reveal. Through a careful analysis of "consumer citizenship," Ritty A. Lukose argues that the breakdown of the Nehruvian vision connects with ongoing struggles over the meanings of public life and the cultural politics of belonging. Those struggles play out in the ascendancy of Hindu nationalism; reconfigurations of youthful, middle-class femininity; attempts by the middle class to alter understandings of citizenship; and assertions of new forms of masculinity by members of lower castes.

Moving beyond elite figurations of globalizing Indian youth, Lukose draws on ethnographic research to examine how non-elite college students in the southern state of Kerala mediate region, nation, and globe. Kerala sits at the crossroads of development and globalization. Held up as a model of left-inspired development, it has also been transformed through an extensive and largely non-elite transnational circulation of labor, money, and commodities to the Persian Gulf and elsewhere. Focusing on fashion, romance, student politics, and education, Lukose carefully tracks how gender, caste, and class, as well as colonial and postcolonial legacies of culture and power, affect how students navigate their roles as citizens and consumers. She explores how mass-mediation and an expanding commodity culture have differentially incorporated young people into the structures and aspirational logics of globalization.

Virtual Social Identity and Consumer Behavior (Paperback): Natalie T. Wood, Michael R Solomon Virtual Social Identity and Consumer Behavior (Paperback)
Natalie T. Wood, Michael R Solomon
R1,527 Discovery Miles 15 270 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

The creation and expression of identity (or of multiple identities) in immersive computer-mediated environments (CMEs) is rapidly transforming consumer behavior. The various social networking and gaming sites have millions of registered users worldwide, and major corporations are beginning to attempt to reach and entice the growing flood of consumers occupying these virtual worlds. Despite this huge potential, however, experts know very little about the best way to talk to consumers in these online environments. How will well-established research findings from the offline world transfer to CMEs? That's where "Virtual Social Identity and Consumer Behavior" comes in. Written by two of the leading experts in the field, it presents cutting-edge academic research on virtual social identity, explores consumer behavior in virtual worlds, and offers important implications for marketers interested in working in these environments. The book provides special insight into the largest and fastest growing group of users - kids and teens. There is no better source for understanding the impact of virtual social identities on consumers, consumer behavior, and electronic commerce.

Toxic Wealth - How the Culture of Affluence Can Harm Us and Our Children (Hardcover): Orla Cashman, James A. Twaite Toxic Wealth - How the Culture of Affluence Can Harm Us and Our Children (Hardcover)
Orla Cashman, James A. Twaite
R2,032 Discovery Miles 20 320 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

This volume spotlights the unique problems that often accompany a high-income lifestyle and offers guidelines that can help individuals avoid the pitfalls wealth may bring. Two therapists show how the culture of affluence in America creates unique problems for wealthy adults and children, often resulting in poor psycho-social adjustment, anxiety, low self-esteem, and the inability to have fun. The affluent are under tremendous pressure to achieve. They are subject to a myriad of negative stereotypes that make it difficult for them to have a normal social life. They are taken advantage of, preyed upon, and ridiculed. When they seek professional help for their problems, they may receive little sympathy. This book is a sage and insightful primer aimed at all readers who have some wealth, whether inherited or amassed through personal effort. The consciousness-raising here includes vignettes from the treatment rooms of the authors, who have helped many wealthy individuals and families deal with the fallout from the myths with which our culture burdens them. Specific guidelines on how to deal with problems are presented.

This Little Kiddy Went to Market - The Corporate Capture of Childhood (Paperback): Sharon Beder, Wendy Varney, Richard Gosden This Little Kiddy Went to Market - The Corporate Capture of Childhood (Paperback)
Sharon Beder, Wendy Varney, Richard Gosden
R878 Discovery Miles 8 780 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Praise for Sharon Beder's previous book Global Spin: 'Sharon Beder has taken the taboo subjects of propaganda and censorship in free societies and exposed their insidious threat.' John Pilger 'Beder's analysis is comprehensive, steely and clinical. She lifts the lid on an elaborate tapestry of lies, deceit, intimidation and destruction.' Harold Pinter This book investigates the way that corporations are strategically shaping children to be under-aged hyperconsumers as well as the submissive employees and uncritical citizens of the future. Sharon Beder shows how marketers and advertisers are targeting ever younger children in a relentless campaign, transforming children's play into a commercial opportunity and taking advantage of childish anxieties. Beder investigates the corporate relations and ideals that infiltrate every aspect of our lives. She presents an alarming picture of how a child's social development -- through education, health care and nutrition -- has become an ordered conveyor belt of consumerist conditioning. Focusing on education in particular, Beder explains how businesses are taking control of more and more aspects of schooling, not only for profit but to erode state schooling and promote business values. Similarly, she shows how 'difficult' children are taught from an early age that pharmaceuticals can be used to discipline them or to make them 'happy'.

Consuming Traditions - Modernity, Modernism, and the Commodified Authentic (Hardcover): Elizabeth Outka Consuming Traditions - Modernity, Modernism, and the Commodified Authentic (Hardcover)
Elizabeth Outka
R1,458 Discovery Miles 14 580 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

In an unprecedented phenomenon that swept across Britain at the turn of the nineteenth century, writers, advertisers, and architects began to create and sell images of an authentic cultural realm paradoxically considered outside the marketplace. Such images were located in nostalgic pictures of an idyllic, pre-industrial past, in supposedly original objects not derived from previous traditions, and in the ideal of a purified aesthetic that might be separated from the mass market. Presenting a lively, unique study of what she terms the "commodified authentic," Elizabeth Outka explores this crucial but overlooked development in the history of modernity with a piercing look at consumer culture and the marketing of authenticity in late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Britain.
The book brings together a wide range of cultural sources, from the model towns of Bournville, Port Sunlight, and Letchworth; to the architecture of Edwin Lutyens and Selfridges department store; to work by authors such as Bernard Shaw, E. M. Forster, Henry James, D. H. Lawrence, James Joyce, and Virginia Woolf.

Credit and Community - Working-Class Debt in the UK since 1880 (Hardcover): Sean O'Connell Credit and Community - Working-Class Debt in the UK since 1880 (Hardcover)
Sean O'Connell
R3,427 Discovery Miles 34 270 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Credit and Community examines the history of consumer credit and debt in working class communities. Concentrating on forms of credit that were traditionally very dependent on personal relationships and social networks, such as mail-order catalogues and co-operatives, it demonstrates how community-based arrangements declined as more impersonal forms of borrowing emerged during the twentieth century.
Tallymen and check traders moved into doorstep money-lending during the 1960s, but in subsequent decades the loss of their best working class customers, owing to increased spending power and the emergence of a broader range of credit alternatives, forced them to focus on the 'financially excluded'. This 'sub-prime' market was open for exploitation by unlicensed lenders, and Sean O'Connell offers the first detailed historical investigation of illegal money-lending in the UK, encompassing the 'she usurers' of Edwardian Liverpool and the violent loan sharks of Blair's Britain.
O'Connell contrasts such commercial forms of credit with formal and informal co-operative alternatives, such as "diddlum clubs," "partners," and mutuality clubs. He provides the first history of the UK credit unions, revealing the importance of Irish and Caribbean immigrant volunteers, and explains the relative failure of the movement compared with Ireland.
Drawing on a wide range of neglected sources, including the archives of consumer credit companies, the records of the co-operative and credit union movements, and government papers, Credit and Community makes a strong contribution to historical understandings of credit and debt. Oral history testimony from both sides of the credit divide is used totelling effect, offering key insights into the complex nature of the relationship between borrowers and lenders.

Prosperity for All - Consumer Activism in an Era of Globalization (Hardcover): Matthew Hilton Prosperity for All - Consumer Activism in an Era of Globalization (Hardcover)
Matthew Hilton; Edited by Charlotte V. Kuh
R1,343 Discovery Miles 13 430 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

The history of consumerism is about much more than just shopping. Ever since the eighteenth century, citizen-consumers have protested against the abuses of the market by boycotting products and promoting fair instead of free trade. In recent decades, consumer activism has responded to the challenges of affluence by helping to guide consumers through an increasingly complex and alien marketplace. In doing so, it has challenged the very meaning of consumer society and tackled some of the key economic, social, and political issues associated with the era of globalization.

In Prosperity for All, the first international history of consumer activism, Matthew Hilton shows that modern consumer advocacy reached the peak of its influence in the decades after World War II. Growing out of the product-testing activities of Consumer Reports and its international counterparts (including Which? in the United Kingdom, Que Choisir in France, and Test in Germany), consumerism evolved into a truly global social movement. Consumer unions, NGOs, and individual activists like Ralph Nader emerged in countries around the world including developing countries in Southeast Asia and Latin America concerned with creating a more equitable marketplace and articulating a politics of consumption that addressed the needs of both individuals and society as a whole.

Consumer activists achieved many victories, from making cars safer to highlighting the dangers of using baby formula instead of breast milk in countries with no access to clean water. The 1980s saw a reversal in the consumer movement's fortunes, thanks in large part to the rise of an antiregulatory agenda both in the United States and internationally. In the process, the definition of consumerism changed, focusing more on choice than on access. As Hilton shows, this change reflects more broadly on the dilemmas we all face as consumers: Do we want more stuff and more prosperity for ourselves, or do we want others less fortunate to be able to enjoy the same opportunities and standard of living that we do?

Prosperity for All makes clear that by abandoning a more idealistic vision for consumer society we reduce consumers to little more than shoppers, and we deny the vast majority of the world's population the fruits of affluence."

Essays in the Theory and Measurement of Consumer Behaviour: In Honour of Sir Richard Stone (Paperback): Angus Deaton Essays in the Theory and Measurement of Consumer Behaviour: In Honour of Sir Richard Stone (Paperback)
Angus Deaton
R1,169 Discovery Miles 11 690 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Edited by Angus Deaton, winner of the 2015 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, this volume features early work on the theory and measurement of consumer behaviour. Featuring contributions from leading economists such as Anthony Atkinson, Nicholas Stern, John Muellbauer and Deaton himself, the book offers papers on a wide range of topics. Topics covered range from theory to econometrics, from Engel curves to labour supply and fertility, and from consumer demand in England to consumer behaviour in the USSR. These papers were written and collected for this volume to honour Sir Richard Stone on the occasion of his retirement from his chair at the University of Cambridge.

Buying for the Home - Shopping for the Domestic from the Seventeenth Century to the Present (Hardcover, New edition): Margaret... Buying for the Home - Shopping for the Domestic from the Seventeenth Century to the Present (Hardcover, New edition)
Margaret Ponsonby; Edited by David Hussey
R3,756 Discovery Miles 37 560 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Buying for the Home is a book about the experiences and also the polarities of shopping and the home. It analyses the ways in which the agencies and discourses of the retail environment mesh with the processes of physical and imaginative re-creation that constitute the domestic space, teasing out the negotiations and interactions that mediate this key arena. The study examines how the strategies of retailers were both arbitrated by and negotiated through the actions and desires of the homemaker as consumer. Drawing on the recent CHORD (Centre for the History of Retail and Distribution) colloquium on shopping and the domestic environment and including two specially commissioned pieces, the book draws on a wide selection of interdisciplinary work from established scholars and new researchers. Organised around four key themes - retail arenas and the everyday; identity and lifestyle; fashioning domestic space; and cultural practice - the ten case studies cover a range of cultural encounters and locations from the seventeenth to the late twentieth century. Through these interdisciplinary but linked case studies, Buying for the Home forces us to consider the fractured space that existed between the world of goods and the middle- and working-class home and in so doing interrogate how middle-class and plebeian homemakers view, imagine and ultimately occupy their domestic spaces in early-modern, modern and post-modern society.

The Fight Over Food - Producers, Consumers, and Activists Challenge the Global Food System (Paperback): Wynne Wright, Gerad... The Fight Over Food - Producers, Consumers, and Activists Challenge the Global Food System (Paperback)
Wynne Wright, Gerad Middendorf
R813 Discovery Miles 8 130 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

"One problem with the food system is that price is the bottom line rather than having the bottom line be land stewardship, an appreciation for the environmental and social value of small-scale family farms, or for organically grown produce." --Interview with farmer in Skagit County, Washington

For much of the later twentieth century, food has been abundant and convenient for most residents of advanced industrial societies. The luxury of taking the safety and dependability of food for granted pushed it to the back burner in the consciousness of many. Increasingly, however, this once taken-for-granted food system is coming under question on issues such as the humane treatment of animals, genetically engineered foods, and social and environmental justice. Many consumers are no longer content with buying into the mainstream, commodity-driven food market on which they once depended. Resistance has emerged in diverse forms, from protests at the opening of McDonald's restaurants worldwide to ever-greater interest in alternatives, such as CSAs (community-supported agriculture), fair trade, and organic foods. The food system is increasingly becoming an arena of struggle that reflects larger changes in societal values and norms, as expectations are moving beyond the desire for affordable, convenient foods to a need for healthy and environmentally sound alternatives. In this book, leading scholars and scholar-activists provide case studies that illuminate the complexities and contradictions that surround the emergence of a "new day" in agriculture.

The essays found in The Fight Over Food analyze and evaluate both the theoretical and historical contexts of the agrifood system and the ways in which trends of individual action and collective activity have led to an "accumulation of resistance" that greatly affects the mainstream market of food production. The overarching theme that integrates the case studies is the idea of human agency and the ways in which people purposefully and creatively generate new forms of action or resistance to facilitate social changes within the structure of predominant cultural norms. Together these studies examine whether these combined efforts will have the strength to create significant and enduring transformations in the food system.

Children and Consumer Culture in American Society - A Historical Handbook and Guide (Hardcover): Lisa Jacobson Children and Consumer Culture in American Society - A Historical Handbook and Guide (Hardcover)
Lisa Jacobson
R1,366 Discovery Miles 13 660 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

Children play a crucial role in today's economy. According to some estimates, children spend or influence the spending of up to $500 billion annually. Journalists, sociologists, and media reformers often present mass marketing toward children as a recent fall from grace, but the roots of children's consumerism -- and the anxieties over it -- date back more than a century. Throughout the twentieth century, a wide variety of groups -- including advertisers, retailers, parents, social reformers, child experts, public schools, and children themselves -- helped to socialize children as consumers and struggled to define the proper boundaries of the market. The essays and documents in this volume illuminate the historical circumstances and cultural conflicts that helped to produce, shape, and legitimize children's consumerism. Focusing primarily on the period from the Gilded Age through the twentieth century, this book examines how and why children and adolescents acquired new economic roles as consumers, and how these new roles both reflected and produced dynamic changes in family life and the culture of capitalism. This volume also reveals how children and adolescents have used consumer goods to define personal identities and peer relationships -- sometimes in opposition to marketers' expectations and parental intentions.

The Fight Over Food - Producers, Consumers, and Activists Challenge the Global Food System (Hardcover): Wynne Wright, Gerad... The Fight Over Food - Producers, Consumers, and Activists Challenge the Global Food System (Hardcover)
Wynne Wright, Gerad Middendorf
R1,568 R1,393 Discovery Miles 13 930 Save R175 (11%) Ships in 10 - 15 working days

"One problem with the food system is that price is the bottom line rather than having the bottom line be land stewardship, an appreciation for the environmental and social value of small-scale family farms, or for organically grown produce." --Interview with farmer in Skagit County, Washington

For much of the later twentieth century, food has been abundant and convenient for most residents of advanced industrial societies. The luxury of taking the safety and dependability of food for granted pushed it to the back burner in the consciousness of many. Increasingly, however, this once taken-for-granted food system is coming under question on issues such as the humane treatment of animals, genetically engineered foods, and social and environmental justice. Many consumers are no longer content with buying into the mainstream, commodity-driven food market on which they once depended. Resistance has emerged in diverse forms, from protests at the opening of McDonald's restaurants worldwide to ever-greater interest in alternatives, such as CSAs (community-supported agriculture), fair trade, and organic foods. The food system is increasingly becoming an arena of struggle that reflects larger changes in societal values and norms, as expectations are moving beyond the desire for affordable, convenient foods to a need for healthy and environmentally sound alternatives. In this book, leading scholars and scholar-activists provide case studies that illuminate the complexities and contradictions that surround the emergence of a "new day" in agriculture.

The essays found in The Fight Over Food analyze and evaluate both the theoretical and historical contexts of the agrifood system and the ways in which trends of individual action and collective activity have led to an "accumulation of resistance" that greatly affects the mainstream market of food production. The overarching theme that integrates the case studies is the idea of human agency and the ways in which people purposefully and creatively generate new forms of action or resistance to facilitate social changes within the structure of predominant cultural norms. Together these studies examine whether these combined efforts will have the strength to create significant and enduring transformations in the food system.

Market Domination! - The Impact of Industry Consolidation on Competition, Innovation, and Consumer Choice (Hardcover): Stephen... Market Domination! - The Impact of Industry Consolidation on Competition, Innovation, and Consumer Choice (Hardcover)
Stephen G Hannaford
R1,264 Discovery Miles 12 640 Ships in 10 - 15 working days

An oligopoly (from the Greek, few sellers) is a market that is dominated by a few large and powerful players. As Steve Hannaford documents with numerous examples, virtually every industry today-from medical equipment to airlines, toy retailing to oil-is trending in this direction, in the greatest movement toward industry consolidation since the turn of the 20th century. Charting the course of this trend around the world, Hannaford examines the motivations behind consolidation resulting from mergers, acquisitions, buyouts, and alliances; how companies exert political pressure to their advantage; and how the actions of the most dominant players-such as Coca-Cola, Wal-Mart, Viacom, Dell, ExxonMobil, Citigroup, and others-affect the choices we make at the supermarket, the drugs we are prescribed, and the movies we watch. Everyone who reads the newspapers is aware of the dizzying pace of mergers, acquisitions, buyouts, and alliances, between big companies and small companies in every industry. Such deals, along with the growing social and political clout of the biggest companies, are critical issues for the economy and for our future as consumers. Charting the course of this trend around the world, Hannaford examines the motivations behind consolidation into corporate empires, how companies exert political pressure to their advantage, and how the actions of the most dominant players, such as Coca-Cola, Wal-Mart, Viacom, Dell, ExxonMobil, Citigroup, and others, affect the choices we have at the supermarket, the drugs we are prescribed, and the movies we watch. Considering the implications of industry concentration on competition, technological innovation, business management, strategy, consumer behavior, and politics, Hannaford paints a provocative, but ultimately balanced, picture of big business and its impact on society.

Luxury and Pleasure in Eighteenth-Century Britain (Paperback, New Ed): Maxine Berg Luxury and Pleasure in Eighteenth-Century Britain (Paperback, New Ed)
Maxine Berg
R1,436 Discovery Miles 14 360 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

In this book, Maxine Berg explores the invention, making, and buying of new, semi-luxury, and fashionable consumer goods during the eighteenth century. It follows these goods, from china tea ware to all sorts of metal ornaments such as candlesticks, cutlery, buckles, and buttons, as they were made and shopped for, then displayed in the private domestic settings of Britain's urban middling classes. It tells the stories and analyses the developments that led from a global trade in Eastern luxuries beginning in the sixteenth century to the new global trade in British-made consumer goods by the end of the eighteenth century. These new products, regarded as luxuries by the rapidly growing urban and middling-class people of the eighteenth century, played an important part in helping to proclaim personal identities,and guide social interaction. Customers enjoyed shopping for them; they took pleasure in their beauty, ingenuity or convenience. All manner of new products appeared in shop windows; sophisticated mixed-media advertising seduced customers and created new wants. This unparalleled 'product revolution' provoked philosophers and pundits to proclaim a 'new luxury', one that reached out to the middling and trading classes, unlike the elite and corrupt luxury of old. Luxury and Pleasure in Eighteenth Century Britain is cultural history at its best, built on a fresh empirical base drawn directly from customs accounts, advertising material, company papers, and contemporary correspondence. Maxine Berg traces how this new consumer society of the eighteenth century and the products first traded, then invented to satisfy it, stimulated industrialization itself. Global markets for the consumer goods of private and domestic life inspired the industrial revolution and British products 'won the world'.

The Globalization of Nothing 2 (Hardcover, 2nd ed.): George Ritzer The Globalization of Nothing 2 (Hardcover, 2nd ed.)
George Ritzer
R2,208 Discovery Miles 22 080 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

The Globalization of Nothing is back in a revised and completely updated Second Edition. In this reconceptualized volume, author George Ritzer focuses his attention squarely on the processes of globalization and how they relate to McDonaldization. This revision is shorter, more concise, and spends much less space on the Nothing-Something continuum that he introduced in the First Edition. New to the Second Edition: - Clearly focuses on the main topic of globalization - Offers a new way to conceptualize and theorize about globalization: This edition delves into two sub-processes of globalization-"glocalization" and "grobalization" - Provides a new way to think about consumer culture and globalization: New material is presented on consumer culture and its globalization as well as the role of branding - Uses a non-technical and accessible style, with many global examples: The examples in this book are drawn from everyday life and global consumer culture that are readily recognizable to students. This text can be used in a variety of courses focusing on the principles of sociology, social change, social theory, globalization, consumerism, and the global economy taught through Sociology departments. It can also be used in courses focusing on globalization, consumerism, and the global economy taught through Political Science and Economic departments.

The Evolutionary Bases of Consumption (Paperback): Gad Saad The Evolutionary Bases of Consumption (Paperback)
Gad Saad
R1,645 Discovery Miles 16 450 Ships in 7 - 11 working days

The Evolutionary Bases of Consumption by Gad Saad applies Darwinian principles in understanding our consumption patterns and the products of popular culture that most appeal to individuals. The first and only scholarly work to do so, this is a captivating study of the adaptive reasons behind our behaviors, cognitions, emotions, and perceptions. This lens of analysis suggests how we come to make selections such as choosing a mate, the foods we eat, the gifts that we offer, and more. It also highlights how numerous forms of dark side consumption, including pathological gambling, compulsive buying, pornographic addiction, and eating disorders, possess a Darwinian etiology. Engaging and diverse in scope, the book maps consumption phenomena onto four key Darwinian modules: survival, reproduction, kin selection, and reciprocal altruism. As an interesting proposal, the author suggests that media and advertising contents exist in their particular forms because they are a reflection of our evolved human nature - negating the notion that they exist through the reverse causal link, as proposed by social constructivists. The link between evolutionary theory and consumption behaviors is detailed throughout the book via an examination of (among many others): appearance-enhancing products and services; financial and physical risk-taking; use of sexual imagery and the depictions of women in advertising; and television programs, movies, songs, music videos, literature, religion, and art. The Evolutionary Bases of Consumption will appeal to evolutionists who desire to explore new areas wherein evolutionary theory can be applied; consumer and marketing scholars who wish to learn about the ways in which biological-and evolutionary-based theorizing can be infused into the consumer behavior/marketing/advertising disciplines; as well as other interdisciplinary scholars interested in gaining knowledge about the power of evolutionary theory in explaining a wide range of behavioral phenomena.

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